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Asphyxia is applied to those circumstances in which mechanical interference either 1) impedes access of air to the lungs 2) interferes with the cerebral blood supply 3) interferes with the vagal nerve supply which results in arrest,of the heart and coincident cessation of breathing. For practical purpose, mechanical asphyxia falls into one of the following categoris: 1. Compression of the neck a. Hanging b. Ligature strangulation c. M..zual strangulation (throttling) 2. Suffocation a. Smothering b. Choking c. Traumatic or crush asphyxia d. Overlying 3. Drowning a. Wet drowning b. Dry drowning
Suicidal ligature strangulation deaths are uncommon tragedies. Normally, self-ligature strangulation is prevented as the individual becomes unconscious as the venous circulation is obstructed, leading to relaxation of the ligature tension. The hallmark of self-strangulation is usually accepted, when a cord may be firmly applied with multiple turns without knotting of the free ends, and when a ligature is firmly applied with one or more turns and a final typing of the free ends with a half-knot or half hitch. The following case report describes two interesting cases of suicidal self-strangulation. One victim (Case 1) was a women aged 30 whose body was found in her own room. The cord was firmly applied with three turns. The first turn was tight, but the second and the third, although close to the first were easily released and the ligature round her neck was left in a half-knot. The second victim (Case 2) was a women aged 36 whose body was found in old ruined house. The cord was applied with one-half turns and extended to her both feet. The neck and waist were extended while both hip joint were fully abducted with both knee joint were fully flexed.
Abstract - In this paper, The hardware and software of an Intelligent Traffic Controller has been designed. It consist of several parts-Main CPU module, Field I/O module, Display Module, communication module and Mother Board module. These modules were classified by the functions. This system can be communicated using the Mother Board module. A traffic data is processed by Main CPU module, A data input and output are processed by Field I/O module, User interface is processed by Display module, and Software debugging is processed by communication module and Main CPU module. In this paper, a hardware can be attached and detached easily because It was designed as the module. This system has an advantage that can be used as the common controller. The Overall System consists of several part - loop sensor, loop detector, traffic controller and PC to debug software. Until a few years ago, the sequential program method had been used in Embedded System. But, Because of the complex hardware, the Real Time Operating System is used at the present. In this thesis, OS-9 is ported to the traffic controller. The verification program is designed for testing hardware and software. The verification program consists of several parts - serial communication test, free memory test(DRAM, FLASH, SRAM), Timer test, real time clock, data key read and write test, LED test, Field I/O module test and Front Panel Assembly test. User can verify the hardware and software by calling sub-program.
This is a statistical observation by the author based on data of deaths brought to National Institute of Scientific Investigation for medicolegal autopsy by all of law enforcement agencies in Korea during the year of 1990. The report aims to reveal facts on various causes of death in Korea in an attempt to analyse 2,177 cases statistically. The following are the summary of results; 1. The Lural numbers of autopsy were 2,177 cases, of these 1,679 cases (77.1 %) were males and 498 cases (22.9 %) were females. 2. Violent deaths were 1,342 cases (61.6 /o) and natural deaths were 763 cases (35.0 %) and unknown cases were 72 (33.3 %). 3. In violent deaths; The percentage of autopsied cases with 20's age group was 30.1 % (the most), 30's was 26.8 %, 40's was 17.5 %, 10's was 10.3 % ... in male and 20's was 29.3 %, 30's was 24.0 %, 10's was 11.8 %, 0's was 9.8 % in female. In natural deaths; The percentage of autopsied cases of 30's was 29.3'7-o ( the most), 40's was 25.7 %, 20's and 50's were 14.3 % ... in male and 30's was 23.5 %, 20's was 22.7 %, 40's was 15.9 %, 0's was 13.6 % ... in female. 4. For deaths due to injuries, head traumas were the leading ahead (291 cases, 60.5 lo) cause of death. 5. Asphyxial deaths were 322 cases, 14.8 % of the total and drownings were the biggest number among the asphyxial death. 6. For the death due to the intoxication, carbon-monoxide intoxication was the most prevalent (154 cases, 7.1 % of the total), ethanol and butane intoxication were increased yearly. 7. For the (sudden) natural death, 763 cases 35.0 % of the total were recorded and the death due to the disease of the cardiovascular system was taking the most of the total number with 434 cases in all.
The mechanism of death in conflagrations is a complex one of burning, toxic gas (carbon monoxide, cyanic gas, etc.) intoxication and oxygen deficiency, and in explosions is also a complex one of mechanical injury, heat damage and carbon monoxide intoxication. In these cases, the body has to be identified and the cause of death has to be established and also it has to be decided if the death was due to burns, at what time death occurred, if it was the result of an accident, homicide, or suicide. The most important signs of vital conflagrations (or sometimes explosions) are : Carbon monoxide hemoglobin formation in the blood, The aspiration or swallowing of carbon particles, Secondary reactions in damaged areas of skin, pharynx, and respiratory tract, and Toxic changes of parenchymatous organ.