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          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Physical Chemistry Research Articles Published in the Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society: 2003-2007

            Sun,,Ho-Sung,Lee,,Sun-Yeoul,Lee,,Choon-Shil Korean Chemical Society 2008 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.29 No.2

            The physical chemistry (PC) articles published in the Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (BKCS) from 2003 to 2007 are surveyed, and in-depth content analysis was conducted to classify the PC articles into 12 topics used in The Journal of Physical Chemistry (JPC). The PC articles published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS) in 2007 are also surveyed. The extensive summary of all PC articles in BKCS for the last five years reveals the current trend of physical chemistry research in Korea. The comparison study with the JACS shows that the proportion of PC articles among all articles published in BKCS (16%) is slightly higher than that of JACS (11%), and the non-Korean authorship ratio of BKCS (12%) is very low compared with the non-US authorship of JACS (52%). From the comparison study with articles published in JPC in 2007, it is found that BKCS disseminates various topics of physical chemistry researches adequately. In particular, BKCS most frequently published PC articles in molecular structure and spectroscopy topics, whereas JPC published surface chemistry and nano-chemistry articles most frequently. It is concluded that BKCS should publish more articles to be a leading journal, and it is suggested that the SCI impact factor of BKCS must be increased by improving the electronic version of BKCS.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Calculation of the NMR Cheimical Shift for a 4d$^1$ System in a Strong Crystal Field Environment of Trigonal Symmetry with a Threefold Axis of Quantization

            Ahn,,Sang-Woon,Oh,,Se-Woung,Ro,,Seung-Woo Korean Chemical Society 1986 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.7 No.3

            The NMR chemical shift arising from 4d electron angular momentum and 4d electron angular momentum and 4d electron spin dipolar-nuclear spin angular momentum interactions for a $4d^1$ system in a strong crystal field environment of trigonal symmetry, when the threefold axis is chosen to be the axis of quantization axis, has been examined. A general expression using the nonmultipole expansion method (exact method) is derived for the NMR chemical shift. From this expression all the multipolar terms are determined. We observe that along the (100), (010), (110), and (111) axes the NMR chemical shifts are positive while along the (001) axis, it is negative. We observe that the dipolar term (1/R3) is the dominant contribution to the NMR chemical shift except for along the (111) axis. A comparison of the multipolar terms with the exact values shows also that the multipolar results are exactly in agreement with the exact values around $R{\geqslant}0.2$ nm. The temperature dependence analysis on the NMR chemical shifts may imply that along the (111) axis the contribution to the NMR chemical shift is dominantly pseudo contact interaction. Separation of the contributions of the Fermi and the pseudo contact interactions would correctly imply that the dipolar interaction is the dominant contribution to the NMR chemical shifts along the (100), (010), (001), and (110) axes, but along the (111) axis the Fermi contact interaction is incorrectly the dominant contribution to the NMR chemical shift.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Nonclassical Chemical Kinetics for Description of Chemical Fluctuation in a Dynamically Heterogeneous Biological System

            Lim,,Yu-Rim,Park,,Seong-Jun,Lee,,Sang-Youb,Sung,,Jae-Young Korean Chemical Society 2012 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.33 No.3

            We review novel chemical kinetics proposed for quantitative description of fluctuations in reaction times and in the number of product molecules in a heterogeneous biological system, and discuss quantitative interpretation of randomness parameter data in enzymatic turnover times of ${\beta}$-galactosidase. We discuss generalization of renewal theory for description of chemical fluctuation in product level in a multistep biopolymer reaction occurring in a dynamically heterogeneous environment. New stochastic simulation results are presented for the chemical fluctuation of a dynamically heterogeneous reaction system, which clearly show the effects of the initial state distribution on the chemical fluctuation. Our stochastic simulation results are found to be in good agreement with predictions of the analytic results obtained from the generalized master equation.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Chemical Equilibrium Modeling for Magnetite-Packed Crevice Chemistry in a Nuclear Steam Generator

            Bahn,,Chi-Bum,Rhee,,In-Hyoung,Hwang,,Il-Soon,Park,,Byung-Gi Korean Chemical Society 2005 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.26 No.11

            Modeling of a steam generator crevice in a nuclear power system needs to take into account both thermalhydraulic and chemical phenomena. As a first step towards developing a reliable model, a chemical equilibrium model was developed to predict chemical speciation in a magnetite-packed crevice by adopting the “tableau” method. The model was benchmarked with the available experimental data and the maximum deviation did not exceed two orders of magnitude. The developed model was applied to predict the chemical speciation in a magnetite-packed crevice. It was predicted that caustic environment was developed by the concentration of NaOH and the dissolution of magnetite. The model indicated that the dominant aqueous species of iron in the caustic crevice was $FeO_2\;^-$. The increase of electrochemical corrosion potential observed in the experiment was rationalized by the decrease of dissolved hydrogen concentration due to a boiling process. It was predicted that under the deaerated condition magnetite was oxidized to hematite.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            NMR Chemical Shift for 4d$^n$System (Ⅳ). Calculation of NMR Chemical Shift for 4d$^2$ System in a Strong Crystal Field Environment of Octahedral Symmetry

            Ahn,,Sang-Woon,Oh,,Se-Woong,Yang,,Jae-Hyun Korean Chemical Society 1985 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.6 No.5

            The NMR chemical shift arising from 4d electron orbital angular momentum and 4d electron spin dipolar-nuclear Spin angular momentum interactions for a $4d^2$ system in a strong crystal field environment of octahedral symmetry has been investigated when the four fold axis is taken as the quantization axis. The NMR results are comparted with the multipolar shift at various R-values and we find that the exact results are in agreement with the multipolar shift when $R{\geqslant}0.20 nm.$ We also separate the NMR shift into the contribution of the $1/R^5$ and $1/R^7$ terms. It is found that the contribution of the $1/R^5$term to the NMR shift is dominant than the contribution of the $1/R^7$ term. Temperature dependence analysis shows that the $1/T^2$ term is the dominant contribution to the NMR shift for a $4d^2$ system but the contribution of the 1/T term may not negligible. The similar results are obtained for a $4d^1$ system from the temperature dependence analysis.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Prediction of a Strong Effect of a Wek Magnetic Field on Diffusion Assisted Reactions in Non Equilibrium Conditions

            Kipriyanov,,Alexey,A.,Jr.,Purtov,,Peter,A. Korean Chemical Society 2012 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.33 No.3

            The influence of magnetic fields on chemical processes has long been the subject of interest to researchers. For this time numerous investigations show that commonly the effect of a magnetic field on chemical reactions is insignificant with impact less than 10 percent. However, there are some papers that point to the observation of external magnetic field effect on chemical and biochemical systems actually having a significant impact on the reactions. Thus, of great interest is an active search for rather simple but realistic models, that are based on physically explicit assumptions and able to account for a strong effect of low magnetic fields. The present work theoretically deals with two models explaining how an applied weak magnetic field might influence the steady state of a non-equilibrium chemical system. It is assumed that external magnetic field can have effect on the rates of radical reactions occurring in a system. This, in turn, leads to bifurcation of the nonequilibrium stationary state and, thus, to a drastic change in the properties of chemical systems (temperature and reagent concentration).

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Preparation and Characterization of Sisal Fiber-based Activated Carbon by Chemical Activation with Zinc Chloride

            Lu,,Xincheng,Jiang,,Jianchun,Sun,,Kang,Xie,,Xinping Korean Chemical Society 2014 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.35 No.1

            Sisal fiber, an agricultural resource abundantly available in china, has been used as raw material to prepare activated carbon with high surface area and huge pore volume by chemical activation with zinc chloride. The orthogonal test was designed to investigate the influence of zinc chloride concentration, impregnation ratio, activation temperature and activation time on preparation of activated carbon. Scanning electron micrograph, Thermo-gravimetric, $N_2$-adsorption isotherm, mathematical models such as t-plot, H-K equation, D-R equation and BJH methods were used to characterize the properties of the prepared carbons and the activation mechanism was discussed. The results showed that $ZnCl_2$ changed the pyrolysis process of sisal fiber. Characteristics of activated carbon are: BET surface area was $1628m^2/g$, total pore volume was $1.316m^3/g$ and ratio of mesopore volume to total pore volume up to 94.3%. These results suggest that sisal fiber is an attractive source to prepare mesoporous high-capacity activated carbon by chemical activation with zinc chloride.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Chemical Vapor Deposition of β-LiGaO<sub>2</sub> Films on Si(100) Using a Novel Single Precursor

            Sung,,Myung,M.,Kim,,Chang,G.,Kim,,Yun-Soo Korean Chemical Society 2004 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.25 No.4

            $LiGaO_2$ films have been grown on Si (100) substrates using a new single precursor $[Li(OCH_2CH_2OCH_3)_2-Ga(CH_3)_2]_2$ under high vacuum conditions $(5{\times}10^{-6}Torr)$. The $[Li(OCH_2CH_2OCH_3)_2Ga(CH_3)_2]_2$ was synthe-sized and characterized by using spectroscopic methods and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The chemical composition, crystalline structure, and morphology of the deposited films were investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy. The results show that polycrystalline $LiGaO_2$ films preferentially oriented in the [010] direction can be deposited on Si (100) at 500-550$^{\circ}C$ by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). The single precursor $[LiOCH_2CH_2OCH_3)_2-Ga(CH_3)_2]_2$ has been found suitable for chemical vapor deposition of $LiGaO_2$ thin films on Si substrates.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Estimation for Retention Factor of Isoflavones in Physico-Chemical Properties

            Lee,,Seung-Ki,Row,,Kyung-Ho Korean Chemical Society 2003 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.24 No.9

            The estimation of retention factors by correlation equations with physico-chmical properties maybe helpful in chromatographic work. The physico-chemical properties were water solubility (S), hydrophobicity (P), total energy ($E_t$), connectivity index 1 ($^1{\chi}$), hydrophilic-lipophlic balance (x) and hydrophilic surface area (h) of isoflavones. The retention factors were experimentally measured by RP-HPLC. Especially, the empirical regulations of water solubility and hydrophobicity were expressed in a linear form. The equation between retention factors and various physico-chemical properties of isoflavones was suggested as $k = a_0 + a_1\;log S + a_2log\;P^Q + a_3(E_t) + a_4(^1{\chi}) + a_5(x) + a_6(h)$, and the correlation coefficients estimated were relatively higher than 0.95. The empirical equations might be successfully used for a prediction of the various chromatographic characteristics of substances, with a similar chemical structure.

          • SCOPUSKCI등재

            Chemical Imaging Analysis of the Micropatterns of Proteins and Cells Using Cluster Ion Beam-based Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry and Principal Component Analysis

            Shon,,Hyun,Kyong,Son,,Jin,Gyeong,Lee,,Kyung-Bok,Kim,,Jinmo,Kim,,Myung,Soo,Choi,,Insung,S.,Lee,,Tae,Geol Korean Chemical Society 2013 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society Vol.34 No.3

            Micropatterns of streptavidin and human epidermal carcinoma A431 cells were successfully imaged, as received and without any labeling, using cluster $Au_3{^+}$ ion beam-based time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) together with a principal component analysis (PCA). Three different analysis ion beams ($Ga^+$, $Au^+$ and $Au_3{^+}$) were compared to obtain label-free TOF-SIMS chemical images of micropatterns of streptavidin, which were subsequently used for generating cell patterns. The image of the total positive ions obtained by the $Au_3{^+}$ primary ion beam corresponded to the actual image of micropatterns of streptavidin, whereas the total positive-ion images by $Ga^+$ or $Au^+$ primary ion beams did not. A PCA of the TOF-SIMS spectra was initially performed to identify characteristic secondary ions of streptavidin. Chemical images of each characteristic ion were reconstructed from the raw data and used in the second PCA run, which resulted in a contrasted - and corrected - image of the micropatterns of streptavidin by the $Ga^+$ and $Au^+$ ion beams. The findings herein suggest that using cluster-ion analysis beams and multivariate data analysis for TOF-SIMS chemical imaging would be an effectual method for producing label-free chemical images of micropatterns of biomolecules, including proteins and cells.

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