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Asia is entering a new era in which the "relative" standing of the great powers is undergoing a major change. That process of change has been partly occasioned by the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and partly due to the dynamic economic developments in the region. As the bipolar world gives way to a world comprising several powers of comparable strength. the international system must base its order on some other concept of "equilibrium". At present. economic and other soft sources of power have become more important in international relations than in the past and power itself is becoming more diffused. And the end of the Cold War has enabled the major states to downgrade ideological differences and big-power rivalries, and focus more dearly upon mutual interests. In the new period, China and the United States share extensive common interests. China and the United States have conducted effective cooperation in maintaining regional peace and development. More recently, China has contributed positively to easing the Asian financial crisis. It has taken risks and paid a price. China has already become the United States' principal "ally" in Asia. China and the United States agreed to build up a "constructive strategic partnership toward the 21s century". China wants a stable Korean Peninsula. China's foremost security objective is to create a better international environment favorable to the realization of its goals in the socialist modernization drive. But China's strategy with respect to the peninsula now and in the future is not set in stone. China seems more concerned about protecting its national interests and maintaining its influence on the peninsula in the face of potentially dramatic changes than it is about positioning itself to gain dominance in post-reunification Korea. The Chinese are reconciled to the reunification of Korea. In the long run, the Chinese forecast, Korea will be reunified under the dominance of the South as the inevitable consequence of South Korea's advantages in comprehensive national power, especially in economic and political strength. China's primary concern is that reunification occurs peacefully and gradually. This could reduce the influence of other regional powers on the peninsula or at least ensure that these powers control and thus neutralize one another. China probably regards a balance between the big powers as more realistic than the elimination of their influence. The Chinese will continue to base their policies toward the peninsula primarily on "realpolitik". In recognition of Seoul's preeminent role on the peninsula and the benefits of a rapidly expanding economic relationship with South Korea, China's equidistance policy is now being effectively di~carded in favor of a more "pragmatic" approach that reflects its own interest in stability and development. The ROK policy should focus on trying to find the converging point of its common interests and work to expand the areas of cooperation with China. The ROK can better advance its interests by stressing (l)political. (2) economic, and (3) strategic cooperation with China. The ROK should enhance the dialogue with China on security in order to promote peace and stability in the region: increase exchanges and cooperation on the basis of equality and reciprocity and work for greater development in the economic and trade relations with China; and continue to make greater strides toward the goal of a "strategic partnership" with China.
In many respects compounding represents the interface between morphology and syntax. This is particularly true of synthetic compounds. Syntax is the concatenation of words to forms phrases and compounding is the concatenation of words to form other words. As compounding seems to have two sets of characteristic properties: syntax and morphology, it is difficult to distionguish a compound from a phrase. Spelling may give restricted help in identifying compounds (wordformation/word-formation/ word formation). Such criteria as stress, non-compositionality and others are introduced as a way of distinguishing compounds. But those are not necessary and sufficient condition for compounds. Some phrases also have those properties. Rather compounding has more evidences that they are syntactic processes. especially in the case of synthetic compouns All compounds are explainable on the basis of syntactic relations suderlyihg them in xentences, verbal nexus combinations are reduced from full sentences, representing the entire verbal nexus in an overt form, including the predicate as the essential part of the sentence. Non-verbal nexus i.e. primary compounds do contain the syntactic relations, but only implicitly, while the semantic element of the verb is not expressed.. Inflection is thought to be syntactic process and the fact that it sometimes precedes compounding shows syntactic formation of compounds. Idioms. Idioms as well as incorporation also provide evidence for syntactic compounding.
This study is empirical attempt to analyze causal relationship among the principal's leadership behavior, situations, and organizational effectiveness in the secondary schools with priority given the situational leadership theory. The related variables of school organizational effectiveness in this study are principal's leadership behavior, organizational climate, job satisfaction and job performance. The subjects were 168 middle and high school teachers randomly sampled through out kwang-ju and chollanarndo. The collected data were analyzed by the covariance structural analysis with the use of PC-LISREL Ⅳ. To schematize the causal relationships among these six sub-variables, a conceptual model is tentatively proposed within the framework of the contingency leadership theory. Research results were as follows: 1. Leadership behavior had direct effect on organizational climate 2. Human relationship-oriented leadership behavior had direct effect on job satisfaction. 3. Task oriented leadership behavior had direct effect on job performance. 4. Organizational climate had direct effect on job satisfaction and job performance.
39 sandstone samples of the Sindong Group and Lower Hayang Group in Jinju area were studied, putting emphasis on interstital materials, diagenesis phase, mineral constituents, and textural parameter. The results obtained may be generalized as the following. 1) Calcite, contained on average 14% of the mineral constituents and mainly occurred single crystals which completely bounding the grains, is the carbonate cements most common with the simple cements that occupy some parts of the pore space of the sandstone taken from the study area. 2) Locomorphic diagenesis changes, such as cementation (carbonate and silicate), mineral replacement (cacite-clay replacement, feldspar-calcite replacement, calcite-quartz replacement. etc.), and authigenic silicate overgrowth are found in most of the sandstones taken from the study area. The net effect of these diagenesis stage and mineral(calcite and silica) cementation is to diminish or destory the primary intergranular porosity. 3) According to these evidences that a considerable amount of calcite was pricipitated in pore space as cements and diagenetic changes such as calcite replacement of clay matrix, quartz grain replaced by calcite, and partial replacement of detrital feldspar grain by calcite was made in the sandstones, it can be inferred that the PH of water when the Sindong Group sandstones were deposited was alkaline condition greater than 7.8. 4) Sandstone type of Jinju area mainly belongs to feldspathic arenite and arkose clan (according to sandstone classification of Folk, Dapple, and Okada), and textural maturity belongs to submature clan.
Traditionally words are thought to be formed only in the lexicon. And it seems to be true in most of the cases. But it is argued that word-formation (derivation and compounding) is also possible in syntactic as well as in phonological component. Whenever a certain morphological rule or rules apply to form a word, there applies a phonological rule or rules, too. And if it is true that morphological rules are able to make an approach to all the components of grammar, phonological rules are, too. In Lexical Phonology the lexicon is recognized as a central component of grammar which contains not only idiosyncratic properties of words and morphemes, but also regular word-formation and phonological rules. It is assumed that word-formation rules of the morphology are directly paired with phonological rules grouped together at various levels. The output of each morphological rule is cycled through the phonology so that the relevant phonological rules of that level are applied to it. After all lexical rules have applies, words can be inserted in syntactic representations to form sentences. Once sentences have been formed, the sounds of individual words can still be modified by rules which affect in connected speech, such rules are called POST-LEXICAL RULES. It is fairly widely accepted that verbal compounds are formed in syntactic component. When compound rule (morphological rule) applies, it is followed by compound stress rule(phonological rule), but not always. Some compounds have phrasal stress, which shows that they are formed in syntax. According to Shibatani/Kageyama(1988) compounds may be formed in phonological component as well as in lexical and syntactic component, which means that morphology is not one of linear grammatical components. According to their model morphology can be defined as an autonomous module that makes an approach to all those components where words are formed testing the well-formedness of those words formed in various components of grammar. Like morphology, phonology as a module also makes an approach to all those components where words are formed.