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      • KCI등재

        일제강점기 건설청부업단체의 담합에 관한 연구

        이금도,서치상,Lee, Keum-Do,Seo, Chi-sang 한국건축역사학회 2006 건축역사연구 Vol.15 No.5

        This study deals with construction contract bid-rigging by Japanese contractors who monopolized the construction market of the Korean Peninsula during the Japanese colonial rule, and investigates the abuses of the contract bid-rigging. First of all, construction contract bid-rigging in Korea was triggered by Japanese construction contractors and contract brokers, who had savored the benefits of bidrigging in Japan and had repeated the bid-rigging in Korea since 1903. Second, the agency played a significant role to mediate construction contractors, and existed throughout the Japanese colonial rule on the Korean Peninsula with changing their names. Most of them were engaged in major contract bid-rigging scandals. Among them was Construction Association of Korea, which existed for over 13 years. The agencies had took part in governmental services since the mid-1930s when Japan exploited Korean people during wartime, and focused on sweating human resources for the constructions. Third, one of the biggest construction bid-rigging scandals during the Japanese colonial rule was "the 1st and 2nd scandal on Daegu construction contract bid-rigging." Indeed, the second scandal paved the way for the serial scandals: "Kyeongseong construction contract bid-rigging scandal", "Busan construction contract bid-rigging scandal", and other cases throughout the nation. Fourth, along with the contract bid-rigging cases related to the Japanese Government-General of Korea and local authorities, bid-riggings firmly took rooted in local governments' farmland reclamation projects in the 1920s and the poor relief services in the 1930s. The "bid-rigging charges" forced contractors to compensate their losses with exploiting material costs and labor costs, generating serious problems. The construction contract bid-rigging enabled Japan to monopolize the construction industry and to sweat farmers on the Korean Peninsula. Against this backdrop, contract bid-rigging by Japanese construction contractors during the its colonization made Korean contractors ruled out, and helped Japanese monopolize the industry. A large amount of bid-rigging charges drove Japanese contractors to do fraudulent work with cheap materials and to exploit Korean labor force.

      • KCI등재

        일제강점기 부산 ‘서면 경마장’의 조성과정을 통해 본 (구)하야리아부대 이전부지의 도시사적 의미

        이금도(Lee, Keum-Do),서치상(Seo, Chi-Sang),강윤식(Kang, Yun-Sik) 대한건축학회 2012 대한건축학회논문집 Vol.28 No.6

        The purpose of this study is to identify the construction background of the permanent racecourse constructed by the Japanese around Seo-myeon Busan in 1930 and to analyze the historical meanings of city, architectural characteristics of racecourse facilities at the time of completion and the transition process by addition and improvement after the completion. The Busan Horse Racing Contest held at the land reclaimed from the sea of Busanjin in 1921 at the first time was settled at Seo-myeon opening permanent racecourse in 1930. The change of racecourse location into Seo-myeon instead of Yeonsan-ri as the original location reflects the historical meanings of city such as the accessibility of public transportation, the availability of securing a location for racecourse facilities, the extension of a city and the preparation of military base. The Seo-myeon racecourse completed on November 18, 1930 cost 15,550 won. Its stable was built in 1931, extensively repaired in 1932 and rebuilt in 1940. The betting shop which has been known as the building constructed during the Japanese Colonial Rule is considered to be the building constructed after August 1948.

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