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Objectives: Metabolic syndrome is considered a coronary heart disease risk factor and its prevalence rate is increasing in Korea. Because obesity is relevant to metabolic syndrome, we investigated the relationship between metabolic syndrome and the Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire in middle-aged health check-up examinees. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 125 patients who visited a health promotion center of university hospital from October 2012 to January 2013. We analyzed the association of Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire and the diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome. Results: Pi deficiency (脾虛), phlegm (痰飮), liver stasis (肝鬱) and food accumulation (食積) pattern showed significantly highs score in the group with hypertriglyceridemia. Also, females demonstrated significantly high scores of liver stasis (肝鬱) and food accumulation (食積) in the group with hypertriglyceridemia. The questions of Pattern Identification that showed especially significant high score in the group of hypertriglyceridemia are as follows: ‘Easily get annoyed’, ‘Usually worried’, ‘Frequently overeating or bingeing’, and ‘Having more after getting full’. There are positive correlations between triglyceride and the score of Pi deficiency (脾虛), phlegm (痰飮) and food accumulation (食積) pattern. Conclusions: Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire can be used for the management of hypertriglyceridemia in an effort to prevent metabolic syndrome.
This review is to figure out evidence that suggest effectiveness of Korean Medicine treatments against cervical dysplasia. Methods: Studies on cervical cancer and cervical dysplasia were searched through 6 databases: Korean Studies Information Service System(KISS), National Discovery for Science Leaders (NDSL), Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (Korean TK), Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS),the Journal of Korean Medicine, and the Journal of Korean Obstetrics & Gynecology. After that, the articles were extracted with reference point of Korean Traditional Medicine. Results: 37 articles were included lastly according to selection criteria. 3 of them were case reports on cervical dysplasia, and 34 were in-vitro studies on Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) positive cancer cell. In case reports, acupuncture,moxibustion, medical herbs and pharmacoacupuncture were used for treatments of cervical dysplasia with about 3 months. Experimental studies on cervical cancer cell showed that several herbs function with clear heat, eliminate stasis (淸熱解毒, 化瘀消腫) have anti-cancer effects inducing apoptosis. Conclusions: The results of articles are not enough to use in practice. Therefore,we indicates more advanced research methodology as follows: development of Korean Medicine treatment protocol with oral and external, in-vivo experimental study, and evaluation immunity index.
In order to examine the transition of zooplankton community by the Saemangeum sea dyke, the temporal and spatial distribution of zooplankton community with relation to environmental variables was investigated using data collected in 2004 and 2005. Sixty-one zooplankton taxa were identified. Average abundance (except Noctiluca scintillans) ranged from 236 to 1810 indiv. m?³, and was the highest in May 2005 and the lowest in February 2005. Dominant species were Acartia hongi and Paracalanus indicus, and cirripedia nauplii and zoea were dominant groups. After the closure of the 4th sea dyke, brackish species such as Tortanus derjugini and Pseudodiaptomus inopinus are widely distributed while the abundance of N. scintillans decreased in the northern area inside the dyke. In canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) for examining the relationships among zooplankton, stations and environmental variables, the northern area inside the dyke was distinguished from the other areas and was represented by Acartia spp. and brackish copepods. Also, this area was characterized by high chlorophyll a concentration and COD, and low diversity.
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This study was to investigate how body-shape perception could influence to weight control practice both in normal and obese group. Methods: We used 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to analysis 1) weight control practices of population; 2) consistency between body-shape perception and body mass index; 3) comparison weight control practices between normal group and body mass index (BMI) obese group in perceptional obese group; 4) odds ratio of BMI obese group using herbal drugs for weight control practice in perceptional obese group. Results: We found that study population tends to choose exercise, dietary restriction, meal skip, health functional food, one-food, drug, herbal drug, fasting and self-medication in order of frequency to control weight. The agreement between body-shape perception and BMI within obese group was approximately 64% with 0.40 of Cohen’s Kappa coefficient, ranging from 0.384 to 0.423. Within perceptional obese group, choosing each weight control practice methods ratios between normal BMI group and obese BMI group were not significantly different. Within perceptional obese group, obese BMI group showed significant odds ratio (2.58, 95% confidence intervals, 1.38∼4.85) than normal BMI group in choosing herbal medication for weight loss when adjusting other variables. Conclusions: We concluded that body-shape perception might be an important factor for choosing weight control program, and roles of Korean medical doctors thought to be enhanced for using herbal medication for weight loss.
Objective : The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the characteristics of pulse diagnosis in infertile women. Methods : We have studied 38 women infertility patients in the Dunsan oriental hospital by using pulse diagnostic device. Pulsation and pulse types have been analyzed with variables of infertility factors. Statistical analysis was performed by adopting descriptive and inferential tests. Results : Both right and left chi parts were shown different from other parts. In small intestine and gall bladder showed significantly different pulsation according to the infertility factor. Short pulse, fine pulse, skipping pulse, shallow pulse and deep pulse were often representative pulse types for the main organs of woman infertility. In Triple energizers showed significantly different shallow pulse type according to the infertility factor. Conclusion : The results corresponded closely with previous literature on pulse diagnosis about infertile women.
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical studies of cupping therapy for obesity in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and to evaluate the effects of it for use in practice. CNKI were searched for controlled studies on cupping therapy for obesity that were published up to September 2015. The review included 9 randomized controlled trials, and we analyzed the objectives, process of interventions, outcome measurements, and main results of the studies. We found that cupping therapy combined with acupuncture, electric acupuncture or thread embedding have more effectively decreased body mass index, waist circumference and lipid profile than acupuncture, electric acupuncture or thread embedding only have done. In the reviewed studies, cupping therapy treated in the region of abdomen, upper and lower limbs, and dorsal part operating on 5 to 25 minutes for one time with total 6 to 45 times of schedule. In this study, we demonstrated that cupping therapy combined with acupuncture, electric acupuncture or thread embedding could have effectively used for treating obesity. Further evaluation and clinical researches are required to establish evidence in practice.
Objectives: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by ovulatory disorder, polycystic ovaries and clinical or laboratory hyperandrogenemia, also associated with an increased risk of various other long-term complications. The purpose of this study is to develop a standard instrument of pattern identifications in Korean medicine for PCOS. Methods: We retrieved the patterns and symptoms from Korean and Chinese literatures which mentioned pattern identifications of PCOS. In order to develop the instrument, we took the consultation from the advisor committee based on the collected informations from literatures. Finally the questionnaire of pattern identification for PCOS was developed. Results: 1) 5 pattern identifications and 53 symptoms and signs were selected from 20 references. 2) We obtained the mean weights which reflected the standard deviations from each symptom of the pattern by 15 experts. 3) We designed the Korean medicine Instrument on pattern identification for PCOS. It was composed of 61 questions, 44 of patient-reported format and 17 of assessor-reported format. Conclusions: Instrument of pattern identification for PCOS was developed through experts` discussion. Further study is required to identify the validity and reliability of this pattern identification instrument for PCOS.