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건강한 치아는 '오복' 중의 하나로 꼽힌다. 그 이유는 아마도 '잘 먹기'가 그만큼 중요하기 때문일 것이다. 우리 몸의 모든 기관이 정상적으로 작동하기 위해서 영양분이 제대로 전달되어야 하고 그 시작은 '음식물 씹기'에서 시작되기 때문이다 치아의 가장 중요한 임무는 삼키기 쉽도록 음식을 자르고 부수는 것이다 거기에 더해 음식의 맛도 느낄 수 있게 도와준다. 여러 개의 치아를 잃게 되면 임플란트나 틀니치료를 받게 된다. 하지만 아무리 좋은 임플란트, 틀니라 하더라도 건강한 치아와 같을 수는 없다. 치아를 건강하게 보존하고 유지하는 것이야말로 '건강함'을 유지하기 위한 시작이라 볼 수 있다.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate histologically the tissue response and resorption of various nonresorbable and resorbable suture materials used for periodontal surgery, using a subcutaneous model on the dorsal surface of the rat. In this study, 10 Sprague-Dawley male rats (mean BW 150gm) were used and the commercially available materials included polyglactin 910, pain gut, nylon, e-PTFE. Animals were sacrificed at 3 days, 1, 2 and 4 weeks after implantation of various nonresorbable and resorbable suture materials. Specimens were prepared with Hematoxylin-Eosin stain for light microscopic evaluation. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Resorption : The resorption of plain gut was showed at 1 week after implantation, was lost their structure and almost resorbed at 4 weeks. The resorption of polyglactin 910 was started at 2 weeks and slowly absorbed untill 4 weeks. 2. Tissue response : Plain gut showed persistent and severe inflammatory reactions from 3 days to 4 weeks. Polyglactin 910, e-PTFE and nylon showed mild inflammatory reactions. Suture material should be biocompatible and be able to be functioned until tissue tensile strength reaches maximum level. In this study, polyglactin 910, nylon and e-PTFE are considered to be proper suture materials for periodontal surgery.
본 연구는 2차원 및 3차원 동적 탄소성 응력 해석을 위한 특수 적분해 경계요소법의 공식 개발을 제시한다 정적 탄성에 대한 기본식이 일반해를 구하는데 이용되었으며, 전체형상함수 개념을 이용하여, 변위율과 traction rate의 특수 적분해를 구함으로써 지배 방정식의 가속도 부분을 근사화시켰다. 시간 적분을 위하여 Houbolt 시적분 방법을 이용하였으며, Newton-Raphson 알고리즘을 이용하여 수치 연산을 행하였다. 제시된 공식에 따른 예제 해석을 통하여 그 방법의 유효성과 정확성을 설명하였다. The particular integral formulation for two(2D) and three(3D) dimensional inelastic transient dynamic stress analysis is presented. The elastostatic equation is used for the complementary solution. Using the concept of global shape function, the particular integrals for displacement and traction rates are obtained to approximate acceleration of the inhomogeneous equation. The Houbolt time integration scheme is used for the time-marching process. The Newton-Raphson algorithm for plastic multiplier is used to solve the system equation. Numerical results of four example problems are given to demonstrate the validity and accuracy of the present formulation.
This paper is aimed at examining the characteristics as a modern drama which Kim Youngileui sa (Kim Youngil`s Death) by Cho Myunghee has and finding out which position it can occupy in the history of Korean modern drama. Kim Youngileui sa (Kim Youngil`s Death) performed in 1921 has characteristics as a modern drama fully ; in this work the awareness of colonial modernity subject is obviously revealed and it also ensures reality. Cho Myunghee tried to come up with the direction towards which colonial modernity subjects go in the premodern situation of colony through Kim Youngil`s tragic death. He insisted that ideal society should be constructed through religious love, which shows that he was influenced by Tolstoy`s thought. The reality appeared in Kim Youngileui sa (Kim Youngil`s Death) could be acquired by creative method of naturalistic drama. Cho Myunghee took author`s viewpoint who was observing Kim Youngil`s life led in the conflict of pre modern society. He succeeded in consolidating the reality of drama by showing coherently the process of Kim Youngil death. Kim Youngileui sa (Kim Youngil`s Death) had a great influence on forming Korean modern drama and its performance played an important role in settling down the naturalistic drama in colonized Chos?n. The people watching the performance on tour of Kukyesulhyuphoe, the association of drama art took Kim Youngil, the protagonist`s death as the symbol of national death. The experience that only reproducing the situation of colonized Chos?n realistically on the stage could make the audience much impressed could caused the dramatists later to recognize the value of naturalistic drama certainly. The audience`s explosive reaction created by connecting Kim Youngil`s death with their sentimental emotion worked as the opportunity to expand the social drama, It is another effect to look upon a protagonist as a suffering one who went through agony in the conflict of colony. Considering this, it can be estimated that Korean modern drama made an actual start from Kim Youngileui sa (Kim Youngil`s Death).
The aim of this paper is to analyze the value which Kim Woo-jung`s plays of expressionism have in the history of theater. His works of expressionism are Nanpa (ship reck) and Sandoeji (wild boar). He said that an artist should analyze every problem in reality throughly and then decide the direction of his own creation. With this perception, he began to explore the theories on the plays of expressionism and naturalism and tried to experiment on their possibilities with these two works. Nanpa and Sandoeji are the plays on the quester. The poet in Nanpa and the Cheo Won-bong in Sandoeji are suffering by the contradictions given to them. With the help of assistant, they clear grasp the fundamental causes and at last come to find out the new way they will go. Through these two works, Kim Woo-jin emphasized that human is the mortal being who doesn`t yield to the contradictory environment given to himself but have to overcome them. Kim woo-jin`s plays of expressionism have the value, in that they gave the individuality to the Korean plays of those days which were subordinated to Japan. He also obtained good results since he made the plays of future in colonized Korea be in accord with the currents of world play history through the plays of expressionism. But he failed to ascertain the fact that the plays of expressionism were the suitable for people in colonized Korea. It`s because that the contradictory environment which the poet in Nanpa and the Cheo Won-bong in Sandoeji faced were different that of the colonized Korea. It was also the limitation which Kim Woo-jin could not help having when he created the works of expressionism under the Japanese censor system. Because he knew this limitation, it seemed that he created the plays of naturalism at the same time.
이 글에서는 김우진의 여성인식을 파악하기 위하여 〈두데기 시인의 환멸〉과 입센이즘의 관계를 살펴보았다. 〈두데기 시인의 환멸〉의 박정자와 경순은 〈인형의 집〉의 노라를 둘로 나누어놓은 것 같은 인물이다. 김우진은 박정자와 경순을 통해 전근대적 남성중심주의를 비판하고 있어서, 입센이즘의 수용을 확인할 수 있다. 그러나 김우진은 물화된 여성존재를 보여주며 문제를 제기하는 선에서 그칠 뿐, 노라가 선택했던 방식의 해결책은 수용하지 않는다. 김우진은 입센이즘의 여성관을 수용하면서도 그것을 자기 방식으로 소화해낸 것이다. 그 배경에는 김우진이 일본 유학 중에 체험했던 『세이토』의 여성인식이 있다. 『세이토』의 여성운동가들은 〈인형의 집〉이 던져준 여성문제인식에는 동감하였지만, 노라의 가출에 대해서는 호의적이지 않았다. 그것은 『세이토』의 여성운동가들이 양처현모 교육을 비판하면서도 그것에 길들여졌기 때문이기도 하고, 또 한편으로는 이혼한 여성이 살아가기 어려운 현실 여건을 고려했기 때문이기도 하다. 거기에 더하여 김우진은 입센이즘을 받아들이는 식민지 조선의 당대 현실도 고려한 것으로 보인다. 노라의 가출이 제대로 이해되기 어려운 사회적 분위기와 신파 연극에 길들여진 관객들의 수준으로 볼 때 박정자와 경순에게 노라적인 선택을 부여하기 어렵다고 본 것이다. Among Kim, Woojin's plays, Dudegisiineuihwanmyul has female protagonist. In Dudegisiineuihwanmyul, the female protagonist, Park, Jungja criticized the wrong male perception that they try to confine women to their home under the pretext of marriage. Kim Woojin revealed his point of view that they should protect the woman's rights and interests, criticizing the contradiction of male dominated society through Park, Jungja. Kim, Woojin's view-point that marriage is considered as the system suppressing the woman had much to do with his personal experience when he studied in Japan. In those days, Japan feminists tried to Japanize the western Ibsenism. Ibsen who published A Doll's House criticized the western male dominated society in terms that women are the members of society like men. In Japan such Ibsenism was accepted as the ideology that could liberate Japanese women who had suppressed under the system of a wise mother and a good wife from their home. Kim, Woojin's experience in this circumstance could create the female protagonists Kyungsoon and Park, Jungja. Kim, Woojin's Dudegisiineuihwanmyul was the trial to Koreanize the Japanized Ibsenism again. This resulted from Kim, Woojin's effort to refine the Japanized view-point of feminist movement to be suitable with the Korean reality. Nevertheless, because his works were based on Japanized Ibsenism, the fact that they couldn't express the painful realityof those colonial days can be pointed out as their limitation.
This study is aimed at grasping the characteristics of Korean and Japanese naturalism drama formed at the turning point of modern times and analyzing them in the viewpoint of dramatical history. The special features of Western naturalism drama at the formation of modern drama are the challenge to taboo of the times and reinforcement of the reality of drama. The important works of Japanese naturalism drama were Chubouchi Syoyou’s Odongnip hana and Simamura Hogetu’s Buhwal. Odongnip hana caused the audience to sympathize through the suffering protagonist and strengthened the dramatic reality by cutting off writer’s intervention but it avoided connecting its theme with the social problems of the those days. These features of Odongnip hana were adopted into Buhwal and came to become the characteristics of ‘Japanese style naturalism drama’. During the formation of naturalism drama in the colonized Joseon, Lee Kwangsoo’s Kyuhan, Choi Sungman’s Hwanghon, and Cho Myunghee’s Kim youngileui sa were important works. Kyuhan and Hwanghon criticized the premodern way of thinking of those days’ society through the evil effects of early marriage by match making. These works caused the audience’s sympathy using the suffering protagonist and reinforced the dramatic reality by means of explaining the protagonist’s inner state. But they also avoided linking their themes with the major contradictions of those society, which explains that Korean drama was influenced by ‘Japanese style naturalism drama’. Kim youngileui sa treating the self studying Korean student’s death in Japan had the characteristics of ‘Japanese style naturalism drama’, but it had special experience that it caused the criticism to reality when Korean audience in the colonized Joseon met Kim Youngil, the protagonist’s death. It was the characteristic of ‘Japanese style Naturalism drama’ that it paid attention to the reinforcement of dramatic reality but its themes avoided connecting with important contradictions of those society. The spirit of challenge, the important feature of Western naturalism drama appeared weakened in ‘Japanese style naturalism drama’, which came from Chubouchi Syoyou’s ant-utilitarian point of art view. Simamura Hogetu advocated the new naturalism, reinforcing Chubouchi Syoyou’s naturalistic point of view in the theoretical aspect. The naturalism in the colonized Joseon were influenced by ‘Japanese style naturalism’ but the experience from the performance of Kim youngileui sa awaken the importance of challenge spirit and the awareness that the people involved Singuk should treat the major contradictions of colony to them. After that, through the works like Leeyoungneo, the special features of naturalism drama in colonized Joseon which intervened actively in the social problems of those days began to be secured. After all Japanese naturalism became strikingly weakened, passing 1910s, while the Korean naturalism drama in Colonized Joseon grew strengthened more and more in 1920s.