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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of dry-hydrotherapy to release pain in patient with low back pain. Methods: The subjects of the study were fifty patient with low back pain in orthopedic clinic. Fifty patients who had low back pain were randomly divided into 2 groups, 1) dry-hydrotherapy group 2) control group. Visual analog scale(VAS) and Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire were measured before and after treatment. The treatment plan Was as follows; 15 min. exercise per day and 5 days per week for 2 weeks. Results: 1. Before dry-hydrotherapy, there was no significant difference in VAS score and Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire score between two groups. 2. The VAS score was significantly decreased in both groups after 2-week dry-hydrotherapy and the decrease in the AS score in dry-hydrotherapy group was significantly lower than in control group. 3. The Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire score was significantly decreased in both groups after 2-week dry-hydrotherapy and the decrease in Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire score dry-hydrotherapy group was significantly lower than in control group. Conclusion: In conclusion, the dry-hydrotherapy was effective to alleviate pain in patients with low back pain.
The purpose of this study is to provide guideline of muscle strengthening exercise for preparing ambulation by presenting suitable ratio of muscle power of agonist & antagonist, and that of concentric & eccentric contraction on behalf of amputee's normal ambulation training and it's strenthening as well. 7 Subjects who have femur amputee for experimental group were able to ambulate naturally without inconvenience and 20 adult subjects of comparison group for comparison were considered to be free from disturbance of ambulation. The method of study was to measure the muscle power of hip pint, was to figure out the ratio of agonist & antagonist, concentric contraction & eccentric contraction, and was to find out mean and standard deviation of each measurement. Every numerical value of comparison was tested by Mann-whitney and comparison group's comparison between left & right value was done with t-test. Results are as followings : 1) Extension force was stronger than flexor force and had no remarkable difference(p<0.05) 2) For normal adults, adduction farce was stronger than abduction force and for amputees, abduction force was stronger while adduction force was the same as the normal without showing remarkable difference(p<0.05) According the result above, I make an assumption that maintaining a proper ratio of muscle power on strengthening exercise for amputee's ambulation training & rehabilitation and finally bring out an improvement of transfer and ambulation.
A 12-year-old female was referred from a dental clinic due to a radiolucent area under the lower right first and second premolars. The lesion was diagnosed as a simple bone cyst radiographically. However, she complained lasting pain during 10 month follow up. Therefore curettage was performed and it defined as an osteoid osteoma on the histopathologic examination. As the lesion recurred, one year later, enucleation was performed. We report this case to help the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma in mandible.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the pursuit of the ideal self through self-awareness of the heroes in Saul Bellow's More Die of Heartbreak. Especially it is emphasized that Kenneth Trachtenberg realizes the recognition of the ideal self and the acceptance of reality by tracing the process of changes in love and suffering of reality instructors as well as those of Uncle Benn. Bellow implies that the contemporary unethical vision of the breakdown of the traditional family system and tragedy has resulted from the corruption of an erotic, physical culture. He also criticizes the tragic collapse of family through the lives of Rudi and Kenneth Trachtenberg, and Benn Crader. He continues to insist that we should keep our human morality and noble ethical values wherever we are. He always warns of the moral corruption of sexual profligancy. He is afraid that traditional morality and the family system might break down because of the absence of sexual morality in our age. Kenneth is impressed by the mysticism of M. Yermelov, a mystic who insists that the true love should be based on the warmth of the soul. So, even though Kenneth regards himself as a victim of sexual games with women such as Treckie, he feels a new level of familiarity with and warm attachment to Dita, his new partner. Uncle Benn, a distinguished botanist, falls in physical love with Matilda, but by escaping from her, he realizes that love without communication with the soul is meaningless, and thus he flies to the North Pole. In conclusion, Bellow expresses that true love should be based on the harmony of mind and body with spiritual rapport and mutual understanding, and it seems to be a true self-awareness and the pursuit of ideal self.
In The Victim, Saul Bellow tried to emphasize the consciousness of corporate responsibility among people in modern society, and he also indicated the social responsibility of an individual. The Victim’s hero Asa Levethal is chiefly troubled with two problems. One is that he is forced to accept the role as surrogate of his sick nephew and the other is about an anti-Semite. At the first time he dislikes and rejects any responsibility, but gradually he learns to accept himself and others rather than to judge and blame and he recognizes his own responsibility for individuals and his society. We can dare to say that here Saul Bellow emphasizes the awareness of human coexistence. (Kumho National Institute Technology)
저자들은 DMARD를 사용한 경험이 없는 류마티스 관절염의 초치료 환자 10명과 DMARD에 반응이 없는 불응성 류마티스 관절염 환자 9명을 대상으로 bucillamine을 투여하여 다음의 결과를 얻었다. 1. 치료 종료시 초치료군에서 조조강직의 지속시간, VAPS, 압통관절의 수, 종창관절의 수, ESR 및 CRP가 치료전에 비하여 유의하게 감소 하였으나 불응성 환자군에서는 대부분의 지표가 감소하지 않았다. 2. 치료약제와 관련된 부작용은 초치료군에서 4예, 불응성 환자군에서 5예에서 발생하였으며, 상부위장관 장애가 양군을 합하여 5예로 가장 흔하였다. 이상의 결과로 bucillamine은 류마티스 관절염의 초치료에 효과적이며 비교적 안전한 약제임을 알 수 있었다. Objective: To assess the clinical effect of bucillamine in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we performed an open clinical trial for 3 months. Methods: 10 out of 12 patients completed bucillamine trial(200mg/day) for their initial treatment against arthritis, and 9 out of 11 patients with refractory RA completed the bucillamine trial. Disease activity was assessed by the duration of morning stiffness(MS), visual analogue pain scale(VAPS), functional capacity(FC), tender joint counts(TJC), swollen joint counts(SJC), ESR, and CRP every month. Adverse effects were monitored monthly. Results: At the end of trial, all parameters were decreased in the initial treatment group except of CRP. No parameters were decreased in the refractory group. Gastrointestinal disturbance was the most common adverse effect. Skin rash, stomatitis, proteiuria and elevated hepatic enzyme were minor adverse effects. Conclusion: Bucillamine was effective in the initial treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but not effective in the patients with refractory rheumatoid arthritis. Bucillamine is relatively safe in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in both groups.
아리스토텔레스는 이론적 철학자와 논리학자로 잘 알려져 있으나, 그는 위대한 자연주의 과학자이었다. 사실 그는 현대적 의미에서 최초의 해부학자이며 해부학을 학문들 중 하나의 전문분야로 이끌어낸 해부학의 창시자이었다. 비록 그가 사람을 직접 해부하지는 않았지만, 그는 태아의 일부를 관찰하였고 동물들의 계통학적 분류를 시도하였다. 그가 남긴 사람해부학의 업적과 아울러 동물비교해부학의 업적은 헤아릴 수 없이 많다. 그는 장기들을 정확하게 묘사하였고 과학적 근거를 제시하는 해부학적 연구방법의 토대를 확립했다. 또한 그는 오늘날에도 여전히 사용되는 전문 해부학 용어들을 만들었으며, 그의 관찰 기법은 너무나 정교하여 놀랄 정도이다. 비록 그의 생리학 개념에 많은 오류가 있었지만, 장기들과 몸의 각 부위에 대한 형태학적 설명은 당시에 그가 최고였다. 이 연구의 목적은 아리스토텔레스 철학이 해부학과 밀접한 관련이 있음을 논의하는 데 있다. 아리스토텔레스가 연구한 해부학 분야의 업적을 살펴보고, 그의 해부학 연구의 오류를 알아보고, 해부학 개념이 들어있는 아리스토텔레스의 철학에 대하여 논의하는 것이다. 또한 오늘날 해부학자들에게 아리스토텔레스가 해부학의 위대한 선구자로 그의 훌륭한 업적을 알리고자 하는 것이다. Although Aristotle is commonly known as a theoretical philosopher and a logician, he was also a great natural scientist. Actually in modern terms he was the first ever anatomist who originated anatomy. Despite the fact that he didn’t directly dissect humans, he observed parts of fetus and tried systematic analysis of animal bodies. The achievements he has accomplished in human anatomy and animal comparative anatomy are countless. He accurately described organs and built a foundation for presenting scientific reasons in anatomical research. Furthermore, he made modern nomenclature which is still being used today and his observational skills were so precise it was hard to even believe. Even though there were a lot of errors in his physiological concepts, his structural descriptions about organs and body parts were the best at that time. The aim of this article is to discuss how Aristotle’s anatomy and philosophy are closely related. It’s aim is to take a look at his anatomical achievements, errors and Aristotelian philosophy in its bearing on anatomical thoughts. In addition, the goal is to knowledge today’s anatomists about Aristotle’s astonishing achievements as a great pioneer in anatomy.
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Objectives : The aim of this study is bio-activity herbal medicine extracts specific prescription acne treatment. Methods : In this study, analyzed the amount of total sugar, reducing sugar, protein and flavonoid of herbal medicine. Screening of minimum inhibitory concentration of acnes strains. The anti-oxidative effect of herbal medicine was analyzed by investigating 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl free radical scavenging activity. To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect, cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-6 were measured. Results : The EE extract have higher antimicrobial activity. CE extracts showed relatively higher anti-oxidative effect. All extract have similar anti-inflammatory and Inhibiting cyclooxygenase-2. EE extract have higher inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-6. Conclusions : EE extracts have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect, and inhibition effect of the cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-a and interleukin-6.
병렬파일시스템을 분산 환경에서 구현하고자 할 때 하부기능들을 관리 및 유지하기 위해서는 복잡한 내부 동작이 필요하다. 저수준의 하드웨어 관리기능들을 고수준의 파일 서비스 기능들과 분리함으로써 병렬파일시스템 구현의 복잡도를 감소시킬 수 있다. 이를 위해 본 논문에서는 분산환경상에서 물리적으로 분산되어 있는 디스크들을 하나의 거대한 논리적인 가상디스크로 보여주는 분산공유디스크 개념을 제안한다. 분산공유디스크는 병렬파일시스템을 지원하기 위한 저수준의 인터페이스를 제공함으로써 병렬파일시스템에서 필요로 하는 하부기능들을 잠재적으로 제공할 수 있다. 또한, 클러스터 기반 시스템에서 분산공유디스크의 프로토타입을 구현하여 그의 동작을 실험하였다.