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      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        충남지방(忠南地方)의 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련실태(訓練實態)에 관(關)한 조사(調査)

        김성래,이상우,김만수,Kim, Soung-Rai,Lee, Sang-Woo,Kim, Man-Su 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1977 Korean Journal of Agricultural Science Vol.4 No.1

        This survey was conducted to secure a basic data for the effective training programs that might be an essential part of any successful mechanization of agriculture in Korea. Chung Nam provincial training center and 17 guidance offices with farm machinery training centers which were thought to be a medium level on their scale in whole country were selected in the survey on its training accomplishments, stafts, facilities, schedule and number of trainees at one time or in a class. The results and recommendations from this survey were as follows; To enhance the effect of farm machinery training, it was absolutely necessary for city or county training center to complement its facilities and equipments. It might be desirable that instructors of each training center should be the one educated or highly trained in the institution of farm machinery, and that the number of technical assistants should be increased and their present part time working condition should be changed to full-time status. It was recommended that training for farmers should be scheduled during off-season so that farmers could participate in the training couses, and that the number of trainees in a class should be reduced to about 10 trainees, which was approximately a fourth of the present situation. 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련업무(訓練業務)의 능률화(能率化)를 위(爲)한 기본자료(基本資料)를 얻기 위하여 충남지방(忠南地方)의 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련기간(訓練機間)인 도(道) 농민교육원(農民敎育院)과 17개(個) 시(市) 군(郡) 훈련소(訓練所)를 대상(對象)으로 훈련실태(訓練實態) 및 훈련기간(訓練機間)의 실태(實態) 등(等)을 분석(分析)했던 바 다음과 같은 결론(結論)을 얻었다. 1. 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련(訓練)의 효과(效果)를 높이기 위(爲)해서는 시(市) 군(郡) 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련소(訓練所)의 타설(拖設) 및 장비(裝備)의 보완(補完)이 절실히 필요(必要)하며 2. 각급(各級) 농업기계(農業機械) 훈련소(訓練所)의 교관(敎官)은 농업기계(農業機械)의 전문교육(專門敎育)을 이수(履修)한 자(者)로 보완(補完)하는 것이 바람직하며 기술요원(技術要員)의 수적(數的) 안배(按配)와 이들의 직급(職級)올 정규화(定規化)하는 것이 요망(要望)된다. 3. 효과적(效果的)인 훈련(訓練)을 진행(進行)키 위(爲)해서는 훈련시기(訓練時期)를 농한기(農閑期)로 하여야 할 것이며 1개(個) 반(班)의 인원(人員)도 현재(現在)의 약(約) 1/4인 10명(名) 내외(內外)로 편성하는 것이 바람직하다.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        軟弱地盤上에 築造된 農業用貯水池 堤體의 壓密擧動

        오범환,이달원,임성훈 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2002 농업과학연구 Vol.29 No.2

        본 연구는 연약지반상에 축조되는 농업용 저수지의 압밀거동을 현장계측결과를 기초로 기존의 예측방법등과 비교분석하고, 시공중 또는 완공후에 측방유동등으로 인하여 국부적인 전단파괴 가능성을 현장계측치로부터 정량적으로 파악하여 비교분석한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 최종 예상침하량으로 추정한 압밀도는 Terzaghi 방법에서는 작게 추정되었고, 편차가 크게 나타나서 오차범위가 작은 Asaoka와 Hyperbolic방법을 기준으로 압밀도를 적용하는 것이 합리적이라고 판단된다. 2. 성토에 의한 점증재하시 과잉간극수압의 소산은 성토시공중의 소산과 최대간극수압 이후의 소산이 합성되어 발생하는 복합적인 거동을 나타냈다. 또한 압밀초기에는 침하량으로 압밀도를 예측하는 것보다 계측자료가 충분한 과잉간극수압을 이용하여 압밀도를 예측하는 것이 신뢰성이 클 것으로 판단된다. 3. 성토완료후 초기에는 시공중 소산된 과잉간극수압(U_(d))을 이용한 압밀도가 최대과잉간극수압을 이용한 압밀도(U_(p))보다 12∼27% 정도 더 크게 나타났고, 침하량으로 추정된 압밀도에 근접하므로 소산된 과잉간극수압에 의하여 압밀도를 추정하는 것이 합리적이라고 판단된다. 4. U_(d)와 U_(p)의 관계식은 주계측 단면에서는 U_(d)=(1.3∼3.6)U_(p), 부계측 단면에서는 U_(d)=(1.2∼1.9)U_(P)로 소산된 과잉간극수압으로 추정된 압밀도가 더 크게 나타났다. 또한 저수지 제체의 안정성을 한계평형법에 의해 분석한 결과 모든 조건에서 기준 안전율보다 커서 안정한 상태로 나타났다. This study was performed to evaluation the consolidation behavior of agricultural reservoir in the very soft ground. The final settlement prediction methods by Terzaghi, Hyperbolic and Asaoka methods were used to compare with the degree of consolidation estimated by exess pore water pressure. The dissipated excess pore water pressure during embankment construction and peak excess pore water pressure on the completed embankment were suggested for the estimation of the degree of consolidation. It was concluded that the degree of consolidation estimated from dissipated excess pore water pressure was more reliable than that from the peak excess pore water pressure. The stability methods for agricultural reservoir was used to compare and analyze with various condition by limit equilibrium method.

      • KCI등재

        農業用水와 農業生産基盤造成事業投資의 米穀生産寄與度 分析

        林栽煥 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2004 농업과학연구 Vol.31 No.2

        Rice is not only main food but also key farm income source of Korean farmers. In spite of the above facts, rice productivity was decreased an account of drought in every 2 or 3 years interval owing to the vulnerability of irrigation facilities throughout Korea in the past decades. As an context of the first five year economic development plan, all weather farming programme including 4 big river basin comprehensive development projects and large and medium sized irrigation water development projects were carried out successfully. Therefore the area of irrigated paddy were increased from 58% in 1970 to 76.2% in 1999. In the past decades, the Government had invested heavy financial funds to develop irrigation water but as an factor share analysis, the contribution rates of irrigation water and investment for farmland base development project have not been identified yet in national agricultural economic level. It is very scarce to find out the papers concerned to macro-economic factor share analysis or contribution rates of water and investment cost to rice production value in Korea considering the production function of the quantity of irrigation water and investment cost as independent variables. Accordingly this paper covered and aimed at identifying (1) derivation of rice production function with the time serial data from 1965 to 1999 and the contribution rates of irrigation water and total investment cost for farmland base development project. The analytical model of the contribution rates was adapted the famous Cobb-Douglass production function. According to the model analysis, the contribution rate of irrigation water to rice production in Korea was shown 37.8% which was equivalent to 0.28 of the production elasticity of water. The contribution rate of farmland base development project cost was revealed 22% and direct production cost of rice was contributed 60% in the growth of rice production and farm mechanization costs contributed to 18% of it respectively. The two contribution rates comparing with the direct production cost were small but without irrigation water and farmland base development, application of high-pay off inputs and farm mechanization might be impossible. Considering the food security and to cope with the frequent drought, rice farming and investment for the irrigation water development should be continued even in WTO system.

      • KCI등재

        The Economic Feasibility Analysis of Crop Cultivation Practice Project in Pirganj and Kurigram Districts, Bangladesh

        Nazia Tabassum(나지아 타바섬),Jae Hwan Lim(임재환),Uhn-Soon Gim(김은순) 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2008 농업과학연구 Vol.35 No.1

        미국 농무성은 방글라데시의 Pirganj군과 Kurigram군에 작물재배기술을 보급하여 농민들의 소득을 향상시키고 작물의 수량을 제고하여 농민들의 식량을 자급 할 수 있도록 하기 위하여 2008년부터 2012년까지 4개년간 기술지원기금US$ 571,270을 제공할 계획이다. 이 사업의 주목적은 948㏊, 임야개간 52㏊ 및 유휴지 345㏊를 개발하고 농업생산기술을 지도ㆍ보급함으로써 농산물의 생산성을 제고시키고 가난한 1,059농가와 5,305명의 농촌농민들의 사회 경제적 생활조건을 개선시키는 것이다. 이 사업을 위하여 방글라데시의 미작연구소, 방글라데시 농업연구위원회, Rangpur Dinajpur 농촌 서비스 센터 및 농민단체들이 참여 하고 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 (1) 미곡, 밀, 옥수수, 엽연초 및 사탕수수의 생산성을 구명하고, (2) 작물 별 생산비와 소득을 추정하며, (3) 투입 산출물간의 상호관계를 구명하여 (3) 본 사업의 총 수익과 총 사업비를 비교함으로써 본 사업의 재무적 타당성 지표인 FIRR,NPV,B/C Ratio를 구명해 보고자 한다. 본 사업의 연간 순기대총편익은 US$ 33,028이다. 농산물 생산액의 총 증가액은 US$ 219,959이며 총 생산비증가액은 US$186,931로 추정되었다. 본 사업의 재무수익률은 경제분석기간을 15년으로 가정했을 경우 재무수익률(FIRR)이 26.15%로 추정되었으며, 이는 방글라데시의 할인율 10%보다 2.6배가 높게 나타났다. 방글라데시의 할인율을 10%로 볼 경우 B/C Ratio는 1.077이며 NPV는 US$ 101,663로 추정되었다. 따라서 본 사업은 방글라데시의 농촌경제를 활성화 시키고 가난한 농민들의 복지를 증대시키는데 있어 매우 중요한 농업정책으로써, 방글라데시의 타 지역에도 확대 보급함은 물론 재정적 지원을 지속해 나가야 할 것으로 판단된다. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) funded collaborative project on The Economic Feasibility Analysis of Crop Cultivation Practice Project in Pirganj and Kurigram Districts in Bangladesh will started during 2008-2012, for 4 years with total project cost of US$ 571,270. The project will be implemented in 6 villages; has 1,097 hectares areas which is divided into 948 hectares of agricultural land, 52 hectares of forest land and 345 hectares of other land, covered 1,059 households equal to 5,305 persons in Pirganj and Kurigram districts The project has proposed to be implemented in joint collaboration by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and Rangpur Dinajpur Rural Service (RDRS) Bangladesh with full participation of the farmers' groups of respective project site. The specific objectives of the project are: (1) to estimate the productivity of paddy, wheat, maize, tobacco and sugarcane (2) to determine the cost of production and returns to the above mentioned crops (3) to study the interrelationship between inputs and output of the above mentioned crops and (4) to examine the resource utilization patterns at farm level. In this project analysis, the net incremental profit is US$33,028. The expected incremental project benefit and incremented production cost are estimated as US$ 219,959 and US$ 186,931 respectively. The financial decision making criteria would be followed in this crop cultivation practice project. After the project implementation, the expected project benefits are assumed to be continued for 15 years. The benefit cost ratio (B/C) of the project is estimated at 1.077 (table Ⅱ) when using discount rate of 10% as an opportunity cost of capital in Bangladesh. FIRR of project is estimated at 26.15% which is bigger than the opportunity cost by more than double. So this project is financially feasible and acceptable. Therefore, this project should be extended to other areas to increase the farm income and economic growth of marginal poor farmers in Bangladesh.

      • KCI등재

        충남대학교 연습림의 산책로 훼손에 관한 연구

        이준우,박범진,최윤호 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 1998 농업과학연구 Vol.25 No.1

        Three major trails of campus forest in Chungnam National University were selected to investigate the use impacts on environmental deterioration of trail according to the different amount of use. Rook-exposed, root-exposed, deepening, widening, diverged points as the deterioration types of trail which were surveyed at total of 92 points in major trail of campus forest in Chungnam National University. Major deterioration types of trail were widening, rock-exposure, root-exposure, in order of frequency. And trail conditions(trail slope and maximum depth) of deteriorated points were significantly different from those of non-deteriorated points.

      • KCI등재후보

        농업조사 통계의 작성 실태 분석 및 평가

        김성훈(Soung-Hun Kim),구승모(Seung-Mo Koo),손창수(Chang-Soo Son),이계오(Kye-Oh Lee),한석호(Suk-Ho Han) 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2012 농업과학연구 Vol.39 No.1

        The 2009 Agricultural Survey is one of the most important official statistics about agricultural sector, which is mostly used by experts. However users have kept claiming about the problems of the 2009 Agricultural Survey, which need to be discussed in the academic area. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the 2009 Agricultural Survey and the level of satisfaction of users and to evaluate the 2009 Agricultural Survey. Then, the paper presents some suggestions to upgrade the 2009 Agricultural Survey. The results of studies present a few findings: First, the 2009 Agricultural Survey shows overall excellence but should focus on adding more various topics in agricultural sector, Second, the 2009 Agricultural Survey need to consider offering micro level data for experts such as data in the city or county level, Third, the 2009 Agricultural Survey had better to offer more specific examination and guide line for general users.

      • KCI등재

        착유우 사료에 대한 Aspergillus oryzae 발효물질 첨가가 in vitro 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율과 발효액의 pH에 미치는 영향

        명윤아,박덕섭,이수기,박종수,김용국 충남대학교 농업과학연구소 2002 농업과학연구 Vol.29 No.2

        본 연구는 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물이 in vitro 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율과 pH에 미치는 영향을 구명하고자 실시하였다. 균종 Aspergillus oryzae는 한국 생명공학연구원에서 분양받았으며, 본 연구에 사용된 사료는 시중 유통중인 착유우용 배합사료와 TMR 사료로서, 일반성분 분석은 (주)우성사료 중앙실험실에서 실시하였고, 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율 실험은 충남대학교 실험실에서 실시하였다. 배합사료와 TMR에 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물 0, 1.0, 2.0 및 3.0%를 첨가한 후, Holstein종 착유우로부터 채취한 반추위액에 시료 2.0g 내외를 넣어 진탕배양기에서 24, 48 및 72시간 소화시켰다. 침전물에 0.2% pepsin이 들어있는 0.1N HCl 30ml를 넣고 39℃ incubator에서 48시간 소화시키고 나서, 마지막으로 침전물을 60℃의 건조기에서 48시간 건조시켰다. 실험은 3회 반복하여 실시하였다. 건물 소화율은 Aspergillus oryzae 발효물을 첨가하지 않은 대조구에 비해 24시간 배양시킨 배합사료의 경우 2.1%(63.1%), 9.7%(68.5%) 및 9.0%(68%) 개선되었고, TMR은 4.8%(60.0%), 6.4%(61.1%) 및 2.9%(58.8%)의 개선효과가 있었다. 이와 대조적으로, 48시간 및 72시간 배양시킨 시험구의 건물 소화율에 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물이 미치는 영향은 24시간 배양시보다 상대적으로 낮은 경향을 보였다. 섬유소에서 소화율에서 Aspergillus oryzae가 조섬유, ADF 및 NDF 소화율을 유의적으로 개선시킨다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 배합사료에서 3% 첨가구의 경우 24시간 배양시 13.3%(53.3), 72시간 배양시 2.4%(54.6%)까지 증가되었다. 하지만, 첨가수준에 따라 소화율이 높아졌음에도 불구하고 첨가수준별 개선효과에는 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 단백질 소화율은 Aspergillus oryzae 배양물 첨가에 의해 배합사료에서 0.4%(79.7)에서 9.4%(71.8%)의 유의적인 개선효과를 나타내었지만, 2.0%와 3.0% 첨가구간의 유의적인 차이는 인정되지 않았다. TMR의 경우에는 4.0%(70.4%)에서 6.3%(65.1%)의 유의적인 소화율 향상을 나타내었지만 2.0%와 3.0% 첨가구간의 유의적인 차이는 인정되지 않았다. 본 연구에서, pH 처리구간 유의적인 차이는 없었으나, Aspergillus oryzae 배양물 첨가에 따라 pH가 약간 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 그러므로 본 발효물은 pH에는 영향을 미치지 않으나 건물, 섬유소 및 단백질 소화율 향상에는 다소 효과가 있는 것으로 결론을 내릴 수가 있다. This study was conducted to examine the effects of an Aspergillus oryzae fermentation culture on the in vitro digestibilities of dry matter, crude fiber, acid detergent fiber (ADF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), crude protein and pH in vitro experiment of diets for dairy cows. A fungal species, Aspergillus oryzae was supplied by Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, Korea (KCTC 1229). The experimental diets were commercial compound feed(concentrate) and total mixed ration (TMR) for lactating cows, of which chemical analyses were determined at Research and Development Institute, Woosung Feed Co.. Ltd.. while the digestibilities were done at the laboratory of Chungnam National University. Aspergillus oryzae culture products were added to compound feed and TMR at the rate 0, 1.0. 2.0, 3.0% respectively. The experimental diet with the rumen fluid sampled from Holstein fresian milking cows were used and digested for 24 hrs, 48hrs and 72hrs in the shaking incubator. The residues of the digesta were digested for 48hrs in the incubator in which put 30㎖ of 0.1N HCI with 0.2% pepsin at 39℃. The final precipitates were dried for 48hrs in the drier at 60℃. These experimental procedures were triplicated to determine the in vitro digestibility of dry matter. crude fiber. ADF, NDF, crude protein and pH. Compared to control diet, not added Aspergillus oryzae, the DM digestibility of fungal diets were improved 2.1%(63.1%), 9.7%(68.5%) and 9.0%(68.0%) for 24 hour fermentation in compound feed while 4.8%(60.0%), 6.4%(61.1%) and 2.9%(58.8%) in TMR. On the contrary. for 48 hour and 72 hour digestibilities, the effects of Aspergillus oryzae culture on the digestibility of dry matter were relatively lowered compared to 24 hour digestibility. Referring to the digestibility of dietary fiber, Aspergillus oryzae was believed to significantly improve digestibilities of crude fiber, ADF and NDF. Those were increased up to 13.3%(53.3%) for 24 hour fermentation while 2.4%(54.6%) for 3.0% added for 72 hour fermentation in compound feed. However, there were no signifiant differences among the treatments for the inclusion rate of Aspergillus oryzae, even though the more inclusion rate, the better digestibility. The protein digestibilities were significantly unproved from 0.4%(79.7%) to 9.4%(71.8%) by adding Aspergillus oryzae into compound feed. However, there were no significant differences between the two experimental diets. 2.0% and 3.0% Aspergillus oryzae included diets. In case of TMR, the protein digestibilities were significantly unproved from 4.0%(70.4%) to 6.3%(65.1%) by adding Aspergillus oryzae. However, there were no significant differences between the two experimental diets, 2.0% and 3.0% Aspergillus oryzae included diets. In this study, there were no significant differences among the treatments in pH. On the contrary, there were slightly decrease in pH by adding Aspergillus oryzae into experimental diets but not significant. Summarizing the results of this examination, Aspergillus oryzae fermentation culture is believed to improve the digestibilities of dry matter, fiber and crude protein in cattle diets. However, more detailed research for the mechanism of the fungal culture is required to improve ruminal environment.

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