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        병립신관과 한국문화

        임돈희(Yim Dawn-hee),김이회(토론자) 비교민속학회 2001 비교민속학 Vol.20 No.-

        Yim Suk-jay claimed that “Korean culture can be seen through Korean musok [shamanism],” meaning that Korean musok mirrors many aspects of Korean culture and behavior. In demonstrating this point, Yim coined the term parallelotheism for the musok pantheon in order to characterize its deities’ autonomy, absence of hierarchy, and even lack of mutual communication. like parallel lines, the gods each occupy a unique space that does not intersect with that of any other. Also, Korean musok is polytheistic and none of its deities is omnipotent. Each spirit has a specific function and limited power, no spirit is higher than another, and no god gives orders to or obeys another. This independence of the gods contrasts sharply with the pantheon of Chinese popular religion, in which many deities are thought to be organized into a vast supernatural bureaucracy. Yim further suggested that Korean parallelotheism offered insights into Korean individuals' high self-esteem and sense of independence. Though many scholars have claimed that Korea had a highly authoritarian and hierarchical social system, Yim’s analysis of the musok pantheon showed that Korean society could also be viewed as egalitarian and non-authoritarian. In the real world, people acquiesce to those with authority, but this apparent submission to hierarchy is a surface phenomenon necessitated by circumstances rather than a manifestation of a deep internal commitment. The gods, ghosts, and ancestors of musok represent living bureaucrats, beggars, and kin, respectively. The deities have limited power and are not thought to be inherently good or evil : whether they are helpful or harmful depends on how they are treated. If they are given regular offerings, they bring good fortune. Otherwise they inflict punishment. This appears to be very similar to the cultural understanding that many people have of Korean officials. Also, ancestors in musok rituals are imagined differently than ancestors at Confucian rites. In ritual contexts where musok prevails, ancestors are less authoritarian, less hierarchical, and more inclusive, encompassing also dead relatives who are not strictly agnatic forebears. Ghosts, like beseeching beggars, are given small offerings rather than ignored entirely. Yim’s analysis of musok showed that previous interpretations of Korean society overemphasized its hierarchial and authoritarian qualities. The deities of this Korean popular religion provide a vision of its more egalitarian and non-authoritarian characteristics.

      • Characteristic of Hyperfine Magnesioferrite Particles Possessing Shape Anisotropy

        Yim, Going,Yim, Chai-Suck 배재대학교 공학연구소 2005 공학논문집 Vol.7 No.1

        The ferrimagnetic resonance technique, with the inclusion of shape anisotropy effects, was used to obtain information about the early stages in the precipitation of magnesium ferrite from iron-doped magnesia. The very small magnesioferrite particles were produced by precipitation method from solid solution of iron ion in single crystal magnesia. The temperature dependence of the resonance anisotropy field for a coherent assembly of hyperfine magnesium ferrite precipitates was investigated in the range 100~400K. The results are interpreted in terms of the shape anisotropy of the precipitates.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • Ground state of a mass-3 boson system and Superfluid ³He

        Yim, Moo Bin 울산대학교 1980 연구논문집 Vol.11 No.2

        한 질량-3 보존계의 기저상태 에너지들을 쉬프와 벨�꼬�의한 대응되는 액체 헤리윰-4의 결과들을 사용하여 한 두 개의 성분으로 된 보존계에 적용한 질량차 섭동 이론과 임-매시 변분 방법에 의하여 여러 밀도들에서 계산하다. 이 결과들은 매시에 의한 결과들과 쉬프와 벨�꼬�의한 결과들과 상당히 잘 일치한다. 두 헤리윰-4원자들 간의 상호 관계된 함수들과 비교된 계산된 두 질량-3보존들 간의 상호 관계된 함수들은 매시 이론에서 비교된 것들과 정성적으로 일치한다. 또한, 계산된 결과들로부터 액체 헤리윰-3에 애스-페어링 상태들이 존재한다는 것을 결론한다. Ground state energies of a mass-3 boson system are calculated at various densities by the mass-defference perturbation theory and Yim-Massey bariational method for a binary boson system using the results of the corresponding liquid ⁴He by Schiff and Verlet. These results agree fairly well with results of Massey, and Schiff and VErlet. The present correlation functions between two mass-3 bosons compared with those between two ⁴He atoms are qualitatively in agreement with those in Massey theory. Also, we conclude theory. Also, we conclude there exist s-pairing states in the liquid ³He from the present results.

      • KCI등재

        30-40대 남성들의 패션 라이프스타일 요인이 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향

        이순화ㆍ임은혁ㆍ전호경(Soon Hwa LeeㆍEun Hyuk YimㆍHo Kyung Chun) 한국인체미용예술학회 2016 한국인체미용예술학회지 Vol.17 No.1

        '스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.

        The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of fashion life style factors on appearance management behavior and to show how self-monitoring influences appearance management behaviors. Subjects for the study were men aged in their thirties and forties living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. For the purpose of the study, the survey was conducted using convenience samples. A total number of 370 questionnaires were used for data analysis. For statistical analysis, factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed. The results of this study indicated that a fashion lifestyle was composed of four factors-fashion/appearance-oriented factor, ostentation-oriented factor, rational consumption- oriented factor, and dignity-oriented factor. The dependent variable of the study was appearance management behavior. Appearance management behavior consisted of interest in skin care and interest in fashion. A statistical analysis of multiple regression revealed that a fashion life style significantly influenced interest in skin care and interest in fashion. When subjects were categorized into two groups by self-monitoring, both respondents with high and low self-monitoring showed that fashion/appearance oriented factors significantly influenced interest in skin care. Fashion/appearance oriented factor influenced interest in skin care more for the subjects with high self-monitoring than for those with low self-monitoring. In contrast, fashion/appearance oriented factors had greater influence on interest in fashion for those subjects with low self-monitoring than those with high self-monitoring.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재
      • SCISCIESCOPUS

        Expression of CYP4V2 in human THP1 macrophages and its transcriptional regulation by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma

        Yi, M.,Shin, J.G.,Lee, S.J. Academic Press 2017 Toxicology and applied pharmacology Vol.330 No.-

        Because macrophages respond to a variety of pathological and pharmacological reagents, understanding the role of P450s in macrophages is important for therapeutic intervention. There has been a lack of research on CYP4 in macrophages, but fatty acid accumulation and lipid trafficking in macrophages have been suggested to be a main cause of atherosclerosis. All human CYP4 genes (n=12) were screened in THP1 macrophages by gene-specific reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Only CYP4V2 exhibited strong expression of both mRNA and protein. Expression levels of both CYP4V2 mRNA and protein were significantly reduced after treatment with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) antagonist GW9662. However, the expression levels of CYP4V2 were not changed by PPARα antagonist (GW6471) and liver X receptor alpha antagonist (22-S hydroxycholesterol). A metabolite of the CYP4V2 enzyme, 12-hydroxydodecanoic acid, was detected in THP1 macrophages, and this metabolite was significantly decreased after treatment with the PPARγ inhibitor GW9662 (>80% decreased, p<0.05). In summary, fatty acid metabolizing protein CYP4V2 was identified in human THP1 macrophages, and its expression was regulated by PPARγ. Further study is required to understand the role of CYP4V2 with regard to fat accumulation in the activated macrophage and atherosclerotic plaque development.

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