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      • KCI등재

        김기림 초기 시 연구

        김한성(Kim, Han Sung) 한국현대문학회 2013 한국현대문학연구 Vol.0 No.40

        동시대의 비평가와 후대의 연구자가 입을 모아 지적하였듯이, 김기림 텍스트에서 일본 모더니즘의 흔적은 분명 발견된다. 하지만 그는 일본 모더니즘의 흔적을 영미 모더니즘으로 곧 대체한다. 해방 후 기존의 비평을 편집한 선집 『시론』(1947)에서 일본 문인들의 이름은 해방기의 민족주의 정황상 지워지며, 해방 후 출간된 시집 『바다와 나비』(1946)와 『새노래』(1948)에서도 일본 모더니즘 색채가 가미된 시는 제외되었다. 이 글은 일본대학에서 1차 유학(1926-1929)을 마친 김기림의 시 「슈르-레알리스트」(1930.9.30), 「시론」(1931.1.16), 「첫사랑」(1934.1) 세 편을 독해하여, 김기림 텍스트가 일본 모더니즘의 자장에서 벗어나 영미 모더니즘으로 전환하는 순간을 추적해 본다. 일본을 매개로 한 모더니즘의 굴절된 수용에서 직수입의 길로 나아가는 과정에서 한국 모더니즘 문학의 이론적 지도자를 꿈꾸는 저자의 욕망을 읽을 수 있다. This paper sheds light on the transition from the indirect reception of French surrealism via Japanese surrealism to the direct and immediate reception of English modernism in Kirim Kim’s early poetic works. I compare Kim’s poems with contemporary Japanese and Western ones and explore how Kim’s poems are intertextualized with them. The trace of Japanese surrealism shows in his early poems such as “Surrealist,” “Poetics,” and “The First love,” and his essays in some degree, but becomes lost when he applied T. S. Eliot’s literary theory and poetic skills. When he collected his selected poems and critical works after WWII, he erased all Japanese writers’ names in his essays and removed their surrealistic skills in his poems. He desires to liberate his works from the anxiety of Japanese influence and to establish the literary tradition of Korean modernism after the liberation from Japan.

      • KCI등재

        「무녀도」읽기 : 환경 비평의 시각에서

        김한성(Kim Han Sung) 문학과 환경학회 2010 문학과 환경 Vol.9 No.2

        Eco-criticism tends to be defined as “the study of nature writing by way of any scholarly approach or, conversely, the scrutiny of ecological implications and human-nature relationships in any literary texts” (Slovic, 27). Examining the negotiation between human and nature has tackled the field of Korean “pure” literature called Sunsumunhak. These writers advocate the purity of literature by turning their eyes to nature from socialist realism or Western “modernism.” Kim, Dongni(1913-1995) represents this flow of literature when Japanese colonial rule controlled Korean literary circles in late 1930's and early 1940s. His representative work, “The Shaman Painting”(1936) describes the atmosphere of Korean nature in a remote village near Gyeongju, the ruined capital of ancient Korea. In this fiction, Kim attempts to reinvigorate shamanism as Korean tradition against Western religion, Christianity. He treats Christianity as an unwelcome guest which persecutes shamanism. For this reason, literary critics tend to understand this work as a religious struggle between East and West. This point of view is plausible; however, his obsession with shamanism seems to divert from a religious category. I want to explore Kim's obsession with shamanism from an ecological and feministic perspective. The death scene of a heroine, a shaman, and fictional characters' and a narrator's ruined identity enlighten me that these characters are deeply connected with nature, stage, and background. Thus, I explore how human beings negotiate with the nature in “The Shaman Painting.” Then, I examine the essence of the Korean spirituality that Kim portrays here.

      • KCI등재

        Accuracy Improvement of a 5-axis Hybrid Machine Tool

        김한성,Kim, Han Sung The Korean Society of Industry Convergence 2014 한국산업융합학회 논문집 Vol.17 No.3

        In this paper, a novel 5-axis hybrid-kinematic machine tool is introduced and the research results on accuracy improvement of the prototype machine tool are presented. The 5-axis hybrid machine tool is made up of a 3-DOF parallel manipulator and a 2-DOF serial one connected in series. The machine tool maintains high ratio of stiffness to mass due to the parallel structure and high orientation capability due to the serial-type wrist. In order to acquire high accuracy, the methodology of measuring the output shafts by additional sensors instead of using encoder outputs at the motor shafts is proposed. In the kinematic view point, the hybrid manipulator reduces to a serial one, if the passive joints in the U-P serial chain at the center of the parallel manipulator are directly measured by additional sensors. Using the method of successive screw displacements, the kinematic error model is derived. Since a ball-bar is less expensive than a full position measurement device and sufficiently accurate for calibration, the kinematic calibration method of using a ball-bar is presented. The effectiveness of the calibration method has been verified through the simulations. Finally, the calibration experiment shows that the position accuracy of the prototype machine tool has been improved from 153 to $86{\mu}m$.

      • KCI등재

        6자유도 병렬형 모션 시뮬레이터 개발

        김한성,Kim, Han-Sung 한국생산제조학회 2010 한국생산제조학회지 Vol.26 No.2

        This paper presents the development of a new 6-DOF parallel-kinematic motion simulator. The moving platform is connected to the fixed base by six P-S-U (Prismatic-Spherical-Universal) serial chains. Comparing with the well-known Gough-Stewart platform-type motion simulator, it uses commercialized linear actuators mounted at the fixed base whereas a 6-UPS manipulator uses telescopic linear ones. Therefore, the proposed motion simulator has the advantages of easier fabrication and lower inertia over a 6-UPS counterpart. Furthermore, since most forces acting along the legs are transmitted to the structure of linear actuators, smaller actuation forces are required. The inverse position and Jacobian matrix are analyzed. In order to further increase workspace, inclined arrangement of universal joints is introduced. The optimal design considering workspace and force transmission capability has been performed. The prototype motion simulator and PC-based real-time controller have been developed. Finally, position control experiment on the prototype has been performed.

      • 외투세포 림프종의 세침흡인 세포학적 소견 - 1예 보고 -

        김한성,박성혜,Kim, Han-Seong,Park, Sung-Hye 대한세포병리학회 2001 대한세포병리학회지 Vol.12 No.1

        Cytologic features of a case of mantle cell lymphoma is presented, which was obtained by fine needle aspiration cytoloby and confirmed by excisional biopsy of axillary lymph node. A 67-year-old female alleged palpable masses in both axillae for several months. Additional multiple lymphadenopathies were found in the both neck and inguinal areas. The main cytologic feature was carpeting on monotonous slightly atypical small lymphocytes without heterogeneous components. The nuclei of these lymphocytes are slightly larger than benign small lymphocyte and relatively round with some Indentation. Nucleolus was not prominent and no mitosis was found. Their cytoplasm was scanty and cyanophilic in Papanicolaou's stain. The histiocytic cells, which had bland-looking banded nuclei and abundant cytoplasm, corresponding to pink histiocytes were shown. Excisional blopsy of lymph nodes was diagnosed as mantle ceil lymphoma, diffuse type.

      • KCI등재

        "온병조변"에서 "임증지남의안" 의 온병관련 의안을 변형하고 첨삭한 방법

        김한성,임진석,이충열,Kim Han-Sung,Lim Jin Seok,Lee Choong Yeol 대한동의생리학회 2005 동의생리병리학회지 Vol.19 No.3

        The Wenbing tiaobian(온병조변) is the first systematic disease monograph on warm factor disease(온병), written by Wu Jutong(오국통). It was most influenced by the Linzheng zhinan yian(임증지남의안), which was a book of gathering medical case records of Ye tianshi(엽천사). Therefore, there are plenty of quotations from this book in the Wenbing tiaobian. This study investigates the quotations from Linzheng zhinan yian, especially focusing on the way of transformation and correction of the original medical case records on the warm factor disease. The results are as follows: About 104 of 265 provisions in the Wenbing tiaobian were directly quoted from the Linzheng zhinan yian. The provisions quoted from Ye's case records were rearranged according to the categories of the triple burners pattern differentiation(삼초변증) and the causes of warm factor disease. And eve case record was transformed into more general descriptive form in order to put it into the book. For example, the specific figures, and some patients' peculiar symptoms, causes, sex and disease names were omitted. On the other hand, the tongue moss, pulse shape and some symptoms, which were necessary for differentiating patterns, were added. In the case of the formula, some formulas originated from Ye's case records were named newly. And the dose of each herb consisting a formula was determined, and therapeutic principle, taking method and detailed explanation was added to every formula.

      • 코발트계 비백금 연료전지 촉매의 합성 및 특성화

        김한성 ( Han Sung Kim ),김현종 ( Hyun Jong Kim ),안지은 ( Ji Eun Ahn ),한명근 ( M. K. Han ),복혜미 ( Hye Mi Bok ),강경륜 ( Kyung Ryun Kang ) 한국공업화학회 2010 응용화학 Vol.14 No.1

        We described a cobalt/polypyrrole/carbon nanotube (Co/Ppy/CNT) as non-platinum catalysts for PEMFC. The Co/Ppy/CNT catalyst was characterized by XRD, TEM and XPS. The results showed that polypyrrole was well coated on the surface of CNT and cobalt ion was successfully stabilized on the nitrogen atoms of polypyrrole. The electrocatalytic activity was dependant on thermal treatment conditions. An onset potential of oxygen reduction reaction over Co/Ppy/CNT catalyst increased from 0.55 V to 0.78 V (NHE) after pyrolysis. Therefore, the interaction between cobalt ion and nitrogen atoms and pyrolysis process of catalyst should play and important role to enhance activity of catalyst.

      • KCI등재

        『기상도』(1936)와 『황무지』(1922) 비교

        김한성(Kim, Han Sung) 한국현대문학회 2012 한국현대문학연구 Vol.0 No.38

        영향관계(Influence)는 인유(Allusion), 빌리기(Borrowing), 메아리(Echoing), 번안(Adaptation)을 모두 함축시키는 폭넓은 함의를 지닌 용어이기 때문에 이를 세밀화하는 작업이 요구된다. 이 글에서는 원천이 되는 작품의 우월성을 강조하는 기존의 용어 사용을 배제한 채 상호텍스트성(Intertextuality)에 기초하여 텍스트를 독립적인 지위에 놓고 비교해보려고 한다. 김기림의 장시 『기상도』(1936)를 이해하기 위하여 엘리엇의 장시 『황무지』(1922)를 고려해야 하는 이유로 몇 가지를 들 수 있다. 첫째, 장시의 구성을 교향악에 비유하고 있는 점에서 유사성을 보인다. 둘째, 김기림이 1936년 4월 동북제국대학에 입학하여 리차즈(I. A. Richards) 시학을 연구하기 이전, 시론에서 가장 많이 언급하고 있는 시인이 엘리엇이다. 셋째, 『기상도』가 『황무지』의 영향을 받았다는 기존 연구 역시 『황무지』에 대한 고찰을 필요로 하게 만든다. 하지만 이런 연관성에도 과연 『기상도』와 『황무지』를 과감히 일대일로 비교할 수 있는 지 의문이 남는다. 식민지와 제국, 동양과 서양 등 비교 불가능한 몇몇 지점이 있지만, 『기상도』는 인간문명에 대한 비판을 주제로 한 장시라는 점에서 『황무지』와 비교 가능하다. 이 글에서는 『기상도』와 『황무지』에 드러난 문명에 대한 관점이 두 텍스트 사이에서 어떻게 교섭하고 있는지 살펴봄으로써 『기상도』에서 드러나는 문명 비판과 역사 감각을 고찰해보고자 한다. The study of The Waste Land (1922) and T. S. Eliot’s literary criticism helps to figure out the works of Korean modernist Kim Kirim in 1930’s. Kim confessed that his long poem, The Weather Map (1936), is inspired by The Waste Land. Both works share the poetic style that deconstructs the nature of the poem by jumping from one manners and styles to another. It is arguable that The Weather Map acquires an equivalence to compare with The Waste Land. Although both works were composed during the period of high modernism that came after the end of World War I, the geographic spaces where each lyric speaker positions himself and portrays is distant from each other; whereas The Waste Land’s background is London during and after World War I, The Weather Map is set in the semi-colonized Shanghai and the colonized Seoul in the 1930s. Both works need to be compared with the “incommensurability” of their spatial differences in mind. In this paper, I focus on the symbol of the Tarot card, “The Wheel” among the intellectual accounts of various symbols that appear in The Waste Land. Eliot’s use of the symbol of “the wheel” presents the subject of the rise and fall of civilizations throughout history. Kim intertextualizes this “wheel” in the seventh chapter of The Weather Map, titled “The Song of Wheel,” and uses shifts in the weather as a metaphor for the “circulating civilization.” This paper will examine how the poetic motif of “The Wheel” in The Waste Land has been transmitted and transferred to The Weather Map.

      • 예레미야와 바스훌의 갈등의 역사적 배경 연구

        김한성(Han-Sung Kim) 영남신학대학교 2016 신학과 목회 Vol.45 No.-

        The purpose of this study is to show the reasons of the conflict between Jeremiah and Pashur (Jer. 20:1-6) in the light of historical developments of prophecy in ancient Israel. In the Old Testament, the main religious leaders who had maintained the religious system of the ancient Israel, and led the Israelites, were priests and prophets without a doubt. Generally speaking, the office of priests who primarily worked in the temple, was hereditary and consecrated, on the other hand, the prophets who were called by God regardless of social position and origin, would not limit their activities to the temple itself. Ironically, such differences in the activity area mean that the prophets and the priests could share the minimum area that all of them could serve. That area was the temple, because the prophetic activities would not rule out that area. It is therefore, estimated that the conflict between the prophets and the priest is not unusual. In this study, the conflict between the prophet Jeremiah and the priest Pashur who was also the chief governor in the house of the Lord, was not only a episode caused by the comtemporary political and religious differences in perspective, but also a result from changes in the prophetic system in the end of the kingdom of Judah. Comparing with similar cases in the Old Testament, Pashur’s beating and detaining Jeremiah, based on the authority of his own, is an exceptional one. In the case of the conflict between Amos and Amaziah, the priest of Bethel(Amos 7:10-13), what the priest could do was to report to the king and only to demand that the prophet leave Bethel. In 1 Kings 22, a similar conflict happened between Micaiah and Zedekiah, but the offensive action against the prophet Micaiah was based upon the authority of the king Ahab. In contrast, the conflict between Jeremiah and Pashur(Jer. 20:1-6) confirms the chief governor’s own authority. נָגִי ד , one of the components of term, ‘chief governor’ and the presence of prison in the temple Pashur could independently use, point out his authority. This authority with which Pashur could punish Jeremiah the prophet suggests the process of change in the religious leaders’ dynamics that was organized around the temple in the end of kingdom of Judah. That means the formal process of the priest’s accepting the prophetic functions. Such a process can be discerned in the text relating to Asap and his posterity in the Chronicles. In conclusion, the conflict between Jeremiah and Pashur can be understood in the light of the historical developments of prophecy in ancient Israel.

      • KCI등재

        SW 교육을 위한 직무 및 정책에 대한 초등학교 교사들의 중요도와 수행도 인식 분석

        김한성 ( Han-sung Kim ),전수진 ( Soo-jin Jun ) 한국교육정보미디어학회(구 한국교육정보방송학회) 2019 교육정보미디어연구 Vol.25 No.1

        본 연구의 목적은 SW 교육에 대한 초등학교 교사들의 직무 및 정책에 대한 중요도와 수행도를 분석함으로써 향후 체계적인 SW 교육 정책 추진을 위한 시사점을 탐색하는 것이다. 이를 위해 초등학교교사 181명을 대상으로 설문을 실시하고 교사 직무 및 정책에 대한 인식을 분석하였다. 구체적으로는 SW 교육에 대한 교사 직무 및 정책 지원에 대한 중요도와 수행도의 인식 차이 분석, 배경변인에 따른 인식 차이 분석, 그리고 Importance-Performance Analysis(IPA)를 활용한 현황 진단 및 정책 우선순위분석을 하였다. 주요 연구 결과를 살펴보면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 교사 직무와 관련된 항목보다 정책 지원과 관련된 항목의 중요도가 전체적으로 높게 나타났으며, 모든 항목에서 중요도가 수행도보다 높게 나타났다. 둘째, 배경변인에 따른 차이를 살펴보면, 남교사의 수행도가 여교사 보다 높게 나타났으며, 연수 경험과 강의 수행 경험이 많을수록 수행도가 높게 나타났다. 그 외, 성별, 교직경력, SW 교육 연수 경험, SW 교육 강의 경험에 따른 중요도에 대한 인식 차이는 없었다. 셋째, 교사 직무 관련 IPA 분석 결과를 보면, 학습자 분석, 수준별 지도, 도구 활용과 같은 교수 설계 영역에 집중할 필요가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 끝으로, 정책 지원 관련 IPA 분석 결과를 살펴보면 디지털 기기확보, 무선 환경지원, 관련 예산 지원과 같은 학교 환경 개선을 위한 정책 지원에 보다 집중할 필요가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 이러한 연구 결과를 토대로 초등학교에서 SW 교육이 체계적으로 수행되기 위해 필요한 주요 시사점을 논의하였다. The purpose of this study is to investigate the implications for the systematic implementation of SW education by analyzing the importance and performance of elementary school teachers. To do this, this study surveyed 181 elementary school teachers and analyzed teachers' perceptions. In addition, this study analyzed the difference in recognition of the importance and performance of teacher tasks and policy support for SW education, the difference according to background variables, and the status and priority of using the Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA). The main results of this study are as follows. First, the importance of policy support items is higher than that of teacher task-related items. Also, in all items, the importance was higher than the performance. Second, the performance of male teachers was higher than that of female teachers. In addition, the higher the experience of SW education training and SW teaching experience, the higher the performance, and there was no difference in the perception of importance. Third, the results of the IPA analysis related to teacher tasks showed that it is necessary to concentrate on instructional design areas such as learner analysis, personalized teaching, and tool utilization. Fourth, looking at the results of the IPA analysis on policy support, it was found that it is necessary to focus more on policy support for school environment improvements such as digital devices, wireless environment, and related budget support. Based on the results of this study, key implications are discussed for the systematic implementation of SW education in elementary schools.

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