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<Purpose> The purpose of this study was to investigate the motor ability of the Korean children and was based on the comparison with the result of the study by Doll at Vineland Research Center, on the demarcation in accordance with age, sex, and locality, and to find out the different point of each various problem, search out the of effective educational measure, and to obtain the materials which are necessary for the correction inferior motor ability. The motor ability is the most fundamental ability of a human being and is able to be divided into 6 subabilities: (1) Ability of general static coordinatrion. (2) Ability of dynamic coordination of hands. (3) Ability of simultaneous voluntary movements. (6) Ability of synkinesia (associated involuntary movements: by implication asynkinesia or the ability to perform without superfluous movements.) <Appartus> The Oseretsky scale was used in this study. The scale is a year scale of tests of motor maturation for measuring genetic levels of motor proficincy, is comparable in structure with the Binet-Simon scale for measuring intelligence and the Vineland Social Maturity Scale for measuring social competence, and affords a standard means for the clinical evaluation of a distinctive aspect of behavioral development. <Subjects> The subject of this study have been the children from 4 to 16 years old, being classified by sex and locality, and the total number of subjects have been selected with 3,479 children. <Results> Through the above mentioned procedure the following conclusions were drawn. 1) From ability of general static coordination, the more ages increased, the higher motor ability is to be formed in the result of this study than that of Vineland study. 2) From ability of dynamic coordination of the hands, the result of this study has been retarded rather than that of Vineland in the examination result of balancing a rod on the index finger for the male group from 13-14 years old and female from 15-16 years old. 3) From ability of general dynamic coordination, the result has been almost similar to both groups. 4) From ability of motor speed, it has been proved that the result of Vineland has much more advanced than the result of this study except those aged 4 and 14-15 years old. 5) From abilitiy of simultaneous voluntary movements, it has come to know that both groups have been similar in the result except those of 6-7 years old. 6) From ability of synkinesia, it seemed impossible to compare the study result of Vineland, but the result of this study has somewhat been retarded in a whole by the table of pass ratio. 7) There seems not to be any sexual difference in the comparison of sexual difference between whole male and female because of the coefficiency of correlation, being appeared to be too high. 8) In the different inspection between city and country male, 11-12 years old group show the significant difference level of 0.5% while in other transformation original problems, there seems not to be any intentional difference. 9) There seems to be any difference of motor ability between the localities. 10) From the view point of the average of motor ability of 10, 11-12, 13-14 years old in male and female group, it seems that the female have more motor ability than the male. There is a tendency that male appear to be more higher than female, but this can not be proved on the statistics different basis. In addition to the above findings, some discussions on motor ability of the Korean children were made.
Physically handicapped children always have a certain degree of inferiority on their physical abnormality and defect, and it raises various problems in social maladjustment as well as on their characters, and surely affects their self-concept. Parents of the physically handicapped children are a major part of the world experiencing the handicapped children. Having lived with physically handicapped children, their parents' perception that how the handicapped children fell about themselves is significant, and also that parents' perception of the self-concept of their physically handicapped children is of paramount importance with respect to intro-family communication, child management, and development of children's self-concept. This study was designed to investigate the effects of parents' perception on the self-concept of physically handicapped children; 1) The characteristic aspects of self-concept of visually handicapped, hearing handicapped, and crippled children. 2) The characteristic aspects of parents' perception of visually handicapped, hearing handicapped, and crippled children's self-concept. 3) The congruity between the children's self-concept and their parents' perception. The subjects of this study were a total of 322 visually handicapped, hearing handicapped, and crippled children, and 514 of their parents. Q-sort statement was used to investigate the self-concept of handicapped children and parents' perception of it, and based on the results of Q-sort statement the children's self-concept and parents' perception were scored with equal weigh and differential weigh scoring. The scores obtained were fed into FACOM M-160 through SPSS (Nie, N.H. et al. 1974) package program and analyzed by Pearson product moment correlation, point biserial correlation, analysis of variance and multiple correlation analysis. The important findings, thus obtained, were summarized as follows: 1) The most negative self-concept appeared among the visually handicapped. 2) Physically handicapped boys have more positive self-concept than girls. 3) Parents of the hearing handicapped were less pessimistic than those of the other groups of the handicapped, and such the tendency can bring some problems in the guidance of the hearing handicapped. 4) In parents' perception of the self-concept of their children, fathers showed no significant difference in their perception, regardless kind of their child's handicaps and sex, whereas mothers' attitude toward their sons was more positive than toward their daughters. 5) The congruity between self-concept of children and parents' perception was usually higher in the crippled than in other groups of handicapped. 6) In the crippled, their mothers showed a higher degree congurity than fathers with their children in perception and self-concept. The following conclusions were drawn on the base of the findings above mentioned. First: Among the physically handicapped children, the hearing handicapped showed the most significant difference in the self-concept of physically handicapped children and parents' perception, while the crippled showed the least difference. It showed that the parents of the hearing handicapped didn't have accurate perception on their children, but those of the crippled were more intimate relationship with them. Second: As for the effects of parents' perception of their children's sel-concept, among all groups of the handicapped, the parents of the crippled, especially mothers, accurately saw the self-concept of their children, thus enabling them to help the children positively in developing a positive self-concept. Third: The mothers of handicapped children had positively perceived to their sons, but negatively perceived of their daughters, and this tendency may result in many problems during the process of their adjustment.
Purpose This study is to investigate personality traits of exceptional children (Blind. Deaf) and to get necessary data which guide exceptional children. Procedure and Method. 1. Subjects Nomal-Hangug Social Work College-29men. Blind-Daegu Kwang Moung Blind School-19men. Deaf-Daegu Young Hwa Deaf School-18men. 2. Test Apparatus (1) Personality test (2) MMQ test Result Through the above mentioned procedure following conclusion were drawn. (1) Personality traits of General Activity appeared higher in Deaf than Blind and above 0.1% Significance level. (2) Personality traits of Dominance was showed higher in Blind that Deaf and 1% Significance level. (3) Emotional Stability, Masculinity, Objectivity and Sociability were showed higher in Blind than Deaf and were showed 0.1% Significance level. (4) Difference between normal group and exceptional children group in Emotional Stability and Objectivity was showed 5% Significance level. (5) Neurotic tendency was higher in normal group than exceptional children group and higher in Deaf than Blind In addition to the above-finding, some discussions on the of personality traits in exceptional children were made.
Purpose and Method This study was investigated color affection and color preference with 8 color name, color preference was surveyed by the blind subjects of 80(Age 15-20) and color affection was rated on Oyamas S. D method consisted of 14 scale by the blind subjects. Results of the study appeared as follows (1) Color affection of the blind was differentiated less to normal on chromatics. (2) Some difference on color affection were between the blind and the normal to achromatics except gray, the blind were rating positively on White and were rating negatively on Black. (3) Color preference of the blind was similar with that of the normal but the blind were rating more favorable on White and more unfavorable on Black than the normal. (4) The blind dislike gray as the normal and color affection was rating negatively. (5) In general, color affection of the blind was similar with that of the normal. In addition to above findings, some discussions on the color preference and color affection were made.