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        재일코리안의 나이그룹별 정체성에 대한 실증분석

        박용구 한국외국어대학교 국제지역연구센터 2009 국제지역연구 Vol.13 No.2

        The society in Zainich-Korean has had a turning point during 1990s. The number of naturalized persons as a Japanese citizen which had been about 5,000 exceeded 10,000 the first time in 1995 and the trend has sustained after that. In contrast to former times when the naturalization as a Japanese citizen was thought as a breach of faith, the argument about naturalization has become a public issue and in addition to it the campaign for acquisition of nationality as a Japanese citizen has spreaded. I made the back ground of it clear by a generation shift in Zainich-Korean society, the trend of world history under post-nationalism and the relaxation for legal and institutional qualification in naturalization(2008). And I showed the process of the campaign for acquisition of nationality and analyzed the identity of diverging Zainich-Korean after surveying 6 items of naturalization, marriage, name, language, ethnic education and discrimination(2009). In this essay, I analyzed Zainich-Korean's features according to their age focusing on 6 items. 20s group showed the most affirmative attitude to naturalization. They think that they have a good command of Korean. Also they have the highest ratio on an experience to study in Korea, marriage to Japanese and use of ethnic name(Korean name) and have hardly any sense of discrimination from Japanese. 30s group think that they have the best command of Korean and show a similar inclination toward studying in Korea, marriage to Japanese and use of ethnic name with 20s. However, they show the negative attitude toward conditional naturalization with the highest percentage. Besides they feel that they are treated unfairly in social structure or social security. 40s group and 50s․60s group have common situation toward a Korean spouse and the use of Japanese name. However, 40s showed hesitant attitudes toward naturalization and discrimination, which distinguish themselves from any other group. Besides they think that they have a very bad command of Korean. 50s․60s group feel most discriminated, which distinguish themselves from any other group. They think that they have similar level of command of Korean and think it shameful that they have a bad command of Japanese. And they showed similar situation to naturalization with 20s. 1990년대를 거치면서 재일코리안 사회가 새로운 전기를 맞이하고 있다. 연간 5,000명 전후를 넘나들던 일본으로의 귀화자 수가 1995년 처음으로 10,000명을 넘어섰고, 두 배 가량 증가한 이 수치는 그 후로도 비슷한 수준을 유지하고 있다. 또한 이전에는 민족에 대한 배신행위로 간주되어 말도 끄집어내기 힘들었던 ‘일본 국적 취득론’이 공론화 되었을 뿐만 아니라 한 발 더 나아가 ‘일본 국적 취득 운동’까지 전개되고 있다. 필자는 졸고(2008)에서 그 근본적 배경을 ‘재일코리안 사회의 세대교체, 탈국가주의적 세계사의 흐름, 귀화의 법적‧제도적 요건 완화’로 밝힌 바 있고, 후속 논문(2009)에서는 일본 국적 취득 운동의 경과를 개괄적으로 설명하고, ‘귀화‧결혼‧이름‧언어‧민족교육‧차별’이라는 여섯 가지 항목을 중심으로 설문조사를 행한 후, 분화하고 있는 재일코리안의 정체성을 전체적으로 분석해 보았다. 본고에서는 설문 응답자들의 사회경제적 속성 중 연령에 초점을 맞추어 ‘귀화‧결혼‧이름‧언어‧민족교육‧차별’에 대한 재일코리안의 나이대별 특징을 분석해보고자 한다. 재일코리안의 정체성을 나이대별로 나누어 파악하는 작업은 향후 재일코리안 사회의 흐름을 파악하는데 중요한 단서를 제공할 것이다.

      • KCI등재
      • 우리날 차나무 품종육성

        박용구 경북대학교 농업과학기술연구소 2006 慶北大農學誌 Vol.24 No.-

        When tea trees were introduced to Korea peninsular from China? Historically, Mr. Taeryum, an envoy of Shilla dynasty brought tea seeds from China during Tang dynasty and the seeds were planted at Jiri Mt. by the order of King Heungduk at AD828. During Koryo Dynasty(918 1392), Buddhism spread rapidly all over the country and the tea culture reached its highest stage of prosperity. At the Chosun Dynasty, however, the ceremonial drinking of tea vanished almost completely due to the flourishing Confucian tradition, a kind of substitution of Buddhism. But a few people have supported the traditional tea culture by themselves. Since the independence of Korea soon after the World War II at 1945, Korean War have been exploded at 1950. After economic evolution have been succeeded at 1980, the cultivation area of tea trees has been increased about 2,000ha and the cultural tradition of tea drinking has become popular again at a tea consume quantities amounted to 100g per capita at 2004. The northern limited area of tea plant is lined on the southern part of Korea peninsular. It is very small region compared to China about one million ha and to Japan over 60 thousand ha. It is problem not only the area of tea fields but also the methodology of tea cultivation, for examples without clonal cultivars and mechanical systems. WTO treatments was discussing with Korea, China and Japan government at 2005. Green tea custom is very high at 514% in Korea. If three countries will be agreed the imported tax will be cut off, the Korean tea farmers will be confused because of unstable situation of tea markets. All most of tea farmers should be made the tea fields by seeding not clonal propagation. Because of clonal cultivars have not developed in Korea, there have not been the research institutes for tea plants and manufactures before 1992. Now there are three research institute of tea in Korea; Tea Experiment Station at Bosung of Jeonnam Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Mokpo Experimental Station of National Institute of Crop Science, and Green Tea Cluster Institute of Hadong. Mokpo and Hadong Research Station were established at 2004 and at 2005 butBosung Station was established at 1992. Seven clonal tea cultivers were selected at Bosung Station; Bohyang, Myngsun, Chanlok, Sunhyang, Mihyang, Jinhyang and Ohsun until 2004. Mokpo Experimental Institute was started the tea provenance testing about 4 provenances: Kangwon-do, Jeonlabuk-do, Jeonlanam-do, and Kyungsangnam-do. Korean new tea cultivers should be selected because Koran wild tea population have been high genetic variation. If tea breeding research will be successful to select new clonal cultivers, the tea farmers of Korea will be stable after WTO treatment with each country.

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