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( Joy J. Burnham ),( Sunkyung Kim ),( Begum Serim Yildiz ),( Morgan Kiper Riechel ),( Özgur Erdur-baker ),( Christina N. Kirby ),( Juliana K. Morgado ) 한국상담학회 2016 Journal of Asia Pacific counseling Vol.6 No.1
Fears of children from Turkey, South Korea, and the United States were compared for the first time using translated versions of the American Fear Survey Schedule (FSSC-AM; Burnham, 2005). Although several versions of the Fear Survey Schedule for Children (FSSC; Scherer & Nakamura, 1968) have been used since it was introduced, no published studies have reported the fears of South Korean children, and only a limited number of Turkish studies have used the FSSC (Serim, 2010; Serim-Yıldız & Erdur-Baker, 2013; Serim-Yıldız, Erdur-Baker, & Bugay, 2013). This exploratory study presents data from middle and high school students from two countries rarely studied in the fear literature. Fears of school-aged children in Asia and Eurasia are presented and compared to an American sample. The sample included 637 middle and high school students, and significant differences were found across age, gender, and country, and in most common fears. Implications for counseling and future research will be discussed.
The synthesis and characterization of third- and fifth-generation poly(propylene imine) dendrimers terminated with imidazole moieties is reported. Functionalization was achieved using simple peptide coupling reagents. These materials were characte rized by MALDI-MS, NMR, and titration. The use of these endgroup-functionalized dendrimers as catalysts for the hydrolysis of 2,4-dinitrophenyl acetate is described. Molecular simulations provide a basis for interpreting the catalytic data.
To talk of "religious freedom" in Korea before the twentieth century is an anachronism. The words "religion" and "freedom" did not exist in Korea until they were imported from Japan near the end of the 19th century. That does not mean that pre-modern Korea did not have what we can now label as religions. Instead what we now call religions were called by a variety of different terms, such as gyo (teachings), do (a way), beop (laws, methods), hak(scholarship, ways of thinking), and even sul (techniques, practices). What is important to notice here is that none of these terms refers to beliefs or practices which can claim freedom from interference by the government. In fact, it was assumed in traditional Korea that the government had a moral obligation to interfere in matters we would now call "religious" in order to ensure that its subjects did what they were supposed to do. and did not do what they were not supposed to do. In other words, not only was there no word for "freedom" in traditional Korea, the very concept was considered immoral and subversive. It was immoral because it implied that the desires of an individual were more important than the needs of the group, that individuals could do whatever they wanted to do. If Koreans during the Joseon dynasty had known the word "freedom" they would have understood it with the negative connotation of "license" [bangja] rather than with the positive connotations it has today. It was subversive because it implied that there were limits to the power of the state, that the individual had certain rights which the state could not infringe upon. That was a challenge to the traditional concept of state authority which no traditional Confucian government could tolerate without undermining its own legitimacy.
조선 시대 중기에 한국은 도교의 내단에 흥미가 고조되는 것을 체험했고, 16~17 세기 중에 많은 유교 학자들이 받아들인 호흡법과 심신 수련은 이미 초기 중국에서 고안된 심신 수련자의 신체에서 나오는 기의 순환과 양·질을 강화하는 것이었다. 그러나 18~19세기의 한국인들은 이러한 양생법에 대해서 흥미를 잃게 되지만, 20 세기의 지난 반세기 동안에 내단을 이채롭게 다시 부흥시킨 것이다. 여러 가지 새로운 조직체들이 단전호흡과 도인체조를 서울과 다른 도시에서 증진 시키고 있다. 국선도가 1970년에 처음으로 시행되었고 이것은 1984년 새로운 내단으로 되기까지 대중들의 호응을 받지 못했다. 그러나 이러한 심신수련이 새 조직인 단(丹)세계에 의해서 멀리 번창되어 나갔으며 이 조직의 지도자인 이 승훈에 의해서 흥미롭게 다시 소생되었다. 단 세계는 한국에서 무려 360개가 넘는 선원이 있으며 수련자들에 의해서 유럽과 북미에서도 선원이 시작되었다. 이것은 근본적으로 중국의 도교 보다는 고조선 시대 단군에 의해서 고안된 것이라고 말한다. 단 세계는 도교적 양생법 수련 보다 한국의 전통적인 것에 대한 자부심을 가지고 장려되고 있다.
B.M. Munshi and D.S. Bassan defined and developed the concept of super continuity in . The concept has been investigated further by I. L. Reilly and M. K. Vamanamurthy in  where super continuity is characterized in terms of the semi-regularization topology. Super continuity is related to the concepts of .delta.-continuity and strong .theta.-continuity developed by T. Noiri in . The purpose of this note is to derive relationships between super continuity and other strong continuity conditions and to develop additional properties of super continuous functions. Super continuity implies continuity, but the converse implication is false . Super continuity is strictly between strong .theta.-continuity and .delta.-continuity and strictly between complete continuity and .delta.-continuity. The symbols X and Y will denote topological spaces with no separation axioms assumed unless explicity stated. The closure and interior of a subset U of a space X will be denoted by Cl(U) and Int(U) respectively and U is said to be regular open (resp. regular closed) if U=Int[Cl(U) (resp. U=Cl(Int(U)]. If necessary, a subscript will be added to denote the space in which the closure or interior is taken.
Purpose: We compared the outcomes between the total endovascular approach usinga unibody bifurcated aortoiliac endograft and the gold standard aortobifemoralbypass (ABF) surgery for the management of extensive aortoiliac occlusive disease(AIOD). Materials and Methods: This retrospective observational study compared the outcomesof endovascular technique with unibody bifurcated endograft (UBE) usingthe Endologix AFX unibody stent-graft and a standard surgical approach (ABF) inthe management of AIOD based on patient records in Western Vascular Institute,Galway University Hospital, National University of Ireland. Procedural details andoutcomes were documented to compare both groups. Results: From January 2002 to December 2018, 67 patients underwent AIOD (20UBE and 47 ABF). Both the ABF and UBE groups showed 100% immediate clinicaland technical successes without 30-day mortality. There were no statisticaldifferences in the overall survival and sustained clinical improvement betweenthe bypass and the UBE groups; however, statistically significant differences wereobserved in 3-year freedom from re-intervention and amputation-free survival. Furthermore, the mean length of the intensive care unit (ICU) stay was significantlylower in the UBE group than that in the ABF group (0.75 days vs. 3.1 days,P=0.001). Conclusion: Total endovascular reconstruction of AIOD is an alternative to invasivebypass procedures, with a shorter ICU stay.