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스코틀랜드는 잉글랜드와는 다른 독자적인 법체계와 분리된 행정부를 가지고 있다. 스코틀랜드에서 법의경리는 중앙 정부의 재정적 지원 하에 위의 4 개 도시의 대학을 중심으로 행하여지고 있으며, 법과학 실험실은 각 도시 경찰의 직접적 지휘하에 운영되고 있다. 글라스고 지역에서의 법의부검은 글라스고우대학의 법의학 및 법과학과에 소속된 법의 병리학자 6명이 시행하고 있다. 1998년도 일년간 이 대학에서 처리한 부검을 사인, 사망의 종류별로 분석하여 부검에 대한 법적 처리를 알아보고 우리 나라의 통계와 비교치를 삼고자 한다. 1998년 한 해 동안 법의 부검은 1764 예가 이루어졌으며, 남자가 1270 예로 72%를 차지하였다. 월별 분포는 비슷하였으며, 연령별로는 40 대, 50 대, 70 대 순으로 41-80 세의 연령군에서 약 3분의 2를 차지하였다. 사망의 종류별로 살펴보면 내인사가 1131 예 (64.1%), 외인사가 602 예 (34.1%), 그리고 사인 불명이 31 예 (1.8%)로 나타났다. 이는 우리 나라에 비하여 내인사에 대한 부검을 훨씬 많이 시행하고 있음을 보여 준다. 내인사의 경우 심혈관계 이상으로 인한 사망이 589 예 (52.1%)로 가장 많았고, 그 다음이 소화기계 질환이 259 예 (22.9%), 호흡기계 질환 169 예 (14.9%), 중추신경계 질환이 56 예 (5%) 순이었다. 뇌혈관 질환은 심혈관계 질환으로 분류하고 있었다. 외인사의 경우 사고사 278 예 (46.2%), 자살 219 예 (36.1%), 타살 69 예 (11.5%) 이었다. 우리 나라의 경우 경찰 조사에서 자살과 사고사로 추정되는 경우 부검을 적게 하는 것으로 보인다. 자살은 중독 (93 예)으로 인한 경우가 가장 많았고, 그 다음이 의사 (79 예) 이었다. 타살의 경우는 예기에 의한 손상 (28 예), 둔기에 의한 손상 (19 예) 순 이었다. 사고사의 경우는 중독 (103 예), 교통사고 (62 예), 추락 (49 예) 순 이었다. 그리고 의료와 관련된 부검예가 76 건, 산업재해 관련 건이 11 예 이었다. 이상의 법의 부검 체제와 부검 통계 분석의 결과는 그 사회의 전반적인 여건, 건강 및 범죄율을 반영하는 것으로 보이며, 앞으로 다양한 부검 체제와 부검 통계에 대한 분석 자료는 우리 나라의 법의학에 관한 보다 나은 정책 결정에 중요한 자료로 활용할 수 있을 것으로 생각한다. scotland has a different legal system to that of England. This paper introduces a brief description of the legal system concerning the practice of forensic pathology and forensic medicine in Scotland. To aid understanding of forensic pathologic practice, the statistical analysis of post-mortem emaminations at Glasgow, in 1998 is shown.
Unfortunately, the development of legal medicine in Korea has been comparatively slow, sporadic and quite often superficial. And courses in legal medicine at medical schools in Korea are relatively few in number, and most of these are quite inadequate and incomplete because of the limited time that is made available to the instructors. Outside of medical schools, there are only a few post-graduate seminars, lectures and monthly meeting by the Korean society for legal medicine. For these deficiencies are being corrected, first of all, must be reviewed the historical background and problems of legal medicine in past time of Korea, therefore, in this article reviewed the ancestor's legal medicine and medicolegal system in past time of Korea, and discussed the themes and prospects for development of legal medicine in each field of forensic pathology, forensic serology and clinical jurisprudence respectively. The problems of Medicolegal appraisals especially related with application for them and social problem were also discussed.
In Korea, abortion is punished by criminal law. But some of them are legalized by "Health Care Act of Mother and Infant.", "Health Care Act of Mother and Infant", enacts the indications of legalized abortions. So it follows the model of "Abortion an Cause.", These indications are genetic indications, ethical indications, and medical indications. But there is not social indications in that Act. And the Act enacts that abortion must be operated by doctors until 28 weeks after pregnancy. I think that the Korean legal system that regulates abortion is not good. I think that abortion must be allowed until some period of early pregnancy. And it is also legalized after that period because of indications. We can not compel the ethical values by the criminal law.
The Korean Society for Legal Medicine (KSLM) was founded in 1976 and launched its official journal, the Korean Journal of Legal Medicine (KJLM), in 1977. They have played an important role in Korea’s forensic medicine and science, the demand for which has increased in Korean society over the years. A historical review is important and has a significant value in the advancement of forensic medicine and science in Korea. Accordingly, this study reviews and analyzes all papers published in KJLM for 39 years, from Volume 1, Issue No. 1 in 1977 to Volume 39, Issue No. 4 in 2015. There are 891 published papers, which are categorized into 318 review articles, 339 original articles, and 234 case reports. Of the total 891 papers, 377 (42.3%) are related to forensic pathology, whereas 111 (12.5%) concern forensic genetics. The major submitting institutes are forensic medicine departments of universities and the National Forensic Service. KJLM’s history can be divided into two phases. The first phase is from the 1970s to the 1990s, and the second, from the 2000s to the present. Many review articles were published in the first phase; approximately 10% of these articles concern clinical forensic medicine and law. Articles on forensic genetics, identification, and entomology also started to be published in the first phase. In the next phase, many case reports from the National Forensic Service were published, and the number of articles on forensic pathology and forensic genetics multiplied. The results of this study provide KSLM and KJLM with direction toward sustainable development. This study is part of the organization’s 40th anniversary celebration, and in commemoration of its contribution to advancing human rights and social stability in Korea.
The deaths in Bophal caused by Union Carbides noxious fumes should not have happened at all. Equally unnecessary and unwarranted is the continuing suffering of those who managed to survive. Situations that caused a tragedy of such magnitude could and should have been averted. Death and suffering visited an unsuspecting populace due to the use without sufficient safeguards of an extremely hazardous technology. It was already passed over one year from the tragedy but the social, medical and judicial problems which had been produced by the tragedy still have remained as like an archetype, and it must be ensured that such tragedies caused by sheer human negligence will never be repeated in any other part of the world. Therefore, author reviewed the tragedy on the medicolegal aspects and discussed.
A 39-year-old man, his 35-year-old wife, and their 13-year-old daughter were founddead in their home. The man and his daughter were found lying in her bedroom, withhis head wrapped in a plastic bag connected to four helium gas cylinders by greenpolypropylene tubes. Fragments of the burnt ignition briquette were found in the bucketlocated at her feet. His wife was found in a decomposed state lying on her right sidein her bedroom. Autopsy findings for the man were unremarkable except for cherrypink lividity; the blood carboxyhemoglobin concentration was 73%. Autopsy findingswere unremarkable for the woman as well, except for a few petechial hemorrhagesand conjunctival congestion. The daughter showed no definite abnormalities; however,her blood and lung contained helium gas. The deceased man’s suicide note, evidencegathered at the scene, and postmortem examination revealed that this was acase of dyadic death.
Despite being a very new field, forensic imaging is rapidly being used in forensicmedical practices around the world. Computed tomography images are being producedand used for many reasons. Forensic imaging is being used for preliminaryexamination of serious findings before a routine autopsy, as it might help to give positiveproof in some cases. Some major preliminary findings, such as brain hemorrhage,cardiac tamponade, or aortic dissection, can then be substantiated with the results ofthe physical autopsy. Forensic imaging techniques may also provide additive evidenceabout the cause of death such as pneumothorax, ileus, gas embolism, andaspiration that are difficult to detect with the traditional surgical autopsy techniques. Forensic imaging is also proving useful outside the autopsy room; forensic anthropologistsand odontologists are using images to help them determine the age, sex, andeven lifestyle of human specimens. Finally, forensic images have also begun to functionas a form of record keeping in complex cases.
The author analysed 361 traffic accident death case among 8,637 legal autopsy during 1985-1989 according to driver, passenger and pedestrian on the base of request paper and autopsy report. The results are as follows: 1) The rate of legal autopsy among traffic accident death case was 2.29% and traffic accident among total case was 4.17%. 2) The pedestrian, 15-40 age group, the accident between 0:00 and 6:00 and the person under the influence of alcohol showed high autopsy rate comparing with distribution in total death or accidents. 3) Trauma and its complication or sequella occupied 82.8% in cause of death and remaining 17.2% had no relation with traffic accident among 361 cases requested as traffic accident.
Nicotine is a water-soluble alkaloid extracted from tobacco plants, and most frequentlyencountered in snuff, chewing tobacco, cigarettes, cigars and pipe tobacco orin a limited number of pesticides. Nicotine overdose or poisoning might be serious orfatal and lead to death; caused by cardiovascular arrest, respiratory muscle paralysis,and/or central respiratory failure due to its toxic effect. Suicide by nicotine ingestionhas been rarely reported due to emetic response. We present a case of suicidal nicotinepoisoning. A 56-year-old man was found dead and the postmortem examinationrevealed no injury or disease. We confirmed a high concentration of nicotine in thetoxicological test. Through scene investigation, we determined this case as a suicidalnicotine poisoning.