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      • KCI등재

        일제강점기 부산 ‘서면 경마장’의 조성과정을 통해 본 (구)하야리아부대 이전부지의 도시사적 의미

        이금도(Lee, Keum-Do),서치상(Seo, Chi-Sang),강윤식(Kang, Yun-Sik) 대한건축학회 2012 대한건축학회논문집 Vol.28 No.6

        The purpose of this study is to identify the construction background of the permanent racecourse constructed by the Japanese around Seo-myeon Busan in 1930 and to analyze the historical meanings of city, architectural characteristics of racecourse facilities at the time of completion and the transition process by addition and improvement after the completion. The Busan Horse Racing Contest held at the land reclaimed from the sea of Busanjin in 1921 at the first time was settled at Seo-myeon opening permanent racecourse in 1930. The change of racecourse location into Seo-myeon instead of Yeonsan-ri as the original location reflects the historical meanings of city such as the accessibility of public transportation, the availability of securing a location for racecourse facilities, the extension of a city and the preparation of military base. The Seo-myeon racecourse completed on November 18, 1930 cost 15,550 won. Its stable was built in 1931, extensively repaired in 1932 and rebuilt in 1940. The betting shop which has been known as the building constructed during the Japanese Colonial Rule is considered to be the building constructed after August 1948.

      • KCI등재

        예안(禮安) 군자리(君子里)의 후조당(後彫堂) 연구(硏究)

        서치상,Seo, Chi-Sang 한국건축역사학회 2002 건축역사연구 Vol.11 No.4

        Hoojo-dang is the Beol-dang of Gwangsan Kim's family in Gunja-ri, Yeaan This study aims to reconstruct the architectural drawings of the building through actual measurement, and by investigating documentary records of Kim's family, to trace and infer when the building was originally constructed. In doing this, it enables to identify and describe the architectural types and characteristics. The results are as follows, 1) Hoojo-dang was established in 1567 by Kim Bu-pil(1516-1577). From the beginning, Hoojo-dang, Byeol-myo(family shrine) and Ju-sa(shrine kitchen) were situated in the separate area from An-chae(main building). Later the Ik-rang(additional transept part) of Hoojo-dang was added to its main body as a room for entertainment. 2) The types of floor plan and windows of Hoojo-dang are similar to those of the lecture halls of Dosan-seowon, Sosu-seowon and Yeaan-hyangyo nearby. The main reason for the similarity of floor plan and window types in those buildings is that the students of the great Korean Confucian, Lee Hwang in 16th, managed and controlled those constructions. 3) The separate area composed of Hoojo-dang, Byeol-myo and Ju-sa was mainly designed for satisfying Confucian ceremonial principles. In addition, there are lifting doors designed for elevating the spatial flexibility.

      • KCI등재

        조선후기(朝鮮後期) 범어사(梵魚寺) 승인공장(僧人工匠)의 동래지역(東萊地域) 조영활동(造營活動)

        서치상,Seo, Chi Sang 한국건축역사학회 2003 건축역사연구 Vol.12 No.3

        The purpose of this study is to show the constructional activities conducted by the Buddhist craftsmen of Bumeo-sa, especially to focus on the government constructions at Dongrae province in the 1700s. The result is as follows: 1) In the early 1700s, Bumeo-sa developed to become a great Buddhist temple and was be able to possess a large number of workers and craftsmen. On the base of these workforce and skill, the Buddhist craftsmen of Bumeo-sa played the most leading roles for the government constructions until the late of 1700s. 2) Though the conditions of finance and workforce at Dongrae province were not good enough at that time, several huge government constructions could be promoted successively, owing to Bumeo-sa's supports. 3) Above all, the Buddhist craftsmen in Bumeo-sa monopolized the construction of Dongrae Hyangyo in the middle of the 1700s. But the private craftsmen got replaced their main roles in the government and temple constructions since the late of the 1700s.

      • KCI등재

        여말선초 목조건축 부재 묵서명에 관한 연구

        서치상,Seo, Chi-Sang 한국건축역사학회 2018 건축역사연구 Vol.27 No.3

        This paper aims at researching on the substantial characters of the memorial address, namely the mookseo-myeongs(墨書銘), written at the members of the wooden buildings in the late period of Goryeo Dynasty and the early period of JoseonDynasty. In this paper, I pursued to declare the systematic origins by the comparison the Buddhist buildings with the other buildings, on the focused the written patterns. Furthermore, I tried to examine the transitional trends in the late period of Joseon Dynasty. The results are as follow: First, it is supposed that the mookseo-myeongs of the Buddhist buildings were not used for the a memorial address for the ceremony of putting up the ridge beam, so to speak the sangryang-muns(上樑文), but the prayer address(發願文) to memorize the donations of the believers for the constructions. Second, it is supposed that 'the short sangryang-muns' were originated in the mookseo-myeongs of Buddhist buildings and the other ancient prayer address. In the late period of JoseonDynasty, those were established in the formal literary styles. Third, to the early period of JoseonDynasty, 'the long sangryang-muns' were partially used in the several royal palaces. In the late, those were widely used not only in the royal palaces but also in Buddhist buildings, but those literary patterns were rarely changed from the former types.

      • KCI등재

        대원군 집권기의 축성에 관한 연구

        서치상(Seo, Chi-Sang) 대한건축학회 2013 대한건축학회논문집 Vol.29 No.1

        The purpose of this paper is to analyze the funds and executional organizations of the castle-reconstructions promoted by the Regent Daewon-gun(大院君) from 1866 to 1873. Furthermore this paper aims to examine the renewed structural systems of the castles at the time. Since Byeongin-yangyo(丙寅洋擾), the French Invasion in 1866, Daewon-gun gave orders to repair and to consolidate the castles, especially focused on the costal zones of Chulla-do(全羅道) and Gyeongsang-do(慶尙道), for defending against the invasions by Western and Japanese troops. The royal secret commissioners dispatched to each province evaluated the results of the castle-reconstructions. The funds were prepared by the donation of the officials, inhabitants and Buddhist monks in each province. The special technical experts worked in the fields of the reconstruction or newly constructions of ong-seong(甕城), chi-seong(雉城) and po-roo(砲樓). The systems of the castles were reformed on the base of the application of gunners and the theories of Minbo-ron(民堡論).

      • KCI등재

        『紀效新書』도입 직후의 새로운 城制 모색

        서치상(Seo Chi-Sang),조형래(Cho Hyung-Rai) 대한건축학회 2008 대한건축학회논문집 Vol.24 No.1

        In the early phases of the Japanese invasion(1592), the Chosun military had no successful countermeasures against the enemy forces armed with muskets. The most important cause of defeat was castles of Chosun had no efficient defensive facilities. Thosedays a military tactical manual showed from the allied army camp of Ming China. Name of the book was 《Jixiao-Xinshu(紀效新書)》 written by Oi, Ji-Guang(戚繼光), a commander of southern forces of Ming Dynasty. This book was greatly welcomed fromChosun's government, be known as effective ways to defeat the Japanese pirate raiders. The objective of this study is to investigate the value of 《Jixiao-Xinshu》 that had influenced development of castle construction of the later Chosun dynasty. This system of castle was introduced in a war. In the early days of after introduction, castle constructions were performed under the Chinese supervision of military officials. After the war, some of northwest province castles against northen nomads, had been build according to new systems. 《Jixiao-Xinshu(紀效新書)》 also affected the theories of castle by the prime Minister Ryu, Sung Ryong(柳成龍) and his ideas on the systems of castle were believed to play an important role to develop Korean castles. In conclusion, the study has shown a situation of after introduction 《Jixiao-Xinshu》, more study is necessary to know about construction conditions and methods in the late period of Chosun Dynasty.

      • KCI등재

        조선후기 궁궐공사의 실역책임자 領役部將에 관한 연구

        서치상(Seo Chi-Sang) 대한건축학회 2009 대한건축학회논문집 Vol.25 No.1

        The purpose of this study is to analyze the activities of Yeongyeok-boojangs, the responsible primary executioners of the palace constructions in the late period of Chosun dynasty. Their main missions were in charge of various executional works by supervising and commanding unexperienced labourers and craftsmen. In spite of their poor treatments compared with those of other engagers, they played vital roles in the constructions. The results are as follow : 1.They led and commanded the working units organized with the thirty or fifty labourers. 2.Long-term military officers were usually picked out as Yeongyeok-boojangs to build palaces and given the position, Byeonjang, as a prize after completing them. 4.The name of Yeongyeok-boojang disappeared in the late of 1800s, and it was replaced by the name of Paejang.

      • KCI등재

        통도사(通度寺) 자장암(慈藏庵)의 건축에 내재된 조영의도(造營意圖)와 미의식(美意識)에 관한 연구

        이권영,서치상,Lee, Kweon-Yeong,Seo, Chi-Sang 한국건축역사학회 2002 건축역사연구 Vol.11 No.4

        This paper aims at proposing constructional intention and aesthetic consciousness in the architecture of Jajang-temple, which was originally built by the great monk, Jajang in 7c. The results are as follows : 1) The layout and form of buildings in Jajang-temple were remarkably followed the situations and shapes of natural rocks related to Gumwa legend about the original establishment of the temple. 2) As natural rocks were penetrated into both the inner and outer space of buildings and so artificial skills were more or less restrained, it seems to be short of geometrical regularity, symmetry and formal integrity. 3) However it can be said that these architectural treatments were based on the aesthetic consciousness, so called In-Cha and Jol-Bak, which were conceived by intellectual elites in Chosun dynasty.

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