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The aim of this study is to search for correlation of visual experience with the design elements of main facade in high-rise apartment house and their formal characteristics. The main interest is to know how visual experience changes in accordance with the variation of formal characteristics and which formal characteristics have great influence on visual experience in high-rise apartment house.
To optimize results for polytrauma patients, prompt evacuation and early management are critical. These patients also require a multidisciplinary team effort, involving multiple departments, as they are likely to have not only musculoskeletal injuries but also specific organ injuries or compromised general status. In the 1980s, the goal was definitive fracture fixation in the early stages after injury (early total care). Since the 1990s, however, the goal has shifted to temporary fixation, with a delay of several days prior to definitive fixation (damage control orthopedics). Recently, the timing and extent of treatment have been determined by the condition of patients based on objective indicators. Because surgery may result in secondary damage, it is desirable to minimize potential tissue injury with either temporary fixation or a delay in definitive fixation. 다발성 외상 환자에서 빠른 후송 및 조기 적절한 치료는 환자의 좋은 결과를 위해 중요하다. 다발성 외상 환자는 정형외과 영역과 함께 다른 영역의 손상 및 전신 상태 악화가 동반되는 경우가 많기 때문에 다양한 분과 간의 협력을 통한 팀 접근이 필요하다. 1980년대에는 초기 모든 골절에 대하여 확실한 고정을 시행하는 것이 보편적이었다면, 1990년대로 오면서 조기 일시적 고정 후 시간 간격을두고 확실한 고정을 시행하는 방식이 대두되었다. 최근에는 여러 가지 객관적인 지표를 이용하여 환자의 상태에 따라 치료의 시기와범위를 결정한다. 수술 자체가 2차적인 손상이 될 수 있기 때문에 다발성 외상 환자에서 수술을 시행할 때에는 일시적 고정이든 확실한 고정이든 가능한 한 조직 손상을 최소화하도록 하는 것이 바람직할 것이다.
The USN is important in technique, unmanned observation using wireless network camera, detection technique that use intrusion detection sensor. But these encrypted data transmission and processing technique through sensor network, method of the staff's location recognition and arrangement aren't serviced still as a integrated system in facility security industry. This paper proposed that improve facility management, the staff present recognition and system efficiency using RFID, USN and wireless camera.
In the beginning of the 20th century, the sculpture seperated from architecture distinctly appeared as the name of 'environment-sculpture'. The abstract movement of the sculpture and the variation of the location in sculpture were started. Seperated from closed space. and going through combining with natural space and combining with architecture in urban space the sculpture with architecture occupied a great part of the artificial surroundings up to modern times and became an important essential element which purified the man's mental world. Sculpture including the pure art changed artificial environment into natural one and it was planned and create as the harmonious public space for human. Environment-sculpture is important in recovering the lost humanity especially in the straight-lineal city space full of high buildings. In the beginning of the 1980's the environment-sculpture appeared in the process of redeveloping cities including Seoul in Korea. Soon, it produced the artistic atmosphere for all the general and beautifying monotonous public space. Goals This study concerns the environmental sculpture in the urban space, and aims to transform the bleak and harsh city area to an active, meaningful setting by bringing together building structures, environmental sculptures and surrounding settings as a whole 1. Enhance quality of urban exterior environment by introducing the concept of 'sense of place' 2. Propose directions in designing environmental sculpture and improve 'sense of place in urban exterior environment. Extent and Method of approach 1. The characteristics of urban space is observed and the concept of environment and environmental design is defined. After that, the meaning of the environmental plastic art as the environmental design and its function in the urban space are explained. Therefore, we can investigate the characteristics of environmental sculpture resulted from environmental art. 2. Finally the characteristics for instance architecture(it also can be a sculpture in the urban space in a sense) sculpture pedestrain tile designing supergraphic are investigated. Nowadays it is true that the meaning of sculpture more and more closely related with human life. Physical characteristic of environmental sculpture is closely connected with the place. So it is important to understand environmntal sculpture as a component of city environment. As the result of this paer we suggest the following ones: 1. Above all as the sculpture needs realistic spaces, we can't imagine sculpture without space. And the location where the sculpture is placed must always consider surroundings, because the location harmonize with surroundings and it is composed against surroundings. The surroundings include the plastic space of sculpture as backgrounds and affect human feelings. 2. Art always needs human conducts and can't exist by itself. so that Art can show real value through the harmony with human life. So the relations among individual buildings, space and sculpture harmonized in the human-engineering-dimension one another. The reason that sculpture became and essential constituent unit of the urban surroundings like this is not only the beauty that sculpture itself emanates but also the summary of certain place characteristics and the rearrangement of the discursive circumference. 3. In contemplating the nature of designing and the nature of the built world. therefore, urban designers architects landscape architects, sculptor and interior designers have to turn to the research of an eclectic group of people intersted in similar issues.
큰입배스(Micropterus salmoides)는 우리나라의 도입된 뒤 포식활동으로 종 다양도를 감소시켜 수생태계를 교란시키고 있는 대표적인 생태계 교란 외래어종이다. 이러한 배스는 큰 강이나 흐름이 보가 건설된 하천, 저수지, 호수등 정체된 수역에서 주로 발견되는데, 관련 연구는 주로 어류 채집이 용이한 봄, 가을철에 이루어져왔으며, 국내에서 겨울철 배스의 월동 특성 및 이동성에 대한 연구는 잘 이루어지지 않았다. 본 연구에서는 최근 국내외에서 어류군집의 분포 및 이동성을 연구하기 위해 사용되는 음향학적 조사기법 (Echo-sounder survey technique)을 이용해 이루어진 배스의 이동 데이터를 분석하여 및 월동기간 배스의 이동성 및 선호 월동지를 조사하였다. 본 연구에서는 세종특별자치시 연서면 용암리에 위치한 총길이 2.2km의 고복저수지의 유입부, 중앙부, 댐 앞 지점에 설치한 3개의 SUR(Submersible Ultrasonic Receiver)로부터 얻어진 Transmitter를 삽입하여 방류한 큰입배스 2개체의 2017년 2월부터 3월까지의 데이터를 사용하였다. 또한 해당 저수지의 어류 분포를 확인하기 위해 2017년 3월 측정된 Acoustic Echo-Sounder데이터를 이용하였다. 방류된 두 마리의 큰입배스는 평균수심이 5m이고 하상이 주로 모래로 이루어진 저수지의 중앙부에서 2월 11일부터 3월 11일까지 한달동안 움직임이 관측되었으며, 평균 수심이 9m이며 하상구조가 주로 돌과 바위로 이루어진 댐 앞 구간에서는 3일동안 움직임이 관측되었다. 평균 수심이 0.7m이며 하상구조가 주로 진흙과 뻘로 이루어진 유입부에서는 움직임이 관측되지 않았다. Acoustic Echo-Sounder 사용 결과 주로 중앙부와 댐 앞 구간에서 다양한 수층에서 다양한 크기의 어류가 관측되었다.
The intraarticular fractures of the distal tibia, so-called pilon fractures have been difficult in management due to the severe comminution of articular surface and frequent soft tissue problems. So there have been many controversies in the method of treatment. Although historically the results of various type of treatment of these fractures have been less than optimal, there has been a recent trend that suggests success in the majority of cases through operative treatment following the principles outlined by the AO/ASIF group. Among the patients of pilon fracture admitted to our hospital from October 1989 to August 1995 who were treated by open reduction and internal fixation, 32 patients(34 cases) were included who could be follow up for more than 2 years. According to AO/ASIF classification, type B l 5 cases, type B2 7 cases, type B3 5 cases, type Cl 3 cases, type C2 4 cases, type C3 10 cases. The authors analyzed the clinical and radiological results of tibial pilon fractures exclusively treated by internal fixation. The results as follow: 1. Among 34 cases, 12 cases(35.3%) were not associated with of fibula fracture. There was no stastical relationship between the severity of pilon fracture and the presence of fibula fracture. 2. Good results in fracture reduction was obtained at 26 cases( 76.5 9b) and good functional results was obtained at 26 cases( 76.5 %). 3. The most common postoperative complication was infection combined with skin problem(6 cases), which were treated by antibiotics and flap surgery. 4. Anatomical reduction and stable internal fixation of articular surface, careful manipulation of soft tissues and early range of motion exercise yielded good results of surgical treatment of pilon fracture.
Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a common cystic renal disease that often occurs in infancy. Recent studies demonstrate the possibility for spontaneous involution of a dysplastic kidney. In such cases, the prognosis is generally excellent and there is a very low incidence of complications. Complications associated with multicystic dysplastic kidney include pain, infection, hypertension, and neoplasia. Renal cell carcinomas are extremely rare in multicystic dysplastic kidneys. To our knowledge, no case report has described a radiologic finding of renal cell carcinoma arising from an involutional multicystic dysplastic kidney. We report a case of histopathologically validated cystic papillary renal cell carcinoma arising from an involutional multicystic dysplastic kidney and describe its sonographic and CT features.