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Suicidal ligature strangulation deaths are uncommon tragedies. Normally, self-ligature strangulation is prevented as the individual becomes unconscious as the venous circulation is obstructed, leading to relaxation of the ligature tension. The hallmark of self-strangulation is usually accepted, when a cord may be firmly applied with multiple turns without knotting of the free ends, and when a ligature is firmly applied with one or more turns and a final typing of the free ends with a half-knot or half hitch. The following case report describes two interesting cases of suicidal self-strangulation. One victim (Case 1) was a women aged 30 whose body was found in her own room. The cord was firmly applied with three turns. The first turn was tight, but the second and the third, although close to the first were easily released and the ligature round her neck was left in a half-knot. The second victim (Case 2) was a women aged 36 whose body was found in old ruined house. The cord was applied with one-half turns and extended to her both feet. The neck and waist were extended while both hip joint were fully abducted with both knee joint were fully flexed.
Child murder is infrequent 'and committed in most instances by the parents. Most attention has been directed to the universal phenomenon of child abuse. Infanticide was identified as being clinically different from other forms of child murder by parents because the crime is usually committed by young, single, immature, unmarried and not mentally ill women. The apparent` motive of the infanticide was that the child was unwanted. Homicides of children by their parents have been discussed in medical, psychiatric aspects. Especially infanticidal behaviour in parents may mostly be associated with common forms of psychiatric disorders. So the major contributions to the classification of child murder have been based mostly on the motives or the source of the impulse to kill. It is extremely important for the scene investigator to personally interview the individual who was caring for the infant at the time be died and also to interview the first person who discovered the child.
The mechanism of death in conflagrations is a complex one of burning, toxic gas (carbon monoxide, cyanic gas, etc.) intoxication and oxygen deficiency, and in explosions is also a complex one of mechanical injury, heat damage and carbon monoxide intoxication. In these cases, the body has to be identified and the cause of death has to be established and also it has to be decided if the death was due to burns, at what time death occurred, if it was the result of an accident, homicide, or suicide. The most important signs of vital conflagrations (or sometimes explosions) are : Carbon monoxide hemoglobin formation in the blood, The aspiration or swallowing of carbon particles, Secondary reactions in damaged areas of skin, pharynx, and respiratory tract, and Toxic changes of parenchymatous organ.
Asphyxia is applied to those circumstances in which mechanical interference either 1) impedes access of air to the lungs 2) interferes with the cerebral blood supply 3) interferes with the vagal nerve supply which results in arrest,of the heart and coincident cessation of breathing. For practical purpose, mechanical asphyxia falls into one of the following categoris: 1. Compression of the neck a. Hanging b. Ligature strangulation c. M..zual strangulation (throttling) 2. Suffocation a. Smothering b. Choking c. Traumatic or crush asphyxia d. Overlying 3. Drowning a. Wet drowning b. Dry drowning