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In this rapid changing period, study about traditional life is necessary to preserve our culture. Unmoonsa(Buddhist temple) was chosen to study because temple would be the last place to be affected by modern western culture. Life style study was performed in three parts: Clothing and Textile, Food and & Nutrition and Housing & Management. (1) Result from Clothing & Textile was as follow: a) Priest's robes are worn by Buddhist monks when they worship, chant the sutra, and appear in public. The color is gray, and the material they are made of is ramie in summer, and synthetic fabrics in the other seasons. b) Monks wear Dongbangyuis with trousers as ordinary dress, but in winter, cotton-padded Dongbangyuis or quilted Dongbangyuis with trousers, instead. c) The Chuksam is called the Nambok. Koyuis are gray, cotton trousers worn with underpants and leggins which are wound the leg from ankle to knee. d) A Changsam is worn over a Chuksam when monks go out, and Mus are attached under the armpits of a Changsam. e) A Vest is gray cotton garment worn over a Chukori as a substitute for a Dongbangyuis. It is similar to a Baeja. f) There are two kinds of Vests; Vests with strings (Vest I) and Vests with buttons (Vest II). It sems that Vest I was used eariler than Vest II. All of the seams in Vest II are double-stitched, except for the pockets which have double top stitching on the sides. g) Monks wear rubber shoes which are white or black. h) The rosary and pouch which monks use are made of either Pearl-barley or linden tree. There are two kinds of rosaries, long and short. i) Barusugun is necessary in Barugongyang for cleaning bowls. j) Yunryugbok is a clerical grab composed of a Chukori and trousers for working. The color is gray, beige, brown, etc. k) A leggings is not wrapped on trousers with Yunryugbok. (2) Results from Food and Nutrition was as follow: a) Anthropometric measurements showed that mean height was 157.0 cm, mean body weight was 56.1 kg, mean tricep skinfold thickness was 18.7 mm. b) Energy expenditure calculated from daily life schedule was 2351 kcal. c) Energy intake calculated from menu and food intake was 1912 kcal. d) Energy ratio from carbohydrate : protein : fat was 70 : 15 : 15. e) meat and meat product, egg, garlic, green onion were not used due to religious reason. (3) Results from Housing & Management was as follow: a) Tamale Un-moon was located at an ideal place to be able to avoid hot summer and cold winter and the damage of the rainy spell. b) Almost all the building of the Temple faced south but it was not satisfactorily dispersed for considering the distance to move. c) The students of Un-moon-monk-academy worked very long hours (include practure), and got only one and half hours for leisure. d) The students was allowed to bath and to clean the clothes freely but they did not do it frequently e) The leisure facilities for the students were fairly good, but only suitable fur passive activities. f) The students had very limitted space for personal care but almost all of them were satisfied with their small space. Because they did not have much personal care. g) The life space of the students were also restricted. Because there is no distinction between private room and public room. They enjoyed their private life within the communal life. h) Their main life style was still sitting in the floor and it would be very difficult to be changed.
This study was to investigate the tendency of the elderly housing policy in Korea, America, and Japan. The content analysis method was used to achieve the purpose of this study with laws, books and articles related to welfare and housing policy. The result are followed : 1.The elderly housing policy of Korea was started at facility house for homeless elderly in 1960s and then three generation sharing houses have been built in 1980s. 2.The elderly housing policy of U.S.A. was started in 1950s and the housing with fulfillment of elderly needs was provided in 1960s. The elderly housing with housework service was introduced in 1960s, but the elderly housing for low-income was decresed in 1980s. Vauteur program helped meet the various needs of the elderly. 3.The elderly housing policy of Japan was started in 1960s, The pair housing that was near child's house was provided in 1970s and the financial support programs for the elderly was started. Care service was added in the elderly housing with the pursuit of the quantative improvement in the sharing houses in Japan. The elderly housing policy in Japan is under stable stage in 1990s.
The elderly population has been significantly increasing due to advances in public health medical care, and quality of life. Social and economical influence of the elderly population has been increasing, too. And the future society is characterized as information society, network society, pluralistic society and global village. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to prospect elderly people's clothing life according to the shift of life paradigm in the future society. As the result, the elderly people's clothing life in 21st century is prospected as follows; 1.The various ranges of clothing design will be developed because pluralistic and aesthetic aspects of clothing design became more important. 2.The fitness satisfaction of elderly people was appeared very low, therefore, the satisfactions of fitness and size are prospected to be highly improved. 3.Psychological aspects of clothing behaviors will be considered in the product planning process of elderly people's clothing. 4.As the pluralistic society has come, the various needs of older consumer will be satisfied and service will be improved.
In order to get the best way to improve the high-school textbooks of home-economics in korea we compared 5 high-school textbooks of "Home-economics" published in korea with 5 high-school textbooks of "General home-economics" published in Japan. We foud out that the texbooks of both countries showed a number of differences on the education program, the structure of textbooks, the importance of housing chapter and so on. 1) The Japanes textbooks were written by average 17 persons but the koreans are written by average 9 persons though the korean textbooks were about I. 4 times thicker than the Japanese ones. 2) Most writers of korean textbooks are professors, but Japanese writers are composed of high-school teachers. As a whole, the participation ratio of practical teacher is relatively high in Japan. 3) The ratio of housing part in the textbooks is 11-12% in Japan. In Japan, the ratio is different according to each publishing company. 4) The percentage of the cut(tables & figures) presented in housing part is 10-21% in korean textbook, and in 30-48% in Japanese textbooks. That is, Japanese textbooks, the ratio of suggesting materials(tables & figures) and the effect of visual education is relatively high. 5) In Korean textbooks, all the chapter, section, and chause are set up regardless publishing companies under the high-school curriculum. In Japan, however, each content of the textbooks is diverse, let alone the title of each chapter according to their writers. 6) As for housing facilities, size of house, condition of location of house, repairment or improvement of house, korean textbooks are described by the archiect's point but the Japanese ones are described by the residence's point of view. In future the advantages shown at the Japanese textbook may be used for editing our high-school textbook. And it will be necessary to pay more attention to select the contents of the high-schcol textbook, especially to decide the author of housing part of the textbook of home-economics. The exhibit 12 shows a disirabe contents of housing part of the textbook of home-economics. On behalf of architect high school teacher's participation to edit the text book is ecommended. And at least the housing part of the text book should be written by recommed the specialist of housing. Besides we also for the highschool girls to lessen their burden them to contribute improving housing life.
Within the gobal ecosystem, the family may be thought of as an environment produeing resources in the form of human energy. and also environment effects as objective needs. searching for adaptive mechanisms in the family leads to such items as. (1) How does a family get information about environmental change. (2) How much control does a family have over environmental vaviation. (3) What kinds of adaptive mechanisms do family have. (4) Does family stress occur when the family must adapt to environmental forces outside thier optimum range. (5) Is there an optimum range of environmental stimulation of family behavior