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      • Poster Session : PS 0831 ; Upper GI Tract : Clinical Factors to Predict Angiographically Detectable Non-Variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Patients Refractory to Endoscopic Treatment

        ( Tae Hwan Ha ),( Tae Hoon Oh ),( Sung In Yu ),( Min Kim ),( Jong Wook Kim ),( Won Ki Bae ),( Jae Hyung Kim ),( Seung Suk Baek ),( Mi Jin Ryu ),( Ye Na Choi ),( Ji Young Park ),( Eileen L Yoon ),( Tae 대한내과학회 2014 대한내과학회 추계학술대회 Vol.2014 No.1

        Background: Non-variceal upper GI bleeding (NVUGIB) is a common medical problem that has signifi cant association with morbidity and mortality. Angiographic detection and subsequent transarterial embolization (TAE) is a primary treatment option when medical and endoscopic treatments fail. We investigated clinical factors that could affect the success of the angiographic detection and prognosis after TAE in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data was done in patients with failed endoscopic treatment who underwent angiography for the treatment of acute NVUGIB between May 2002 and May 2013. Patients were divided into detection or non-detection groups according to the presence of bleeding stigmata in angiographic fi nding. Rebleeding defi ned as subsequent bleeding event within 7 days and mortality within 30days were analyzed as outcome parameters after TAE following detection in angiography. Results: A total 45 patients 37 (male, mean age, 65.9±14.9 years) were analyzed and classifi ed as a detection group (n=25, 55.5%) and non-detection group (n=20, 44.6%). Peptic ulcers were the most common cause of refractory NVUGIB. Larger transfusion amount (5.7±3.9 unit vs. 3.5±2.8 unit; P=0.03), prolonged aPTT level (34.2±17.3 sec vs. 21.8±13.8 sec; P=0.01) and short time interval between last endoscopy and angiography (17.5±25.9 hours vs. 34.3±59.5 hours; P=0.04) were found to be signifi cant factors for predicting angiographic detection. TAE was performed in all patients detected in angiography. Rebleeding (44%) was significantly associated with higher Rockall score (8.3±1.5 vs. 6.6±2.4; P=0.046) and mortality (12%) was signifi cantly associated with higher Rockall score (9.3±0.6 vs. 7.1±2.2; P=0.002) and higher level of BUN (55.3±47.4 vs. 27.6±17.4; P=0.01). Conclusions: Clinical characteristics associated with angiographic detection in patients with NVUGIB refractory to endoscopic therapy were severe bleeding, bleeding tendency and early angiographic intervention. The Rockall score is useful parameter for predicting rebleeding and mortality after TAE.

      • KCI등재

        회분식 열수추출 공정 중 용매와 용질의 비율이 대추(Zizyphus jujuba)의 수용성 당질 추출속도에 미치는 영향

        함태훈 ( Tae Hoon Ham ),장선민 ( Sun Min Jang ),윤원병 ( Won Byong Yoon ) 한국산업식품공학회 2016 산업 식품공학 Vol.20 No.3

        We developed leaching kinetics models and a convective mass transfer model for water soluble solid in jujube (Zizyphus jujube) fruits with hot water. Hot-water leaching process was conducted at 90℃ for 100 min. The ratio of solvent (volume, mL) to solid (mass, g) was set to varied ratios of 1:6, 1:8, 1:10, and 1:12.5. The mass transfer coefficients (k) were determined based on the 1st- and 2nd-order kinetic models. The amount of solvent influenced the extraction rate and yield. A higher extraction rate and a higher yield were obtained from a lower solvent to solute ratio (1:6, 1:8, 1:10) compared to high ratio (1:12.5). This implies that an appropriate amount of solvent (i.e., water) is necessary to conduct the extraction process of jujube fruit.

      • KCI등재

        전기 방열기가 국화재배온실의 난방에 미치는 영향

        서원명 ( Won Myung Suh ),임재운 ( Jae Woon Leem ),김영주 ( Young Ju Kim ),민영봉 ( Young Bong Min ),김현태 ( Hyeon Tae Kim ),허무룡 ( Moo Ryong Huh ),윤용철 ( Yong Cheol Yoon ) 경상대학교 농업생명과학연구원(구 경상대학교 농업자원이용연구소) 2010 농업생명과학연구 Vol.44 No.4

        경상대학교 교내에 설치되어 있는 1-2W형 온실을 대상으로 전기 방열기를 이용하여 국화 재배온실의 난방효과를 검토한 결과는 다음과 같다. 실험기간동안 최고, 평균 및 최저 외기온은 각각 -3.8~21.3℃, -5.2~16.1℃ 및 -12.5~14.4℃ 정도의 범위로 나타났으며, 온실 내외의 평균상대습도 각각 43.5~98.6% 및 35.2~100%로 나타났다. 12월 중순부터 2월 상순까지 최저 외기온은 대략 -5.0~-10.0℃ 전후로 나타나 진주기상대의 최근 자료와 비교하면 상대적으로 최저기온이 낮게 나타나는 경향이 있었다. 야간의 경우, 방열기 직하부의 엽온이 방열기 중간 지점에서 측정한 엽온 보다 크게 2~3℃정도 높게 나타나거나 또는 미미하지만 약간 높게 나타나는 경향이 있었다. 근권부의 경우, 직하부나 중간 지점에서의 온도 차이는 거의 없는 것으로 나타났고, 근권부의 최고온도와 기타 최고 온도의 발생 시점을 보면, 약 2시간정도의 지체현상이 있음을 알 수 있었다. 그리고 실험기간동안 난방에 소요된 총 소비전력량, 공급에너지 및 총 난방비는 각각 2,800kWh, 2,408,000kcal 및 112,000won 정도였다. 화석연료인 경유로 난방할 경우, 총 난방비는 224,500won 정도였다. 방열기를 이용하여 난방할 경우, 난방비를 약 50% 정도 줄일 수 있을 것으로 판단되었다. An analysis in heating effects of an electric radiator located in a 1-2W type chrysanthemum (3 cultivars) cultivation greenhouse installed in Gyeongsang National University drew the following conclusions. During the experiment period, the highest, average, and the lowest outside temperatures were in the ranges of -3.8~21.3℃, -5.2~16.1℃ and -12.5~14.4℃, respectively, and the average relative humidity inside and outside the greenhouses were in the ranges of 43.5~98.6% and 35.2~100%, respectively. From mid-December to early February, the lowest outside temperature was recorded as approximately -5.0~-10.0℃, which showed that it tended to be relatively lower than the temperatures recorded at the Jinju Meteorological Observatory. During the night, the leaf temperature measured directly under the radiator tended to be higher by 2~3℃ than that those at the middle point of the radiator, or higher by anegligible amount. In the case of root zone temperature, it was found that there was almost no difference between temperatures of the part directly under and the middle point, and the time when the highest temperature of root zone and other highest temperatures took place showed that there was about a 2-hour delay phenomenon. The total electricity consumption, energy supply and total heating cost during the experiment period were 2,800 kWh, 2,408,000 kcal and 112,000 won, respectively. When diesel, a kind of fossil fuel, was used as heating oil, the total heating cost was around 224,500 won. It was estimated that the total heating cost could be reduced by around 50% if a radiator was used.

      • Optimization of Electric Field-assisted Ultrasonication for Disintegration of Waste Activated Sludge

        ( Kyung-won Jung ),( Tae-un Jeong ),( Min-jung Cha ),( Kyu-hong Ahn ) 한국폐기물자원순환학회(구 한국폐기물학회) 2014 한국폐기물자원순환학회 심포지움 Vol.2014 No.1

        In the present study, an electric field is applied in order to disintegrate waste activated sludge (WAS). As a preliminary step, feasibility tests are investigated using different applied voltages of 10 to 100 V for 60 min. As the applied voltage increases, the disintegration degrees (DD) are gradually enhanced, thereby the soluble N, P, and carbohydrate concentrations increase simultaneously due to the protein decomposition. Subsequently, an optimization process is conducted using response surface methodology with a Box-Behnken design (BBD). The total solid concentration, applied voltage, and reaction time are selected as independent variables, while the DD is selected as the response variable. The overall results demonstrate that the BBD with an experimental design can be useed effectively in the optimization of the electric field treatment of WAS. In the confirmation test, a DD of 10.26±0.14% is recorded, which corresponds to 99.1% of the predicted response value under the statistically optimized conditions. Finally, the statistic optimization of the combined treatment (electric field + ultrasonication) showed that even though this is limited to highly disintegrated WAS when being applied individually, a high DD of 47.28±0.20% was recorded where the TS concentration was 6,780 mg/l, the strength of ultrasonication was 8.0 W, the applied voltage was 68.4 V, and the reaction time was 44 min. E-SEM images clearly revealed that the application of the electric field is a significant alternative method for the combined treatment of WAS, and this is first attempt to increase disintegration using electric field for combined treatment with ultrasonication.

      • KCI등재

        HSS 기반의 고속 LDPC 복호기 FPGA 설계

        김민혁(Min-Hyuk Kim),박태두(Tae-Doo Park),정지원(Ji-Won Jung) 한국전자파학회 2012 한국전자파학회논문지 Vol.23 No.11

        본 논문에서는 DVB-S2에 제시된 LDPC 복호기에 대하여 효율적인 알고리즘을 제안하고 고속화 하여, 이에 따른 FPGA구현 결과를 제시하였다. 고속 LDPC 복호기를 구현하기 위해서는 알고리즘 측면과 구현 측면에서 여러가지 문제점이 있다. 알고리즘 측면에서는 첫째, LDPC 부호화 방식은 큰 블록 사이즈 및 많은 반복 횟수를 요구하므로 복호 속도를 높이기 위해서는 동일한 성능을 유지하면서 반복 횟수를 줄일 수 있는 알고리즘이 필요하다. 본 논문에서는 이를 위해 체크 노드를 기반으로 하여 복호화 과정을 거치는 horizontal shuffle scheduling(HSS) 알고리즘을 적용하여 기존의 반복 횟수를 줄일 수 있는 방안을 연구하였다. 구현 측면에서 복호 속도를 높이기 위해서는 데이터의 많은 병렬 처리가 필요하다. 이러한 병렬 처리에 의해 노드 업데이트 연산 역시 병렬처리가 가능하다. Check Node Update의 경우 look up table(LUT)이 필요하다. 이는 critical path의 주요 원인이 되는 부분으로 LUT 연산을 하지 않고 성능 열화를 최소화 하는 self-correction normalized min sum(SC-NMS) 연산방식을 제안하였고, 최적의 CNU 연산 방식에 따른 복호기 구조를 제안하고 FPGA 구현 결과, 복호 속도가 약 40 % 개선됨을 알 수 있다. LDPC decoder architectures are generally classified into serial, parallel and partially parallel architectures. Conventional method of LDPC decoding in general give rise to a large number of computation operations, mass power consumption, and decoding delay. It is necessary to reduce the iteration numbers and computation operations without performance degradation. This paper studies horizontal shuffle scheduling(HSS) algorithm and self-correction normalized min-sum(SC-NMS) algorithm. In the result, number of iteration is half than conventional algorithm and performance is almost same between sum-product(SP) and SC-NMS. Finally, This paper implements high-speed LDPC decoder based on FPGA. Decoding throughput is 816 Mbps.

      • KCI등재

        Effects of Industrial By-products on Reducing Heavy Metal Leaching in Contaminated Paddy Soil

        Se Jin Oh,Seung Min Oh,Sung Chul Kim,Yong Sik Ok,Tae Yol Ko,Won Hyun Ji,Jae E. Yang 한국토양비료학회 2015 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.48 No.1

        Soil contamination with arsenic and heavy metals is a worldwide problem. Main objective of this research was to evaluated effects of reducing heavy metal leaching under reduced soil condition amended with industrial by-products. The contaminated soil was amended with 3% (w/w) of limestone (Ls), steel slag (SS) and acid mine drainage sludge (AMDS). Synthetic acid rain (H₂SO₄:HNO₃ = 6:4, pH 5.5 fixed) was used for feeding solution with flow rate of 0.78~0.88 mL min-1. Results showed that similar pH and EC of leachate was observed in all treatments regardless of applied industrial by-products. However, arsenic concentration of leachate increased when industrial by-products were mixed. Meanwhile, concentration of heavy metal in the leachate decreased from 11.3 to 4.59 mg for Cd, from 92.3 to 7.93 mg for Pb, and from 11,716 to 1,788 mg for Zn via immobilization in soil with AMDS amended, respectively. Overall, application of industrial by-products can be an environmentally-friendly way to remediate soil and(or) leachate contaminated with metal(loid)s in metal mine site.

      • KCI등재

        Effects of Industrial By-products on Reducing Heavy Metal Leaching in Contaminated Paddy Soil

        Oh, Se Jin,Oh, Seung Min,Kim, Sung Chul,Ok, Yong Sik,Ko, Tae Yol,Ji, Won Hyun,Yang, Jae E. 한국토양비료학회 2015 한국토양비료학회지 Vol.48 No.1

        Soil contamination with arsenic and heavy metals is a worldwide problem. Main objective of this research was to evaluated effects of reducing heavy metal leaching under reduced soil condition amended with industrial by-products. The contaminated soil was amended with 3% (w/w) of limestone (Ls), steel slag (SS) and acid mine drainage sludge (AMDS). Synthetic acid rain ($H_2SO_4:HNO_3=6:4$, pH 5.5 fixed) was used for feeding solution with flow rate of $0.78{\sim}0.88mL\;min^{-1}$. Results showed that similar pH and EC of leachate was observed in all treatments regardless of applied industrial by-products. However, arsenic concentration of leachate increased when industrial by-products were mixed. Meanwhile, concentration of heavy metal in the leachate decreased from 11.3 to 4.59 mg for Cd, from 92.3 to 7.93 mg for Pb, and from 11,716 to 1,788 mg for Zn via immobilization in soil with AMDS amended, respectively. Overall, application of industrial by-products can be an environmentally-friendly way to remediate soil and(or) leachate contaminated with metal(loid)s in metal mine site.

      • 청심연자탕(淸心蓮子湯)으로 호전된 뇌내출혈에 고혈압이 동반된 태음인 환자 치험 1례

        오정민,엄태민,최고은,허종원,유호룡,설인찬,김윤식,Oh, Jeong-Min,Eom, Tae-Min,Choi, Ko-Eun,Heo, Jong-Won,Yoo, Ho-Ryong,Seol, In-Chan,Kim, Yoon-Sik 대한중풍순환신경학회 2014 대한중풍학회지 Vol.15 No.1

        ■ Objectives The purpose of this case study is to report that a hypertension with intracerebral hemorrhage of tae-eumin was treated with 'Cheongsim Yeunja-tang' and then the symptoms were improved and blood pressure was decreased. ■ Methods Although the patient who had hypertension with intracerebral hemorrhage took antihypertension drugs, intermittent increase of blood pressure was shown. We diagnosed him as Tae-eumin and treated with Cheongsim Yeunja-tang. We daily checked blood pressure and evaluated the symptoms. ■ Results After the treatment with Cheongsim Yeunja-tang, blood pressure was decreased and symptoms were improved. ■ Conclusion The result shows Cheongsim Yeunja-tang has antihypertensive effect and improve hypertension symptoms of Tae-eumin patient with intracerebral hemorrhage.

      • KCI등재

        단신 : 실리콘의 염소화반응에 의한 사염화규소 제조

        박균영 ( Kyun Young Park ),이미선 ( Mi Sun Lee ),김민철 ( Min Cheol Kim ),이찬희 ( Chan Hee Lee ),박회경 ( Hoey Kyung Park ),강태원 ( Tae Won Kang ),정해성 ( Hae Seong Jeong ),한경아 ( Kyoung Ah Han ),허원회 ( Weon Hoe Huh ),유지 한국화학공학회 2013 Korean Chemical Engineering Research(HWAHAK KONGHA Vol.51 No.3

        직경 25 mm의 파이렉스 튜브 내에서 실리콘의 유동층 염소화 반응이 수행되었다. 반응기에 공급되는 질소 유량0.8~1.0 L/min, 염소 유량 0.2 L/min, 반응온도 450℃, SiCl4 응축기의 냉매온도는 -5℃로 설정하였다. 반응기에 도입되는 가스 내 염소의 몰분율이 증가하면 SiCl4의 수율이 증가하였다. 반응가스 중 염소의 몰분율 0.2의 조건에서 SiCl4의 수율은 28% 이었다. 염소의 몰분율 증가는 반응열 상승에 의해 반응온도 상승을 가져옴으로써 안전을 고려하여 염소의 몰분율을 0.2 이상으로 올리지 못했다. 실리콘의 유동층 염소화 반응에 의한 사염화실리콘의 제조 가능성이 입증되 었으며, 향후 보다 가혹한 조건에서의 실용화 연구를 위한 기초로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다. The chlorination of a metallurgical-grade silicon was carried out in a fluidized bed reactor, 25 mm in diameter. The flow rate of the chlorine admitted into the reactor was 0.2 L/min and that of the carrier nitrogen was 0.8~1.0 L/ min. The reactor temperature was maintained at 450℃ and the temperature of the coolant at the SiCl4 condenser was at -5℃. The SiCl4 yield increased with increasing the mole fraction of chlorine in the feed gas, exhibiting 28% at the mole fraction of 0.2. Further increase of the chlorine mole fraction was not attempted in a worry that the reactor might be failed due to the high exothermicity of the reaction. The production of SiCl4 from silicon by fluidized bed chlorination was demonstrated on a laboratory scale, which is a stepping stone for future studies under more severe conditions toward industrial application.

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