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Cities developed by prosperity of industrial activities are inflated due to the rapid influx of the urban population. In the process, their structure was reorganized with overall urban redevelopment methods. As the a results from the propulsion of overall redevelopment plan, the city environment exposed uniform urban landscapes, absence of sense of place for permanent abodes and other urban problems. At the beginning of the 21st century, people with introspections on the problems focused their attention on making their places attractive using their place's unique identity so that people could feel like to stay there for a long time. They tried to regenerate buildings and cities while still maintaining spatial and historical context of their living environment. This study looks into the regeneration of Shikumen Linong House as a fine example of such a redevelopment in order to provide with a practical resource for urban redevelopment plans in Korea. The study in the first content examines the formation processes of the city of Shanghai as the gateway of the modern China. In the second, it looks into the formation processes and characteristics of Shikumen Linong House in the Xintiandi complex between 1920 and 1930's. In the end, it analyses spatial and formational characteristics and the applied dwelling regeneration method for the of Shikumen Linong House in the Xintiandi complex.
This study was undertaken to determine the effect of dietary ratios of fat to carbohydrate on insulin sensitivity in alloxan induced diabetic rats Twelve alloxan-induced diabetic rats weighing 130-l40g were fed low fat-high carbohydrate and high fat-low carbohydrate diet for one week. There was no difference in insulin sensitivity between 2 groups. In addition, insulin had no effect on lipogenesis in epididymal adipose tissue isolated from diabetic rats. Epididymal adipose tissue isolated from diabetic rats fed low fat-high carbohydrate diet did not show any higher insulin sensitivity compared to those from high fat-low carbohydrate diet.
We know that dance and music which were started with human history in the collection, hunting and agriculture life. Were organized and emerged from shamanism, incantation ceremony of human. In this processing, Buk which was earliest outstanding development with dance chat was body language, had many rolls in functional state, first the function of signal and communication, second encouraging function of feel and pleasure of labour, third incantative function of pray for rain, rich want communication to god, fourth function of play for dance, fifth function for play sixth, recreational function in the events and ?. New waved dance with development of Buk had musical effect and element of dance ? the same time as Buk-chum. The records of Buk-chum existed Seung-Eup patriotism age in Bu-Y대 and Sam-Han ?, called Mat-I Buk-Chum which had religionism that was based shamanism in this ? Young-Go at Bu-Yeo. These Buk-Chum and events possible sociability and combination with neighbor, and to act on specialize on nations, too. These looks that 'the nation which are play the Buk and singing and dancing ? China and perimeter nations. Our Buk-Chum has been succeeded in the our past, ? origin and development are close relationships with people. And the Buk-Chum of the ? was connetced with belief of shamanism, function of incantation. The sounds of Buk has been believed that call and gald to god, therefore used Buk-Chum for the Mudang-Gut or a sacrifice. Korean were used Buk-Chum most of the ? as a sacrifice. Now existing Buk-Chum has worth of succeed and preserve, and possible to attend thin a country and abroad, will fertilize for the new creativity.
The 5th to 18th harmonics are extracted from the climatological pentad mean of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) to investigate climatological intraseasonal oscillation (CISO) of the Northern Hemisphere summer monsoon. The WNP convection activities and the Northern summer are compared to study the influence of the WNP convection on East-Asian summer monsoon. According to the alternation of the wet and dry phases over WNP, the pattern of precipitation is characterized by the northward migrating rainband from the China Sea to the Korean peninsula and the subsequent retreat of rainband. While the rainband appears to move northward and withdraw, the subtropical High which is a favorable condition for transporting the moisture toward the Asian continent also moves northward and reaches to the northern Korean peninsula. When the subtropical High reaches the Korean peninsula, the rainband withdraws. In order to investigate causes of the CISO component of East-Asian summer monsoon (EASM), we use the linear baroclinic model (LBM) to test whether characteristics of the OLR CISO induce the CISO component of the atmospheric circulation related to the movement of the monsoon rainband (Baiu, Mei-yu, and Changma). The perturbation streamfunctions from LBM experiments show some similarities with observations. One of causes of the CISO components of the atmospheric circulation during the northern summer is suggested by comparing LBM results with observations. 북반구 여름 몬순의 기후학적 계절내 진동을 설명하기 위해 기후학적 계절변화(seasonal cycle)자료의 북태평양 대류활동과 여름 몬순의 특징을 비교하여 보았다. 북서 태평양에서는 대류의 양의 어노말리와 음의 어노말리가 북반구 여름동안 정상파 형태를 띄며 진동하였으며, 대류 활동의 상태에 따라 구별되는 강수 패턴과 대기 순환장이 존재하였다. 북반구 여름에 걸쳐 북서 태평양 대류 활동이 양과 음의 어노말리를 반복할 때 중국에 위치했던 강수밴드는 한반도 쪽으로 이동하고, 소멸하였다. 대기 순환장에서는 북서 태평양에서 동아시아 지역으로 수분을 공급하는 종관장의 일부인 아열대 고기압이 필리핀해에서 동아시아 지역으로 북상하였다. 따라서, 북서 태평양 대류의 활동 시기에 따라 강수와 대기 순환장이 계절내 진동을 하고 있음을 확인하였다. 이러한 강수와 대기 순환장의 계절내 진동 성분이 북서 태평양 대류의 활동에 기인한 것임을 입증하기 위하여 선형 경압 모델 실험을 수행하였다. 북서 태평양 대류 활동의 양과 음의 어노말리를 선형 경압 모델의 강제력으로 주고, 모델을 시간 적분하였을 때의 대기 순환장은 관측에서 살펴본 계절내 진동 성분과 비슷한 패턴을 보이는 것을 알 수 있었다. 따라서, 동아시아 몬순을 특징짓는 강수밴드의 북상과 소멸과 관련 있는 대기 순환장은 북서 태평양 대류의 대류 활동에 의해 부분적으로 유도됨을 확인할 수 있었다.