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「출입국·외국인정책 통계월보(2014년 7월호)」(법무부 출입국·외국인정책본부, 2014. 8)에 따르면, 2014년 7월 31일 현재 우리나라 결혼이민자 수는 151,696명이며, 이 가운데 여성은 129,233명으로 약 85.3%를 차지하고 있다. 코리안 드림을 꿈꾸며 한국으로 결혼이주 한 여성들은 한국인으로 정착하여 한국에 기여할 중요한 인적 자원이며, 동시에 고귀한 인격체이다. 그러나 이러한 국제결혼이주여성은 법적·제도적으로 여러 면에서, 그리고 사회적 차별 속에서 고통을 받는 경우가 많다. 본 연구에서는 국제결혼이주여성에 관한 법적·제도적 고찰을 통해, 국제결혼이주여성에 관련된 법제의 문제점과 개선방안들을 고찰하고자 하였다. 이를 위해 결혼이주여성과 관련하여 제기된 일반적인 문제점들을 한국여성인권진흥원에서 발간한 자료를 중심으로 살펴보았고, 구체적으로 국적법·다문화가족지원법·결혼중개업의 관리에 관한 법률·재한외국인 처우 기본법·출입국관리법 등을 중심으로 법적·제도적 문제점을 고찰하였으며, 그 동안 여러 문제점들이 제기되어 상당 부분 바람직한 방향으로 개선되어 왔으나, 아직 미진하다고 생각되는 문제점들을 중심으로 바람직한 개선방안을 찾아보고자 하였다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate influences of ingestion of red pepper powder and health supplement foods on the physical performance. That is, the ingestion of red pepper powder increases energy consumption and oxidation volume of carbohydrates, consequently anaerobic power and cardiovascular respiratory endurance is improved temporarily. Health supplement foods employed in this study were OverDRiVE and CordyMax of Nu Skin Enterprises. The items in measurement of physical fitness of this study were '100m run' and '1.5km run' Subjects, 60 male cadets, assigned to three groups; tile ingestion of red pepper powder group(RP), the ingestion of health supplement focds group(HS), and the control group(C). These cadets were pretested. The data gained from the measurement of '100m run' and '1.5km run' was analyzed by calculating descriptive statistics,'t-test', and repeated measure ANOVA'. The results of the study were as follows. First, there was no significant performance difference In '100m run' between the red pepper powder group(RP) and the control(C) group. Second, there was no significant performance difference in '100m run' between the health supplement group(HS) and the control group(C). Third, there was no significant performance difference in '1.5km run' between the red pepper powder(RP) and the control(C) group. Fourth, there was no significant performance difference in'1.5km run' between the health supplement(HS) and the control(C) group. Fifth, after 50minutes from ingesting of red pepper powder, the record in '100m run' was higher than any other time Sixth, after 30minutes from the ingestion of health supplement foods, the record in '1.5km run' was higher than any other time. As above results, there was no effect of the ingestion of red pepper powder or health supplement foods on the physical performance. These will be due to individual variable such as the level of physical fitness, constitution, mental fewer etc. Further sample size is too small to demonstrate the signigicant differences between groups. So, next study which considers increase of sample size, individual variable, volume of ingestion, time of measurement is required for empirical support.
True aneurysm of the pulmonary vein (PVA) is a very rare, but it may occur as an isolated congenital defect in vessel wall. Acquired PVA was rarely seen associated with mitral insufficiency and dilated left atrium with mitral insufficiency. A 70-year-old man was consulted to an outpatient department due to solitary pulmonary nodule on simple chest radiograph. Medical history was unremarkable for trauma, congenital cardiac disease, systemic vasculitis, and syphilis but he was treated with type 2 diabetes and essential hypertension for 7 years. On physical examination, the lungs were clear and there were no cardiac murmurs. Laboratory tests were within normal ranges. Echocardiogram was normal findings with no specific valve abnormalities or vegetations and no chamber enlargements. Pulmonary function tests were demonstrated normal ventilation. Spiral chest CT showed 2 cm sized fusiform structures with strong enhancement. It was characterized direct connection to the pulmonary vein, and it was encased by the 3.5 cm sized round pneumatocele in the in the same section of lung setting in the superior segment of right lower lobe. Since the CT findings were absolutely clear, angiography was not performed. Under the diagnosis of PVA originated from right inferior pulmonary vein wedge resection was done. And pathologic diagnosis was compatible with about 3.5×1.5 cm sized venous aneurysm encased in lung cyst. Herein, we report a very interesting and extremely rare case of dilatated pulmonary venous aneurysm encasing simple lung cyst in asymptomatic patient.
Background: Recently ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by multi-drug resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria has been increasing. Meanwhile the colistin is active against gram-negative bacteria, including the MDR pathogens such as Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, intravenous colistin was limited because of its nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Furthermore the aerosolized colistin introduction preventing systemic adverse effects is controversy whether it is effective or not. We conducted the present study to assess the effectiveness and safety of aerosolized colistin for the treatment of pneumonia by MDR gram-negative pathogens. Methods: From February 2012 to September 2012 in medical intensive care unit of single tertiary academy hospital, retro-spectively medical records were reviewed in 11 patients who received inhaled colistin due to VAP by MDR pathogens. The favorable responses were defined as clinical and radiological improvements and/or negative conversion of cultures. Results: The average length of stay in the ICU was 26.9±9.4 days. The mean duration of aerosolized colistin therapy was 10.8±6.4 days. 7 patients of 11 patients showed favorable responses to the therapy (63.6%). Follow-up cultures were available for 8 patients, and the negative conversion was 4 cases (36.4%). 2 patients experienced adverse event related with nephrotoxicity (18.2%), and one was stopped because of bronchospasm (9.1%). Conclusions: Aerosolized colistin appears to be relatively safe and effective option for the treatment of respiratory tract infection.
관련이 있을 것 같지 않은 조선시대의 서경제도와 현대의 인사청문회제도는 차이점도 있지만 많은 유사성을 가지고 있다. 조선시대 官吏로 除授된 자의 신분상의 적격여부를 심사하는 서경제도는 대통령의 고위공직자 지명에 있어서 의회가 그 지명의 타당성 여부를 심사하는 인사청문회제도와 그 본질에 있어서 유사한 기능을 갖고 있다. 다만 대상자의 범위, 조사내용, 담당기관 등의 면에서 문화적 · 시대적 차이에 따라 약간의 차이가 발견된다. 이제 막 도입되어 시행에 들어간 우리나라의 인사청문회제도를 구체적으로 집행해 나감에 있어서, 우리는 인사청문회제도의 전통적인 서경제도의 의미를 되새기고, 그 바탕 위에서 외국의 제도를 장단점을 취사선택함으로써, 인사청문회제도의 본뜻을 살리고, 시행착오를 줄여 나가야 할 것이다.