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        해방 직후 『매일신보』의 성격변화와 『서울신문』의 창간

        김동선 한국민족운동사학회 2010 한국민족운동사연구 Vol.63 No.-

        해방 직후 每日申報 의 성격변화와 서울신문의 창간 김동선 일제의 기관지 역할을 담당했던 매일신보가 생존하기 위해서 변화는 필수적이었다. 그러나 일제기관지였던 매일신보는 해방 이후 경영진이 없는 상태에 놓이게 되었고, 한동안 종업원들이 구성한 종업원자치위원회에 의해 발간되게 되었다. 해방 직후 언론이 전무하던 상황 속에서 매일신보는 정당과 정치세력이 넘쳐나던 시기에 많은 정치세력의 주목을 받게 되는데, 특히 미군정과 건국준비위원회의 영향력을 무시할 수 없었다. 종업원자치위원회는 이 두 세력의 동향을 고루 보도하면서 매일신보의 독자존속과 종업원들의 고용승계 등을 위해 경영권을 확보하고자 하였다. 그 과정에서 미군정과의 마찰은 피할 수 없는 것이었다. 미군정의 입장에서는 해방 이후 유일한 신문이었던 매일신보가 종업원자치위원회에 좌우되는 것을 좌시할 수 없었을 것이고, 경영상태가 어렵다고 생각되는 매일신보에 새로운 경영진이 필요하다고 생각했다. 그 과정에서 자치위원회와 미군정은 서로 다른 입장을 취하게 되었다. 결국 미군정 주도의 주주총회가 열렸으나 총회에서 결정된 새 임원진은 종업원자치위원회의 요구를 받아들이지도 취임을 하지도 않아 결국 새로운 경영진을 구성하지 못하였다. 매일신보의 종업원들은 매우 다양한 성향을 가진 인물들로 구성되어 있었고, 고용승계를 원하고 있었다. 또한 미군정에 의하면 매일신보 해방 직후 경영진의 부재로 인해 파산직전이라고 평가되고 있는 상태였다. 때문에 해방 이후에 자금력을 가진 자본가와 미군정과 비교적 가까운 관계를 가지고 있던 인물, 그리고 좌ㆍ우를 모두 망라할 수 있는 인물들이 매일신보의 경영권을 이양받아 서울신문으로 재탄생하게 되었다. 이들 중 자본가들은 서울신문의 경영난을 해소할 수 있도록 해 주었고, 편집진들은 해방 이전의 명망가들이었기 때문에 매일신보가 지난날과 다른 신문으로 거듭난다는 이미지에 도움이 되었을 것이다. 그리고 이들 중 상당수는 전부터 언론인으로서 활동해 오던 인물들이었으므로 신문사 경영에 무리가 큰 없었다. 이들 중에는 소위 좌익적 성향의 인물들이 포함되어 있었으나, 이들의 정치적 성향은 극단적이지 않았으며 대체로 ‘중간파’적인 성향을 나타내고 있는데 그것은 이들의 해방이전 경력이나 훗날 이들이 조직하거나 참여한 정치단체를 보아도 짐작할 수 있다. 서울신문의 경영진에는 ‘좌익적’ 성향의 인물들이 섞여 있었으나 이 시기의 미군정은 아직 좌익세력을 노골적으로 적대시하고 있지 않았고, 무엇보다 매일신보를 빠른 시일 내에 정상화할 유능한 집단이 필요했다. 비록 이들 중 좌익성향을 가진 인물들이 있다 하더라도 그 성향이 ‘중간파적’이었기에 미군정과 타협이 가능하다고 생각했을 것이다. 게다가 서울신문을 실질적으로 책임졌던 하경덕은 미국과도 인연이 깊은 인물이었다. 때문에 미군정의 입장에서는 서울신문의 임원진들을 크게 반대할 이유가 없었을 것이라 생각된다. 새로운 임원진들이 고용을 승계하고 서울신문이 독자존속하게 되자, 매일신보사자치위원회는 서울신문이 새로 출발하는 때에 맞추어 해제를 결의하였고, 매일신보는 새로이 서울신문으로 재탄생하여 해방정국의 최대 신문으로서 새로운 역할을 하게 되었다. Right after Korea’s Independence day, the image of Mai-il Shinbo(Korean Daily News) changing and the foundation of Seoul-Shinmoon(Seoul Daily News) Kim, Dong-sun In order for Mai-il Shinbo, which acted as a bulletin for the Imperialist Japan, to survive, change was inevitable. However, Mai-il Shinbo, as it was the Imperialist Japan’s bulletin, seats in its board of directors committee were left as vacant posts after Korea's Independence day. The publication of the daily newspaper was done by the self-government committee of employees. Right after the independence, a situation where media was near-nonexistent and Korea's politics was dispersed in to numerous numbers of political parties, Mai-il Shinbo was at the center of attention of those political powers. In particular, the influence of the United States Army Military Government in Korea and ‘Korean Establishment Preparation Board’ was exceptional. The self-government committee of employees reported the opinions of these two powers fairly and tried to gain the business administration rights of Mai-il Shinbo for its independent existence and employment transfer of the employees. In the process, conflict with the United States Army Military Government in Korea was unavoidable. In the United States Army Military Government in Korea’s viewpoint, watching idly on the only newspaper left over since Korea’s independence being controlled by the self-governing body of employees wasn’t tolerable and thought that Mai-il Shinbo needed a new board of directors. In the process, the self-government committee of employees and the United States Army Military Government in Korea took different stances. Consequently, a shareholders’ meeting under the lead of the U.S. military government was held but the new board of directors decided at the meeting did not accept any demands of the self-government committee of employees nor was inaugurated as the new board so a new board of directors committee wasn’t created. The employees of Mai-il Shinbo were consisted of people from various backgrounds and wanted employment transfer guarantees. Also, according to the United States Army Military Government in Korea, Mai-il Shinbo was at the gates of bankruptcy because the board committee was left vacant after Korea’s independence. Therefore, the rich who had the funds, those who had close relationships with the United States Army Military Government in Korea, or those who had both took over the business administrative rights for Mai-il Shinbo and recreated the company as Seoul-Shinmoon. Of these people, the capitalists took care of the financial problems of Seoul-Shinmoon and the fact that the editors of the new organization were exiles before independence helped in creating the image of Mai-il Shinbo changing to a whole new newspaper. Also, as a huge proportion of these people were actually participating in the journalist industry before, managing the newspaper company wasn’t a big task. Some of these people were, so-called, left-leaning, however, their political inclination wasn’t radical. They were more of neutrals; we can see this characteristic in their career before independence or political organizations that they created/participated afterward. It is true that there were left-wing leaners in the board of directors committee of Seoul-Shinmoon. However, the United States Army Military Government in Korea didn’t explicitly show hostility to the left-wing yet. There was a need for a competent group of people that will stabilize Mai-il Shinbo as soon as possible. Although there might be some left-wing leaners in these groups, as they were ‘neutralists’, the United States Army Military Government in Korea thought they were negotiable. Furthermore, Ha Kyawng Dawk, who in essence was the CEO of Seou-Shinmoon, was an individual deeply related with the United States. It is thought of that, for these reasons, the United States Army Military Government in Korea wouldn’t necessarily had to go against the new board of directors of Seoul-Shinmoon. As the new board of directors guaranteed employment transfers and Seoul-Shinmoon stood on its own, the self-government committee of employees of Mai-il Shinbo decided that they will disband when Seoul-Shinmoon launched. Mai-il Shinbo renewed itself as Seoul-Shinmoon and took role as the largest newspaper company under the independent government of Korea.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        (20R)-파낙사디올과 (20R)-파낙사트리올에 대한 $^1H$- 및 $^{13}C-NMR$의 완전동정

        김동선,백남인,박종대,이유희,김신일,Kim, Dong-Seon,Baek, Nam-In,Park, Jong-Dae,Lee, You-Hui,Kim, Shin-Il 대한약학회 1996 약학회지 Vol.40 No.3

        The $^1H$- and $^{13}C$-NMR signals of (20R)-panaxadiol and (20R)-panaxatriol were completely assigned by the extensive application of modern 2D-NMR techniques, $^1H-^1H$ COSY, HMQC and HMBC.

      • 광학적 방법을 이용한 슬러그 유동의 기공률 측정

        김동선,Kim, Dong-Seon 한국교통대학교 융복합기술연구소 2011 융ㆍ복합기술연구소 논문집 Vol.1 No.2

        Void fraction has been measured for the gas-liquid cocurrent slug flow in 8mm vertical acrylic tube using an optical method. Bubble speed, length and period could be measured with the two sets of laser-infrared sensor modules mounted 25mm apart alongside the tube, which were designed to detect variation of light intensities with a time delay when two parallel laser beams were refracted successively by a passing bubble. It was found that the results were in good agreement with the previous studies in the literature suggesting that the method used in this study were sound and accurate.

      • 1LK-1: Performance Comparison Study on the CO<sub>2</sub> Removal Process Using Several Solvents

        김동선,노재현 한국공업화학회 2016 한국공업화학회 연구논문 초록집 Vol.2016 No.1

        본 연구에서는 산성가스를 포함하는 기체 혼합물에서 이산화탄소만을 선택적으로 흡수해 내기 위해서 물리적 흡수제로써 메탄올, DMPEG 및 NMP를 사용한 흡수공정에 대해서 전산모사를 수행하고 에너지 사용량을 각각 비교하였다. 열역학 모델식으로는 NRTL 액체활동도계수 모델식과 Henry의 법칙 및 SRK 상태방정식을 적용하였으며 비교를 위해서 PC-SAFT 상태방정식 모델식을 적용하였다. 용매의 성능은 NMP를 사용한 Purisol 공정이 에너지 사용량이 가장 적게 소요됨을 알 수 있었다.

      • KCI등재

        생체장기용 지지체 제작을 위한 박동형 탈세포화 장치의 박동성 평가

        김동선,양세란,박성민,최성욱,Kim, Dong Sun,Yang, Se-Ran,Park, Sung Min,Choi, Seong Wook 대한의용생체공학회 2017 의공학회지 Vol.38 No.2

        To identify a solution for the restricted availability of healthy lungs and the high risk of immune rejections following organ transplantation, tissue engineering techniques for culturing lungs have been studied by many research groups. The most promising method for culturing lungs is the utilization of a bio-scaffold that was prepared using harvested organs from human donors or other animals by removing their original cells. In this study, a pulsatile perfusion pump was used to alleviate the cell removal effect with the high fluid-dynamic power of the perfusion stream during the decellularization process, while other conventional studies focused on chemical methods to identify efficient detergents. The purpose of this study was to analyze the developed device by using energy equivalent pressure (EEP), which is an indicator of pulsatility, to understand the characteristics of pulsatile energy transmitted according to the load size by using the artificial model and compare it with the measured EEP. The pulsatility of the device can be estimated with the concept of fluid-dynamic energy during a particular constant time period or fluid-dynamic power represented as EEP and EEP increment. Because the measured EEP of perfusion flow during decellularization can be changed by the amount of fluid leakage and the degree of clogging in the capillary vessels, EEP should be measured to determine whether the decellularization is progressing without problems. The decrement of EEP caused by the high perfusion resistance was observed from some experimental results that were obtained with artificial models. EEP can be used to monitor the decellularization process after analyzing the varying EEP according to the amount of load. It was confirmed that the EEP was maintained at a high level in the experiment using the harvested lungs from 12-13-week-old rats. In addition, it was confirmed that the cell removal time was faster than when continuous perfusion was performed. In this study, pulsatile power delivered to the lungs was measured to monitor the process of cell removal, and it serve as the evidence for efficient decellularization.

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