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'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
This study is aimed at contributing to the future development of Home Economics Education Department by suggesting basic data of TQM(Total Quality Management) for evaluating TQM of Home Economics Education Department in education colleges. A survey was conducted involving all junior(3rd year) students of Home Economics Education Department in education colleges either by making a visit to 3 different schools or by sending it in the mail to 10 different schools. Responding answer-sheets, 302 copies(88.3%) out of 342 copies in total were returned. Finally, we used 285 copies(83.3%) as data for analysis. The results of this study are as follows: In terms of Professional Qualification of Home Economics Teachers, the students had passion for their Home Economics Education and also had a great pride and mission to be future Home Economics teachers. However, their ability proved to be poor and low in presenting a vision for Home Economics, in conducting extra-curricular activities, and the computer skills. In the case of college students, their satisfaction showed an average point 3.15 on a scale of 5. Those students who entered school voluntarily or those who hoped for re-entrance showed more satisfaction than those who entered school with good academic records or those who do not hope for re-entrance into school. In terms of professors’ leadership, Students are perceived to choose ‘Transactional Leadership' instead of 'Transformational Leadership’. Students’, who have higher satisfaction and hopes for re-entrance, perception level about their professors’ leadership style showed higher satisfaction than average. The students empowerment level showed average point 3.52, which is considered relatively high. Students at the college where professors majored in Home Economics Education are employed showed higher empowerment level than students at the college with professors who did not major in Home Economics Education. The result of evaluating general demand for renovating of Home Economics Education Dept. showed that: they perceived the “Teacher Education Course” of Home Economics Education Dept. as in need of cultivating practical skills in secondary school. They also said, “Teaching Method” is in great need of renovation. In the case of teaching method, they preferred laboratory work, and practical training. In earning credits, they emphasized the importance of faithfully completing the “Study of Content”. For the Subject Matter Education, they required a training course to be set up in the secondary school. Finally they claimed that the teachers and students need to take the initiative in developing a Curriculum of Home Economics Education Dept. Based on the findings mentioned above, I would like to suggest further research on how to adopt and evaluate TQM in Home Economics Education, and faculty-centered evaluation methods. I also would like to suggest to vitalize quality research through the form of narrative research.
'스콜라' 이용 시 소속기관이 구독 중이 아닌 경우, 오후 4시부터 익일 오전 7시까지 원문보기가 가능합니다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate eating habits, nutritional knowledge and the active use of information from the eating habits chapter of the textbook by middle school students of Korea and Japan. 9th grade students of 7 middles schools residing in Gyeongju and Hukuoka, japan(592 Korean students, 546 Japanese students) participated in this study. Research data were collected by means of questionnaires and analyzed by such means as frequency, percentage, means, standard deviation, χ^2-test, t-test, F-test and Pearson's correlation analysis employing SPSS Program. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1. In terms of the physical features of middle school students, the height of Korean students tend to be taller than Japanese students. The weight of Korean students are on the average heavier than Japanese students. Research also proves that Japanese families have more family members. Korea has more full time housewives as well. Regarding their health, Korea has more people who consider themselves healthy than Japan does. 2. More students in Japan tend to eat breakfast and dinner everyday compared with Korea. Students eat snacks at night more in Korea than Japan. The average meal takes less than 20 minutes in Korea. It takes less than 30 minutes in Japan. Dinner is considered to be most important meal by the students of Korean and Japan. Meat, noodles, bread and cake are highly enjoyed by the students of both nations. 3. There was a little difference between Korean and japanese students, concerning the necessity of nutrition education because they both study home economics. 4. The use of information from the textbook shows, most students eat green vegetable almost everyday but Korean students tested as eating more Japanese students more often say they drink more than a cup of milk everyday. The Japanese students have higher rates of using information from the textbooks, drink milk everyday, eat bean soup, eat a lot of meat and fish. 5. It turns out that students who have more nutritional knowledge have a low late of eating convenience food and student who utilize the chapter in the textbook in everyday life have low rates of eating convenience food.
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the degree of cavity cleanliness and to observe cavity wall morphology when root-end retrograde cavity preparation was done with ultrasonics. Root resections were done on 20 extracted human maxillary central incisors after canal filling with gutta-percha, and retrocavities were prepared using a slow-speed round bur as a control, and stainless steel ultrasonic tips of power settings of 2 and 6(Miniendo^™, EIE, SA, USA) as experimentals. The degree of the remaining cavity debris and smear layer, and wall morphology were evaluated under the scanning electron microscope. The results were as follows: Cavity prepared with ultrasonics of either power setting showed significantly less smear layer than did slow-speed preparations(p<0.01). However, there was no significant difference in canal debris(p<0.05). Cavity prepared with ultrasonics showed hatcheted appearance of wall, while slow-speed preparation showed relatively plain one.