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        • KCI등재

          Genetic and Phylogenetic Relationships of Genus Hemerocallis in Korea Using ISSR

          최주수,허홍욱,이설아,허만규,Choi, Joo-Soo,Huh, Hong-Wook,Lee, Seol-A,Huh, Man-Kyu Korean Society of Life Science 2008 생명과학회지 Vol.18 No.6

          원추리속(Genus Hemerocallis) 식물은 초본이며 일부 종은 약용으로 매우 중요하다. 이 속내 8개 분류군에 대해 ISSR (inter simple sequence repeats) 마커로 계통학적 관계를 분석하였다. 조사한 식물은 원추리(Hemerocallis fulva), 왕원추리(H. fulva for. kwanso), 각시원추리(H. dumortieri), 골잎원추리(H. coreana), 홍도원추리(H. hongdoensis), 큰원추리(H. middendorffi), 노랑원추리(H. thunbergii), 애기원추리(H. minor)이다. 또한 이들 분류군에 대한 유전적 변이와 구조를 조사하였다. 종간 유전적 다양도는 $0.068{\sim}0.123$이며 평균 유전적 다양도는 0.098로 전반적으로 낮았다. 애기원추리가 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다. 세대 당 이주하는 개체수는 매우 적었다(Nm=0.128). 원추리속 종은 계통도에서 세 분지군으로 나누어졌다. 한 그룹은 H. fulva, H. fulva for. kwanso, H. middendorffi였다. 다른 그룹은 Hemerocallis, H. dumortieri, H. thunbergii, H. minor였다. 나머지는 H. coreana와 H. hongdoensis로 두 번째 그룹과 자매군을 형성하였다. 비록 종 내 적은 개체수로 분석하였지만 원추리속 식물종이 ISSR 마커로 잘 분리되었다. Genus Hemerocallis is a herbaceous species and some species among their taxa are very important herbal medicines. We evaluated representative samples of the eight taxa in Korea with inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers to estimate phylogenetic relationships within taxa of this genus. The studied taxa were Hemerocallis fulva L., H. fulva for. kwanso, H. dumortieri Morren, H. coreana Nakai, H. hongdoensis M.G.Chung & S.S.Kang, H. middendorffi Trautv. et Mayer, H. thunbergii Baker, H. minor Miller. In addition, we investigated the genetic variation and structure of Korean populations of these taxa. The mean genetic diversity was 0.098 across species, varying from 0.068 to 0.123. A low level of genetic variation was found in populations of Hemerocallis species. Specially, gene diversity for H. minor was maintained the highest among genus Hemerocallis. An indirect estimate of the number of migrants per generation (Nm=0.218) indicated that gene flow was not extensive among Korean populations of Hemerocallis species. The phylogenic tree showed distinct three clades. One includes H. fulva, H. fulva for. kwanso and H. middendorffi. Another includes three Hemerocallis species, H. dumortieri, H. thunbergii and H. minor. The H. coreana and H. hongdoensis were shown as the sister group to the second clades. Although the size of sampling was not large enough for eight Korean Hemerocallis species, the analyses of ISSRs will certainly provide an enhanced view on the phylogeny of species.

        • KCI등재

          벼멸구 생태형의 성장 특성별 감로 배설량의 차이

          최주수,박영도 한국생명과학회 1999 생명과학회지 Vol.9 No.2

          벼멸구(Nilaparvata lugens Stal)의 영기별, 시형별, 성별 및 교미유무별 우화경과일에 따른 감로배설량과 벼멸구의 실내사육충, 비래충 및 포장에서 2세대 경과된 충에 따른 생태형의 감로배설량을 조사한 결과 다음과 같다. 감수성품종 밀양 23호는 영기가 진행됨에 따라 감로배설량이 증가하여 5령기에는 1령기에 비해 6배이상 많았으며, 또 저항성품종 청청벼보다 2배이상 감로배설량이 많았다. 우화 후 경과일에 따른 감로배설량은 장.단시형 모두 우화 1일째는 적었으나, 우화 2일째부터 다소의 변이는 있었으나 증가하였다. 밀양 23호의 경우 교미한 장시형 암컷 성충의 감로배설량은 54.4$\textrm{mm}^2$로 교미하지 않은 장시형 암컷 성충의 43.6$\textrm{mm}^2$보다 높았고, 또한 교미한 단시형과 교미하지 않은 단시형 암컷성충은 각각 63.2$\textrm{mm}^2$, 55.2$\textrm{mm}^2$로 나타나 장시형에 비해 감로배설량이 많았다. 한편 암컷성충의 경우 장.단시형 모두 청청벼 보다 밀양 23호에서 약 3~4 배정도 높게 나타났다. 실내충, 비래충 및 포장충의 감로배설량은 생태형-1의 경우 밀양 23호에서 각각 76.0$\textrm{mm}^2$, 162.3$\textrm{mm}^2$, 118.3$\textrm{mm}^2$로 나타났으며, 생태형-2와 3도 실내충<포장충<비래충순으로 나타났다. 또한 생태형-2에 감수성인 청청벼에서의 실내충, 비래충, 포장충은 각각 42.1$\textrm{mm}^2$, 132.5$\textrm{mm}^2$, 113.5$\textrm{mm}^2$, 생태형-3에 감수성인 밀양 63호에서는 45.3$\textrm{mm}^2$, 251.4$\textrm{mm}^2$, 97.7$\textrm{mm}^2$로 밀양 23호에서와 같이 많은 감로배설량을 보였다. 그러나 각 생태형별 저항성품종에서는 실내충, 비래충, 포장충간에 감로배설량의 차이를 인정할 수 없었다. 따라서 벼품종에 대한 충체특성별 및 환경조건별로 가해능력의 차이가 있는 것으로 보아 앞으로 이러한 결과를 활용하면 벼멸구에 대한 저항성기작 연구와 벼멸구 생태 형들의 발생과 피해정도를 예측하여 벼멸구 방제에 중요한 자료로 활용될 수 있을 것으로 생각한다. Some attempts were made to investigate the honeydew excretion of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Stal, biotypes in terms of instal nymph, days after emergence, macropterous and brachypterous mated and unmated female, and macropterous female with different sources fed on 60-day-old rice cultivars with different resistance genes. The feeding amount of the BPH biotypes was measured by using the honeydew excretion test. The feeding amount of fifth instar on Miryang 23 with no resistance gene was higher than that of Cheon-gcheongbyeo with Bph-1 gene by two times. Macropterous and brachypterous females showed low feeding amount at first day after emergence, but they showed high feeding amount from second days after emergence. Also the feeding amount of brachypterous female was higher than that of macropterous female. In addition, the feeding amount of BPH was in the order of nymph<macropterous male<brachypterous male<macropterous unmated female<macropterous mated female<brachypterous unmated female<brachypterous mated female. The feeding amount of the BPH biotype-1, 2, and 3 on Miryang 23 was in the order of laboratory(the insects reared for at least 10 generation in the laboratory)<field(the insects obtained from rice fields, 2 generation after migration)<migration(the insects caught directly from migrating population). The feeding of biotype-2 on Cheongcheongbyeo and biotype-3 on Miryang 63 with bph-2 gene was as high as that of biotype-1, 2, and 3 on Miryang 23.

        • KCI등재

          파밤나방 유충의 발율 및 성충의 수명과 산란에 미치는 온도의 영향

          최주수,박영도 한국생명과학회 2000 생명과학회지 Vol.10 No.1

          Larval development, adult longevity and oviposition of the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua H bner was studied at 16, 20, 25 and 3$0^{\circ}C$ with a 16L: 8D photoperiod. Egg hatchability of S. exigua was the highest at 3$0^{\circ}C$ and reduced with decreasing temperature. Egg period was the shortest at 3$0^{\circ}C$ and prolonged with decreasing temperature. Percent pupation was became higher at higher temperature form 23.2% to 94.0%. Developmental period of larva was the shortest at 3$0^{\circ}C$, but extended with decreasing temperature. Adult emergence ratio was the highest at 3$0^{\circ}C$ and reduced with decreasing temperature. The mean pupal period was 35.2, 14.4, 7.8 and 5.0 days at 16, 20, 25 and 3$0^{\circ}C$, respectively. Relationships between constant temperature and the developmental velocity of egg, larva and pupa were linear. Developmental threshold temperature seems to be 13.3 8$^{\circ}C$ for egg, 14.02$^{\circ}C$ for larva, 14.09$^{\circ}C$ for pupa, and 13.84$^{\circ}C$ for egg the adult. Estimated value of the total effective temperature for completing each stage was 36.89 day-degree for egg, 155.72 day-degree for larva, 79.20 day-degree for pupa, and 273.41 day-degree for egg to adult. Female longevity varied to temperature from 11.4 days at 16$^{\circ}C$ to 5.8 days at 3$0^{\circ}C$, and male longevity was longer than that of female. Preoviposition period was the shortest at 3$0^{\circ}C$, but prolonged with decreasing temperature. It was about 2.7 times longer at 16$^{\circ}C$ than that at 3$0^{\circ}C$. Number of eggs per female was the highest at $25^{\circ}C$, followed by 20, 30 and 16$^{\circ}C$.

        • KCI등재

          벼와 벼과 잡초에 따른 끝동매미충 유충의 발육 및 성충의 수명과 산란의 차이

          최주수,박영도 한국생명과학회 2001 생명과학회지 Vol.11 No.2

          Some attempts were made to investigate the biological characterisitcs of the green rice leafhopper(GLH) , Nepthotettix cincticeps Uhler in terms of nymphal development, emergence ratio. preovipositional period, growth index, adult longevity and fecundity fed on rice cultivar, Chucheongbyeo with no resistance gene and water foxtail, Alpecurus aequalis Sobol. var. amurensis Ohwi at 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ with a 16L;8D photoperiod. Development period of nymph on rice cultivar and water foxtail at $25^{\circ}C$ was shorter than that at 2$0^{\circ}C$ by twofold. The nymphal period of female was about one day longer than that of male. The mean emergence ratio of female and male on rice cultivar and water foxtail was 40.0, 76.7, 38.3, 73.3% at 20 and $25^{\circ}C$, respectively. Preovipositional period on rice cultivar and water foxtail at $25^{\circ}C$ was shorter that at 2$0^{\circ}C$ by twofold. Growth index on rice cultivar adn water foxtail at $25^{\circ}C$was higher than that at 2$0^{\circ}C$ by fourfold. Under the 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ condition, the longevity of female and male was longer on water foxtail than on rice cultivar, but the fecundity of GLH was higher on rice cultivar than on water foxtail. In conculsion, water foxtail seems to be adequate for spring host of GLH.

        • KCI등재

          한국내 물오리나무(Alnus hirsuta) 집단의 공간적 상관관계

          최주수 한국생명과학회 2004 생명과학회지 Vol.14 No.2

          The present study was investigated microgeographic variations to spatial autocorrelation in the Korean alder, Alnus hirsuta. Separate counts of each type of join (combination of genotypes at a single locus) for each allele, and for each distance class of separation, were tested for significant deviation from random expectations by calculating the Standard Normal Deviation (SND). Moran's I was significantly different from the expected value in 24 of 120 cases (20.0%). 17 of these values (14.2%) were significantly negative, indicating genetic dissimilarity among pairs of individuals in the ten distance classes. Many Korean populations of alder are small and are distributed by men for firewood. This occasional cutting of seed-bearing stems may bring a high level of gene flow. In addition, stump sprouting ability also may contribute to the fact that the Chengkwang population at Gijang is unusual in lacking spatial genetic structure. 한국내 물오리나무(Alnus hirsuta) 집단의 미소지리적 변이를 공간적 상관관계에 적용하였다. 분리된 등급간 대립유전자의 각 형태의 산출을 정규분포 편차 통계에서 임의분포를 하고 있는지를 검정하였다. 모든 경우에서 예상값이 유의성을 가지는지 Moran의 I값으로 추정한 결과 120 경우 중 24 경우(20.0%)에서 유의성을 나타내었다. 이들 값 중에서 17 경우는 음의 값을 나타내었는데 이는 한국의 물오리집단이 10등급 간격에서 유사하지 않다는 점을 시사하였다. 그 한 원인으로는 화목(火木)을 위한 인간의 간섭을 추정할 수 있다. 열매를 맺는 가지나 줄기의 간헐적인 벌목에 의해 유전자 유동이 조장되었기 때문일 것이다. 한편, 그루터기나 밑둥으로부터 영양번식을 할 수 있는 능력 또한 유전적 구조를 어지럽히는 한 요인으로 작용한 것으로 사료된다.

        • KCI등재

          마늘 배양에 있어서 신초원기 유도

          최주수,이복규,허만규,Choi Joo-Soo,Lee Bok-Kyu,Huh Man-Kyu 한국생명과학회 2006 생명과학회지 Vol.16 No.3

          경제적인 채소류 중 향신료뿐만 아니라 약용으로서 이용 가치가 많은 마늘은 영양번식성 작물로 virus에 감염되어 있으므로, 조직배양에 의하여 마늘의 virus-free한 개체의 생산을 목적으로, 배양부위의 상위에 따른 배양효과의 차이와 호르몬 조성과 당의 농도가 조직배양의 생육 분화에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 또한 신초원기 유도를 위한 배양조건을 검토하였으며, 배양체의 조직학적 관찰을 행하였다. 치상부위 별로 보통엽 중하부조직이 배지조성에는 NAA 0.02 + BAP 1.0 mg/l 첨가배지가 발육과 분화에 다소 양호하였다. Shoot 분화에는 sucrose 40 g 첨가구에서 BAP의 증가에 따라 shoot형성이 다소 양호하였으며 NAA 0.02 + BAP 0.2 mg/l 첨가구에서는 가근이 유도되었다. 액체 회전 배양에서 신초원기라고 판단되는 조직이 유도되었다. Cultivated garlic, Allium sativum L. is economically important for leaves and bulbs, which historically were used in Korea for spices and condiments of Korean food as well as medicine crops. This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of development and differentiation on culture of A. sativum (cv: white 6) by explant position, hormone composition and sucrose concentration in culture media. Culture method was investigated to induce shoot primordium. Culture efficiency was better with lower tissue of foliage leaf in explant position and on the medium with NAA 0.02 + BAP 1.0 mg/l in hormone composition than any other. Precocious shoot and callus were induced from shoot apex. Shoot was efficiently differentiated on 4,000 mg/l sucrose with increasing concentration of BAP. Shoot primordium was also induced with liquid rotary culture by histological observation. Rhizoid was induced from callus tissue cluster on medium with NAA 0.02 + BAP 2.0 mg/l.

        • KCI등재

          대청에서 AFLP를 이용한 종자순도검사와 평가

          최주수,허만규,성정숙 한국약용작물학회 2009 韓國藥用作物學會誌 Vol.17 No.3

          Isatis tinctoria var. yezoensis (Ohwi) Ohwi (Cruciferae) is one of major natural dyeing crops in the world and also have used as a medicinal plant in Korea. We evaluated seed purity in F1-hybrid accessions using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. One hundred sixty seeds from the male and female harvests were subsequently screened for seed purity with ten primers. The 13 accession-specific bands and many variable AFLP bands scored for accessions. Especially, E-AAC/M-CAA and E-AAG/M-CAT were presented clear hybrid bands for F1 hybrids. F1 hybrids maintained higher average level of genetic diversity compared with their correspondent parents. Self-inbred seeds from the female and male harvests were revealed 8.0% and 5.0%, respectively. The AFLP may lead to a better insight in to the hybrid seed purity test in I. tinctoria var. yezoensis.

        • KCI등재

          벼멸구 생태형의 교잡종별 발육 및 수도 품종별 피해

          최주수,박영도 한국생명과학회 1997 생명과학회지 Vol.7 No.4

          Some attempts were made to investigate the gentic characteristics of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Sta${\aa}$l, biotypes. In terms of egg and nymphal periods, egg hatcgability, emergence ratio, and population change of BPH and plant damage of rice cultivars by the infestation of BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies in field conditions. The egg and nymphal periods of the three of BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies on Dongjinbyeo with no resistance gene were shorter than on rice cultivars with resistance gene. But the periods of biotype-2(♀) X 2(♂) (E) on Samgangbyeo with Bph-1 gene and biotype-3(♀) X 3(♂)(I) on Mirying 63 with bph-2 gene were as short as on Dongjinbyeo. The egg hatchability and emergence ratio of the three Bph biotypes and their hybrid progenies on Dongjinbyeo were higher than on the other rice cultivars, and those of E on Samgangbyeo and I on Miryang 63 were as high as on Dongjinbyeo. In rice paddy field, biotype-1(♀) X 1(♂)(A)$\sim$I infested on Dongjinbyeo, E onSamgangbyeo, and I on Miryang 63 were increased their population densities remarkably in next generation. Dongjinbyeo infested by A$\sim$I, and Myryang 63 infested by I were hopperburned at 60 days after infestation and had a damage rating of 0.9. But Samgangbyeo infested by E was no hopperburn(damage rating: 7.3) though it showed high BPH population at 60 days after infestation.

        • KCI등재

          Comparison of Mating Systems in Korean Populations of Oenanthe javanica

          최주수,허만규 한국원예학회 2007 Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology Vol.48 No.4

          The mating systems of natural populations of Oenanthe javanica in Korea were determined using allozyme analysis. For six natural populations, mean multi-loci estimate of outcrossing (tm) was 0.358 across 12 polymorphic loci. The expected inbreeding coefficient at equilibrium (Fe) was 0.476. For five cultivated populations, tm was 0.317 and the expected inbreeding coefficient at equilibrium (Fe) was 0.525. The tm indicates that the cultivated populations had lower values than those of wild populations, which may mean that the domestication process had eroded the level of outcrossing. In most cases, significant heterozygote deficiencies still occurred, suggesting that the presence of other forms of inbreeding in addition to consanguineous mating.

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