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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재후보

        외식 프랜차이즈 기업에 대한 지각된 위험이 만족, 신뢰, 그리고 충성도에 미치는 영향

        박상언,우성근,최명수 한국프랜차이즈경영학회 2018 프랜차이즈경영연구 Vol.9 No.4

        Purpose – Consumers perceive various risks while using food service franchise stores. Food service franchise stores offer consumers not just menus, but services, physical environment, and prices, which can be perceived as risk to consumers. This means that consumer behavior in foos service franchise stores needs to be studied based on perceived risk theory. Perceived risk consists of performance risk, financial risk, social risk, psychological risk, and time risk. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of perceived risk on satisfaction and trust, and in turn affect loyalty. The results of this study will provide guidelines for marketers to develop strategies to reduce the perceived risk of consumers. Research design, data, methodology - In order to achieve research purposes, the authors developed several hypotheses. Data were through online survey through an online survey firm. A questionnaire survey was distributed to customers who have visited the restaurant in the past three months. The survey was conducted from March 5, 2017 to October 14, 2017. A total of 1,500 people were e-mailed and 260 were returned. A total of 245 items were used in the analysis except 15 of the questionnaire. Data was analyzed by using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. Results - The findings of this study are as follows: First, performance risk, economic risk, and psychological risk had negative effects on satisfaction. Social and time risks did not affect on satisfaction. Performance risk and time risk had negative impact on trust. Second, economic, social, and psychological risks did not affect trust, but satisfaction had significant positive effect on trust and loyalty. Third, satisfaction had positive effect on loyalty. Conclusions - The implications of this study are as follows. First, food service franchise marketers should increase their customer loyalty by establishing a risk reduction strategy. Second, there are various risks to customers visiting the store. Therefore, marketers need to analyze the perceived risks of customers. Third, it is also necessary to eliminate the perceived risks of customers. In addition, a restaurant franchise company needs to find a reasonable way to reduce the material cost and present a reasonable menu price.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        ZSM-5 촉매상에서 메탄올의 전환반응, 반응특성과 안정성

        박상언,전학제,Sang Eon Park,Hak Ze Chon 대한화학회 1981 대한화학회지 Vol.25 No.3

        형상 선택성 ZSM-5 제올라이트 촉매상에서 메탄올로부터 $C_2-C_{10}4</TRX>의 탄화수소 형성을 조사하였다. 메탄올로 부터 dimethylether를 거쳐 생성되는 $C_2-C_5$의 올레핀들이 ZSM-5의 강한 산점에서 고리화 반응등에 의하여 방향족 화합물이 많이 포함된 탄화수소화합물로 전환된다고 생각된다. 메탄올의 전환반응에 대한 ZSM-5 촉매의 높은 활성과 활성저하에 대한 안정성은 특유의 교차되는 세공관구조와 소수성에 기인하는 것으로 보인다. The formation of $C_2-C_{10}$ hydrocarbons from methanol over shape-selective ZSM-5 zeolite catalysts is studied. It seems that $C_2-C_5$ olefins formed from methanol via dimethylether are transformed further to higher hydrocarbons containing higher concentration of aromatics by the acid sites of ZSM-5. Unique cross linked channel structure and its hydrophobicity seems to be mainly responsible for its high activity of ZSM-5 catalyst for the conversion of methanol.

      • KCI등재

        암환자 가족원의 건강정보이해력과 사회적 지지가 돌봄부담에 미치는 영향

        박상언,김희진,김점남,박혜정,길초롱,이지연,장희경 한국디지털정책학회 2019 디지털융복합연구 Vol.17 No.3

        본 연구는 암환자를 돌보는 가족원이 인식하는 암 관련 건강정보이해력과 사회적 지지가 돌봄부담에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 상관관계 연구이다. 경상남도 J시 G대학교병원에 입원했거나 외래 방문한 암환자를 돌보는 가족원 130명을 대상으로 하여 2018년 7월 17일부터 11월 7일까지 구조화된 설문지를 사용하여 자료수집 후 SPSS/WIN 23.0으로 통계 분석하였다. 회귀분석 결과, 암환자를 돌보는 가족원이 환자의 배우자이면서(β=.252, p=.002) 주관적 건강상태(β=-.207 p=.012)와 자가간호 건강정보이해력이 낮을수록(β=-.411, p<.001), 환자의 요구도와 선호도(β=.268, p=.042) 및 의료인과의 적극적 관계에 대한 건강정보이해력(β=.247, p=.037)이 높을수록 돌봄부담이 높은 것으로 파악되었으며, 37.9%의 설명력이 있는 것으로 나타났다(F=5.922, p<.001). 본 연구를 통해 암환자 가족의 돌봄부담에 주관적 건강상태와 건강정보이해력이 영향을 미침을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 암환자 가족원의 돌봄부담을 감소시키기 위해서 그들의 건강정보이해력을 향상 시킬 수 있는 개별화된 교육프로그램을 개발하여 적용하는 연구를 제언한다. The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing family caregivers’ reaction of persons with cancer. The study participants were 130 cancer patients and their family caregivers. Data on participant characteristics, caregiver reaction, perceived social support, and cancer related health literacy were collected from July 17 to November 7, 2018 using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program for descriptive statistics, using independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and enter multiple regression analysis. The determining factors affecting caregivers’ reaction were in case of spouse of patient(β=.252, p=.002), subjective health status(β=-.207 p=.012), and health literacy (self-care, patient’s needs and preference) (β=-.411, p<.001; β=.247, p=.037 respectively), and their explanation power was about 37.9%. This finding underscores the need for developing and application of the individualized education program with health literacy improvement strategies for family caregivers of cancer patients.

      • KCI등재

        Warm Sitz Bath: Are There Benefits after Transurethral Resection of the Prostate?

        박상언,이승환,정연구,박경기,마상열,홍성준,정병하 대한비뇨의학회 2010 Investigative and Clinical Urology Vol.51 No.11

        Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of warm water sitz baths in patients who have undergone transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) owing to lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the records of 1,783 patients who had undergone TURP between 2001 and 2009. In the warm water sitz bath group, patients were instructed to sit in a tub containing lukewarm water at 40-45oC for 10 minutes each time. Patients were advised to perform the procedure for at least 5 days immediately after the removal of a Foley urethral catheter. The differences in post-TURP complications between the warm water sitz bath group and the no sitz bath group were compared. Results: After TURP, 359 of the 1,561 patients performed a warm water sitz bath. Complications after TURP, such as hemorrhage, urinary tract infection, urethral stricture, and acute urinary retention were found in 19 (5.3%) and 75 (6.2%) patients in the sitz bath and no sitz bath groups, respectively (p=0.09). There was a significant difference in postoperative complications such as urethral stricture between the warm sitz bath group and the no sitz bath group (p=0.04). The group that did not undergo warm water sitz bath treatment showed a 1.13-fold increased risk of rehospitalization within 1 month after TURP due to postoperative complications compared with the warm water sitz bath group (odds ratio [OR]=1.134; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.022 to 1.193; p=0.06). Conclusions: Warm water sitz bath treatment reduced postoperative complications such as urethral stricture. These results suggest that large-scale prospective studies are needed to establish an ideal method and optimal duration of sitz baths.

      • KCI등재

        자본과 한국개신교의 친화력, 그리고 신학의 소거

        박상언 한신대학교 종교와문화연구소 2015 종교문화연구 Vol.- No.25

        This article shows the religious phenomenon of which the affinity of capital and Korean Protestant church has eliminated his own theology in the church. Theology can only be placed on the outside of the Protestant churches in the capitalist society. Because Korean Protestant Church requires ‘market theology’ which has a system for commercializing, distributing and selling the inner faith in the Neo-liberal economic system. The snobbery of Korean Protestant Church can be found not only in the mega-churches but also in the many churches. Pastors of mega-churches who won the competition in the Neo-liberal economic system are instigating ordinary pastors to imitate the way of their church- managements. We can not find the analytical ability for the reality of Korean society and the attitudes of sympathy for the marginalized peoples from the snobbery churches. In the face of epidemic of snobbism in Korean Protestant churches it is necessary to present theology as a criticism. Through the secularization of the church and the disidentification of identity given by established churches it can contribute to form Korean Protestant church newly. 이 글에서는 자본과 한국개신교의 친화력에 의해서 어떻게 신학이 교회의 공간에서 소거되고 있는지를 살펴보았다. 자본주의화한 개신교에서 신학은 교회의 바깥에 위치할 수밖에 없다. 교회는 내면의 신앙을 상품화하고 유통시켜 판매하는 시스템 구축을 위한 시장 신학을 요구하고 있기 때문이다. 교회의 속물성은 대형교회에서만 찾을 수 있는 것이 아니라 개신교 내부에 넓게 분포되어 있다. 신자유주의의 경제체제는 개신교에서도 작동하고 있고 그 안의 경쟁에서 승리한 대형교회의 목회자는 평범한 목회자들의 욕망을 부추기고 있다. 양적 세계관과 유물주의적 가치관으로 무장한 개신교에서 사회 현실의 분석 능력과 소외된 자에 대한 공감의 태도는 찾아볼 수 없다. 속물적인 교회가 창궐하는 상황에서 신학은 비평학으로서 존재할 필요가 있다. 교회의 철저한 세속화를 통해서, 그리고 교회권력이 부여한 감각적 나눔에 의해 형성된 정체성에서 교회 구성원들이 벗어나게 함으로써 교회가 자기 부정을 통한 새로움의 형태를 취할 수 있도록 신학은 제 역할을 수행해야 한다.

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