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      • KCI등재

        鍾呂 內丹論의 전개

        최재호(崔載浩) 한국도교문화학회 2013 道敎文化硏究 Vol.39 No.-

        수당시대까지는 외단술이 크게 유행하다가 부작용으로 인해 쇠퇴하면서 당말오대에는 내단술이 흥기하였다. 이 시기의 내단가인 종리권과 여동빈은 내단수련론을 상당한 수준으로 정리해내었다. 이는 그들의 저술인 ?『종려전도집』?과 ?『영보필법』?을 통해 잘 드러난다. 종려의 수련론은 바로 天地의 陰陽이 升降하는 이치와 日月이 交會하는 법도를 본받아 수련하는 것이다. 수련론은 소성, 중성, 대성의 점진적인 구조로 전개된다. 종려 수련론의 핵심은 자신의 몸에 丹藥을 만드는 것이다. 단약을 만들려면 먼저 黃芽를 채취해야 되고, 황아를 얻고자 하면 용호를 교구시켜야한다. 용호를 교구시켜 채약을 하는데 한 번에 끝나는 것이 아니고, 일정기간 동안 채약하여 기존의 약과 합하고 進火하여 단련한다. 이상이 소성법이다. 소성법을 완성하면 무병장수할 수 있다. 채약과 소련만으로는 단약이 완성되지 않는다. 단약을 완성시켜 진기가 생기게 하려면 抽鉛과 添汞의 수련을 해야 한다. 채약소련은 첨홍의 수련에 해당되고, 금정을 독맥으로 올려 니환으로 보내는 주후비금정은 추연의 수련이다. 이러한 추첨의 과정을 통해 완성된 단약을 얻을 수 있고, 몸속에서 계속해서 진기를 만들어 낼 수 있다. 몸속에서 끊임없이 진기를 만들어 낼 수 있으면, 천지의 음양이 승강하는 것처럼 몸속의 기와 액이 끊임없이 순환하여 장생할 수 있다. 이상이 중성법이다. 몸속에서 진기가 생겨난 이후, 오기가 조원하고 삼양이 정수리에 모이게 되면 신을 단련시킬 수 있다. 이 신이 순수한 양이 되어 몸 밖으로 나오게 되면 신선에 오를 수 있다. 이상이 대성법이다. 다시 말하자면, 종려의 수련론의 전개과정은 먼저 무병장수할 수 있는 단계에서 장생불사할 수 있는 단계로, 그 후 불사를 넘어서 몸과 분리하여 속세를 초월할 수 있는 단계로 점층적으로 이루어진다.

      • KCI등재

        담화연결사의 기능 연구

        최재호 한국불어불문학회 1998 佛語佛文學硏究 Vol.37 No.1

        Cet article a pour objectif d'e´tudier les caracte´ristiques des connecteurs. Pour ce faire, nous avons d'abord pris quelques exemples incluant des connecteurs. pour en tirer notre propre de´finition. Ensuite, nous proce´dons l'analyse de cette de´finition en les coupant comme suivant. Il a un rapport avec un segment apparu ante´rieurement. Il a une fonction de reprise comme anaphore. Il de´livre des instructions qui guident et orientent la proposition Q. Il a une fonction de cohe´rence discursive. Il sert a` manifester l'intention du locuteur. En ce faisant, nous avons cite´ et critique´ les e´tudes des pre´de´cesseurs. Parmi eux l'analyse des instructions par Luscher attire notre attention. En fait, le sche´ma des instructions montre bien des ressemblances et des divergences entre des connecteurs proches. Mais cet analyse n'explique pas l'intervention de l'intention du locuteur. D'ailleurs, un connecteur peut avoir d'autres instructions selon les cas. Nous arrivons donc a` conclure que les diffe´rentes fonctions du connecteur provient de la diversite´ des informations reprises. La se´lection des ante´ce´dents se fait a` l'aide du contenu propositionnel, des connaissances accumule´es des interlocuteurs et de la situation du discours.

      • KCI등재

        또뽀이 이론의 변천 과정에 대한 연구

        최재호 한국불어불문학회 1996 佛語佛文學硏究 Vol.33 No.2

        Cet article a pour objectif d'analyser la the´orie des topoi qui est ne´ il y a vingt ans, a` partir de l'e´tude des connecteurs dans la the´orie de l'argumentation. Depuis l'apparition, le terme topoi a subi le changement sans cesse. Au de´but, il a e´te´ conside´re´ comme un fait extra-linguistique. Mais dans sa dernie`re version, on inse´re le topoi dans la se´mantique. Ducrot pre´tend que le topoi se trouve au niveau de la phrase non pas de l'e´nonce´ et il introduit les notions comme champ topique et champ conceptuel. Avec ces notions il essaie de disse´quer le lexique. Pour ce faire, il e´tablit l'hypothe`se qu'il y a une relation se´mantique entre l'argument et la conclusion dans l'enchai^nement discursif. Il nie me^me l'existence de l'argumentation qui e´tait la base de la pre´ce´dente the´orie des topoi. Nous ne partageons pas cette opinion et nous avons indique´ son proble`me en nous servant des exemples de Ducrot.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        Interrelationship between Interactions, Communication Strategies, and Social, Personal Traits in L2 Conversation

        최재호 한국영어어문교육학회 2013 영어어문교육 Vol.19 No.3

        This study explores what factors influence a conversation between native and non-native English speakers. In second language acquisition (SLA) studies, a conversation between a native speaker (NS) and a non-native speaker (NNS) has been researched in terms of the effects on second language acquisition and learning. Focused on conversational interactions, interactionsists understand a conversation as an opportunity for negotiating meaning, which promotes L2 acquisition. On the other hand, communication strategy (CS) research has examined NNS's strategic language use for communicational purposes. While these approaches have investigated the nature of NS-NNS conversation and L2 learning, socio-affective and contextual factors have not been the focus of the research. However, with the increasing interest in the social and contextual factors, there is a growing need to expand conversation research to include these factors. Therefore, this study examines comprehensively conversational interactions, communication strategies, and intra- and inter-personal factors with three dyads of NS-NNS conversation participants. Six informal free conversations and interviews with all participants were conducted, and all conversations and interviews were transcribed for analysis. The results of the analysis indicate different communication performance across conversational dyads and interrelationship between conversational interactions, CSs, and intro- and inter-personal factors.

      • SCOPUSKCI등재

        炭化水素內에서의 Alkyl Iodides의 光分解에서 $II^{131}$과 Alkyl Iodides 間의 交換反應

        최재호,Choi,,Jae-Ho 대한화학회 1966 대한화학회지 Vol.10 No.1

        The rate of exchange of I atom between alkyl iodides(ethyl or methyl iodide) and $I_2$ in n-hexane have been determined using $II^{131}$. It is found that the escape of $CH_3$ radicals from a solvent cage is faster than $C_2H_5$ radicals and that photolysis of $C_2H_5I$ is almost identical to that in the case of $CH_3I$.

      • KCI등재

        Immunostimulatory Activity of Isoflavone-Glycosides and Ethanol Extract from a Fermented Soybean Product in Human Primary Immune Cells

        최재호,정미자,정도연,오덕환 한국식품영양과학회 2014 Journal of medicinal food Vol.17 No.10

        Sasang constitutional medicine is a major branch of Korean traditional oriental medicine. Constitutions ofSasang medicine are classified into Taeyangin, Taeumin, Soyangin, and Soumin. We investigated immunostimulatory activities of fermented soybean product (FSP) extracts and their major bioactive compounds, isoflavone glycosides in primary immune cells isolated from the blood of Soyangin, Taeumin, and Soeumin volunteers. Results showed that the cell proliferation, nitrite, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a mRNA, interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA, TNF-a protein, and IL-6 protein production of immune cells treated with a 70% ethanol Doenjang extract (DJ), a 70% ethanol Kochujang extract (KCJ), and a 70% ethanol Cheonggukjang extract (CGJ), respectively, were significantly increased, and its immunostimulatory activities by both DJ and CGJ was higher than that of KCJ in primary immune cells isolated from the blood of Soyangin volunteers. However, the cell proliferation, nitrite, TNF-a mRNA, IL-6 mRNA, iNOS mRNA, COX-2 mRNA, TNF-a protein, and IL-6 protein production by both KCJ and CGJ was higher than that of DJ in primary immune cells isolated from the blood of Taeumin and Soeumin volunteers. The major bioactive compounds, isoflavone-glycosides, in FSP were daidzin, glycitin, and genistin. Daidzin, glycitin, and genistin were used to treat primary immune cells in the same condition, the cell proliferation; iNOS mRNA expression and nitrite concentration of daidzin, glycitin, or genistin-treated immune cells isolated from the blood of Soyangin volunteers was higher than that of Taeumin and Soeumin volunteers. The effect of DJ and isoflavone glycosides on immunostimulatory activities showed similar trends.

      • KCI등재

        하악 전방분절 절골술을 이용한 경미한 하악전돌증의 교정

        최재호,최준,김영환,윤성호,김영수,최영웅 대한성형외과학회 2007 Archives of Plastic Surgery Vol.34 No.6

        Purpose: For a minor degree of mandibular prognathism, mandibular anterior segmental osteotomy (ASO), usually extracting the bilateral premolars, has been performed frequently to correct malocclusion of the anterior teeth. Preoperative planning using cephalometry and a dental model is very important for such a orthognathic surgery. Depending on the specific preoperative mock surgery with the dental model, ASO, with ipsilateral unitooth extraction, is defined to be feasible and performed for ten patients. The comparisons of its preoperative and postoperative analysis of clinical photographs, dental casts, and lateral cephalograms, for soft tissue profiles, skeletal and dental relationships are described in the following, and its clinical applications are noted.Methods: From March 1, 2004, to March 31, 2006, We performed 10 mandibular ASO by extraction of ipsilateral unitooth to improve their lower facial profiles and the lip relationships. Patient age ranged from 19 to 33 years, with a mean age of 25.6 years. Two were males and eight were females.Results: All patients were satisfied with aesthetic and occlusal changes postoperatively. Significant and persistent decrease in the SNB and interincisal angle were observed in the postoperative cephalometries. The soft tissue profiles also were improved and near Ricketts's esthetic line. Other combined procedures include nine genioplasties, two rhinoplasties, and one blepharoplasty. One patient complained of transient unilateral inferior mental nerve paresthesia. There were no other significant complications or relapses throughout the follow-up period(6-20 months).Conclusion: Mandibular ASO, extracting the ipsilateral unitooth, was performed for ten patients to correct mild mandibular prognathism. The amount of setback of the mandibular anterior portion was 2 to 3mm, and satisfactory results were obtained combined with genioplasties.

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