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Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship between communication skill, interpersonal ability and clinical competence of nursing students, and to identify factors influencing clinical competence. Methods: Research participants were 172 nursing students in the nursing departments of 3 universities located in G city and J province. The students had completed over 2 semesters of clinical practice. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: Participants" scores for communication skill, interpersonal relationships and clinical competence were 3.81±0.42, 3.74±0.43 and 3.49±0.43 respectively. Communication skill, interpersonal relationships and clinical competence had positive correlations. Factors influencing nursing students’ clinical competence included communication skill, interpersonal relationships, subjective health status and satisfaction with nursing as a major. These variables explained 40% of the variance in clinical competence. Conclusion: The findings show that development and application of educational programs to increase communication skill and interpersonal relationships are important and will improve nursing students’ clinical competence.
Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship between participation motivation, satisfaction and continuance willingness of voluntary activities of nursing students, and to identify factors influencing continuance willingness of voluntary activities. Methods: The research participants were 175 nursing students in the nursing departments of 3 universities located in G city and J province in Korea. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: Participants` scores for participation motivation, satisfaction and continuance willingness of voluntary activities were 3.24±0.76, 3.11±0.83 and 3.03±0.85 respectively. Participation motivation and satisfaction of voluntary activities had positive correlations. Satisfaction and continuance willingness of voluntary activities had positive correlations. Factors influencing nursing students’ continuance willingness of voluntary activities included participation motivation and satisfaction of voluntary activities. And these variables explained 74% of the variance in continuance willingness of voluntary activities. Conclusion: The findings show that development and application of educational programs to increase participation motivation and satisfaction of voluntary activities are important and will improve nursing students’ continuance willingness of voluntary activities.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among fatigue, patient safety culture and safety care activities of hospital nurses, and to identify and explain factors influencing safety care activities. Methods: The research participants were 187 nurses from a urban general hospital located in Korea. Selfevaluation questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data collection was done from January 10 to 31, 2019. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS 24.0 program. Results: There were significant negative relationships between fatigue and safety care activities (r=-.22, p=.003), and significant positive relationships between patient safety culture and safety care activities (r=.22, p=.003). Factors influencing safety care activities in hospital nurses were identified as type of unit (ICU) (β=.28), patient safety culture (β=.24) and fatigue (β=-.19). The explanation power of this regression model was 16% and it was statistically significant (F=8.29, p<.001). Conclusion: These results suggest the need to develop further management strategies for enhancement of safety care activities in hospital. To improve the levels of patient safety, education programs on patient safety should be developed and provided to nurses in hospitals.
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of aging knowledge, attitudes and awareness about supporting the aged in undergraduate students. Method: The participants were 385 undergraduate students in H University in G city. Data were collected from March 1 to April 30, 2012, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: The mean of the aging knowledge score was 51.40, the mean of aging attitudes score was 3.06, and the mean of awareness about supporting the aged score was 4.11. Awareness about supporting the aged showed a positive correlation with aging knowledge (r=.299, p<.001). Awareness about supporting the aged showed a positive correlation with aging attitudes (r=.244, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a need to develop programs for undergraduate students to increase correct aging knowledge, to encourage appropriate aging attitudes and awareness about supporting the aged. In addition, the need for further studies to examine effects of programs are needed.
To determine the mediating as well as moderating effect on both the emotional labor and burnout of professional self-concept perspective organ transplantation coordinators (OTC)". Method: A self-report questionnaire was collected from 86 OTCs nationwide. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe’ test, Pearson" Correlation Coefficients, AMOS 20.0, and multiple regression. Results: For effects of professional self-concept on emotional labor and burnout, higher emotional labor was related to higher burnout. When professional self-concept was mediated, emotional labor had a greater effect on burnout however, a partial mediating effect was detected. From the regression analysis with the independent variables of emotional labor (A) and professional self-concept (B), adding relation of both variables (A×B) increased the explained variance to 56.3% (p<.05). It was confirmed that professional self-concept had a moderating effect on emotional labor and burnout. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that, when professional self-concept was mediated emotional labor of an OTC decreased, and burnout decreased when professional self-concept was high. Also, by controlling professional self-concept, emotional labor and burnout decreased. Therefore, it’s necessary to map out the environment and develop strategies to reduce emotional labor and burnout in organ transplantation coordinators.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify life experiences of Korean patients with Hansen’s disease (leprosy). Methods: For this study, 5 participants from Sorok Island Hospital were purposively chosen. Data were collected through in-depth individual interviews from June to July 2014. Data analysis method was based on Colaizzi’s approach. Results: The study results showed that experiences of patients with Hansen’s disease consisted of 14 themes and six theme clusters: 1) Bad disease approaching as fate; 2) Family breakup and far from the village; 3) New life in Sorok Island Hospital; 4) Treatment of Hansen’s disease and disability; 5) Life in the disease community; 6) Comfort and hope of life. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that health care professionals should pay attention to patients with Hansen’s disease not only to reduce their physical and psychological suffering, but also to help the community and public culture to reduce the social stigma surrounding this disease and causing suffering for the patients. The results of the present study can help us to have a better understanding of various aspects of patients’ lived experiences.
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate factors influencing preventive health behaviors in undergraduates, including knowledge about, and attitudes to cancer. Methods: The participants were 219 undergraduates in H, and C Universities in G City, and K University in S City. Data were collected from April 1 to June 30, 2014, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0. Results: The mean score for knowledge about cancer was 18.70. The mean score for attitude to cancer was 3.19, and the mean score for preventive health behaviors was 3.12. Knowledge about cancer showed a positive correlation with attitude to cancer and a positive correlation with preventive health behaviors. Attitude to cancer showed a positive correlation with preventive health behaviors. Significant factors that influenced preventive health behaviors for cancer were attitudes to cancer, age, worries about cancer, smoking, and regular exercise. These variables explained 43.5% of preventive health behaviors for cancer. Conclusion: Findings of this study indicate that programs to enhance positive attitudes to cancer prevention should be developed to increase preventive health behaviors in undergraduates and that further study should be done on the effects of such programs.
오늘날에도 5·18은 한국 사회의 변화와 담론 형성에 큰 영향을 미치고 있다. 이는 5·18을 매개로 하는 다양한 집단들의 사회관계가 현재에도 활발하게 작동하고 있음을 의미한다. 이 연구는 5·18과 관련하여 조명이 미흡했던 간호사 집단을 ‘기억의 형성과 특성’이라는 관점에서 고찰하려는 것이다. 이 연구가 주목하는 점은 크게 두 가지로, 첫째 5·18에 관한 간호사 집단이 갖고 있는 집합기억의 국면들과 활동을 밝히는 것이다. 둘째 개인기억을 형성하게 했던 주요 요인들을 규명하고, 그 상이성을 파악하는 것이다. 간호사 집단의 기억은 네 가지 국면들, 즉 시민의 일원으로 계엄령 확대 발표 이전의 집회와 시위를 인지하고 동참, 계엄군의 출현과 극단적 폭력에도 불구하고 시위에 참여 혹은 참관 그리고 계엄군의 병원 수색, 계엄군의 발포로 인한 응급상황발생과 부상자 치료에 전념, 후송되는 부상자의 감소와 전남도청 일대의 방문 그리고 일상으로 복귀로 구분되었다. 앞의 두 국면들은 간호사가 병원에만 있었을 것이라는 생각이 잘못된 것임을 보여주었고, 뒤의 두 국면들은 간호사 집단의 특성이 반영된 것이었다. 개인에 따른 기억의 상이성에는 병원들이 위치한 장소성과 병원 내 직위에 따른 경험 및 역할이 주요 변인들로 작용했다. In the present, 5·18 democratic uprising is having a significant impact in shaping of discourse and social change in Korea. The reason for this phenomenon is working actively mediated social relationships of various groups by 5·18 democratic uprising in the present. This study was conducted to investigate memories of nurses who had insufficient lighting in terms of ‘memory construction and characteristics.’ In this study, the significant point to note is two-fold. First, to illuminate the phases and activities of the collective memory of nurses on 5·18 democratic uprising. Second, to identify the main factors to be formed individual memory, and to determine the dissimilarity. Collective memory of nurses had been divided into four phases. In other words, the phase of perception and participation in collective action as a member of the citizens before announcement expansion of martial law, the phase of search of hospital by martial law forces and attendance or inspection despite the extreme violence of martial law forces in demonstration, the phase of concentration of treatment casualties increased rapidly due to mass firing by martial law forces, and the phase of reduction in the number of been transferred casualties and conversion to normal to visit nearby chonnam provincial government office which was occupied by citizen army. The first two phases showed the thought that nurses have been in the hospital was wrong. The latter two aspects reflected the characteristics of nurses. Individual memory of nurses had dissimilarity according to the placeness (location, area of military operation) of hospital, and role and experience depending on status.
재난은 인류의 역사에 대한 고찰에서 간과할 수 없는 주제이다. 인류는 재난에 대처하고 극복하기 위해 많은 노력을 기울였으나, 더 다양하고 큰 위험에 직면해 있다. 재난은 자연재난과 사회재난으로 구분할 수 있는데, 이 연구는 폭발로 인한 사회재난에 주목한다. 이 연구의 대상은 1977년 11월 11일에 발생했던 ‘이리역 폭발사고’이다. 이 연구의 목적은 이 사례를 통해 1970년대 후반기 사회재난을 어떻게 인식했으며, 어떠한 논리에 의해 피해복구가 이루어졌는가를 파악하는 것이다. 이리역 폭발사고의 초기 인지에는 한국전쟁의 기억이 중요하게 작용했다. 전쟁의 상흔은 폭발을 폭격으로 오인하고, 피난을 떠날 만큼 깊이 자리하고 있었다. 사고의 직접적인 원인이 화약류의 폭발임이 어느 정도 드러났음에도 불구하고, ‘안보’와 ‘방첩’의 관점이 영향을 미쳤다. 폭발사고의 원인은 구조적인 측면보다 개인의 과실과 실무자의 해태 및 부패에 초점이 맞추어졌다. 이에 의거해 폭발사고의 책임 소재와 처벌 경계도 결정되었고, 기업체가 상당한 수준의 금전적인 부담을 안았다. 희생자의 유해 수습과 장례는 엄격한 현장 통제와 응급복구의 논리로 추진된 결과 의문점들이 충분히 해소되지 않았다. 사고 현장의 복구는 군사작전처럼 진행되었으며 ‘새 이리 건설’로 구체화되었다. 이러한 사회재난의 인식과 대응 논리는 오늘날과 크게 달랐음을 보여준다. Disaster is a subject that should not be overlooked in consideration of human history. Humanity has made great efforts to cope with and overcome disasters, but faces more diverse and greater risks. Disasters can be classified into natural disasters and social disasters, this study focuses on the social disaster caused by the explosion. The object of this study is ‘Iri station explosion accident’ which happened on November 11, 1977. In this study, we have identified how social disasters were perceived in the late 1970s, and how disaster recovery was achieved by any logic. The memory of the Korean War played an important role in the early recognition of the Iri station explosion accident. The scars of war misunderstood the explosion as bombing and were deep enough to leave the evacuation. ‘Security’ and ‘anti-communism’ have had an impact even after some identification of explosives as the cause of the explosion. The cause of the explosion was focused more on the individual’s negligence and corruption of the practitioner than on the structural aspect. Based on this, the responsibility for the explosion and the boundary of punishment were determined, and the corporation had a considerable financial burden. The victim’s corpse handling and funeral were driven with rigorous field control and emergency recovery. As a result, some doubts were not fully resolved. The restoration of the accident scene was carried out like a military operation, and it was embodied as ‘new Iri construction’. The recognition and response logic of this social disaster shows that it is very different to today.