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Asia is entering a new era in which the "relative" standing of the great powers is undergoing a major change. That process of change has been partly occasioned by the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and partly due to the dynamic economic developments in the region. As the bipolar world gives way to a world comprising several powers of comparable strength. the international system must base its order on some other concept of "equilibrium". At present. economic and other soft sources of power have become more important in international relations than in the past and power itself is becoming more diffused. And the end of the Cold War has enabled the major states to downgrade ideological differences and big-power rivalries, and focus more dearly upon mutual interests. In the new period, China and the United States share extensive common interests. China and the United States have conducted effective cooperation in maintaining regional peace and development. More recently, China has contributed positively to easing the Asian financial crisis. It has taken risks and paid a price. China has already become the United States' principal "ally" in Asia. China and the United States agreed to build up a "constructive strategic partnership toward the 21s century". China wants a stable Korean Peninsula. China's foremost security objective is to create a better international environment favorable to the realization of its goals in the socialist modernization drive. But China's strategy with respect to the peninsula now and in the future is not set in stone. China seems more concerned about protecting its national interests and maintaining its influence on the peninsula in the face of potentially dramatic changes than it is about positioning itself to gain dominance in post-reunification Korea. The Chinese are reconciled to the reunification of Korea. In the long run, the Chinese forecast, Korea will be reunified under the dominance of the South as the inevitable consequence of South Korea's advantages in comprehensive national power, especially in economic and political strength. China's primary concern is that reunification occurs peacefully and gradually. This could reduce the influence of other regional powers on the peninsula or at least ensure that these powers control and thus neutralize one another. China probably regards a balance between the big powers as more realistic than the elimination of their influence. The Chinese will continue to base their policies toward the peninsula primarily on "realpolitik". In recognition of Seoul's preeminent role on the peninsula and the benefits of a rapidly expanding economic relationship with South Korea, China's equidistance policy is now being effectively di~carded in favor of a more "pragmatic" approach that reflects its own interest in stability and development. The ROK policy should focus on trying to find the converging point of its common interests and work to expand the areas of cooperation with China. The ROK can better advance its interests by stressing (l)political. (2) economic, and (3) strategic cooperation with China. The ROK should enhance the dialogue with China on security in order to promote peace and stability in the region: increase exchanges and cooperation on the basis of equality and reciprocity and work for greater development in the economic and trade relations with China; and continue to make greater strides toward the goal of a "strategic partnership" with China.
Every administrative activity must concentrate on support and promotion, because education is accomplished in the teaching-learning aspect. The goal of supervision is to improve learning and teaching methods. All teachers have the most important roles to teach the students and most teachers focused on instructional supervision rather than traditional supervision. Therefore the purpose of this study is to find out the developmental alternatives for activation of instructional supervision. The implications of this study are as follows: 1. It is necessary to establish the institution for the supervisory worker in order to be professional standpoint and as the quality of educational activities depends on qualifications and abilities of the supervisor, qualification requirement must be raised. 2. It is necessary to set up professional organization of the supervision such as bureau of supervision. 3. It is necessary to build up the bureau of supervisory planning, evaluation, and control. 4. It is necessary to build up the function of supervision for the school pricipal and to strengthen the school-centered supervisory system by structurizing supervisory conference. 5. It is necessary to recognize the concept of supervision, supervision ought to be creative and democratic counselling rather than indication, dirdction and confirmation. 6. Various workshops and committees must be organized to give advice on classroom teaching-learning.
This study investigated the alternative plan of clinical supervision, with the aim of presenting tasks of improvement for the practice of supervision administration. More specially, this study sought to examine the purpose as following; First, to establish the confirmity for an analysis of supervision system through the foundations of supervisin. Second, to find out the alternative plan to contribute for the level up professionalism, structuralization, socialization, democratization, scientification, and reform of educatin. Through the analysis of problem, this study found that it is necessary to level up the position of professionalism, structuralization, socialization, democratization, scientification, and reform of education in clinical supervision. In this regard, the alternative plans of clinical suprevision were illustrated as following ; 1) It is necessary to establish the institution for the supervisory worked in order to be professional stand point and also emphasize the in-service education for supervisor. 2) It is necessary to set up professional organization of the supervision. 3) The bureau of supervision must assume exclusive responsibiblity the supervisory planning and evaluation of the supervision. 4) It is necessary to operate the system in charge for the educational information on order to and give the theoretical knowledge of educational information. 5) It is necessary to participate to the personnel of clinical supervision positively. 6) It is necessary to build up the function of supervision for the school principal and to strengthen the school-centered supervisory system by structurizing supervisory conference tosetablish school substantially.
The purpose of this study is to verify what have influenced by the moderating on the recognition of Public Enterprise Management Evaluation level. In order to achieve the objectives of this study, Section 2 have discussed theoretical background, domestic and abroad practices. in Section 3, Research design and analysis; Design Model of the study, setting-up of hypothesis-test, analysis of the research are dealt. in Section 4, it is discussed that how the Management performance of the authorities have verified to the Public Enterprise Management Performance. in Section 5, Summary of findings and limitations of the study and future research directions are described.
Reduplication is a type of morphological word formation process in which the actual shape is heavily dependent upon the root or stem to which it applies. The reduplicated construction of the world languages shares an array of meanings which recur so frequently in so many languages: plural, emphasis, continuity, plurality etc. We can explain this phenomenon by the sound symbolic characteristics of the reduplication, which means that they have iconically motivated concepts, a direct match between form and meaning. The iconic characteristics of the reduplicated words can be divided into quantity and quality. The meaning ‘plurality' comes from the former and ‘child' from the latter. And the various analogous meanings of reduplicated words are due to their semantic extension from this sound symbolic interpretations. The relation of meaning and the types of reduplication is not consistent among languages of the world.
39 sandstone samples of the Sindong Group and Lower Hayang Group in Jinju area were studied, putting emphasis on interstital materials, diagenesis phase, mineral constituents, and textural parameter. The results obtained may be generalized as the following. 1) Calcite, contained on average 14% of the mineral constituents and mainly occurred single crystals which completely bounding the grains, is the carbonate cements most common with the simple cements that occupy some parts of the pore space of the sandstone taken from the study area. 2) Locomorphic diagenesis changes, such as cementation (carbonate and silicate), mineral replacement (cacite-clay replacement, feldspar-calcite replacement, calcite-quartz replacement. etc.), and authigenic silicate overgrowth are found in most of the sandstones taken from the study area. The net effect of these diagenesis stage and mineral(calcite and silica) cementation is to diminish or destory the primary intergranular porosity. 3) According to these evidences that a considerable amount of calcite was pricipitated in pore space as cements and diagenetic changes such as calcite replacement of clay matrix, quartz grain replaced by calcite, and partial replacement of detrital feldspar grain by calcite was made in the sandstones, it can be inferred that the PH of water when the Sindong Group sandstones were deposited was alkaline condition greater than 7.8. 4) Sandstone type of Jinju area mainly belongs to feldspathic arenite and arkose clan (according to sandstone classification of Folk, Dapple, and Okada), and textural maturity belongs to submature clan.
Traditionally words are thought to be formed only in the lexicon. And it seems to be true in most of the cases. But it is argued that word-formation (derivation and compounding) is also possible in syntactic as well as in phonological component. Whenever a certain morphological rule or rules apply to form a word, there applies a phonological rule or rules, too. And if it is true that morphological rules are able to make an approach to all the components of grammar, phonological rules are, too. In Lexical Phonology the lexicon is recognized as a central component of grammar which contains not only idiosyncratic properties of words and morphemes, but also regular word-formation and phonological rules. It is assumed that word-formation rules of the morphology are directly paired with phonological rules grouped together at various levels. The output of each morphological rule is cycled through the phonology so that the relevant phonological rules of that level are applied to it. After all lexical rules have applies, words can be inserted in syntactic representations to form sentences. Once sentences have been formed, the sounds of individual words can still be modified by rules which affect in connected speech, such rules are called POST-LEXICAL RULES. It is fairly widely accepted that verbal compounds are formed in syntactic component. When compound rule (morphological rule) applies, it is followed by compound stress rule(phonological rule), but not always. Some compounds have phrasal stress, which shows that they are formed in syntax. According to Shibatani/Kageyama(1988) compounds may be formed in phonological component as well as in lexical and syntactic component, which means that morphology is not one of linear grammatical components. According to their model morphology can be defined as an autonomous module that makes an approach to all those components where words are formed testing the well-formedness of those words formed in various components of grammar. Like morphology, phonology as a module also makes an approach to all those components where words are formed.
Burns are an unexpected disaster that kill or deform many people every year. The object of burn treatment is to replace the destroyed skin and to restore normal function. There are 3 method of skin replacement; xenograft, allograft sand autograft. We treated 28 burn patients from Feb. 1, 1977 to July 31, 1977 with amniotic membranes applied to the burned area as one method of allograft. Of these 28 patients, 20 were admitted and 8 were treated in the outpatient department. There were 12 males and 16 females, and 17 were under 5-years of age. 24 patients were scalding burns and 4 were flame burns. 25 patients were 2° and 3 were 2° to 3° burns. 20 patients had burns of less than 15%, 7 were 15% to 30% and 1 was 30% to 40%. Using aseptic technique, amniotic membrane was obtained from placenta by easily peeling it from the chorion. The membrane was cleaned with sterile isotonic saline solution and 0.025% sodium hypochlorite solution for sterilization prior to being stored at 4℃. All membranes cultured microbiologically at weekly intervals reveals revealed negative bacterial growth. The membranes studied histologically at weekly intervals revealed no cellular change or necrosis for 10 weeks, but degenerative change appeared after this period. Of these 28 patients, 13 were grafted with amniotic membranes that had been prepared and preserved for 2 weeks, 9 were grafted with membranes preserved 3 to 4 weeks, 5 were grafted with membranes preserved 5 to 7 weeks, and one was grafted with membranes preserved for 10 weeks. A 3 to 6 months follow up after total healing revealed 21 patients were healed without scarring, 2 patients who had 2° to 3° burns had some flat scarring and 1 patient who had an autogenous mesh skin graft for scattered 3° burns had hypertrophic scarring. 4 patients were impossible to follow up.