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          朝鮮後期 이후 제주 金羲正 家系의 정치·사회적 위상과 그 변화 : 제주시 金基洪宅 소장 古文書·古書 자료를 중심으로

          김일우(Kim ll-woo) 한국인물사연구소 2012 한국인물사연구 Vol.17 No.-

          The antique documents and the old books handed down since the late Chosun Period are collected in the house of Kim, Ki-Hong. To classify them into certain types, old documents (243 sheets of 174 pieces) are biography, household registers, kings' order papers, Kim, Heui-Jeong s own poetry and prose, a congratulatory poem for ones 60th birthday; and ancient books (4,514 sheets of 40pieces) are a collection of literary works and journal by Kim, Heui-Jeong, all sorts of materials for the preparation for Guageo (the civil service examination) and books related to oriental medicine. Their production years is thought to be mostly from 1758 to 1930s and only 9 pieces are those after 1950s. Although these materials have been passed down and housed over 8 generations of Kim, Ki-Hong's ancestors, a considerable number of them were produced, acquired or collected by Kim, Heui-Jeong, the great grandfather of Kim, Ki-Hong (1844~19l6), not a little was added by Kim, Heui-Jeong's sons, Hang-You (1874~1908) and Hang-Gak (1876-1946), and also his grandson, Pil-Won (1900?1950). For such an accumulation of collection, not only his family's background but also his academic devotion and the consequential socio-political status played a great role. From these materials, it is revealed that Kim, Heui-Jeong's pedigree belonged to an influential class in the country village of Jocheon-ri as petty functionaries since the late 18th century and in this relation, his family led his village. Also, since his presence, successful candidates for Kuageo, the classical examination system for the government service in old time, came out from his lineage and advanced to the offices of the central government, while, vigorously making mutual exchanges of opinions with the masters in the central Confucian circle, thereby securing his firm position as members of confucian scholars, accepted as the Jejus representative Confucians in both the national and local confucian circles. In addition, through a review of these, one can get a sense of the change in the caste system, corvee labor and the practices and the procedures over the economic transactions such as trades of land and slaves. In particular, one can get a taste of the ways to prepare for the government examination system and the style of writing qualifying for the government examination system respected by the Confucian scholars in the late Chosun period. Meanwhile, leading figures in the Confucian circle in the Jeju society from the late 19th century to the early 20th century and their social network can be clearly seen from them. Besides, an aspect of the conflicts between Chosun and Japan over Jeju region can be grasped from here.

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          월사 이정구의 사상

          유권종 (Yoo Kwon Jong) 한국인물사연구소 2011 한국인물사연구 Vol.16 No.-

          This is a study on thought of Yi Jung-gu who had lived between 1564 and 1635. On his thoughts any comprehensive approach had not been tried, but in the sphere of literature and history a few studies show parts of his whole idea and thoughts. This study is in order to broaden our understanding of his iddea and thoughts. The point of approach is that he was a government official rather than a pure scholar, who gave his attention to manage Chosun Dynasty with a statecraft based on Neo-Confucianism. In his life Neo-Confucianism could be the fundamental scheme of his all political ideas and attitude, but in his actual life along the long course of government office more than 50 years he had not been subordinate to it. Rather the Neo-Confucianism was needed for governance of the Chosun Dynasty especially just after a war of Japanese aggression or Manchurians's. Therefore the point of this study is focused on explaining the relationships between Neo-Confucianism and management of government that had been manipulated by him. The contents of this article should be the context of family study of national administration and relief, his attitude on the Neo-Confucianism and politics, understanding of problematic environments around himself and solutions with the authentic Confucian ways so-called Musil, that is to be authentic to get the truth and the real effect, his cognition of importance of rituals royal and national for sustainability of the Dynasty.

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          월사 이정구의 정치적 시련과 시적 표현

          이경수 (Lee Kyung Soo) 한국인물사연구소 2011 한국인물사연구 Vol.16 No.-

          Wol-Sa Jeong-Ku Lee was a prominent man of writing diplomatic documents and papers during the King Sun-Jo period in Lee's Kingdom dynasty, and he consolidated his critical political subordinate chair while performing proctoral and prime educational ministries. But upon roaring of the new king Kwang-Hae Gun, as his political oppositions north party took leadership, he started to suffer a number of political persecutions and hardships such as Kye-Chook prison death and revolt rumors. Based on these political ordeal background, this paper covers Jeong Ku Lee's poetical themes rooted in his political adversities on three topics. Frist, he expressed condolences and sympathy for the political fellows who had been harassed and persecuted for the similar reasons, and his consistent political idealism and confidence were represented through his compositions. In particular, he mourned his senior political leader Hang-Bok Lee, who had been exiled and died of long endured disease while maintained his consistent political creeds. Second, his poems expressed his regrets and guilty feeling rather than ntagonism against his opponents eventhough he had been persecuted through their ounteractions; he attributed his exiled situations to his innermost reasons rather than other evil wills. Third, his poems delineated his loyalty, faithfulness, and patriotism toward his country and kingdom, and concerns about nation's future. Despite his hardship and persecution, his expressed his political idealism through deep metaphors, and ultimately inspired regrets and harmonies for the entire political rivals.

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          한말·일제하 梁鳳濟의 활동

          정욱재 (Jung Uk-Jae) 한국인물사연구소 2011 한국인물사연구 Vol.16 No.-

          This article reviews political and social activities of Pro-Japanese Confucian, Yang Bong-Je(梁鳳濟). Born in 1851, Yang studies under Park Moon-Il(朴文一) from School of Hwaseo(華西學派), and began his career as an aristocratin 1879, after passing the National Examination for Civil Service. Despite his School of origin, which was one of the most conventional schools of Confucianism, he embraced the New Learning(新學) and converted himself into the Reformed Confucian. During his time as a local governor Yang also supported school establishments, understanding importance of cultivating peoples' capabilities. As such, Yang's activities during 19th century shows that he worked as a devoted aristocrat of Joseon Monarch and later Daehan Empire, as a celebrity of North Pyongan Province. But evidences from 20th century shows that Yang chose different path from his past ones. In October 30th, 1912, Yang Bong-Je, appointed by the Government General of Korea, worked as Lecturer of North Pyongan Provincial Gyeonghagwon(經學院) for 14 years, until his death in 1926. From then on his activities were Pro-Japanese, such as giving provincial lecture tours that insisted on obeying policies of Colonial Government; and writing poetries that praised Emperor Daisho(大正天皇) and the Royal prince(later Emperor Showa(昭和天皇)) Yet it is still inconclusive as to Yang's identity of defected Pro-Japanese Confucian. His alumni of School of Hwaseo(華西學{派) and renowned Independence Movement worker Yi Kwan-Gu(李觀求) regarded him as a man who devoted his life for the Movement. There are no evidence for Yi's appraisal aside from his article,『Uiyongsilgi(義勇實記)』. Still Yi's statement cannot be regarded as false, since『Uiyongsilgi(義勇實記)』is in itself recognised as reliable source of facts, and its content so specific, that can written only by person who had keen knowledge about the situation. In conclusion, Yang Bong-Je represents the complexity and multi-faceted nature of Resistance and Cooperation, that shows yet another characteristics of Pro-Japanese Confucians. conclusion, Yang Bong-Je represents the complexity and multi-faceted nature of Resistance and Cooperation, that shows yet another characteristics of Pro-Japanese Confucians.

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