http://chineseinput.net/에서 pinyin(병음)방식으로 중국어를 변환할 수 있습니다.
변환된 중국어를 복사하여 사용하시면 됩니다.
개별검색 DB통합검색이 안되는 DB는 DB아이콘을 클릭하여 이용하실 수 있습니다.
통계정보 및 조사
예술 / 패션
<해외전자자료 이용권한 안내>
- 이용 대상 : RISS의 모든 해외전자자료는 교수, 강사, 대학(원)생, 연구원, 대학직원에 한하여(로그인 필수) 이용 가능
- 구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색 및 등록된 대학IP 대역 내에서 24시간 무료 이용
- 미구독대학 소속 이용자: RISS 해외전자자료 통합검색을 통한 오후 4시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용
※ 단, EBSCO ASC/BSC(오후 5시~익일 오전 9시 무료 이용)
In this rapid changing period, study about traditional life is necessary to preserve our culture. Unmoonsa(Buddhist temple) was chosen to study because temple would be the last place to be affected by modern western culture. Life style study was performed in three parts: Clothing and Textile, Food and & Nutrition and Housing & Management. (1) Result from Clothing & Textile was as follow: a) Priest's robes are worn by Buddhist monks when they worship, chant the sutra, and appear in public. The color is gray, and the material they are made of is ramie in summer, and synthetic fabrics in the other seasons. b) Monks wear Dongbangyuis with trousers as ordinary dress, but in winter, cotton-padded Dongbangyuis or quilted Dongbangyuis with trousers, instead. c) The Chuksam is called the Nambok. Koyuis are gray, cotton trousers worn with underpants and leggins which are wound the leg from ankle to knee. d) A Changsam is worn over a Chuksam when monks go out, and Mus are attached under the armpits of a Changsam. e) A Vest is gray cotton garment worn over a Chukori as a substitute for a Dongbangyuis. It is similar to a Baeja. f) There are two kinds of Vests; Vests with strings (Vest I) and Vests with buttons (Vest II). It sems that Vest I was used eariler than Vest II. All of the seams in Vest II are double-stitched, except for the pockets which have double top stitching on the sides. g) Monks wear rubber shoes which are white or black. h) The rosary and pouch which monks use are made of either Pearl-barley or linden tree. There are two kinds of rosaries, long and short. i) Barusugun is necessary in Barugongyang for cleaning bowls. j) Yunryugbok is a clerical grab composed of a Chukori and trousers for working. The color is gray, beige, brown, etc. k) A leggings is not wrapped on trousers with Yunryugbok. (2) Results from Food and Nutrition was as follow: a) Anthropometric measurements showed that mean height was 157.0 cm, mean body weight was 56.1 kg, mean tricep skinfold thickness was 18.7 mm. b) Energy expenditure calculated from daily life schedule was 2351 kcal. c) Energy intake calculated from menu and food intake was 1912 kcal. d) Energy ratio from carbohydrate : protein : fat was 70 : 15 : 15. e) meat and meat product, egg, garlic, green onion were not used due to religious reason. (3) Results from Housing & Management was as follow: a) Tamale Un-moon was located at an ideal place to be able to avoid hot summer and cold winter and the damage of the rainy spell. b) Almost all the building of the Temple faced south but it was not satisfactorily dispersed for considering the distance to move. c) The students of Un-moon-monk-academy worked very long hours (include practure), and got only one and half hours for leisure. d) The students was allowed to bath and to clean the clothes freely but they did not do it frequently e) The leisure facilities for the students were fairly good, but only suitable fur passive activities. f) The students had very limitted space for personal care but almost all of them were satisfied with their small space. Because they did not have much personal care. g) The life space of the students were also restricted. Because there is no distinction between private room and public room. They enjoyed their private life within the communal life. h) Their main life style was still sitting in the floor and it would be very difficult to be changed.
It has been proposed that differences in diet between smokers and nonsmokers may partially explain the positive association between cigarette smoking and chronic diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. In order to investigate the effect of smoking on nutrient intake and dietary attitude in 220 college men, interviews using questionnaires were done. Dietary intake was determined by a 24-hour recall method. Dietary habit score was not significantly different between smoker and nonsmoker group. But there was improved irregularity of meal and overeating in the diet of smokers group. There was fair score of dietary behaviors in smokers(62.10) and nonsmokers(62.86) groups. The overall diet quality was assessed by RDA(recommendation dietary allowance) for Korea, NAR(nutrient adequacy ratio), MAR(mean adequacy ratio) and INQ(index of nutritional quality). Ca was seriously deficient nutrient in smokers and nonsmokers. Fe, vitamin A, niacin and vitamin C intakes were lowered both smokers and nonsmokers groups. Smoking dose was negatively associated with vitamin A and β-carotene intakes. Periods of smoking was negatively with exercise and irregularity of meal intakes. Therefore, the increased ingestion of vitamin A , C and β-carotene, regularity of meal intake and exercise may help to prevent risk of cancer and coronary heart disease.
After the industrialization, as the production place and the living place were separated, men have participated in goods product activities and women have taken part of the child care and education and the services to support other family member's living. The household production of housewives in the family has not been objectively evaluated its work, since it is not a labor under agreement with other people or systems ans also the goods and services produced through the labor are of non-marketing. But the economic value on the household production of housewives should be recognized to settle some financial affairs such as the accident compensation or the distribution of property in case of divorce and succession. In this paper, by considering the related researches done by nowadays, I studied about some elements to establish the basis of value assess. Further study might be done by stages on the variables needed to measure the economic value of household production.
The purpose of this study is to investigate research on the adaptation of elderly couple and this study is the preliminary research for more scientific and wider studies on the adaptation of elderly couple. For the analysis, 19 articles which had been published from 1986 to 1999 were investigated by research contents, research methods, and research findings. The major findings are as following : (1) The variables with affect the adaptation of elderly couple are demegraphic fators, individual factors, couple relationships factors and family relationships factors. (2) For the adaptation of elderly couple, economic status, health condition and emotional relationships with their children have to be improved. It is difficult to generalize the research findings because of the unexguisteness of methodology, the difference of the subject, and the disproportion of research area.
The purposes of this study were to examine the differences and correlation among stress and personal psychological characters, social support, psychological coping of the job loss women paterfamilias. For this purpose, questionaries made by reviewing literatures were distributed to 450. The subjects were the job loss women paterfamilias in enforcing readoption of a profession education and traning by labor department, in Seoul : of the recolleted papers,417 were final analysis. The data were analyzed with frequency, percentile, mean, standard deviation, one-way Anova, Duncan's Multiple Range test, correlation, Multiple Regression analysis. The major findings were as follows: 1.The job loss women paterfamilias's stress showed significant difference according to marriage type, income source. And the job loss women paterfamilias's stress were positively related to personal psychological characters, emotional support, power of family fasten together. 2.The job loss women paterfamilias's psychological coping showed significant difference according to marriage type, income. And the job loss women paterfamilias's personal psychological characters, social support were positively related to psychological coping. 3.The job loss women paterfamilias's psychological coping were influenced by power of family fasten together, stress, self-esteem in personal psychological characters, emotional support, instrumental support, and were explained about 50.1% by these variables. In conclusion, to develop program of rising the job loss women paterfamilias's power of family fasten together, self-esteem. So by these program help The job loss women paterfamilias's psychological coping and their family's welfare. It would be more needness to develop business and administrative plans about the job loss women paterfamilias and women, to continue employment them.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in upper body surface lines caused by the neck movements. Experimental research was performed by gypsum method and the neck movements were consisted of 5 types (upright posture, bending down, bending backward, leaning a head to the right side, and leaning a head to the left side). The results were as follows; 1) As a result of investigating into the rate of the expansion and contraction of horizontal body surface lines, front shoulder line was moved to be inside and back shoulder line was moved to be upside. There was a negative correlation between c3∼d1 and d1∼d2. Generally, the most of front body surface lines were contracted and back lines were mostly expanded. In particular, the rate of changes in shoulder area was higher than other areas. 2) The result of the analysis of the vertical body surface lines, the length of the center back line was increased except the movement of bending backward and the length of the renter front line was decreased in the movement of bending down. 3) According to the variation rates of the body surfaces in length of standard lines, the rate of increase of the length was higher in the front than in the back. 4) According to comparative drawing of the shape of the neck, the shape of the neck in the movement of bending backward and leaning a head to the right side was hollowed than that of the movement of upright posture. But the movement of bending down and leaning a head to the left sloe was more flat. As has been observed, upper body parts whose measurements of body surface lines were differed significantly in the neck movements. Accordingly, the task of designing garments with good neck fitness should be achieved by taking the widen amount caused by the neck movements.
The purpose of this study is to identify differences that might exist between married women's evaluative criteria for imported and domestic clothing and to test the role of socioeconomic variables on those differences. Socioeconomic variables include age, education, income, and spouse's occupation. Sample selection criteria included married women living in Seoul, Korea, between ages 30-59. A purposive sample was obtained to secure respondents with experience with imported apparel (formal two piece suit). Of 400 distributed, 246 usable questionnaires were returned. Statistical analysis of results included mean, standard deviation, and paired t-tests. Purchasers of both imported and domestic clothing considered appearance as the most important evaluative criterion and approval of others and their recommendation as the least important criteria. The country of origin was not an important criterion in purchasing imported clothing. For both imported and domestic clothing, purchasers considered extrinsic criteria to be more important than intrinsic criteria. Respondents indicated significant differences in their criteria for evaluating imported versus domestic clothing for some socioeconomic variables. The results suggest the appropriateness of different marketing strategies for imported clothing and domestic clothing.
This research analyzes how our people use the economic level symbolism of dress in focus of the Chosun Dynasty period by analysis data of traditional Korean folktale. AS references, An outline of the Korean oral literature: 82 volumes in total and written Korean narrative: 7 volumes in total written by Kin Hyen Ryong were selected. As regards method of study, first, the social symbolism of the dress described in the traditional folktale has been extracted: afterwards, those were classified and summarized according to theme of a clothing, hairstyle, and belt, etc And the economic level's symbolism of the dress has been analyzed based on the theory of symbolism. As a result, we can get the next conclusion. 1.The economic level of person who wear dress was symbolized in the character's dress. The dress which symbolize man and woman who belong to the high economic level were appeared as a valuable dress or accessory material and jewel. For examples, a GumBongChe and a gold ornamental hairpin, a silver ring, a Poong Jam made of amber, a leopard dress, a leather dress, etc. 2.It was appeared in dress that the economic level of character was low. The dress which symbolizes man and woman who belong to the low economic level were clothes made of hemp cloth, rags, patchy dress, short skirt, messy appearance and hair.
This research analyzes how our people use the aesthetic view symbolism of dress in focus of the Chosun Dynasty period by analysis data of traditional Korean folktale. As references, An outline of the Korean oral literature: 82 volumes in total and written Korean narrative: 7 volumes in total written by Kin Hyen Ryong were selected. As regards method of study, first, the aesthetic view symbolism of the dress described in the traditional folktale has been extracted: afterwards, those were classified and summarized according to theme of a clothing, hairstyle, and skin, etc. And the aesthetic view symbolism of the dress has been analyzed based on the theory of symbolism. As a result, we can get the next conclusion. 1. The aesthetic view was symbolized in the dress, appearance, make-up, bodily character of women. The symbolism of women's beauty were a dress sort of a dragonfly's wing, beautiful appearance, a braided hair style like a tray, a long hair length of hip length, a skin like white snow, a skin like peach blossom color, a clean and bright skin and hands, a hands like powder, a clean teeth like a white frost, a Korean socks sort of a cucumber's seed, a powder make-up like a half moon, a hair oil. The symbolism of women's soil were a bulk body, a resonant voice, a waist like a big pot, a messy make-up. 2. The aesthetic view was symbolized in the appearance and bodily character of men. The symbolization of men's beauty were a face like a jade, a man of commanding presence. The symbolization of men's soil was a bald head.
The purpose of this study is to review the kinds, cooking practices, materials and recipes of Jeon by surveying 39 references, which published during the period from 1670 to 1995. The primary materials used for Jeons are fish and shellfish. In order to prepare the Jeon, the materials shall be chopped or pounded first, and then salt or pepper powder shall be sprayed over the material shall be clad with flour or egg to be fried on the pan. The number of Jeons found through this study is 38 in all. This recipe has continued to be used since long ago. All in all, the recipe for Jeon lies in proper preparation of material, powdering, egg-cladding, control of frying temperature, amount of frying oil, on-pan handling, timing between cooking sequences and timely turnover etc. In generally, Jeon may well be taken after having been stained by the soybeen-sauce added with vinegar and pine-nut powder.