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Lee Jong-ho(1887~1932) was an educator and anti-Japan fighter in Late Chosun Dynasty and Japanese Imperialism Period. He had in actual fact run the Bosung College(普成專門學校) which his grandfather Lee, Yong-ik(李用翊) had already founded in 1905. From 1907 when Lee, Yong-ik had passed away, he inaugurated as the second proprietor of the college. Also, besides the Bosung College and elementary and middle schools, he established and managed many different types of schools. He had been arousing national and anti-japanese consciousness to a lot of students throughout many schools as well as the Bosung College. On the other hand, he carried out a variety of patriotic enlightenment movements(愛國啓蒙運動) and anti-japanese movements within the country. Roots of his scholarship activities were the patriotism with priority given to “Self-existence(自尊), Self-respect(自重), Self-confidence(自信), Self-lover(自愛)”. By starting from these ideas, he leaded a diversity of academic activities such as Hanbook-heunghakhoi(漢北興學會) and Seubookhakhoi(西北學會). Moreover, he had the intimate relations with Korean independence movement activists in Vladivostok, the Maritime Province of Siberia, Russia and gave aids with direct and indirect ways. In January, 1908, he introduced the editorial writers to the activists of Vladivostok, concerning in foundation process of Heijosinmun(海朝新聞). Mter 1907 when he joined Sinminhei(新民會), he was attracted by armed campaigns and in 1908 supported the money for weapons of Lee, beum-yoon's justice troops in Vladivostok. These activities had been kept under observation of Japanese imperialism. In 1909 he cast into prison because after An, joong-geun had killed Ito, Hirobumi(伊藤博文), he was pointed out as the wirepuller. Released from prison, he made the determination to install a military academy and the independence movement bases with Sinminhei's executives abroad, and in April, 1910, exiled himself through China to Vladivostok. As might be expected, also in this place, he played a leading role in the anti-Japanese movements such as organizing Kwonuphei(勸業會) and issuing Kwonupsinmun(勸業新聞)
Taoism was introduced to Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms period. Taoism enjoyed the greatest popularity during the Koryeo Dynasty, especially in the court and the ruling class. This paper studies the activites of Lee Jungyak, Koryeo's Taoist, and Taoism in the Koryeo Dynasty period. Lee Jungyak were very important Taoist and a bureaucrat. He and King Yejong established Bokwongung, Taoist Tample. They adopted Taoism as a part of the policy. Therefore, they expected to promote Taoism to overcome national crises and stabilize hardship of the Korgeo Dynasty. And Taoists said that the power of king was ordained by Heaven. It had the effect of strengthening the power of king. In the group of King Yejong's royal cronies, which was leaded by Han Anin, there were rising officials who had studied Confucianism and Taoism. But when Yi Jakyeom became to exercise political power as King Injong's maternal grandfather, Han Anin and Lee Jungyak were killed by him. Taoism was introduced to Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms period, and Three Kingdoms's Taoism succeeded Koryeo Dynasty. Koryeo's Taoism remains as a minor but significant element of Koryeo thought. And Taoist rituals were introduced into Koryeo from Song China, especially under King Yejong. Several Song emperors, most notably Huizong, were active in promoting Taoism. Song's Taoism arrived in Koryeo under the reign of King Yejong. Emperor Huizong sent the Taoist preacher to the Koryeo Dynasty. Therefore, Lee Jungyak and King Yejong built Bokwongung, tample of Taoists, at the Royal place in Gaegyeong from 1111 to 1112. and tried to promote Taoism. The object of worship in these rituals included most of the major and minor deities of the Taoist pantheon. Samcheong and Taeil seem to have been the most popular.
Science education at college level had been impossible in Korea due to institutional discrimination during Japanese colonial occupation period. Nonetheless, Hyun Shin-Gyu studied at the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University in Japan to grow to become the leading forestry researcher of Korea. During his boyhood, he wanted to enter college with interest in literature rather than in science. Such was he, but he became a forestry researcher because he entered Suwon Highschool of Agriculture due to the worsening state of his family`s economic situation. He grew to become interested in forestry because he met good teachers there and entered the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University in Japan with difficulty after overcoming institutional difficulties as one from a vocational school. After graduating from Kyushu Imperial University, Hyun Shin-Gyu began working at the forestry experiment station of the Japanese Government-General of Korea, a feat considered difficult to achieve even for Japanese. Life in the early part at the forestry experiment station was satisfying since he was allowed to conduct his own research more or less. But he was forced to conduct research not suited to him after a new Japanese superior was appointed and intercepted the credit for research outcomes, which made him feel powerless as a member of conquered nation. As situations became increasingly worse, he quit his job at the forestry experiment station and came back to his old school in Japan. That decision was based on his suspicion that it would have been the lack of doctoral degree which made him less competent than his japanese superior and he became the first doctor in forestry. In such ways, though he was not interested in forestry at first, he grew to become a Korean forestry researcher while overcoming the special historic barriers during the Japanese colonial occupation period.
Kim Si-Yang, known as an essayist of Hadampajeokrok, was a practical politician and fresh thinker in the days of external aggression. He aimed to moral achievement, in addition he watched the various components of the real world closely and provided solutions to the problems. He criticized abstract notions of idealism, looked for new alternatives, so he suggested the syncretic politics of ethicality and public interests based on the viewpoint that find appropriate ways of the Times. He acknowledged various features of the human race, in other words, strengths and weaknesses, so he had the flexible view of human evaluation. Especially he regarded highly the ability of administrating the state. The real world is the combination of Various capabilities, so he highly appreciated governing ability, because he wanted to respond actively. He laid stress on studying history to gain knowledge of governing and to establish moral self determination.