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This paper is intended to study 〈Jumong Myth〉 which's written by many writers newly. It seems to me that there are characters which are represented images of Jumong and Yoohwa in 〈Jumong Myth〉 in their works. First of all, it seems that they showed aspects of Jumong or Yoohwa as the Hero of the founder or the Hero's supporter of wisdom in their poems 『Dongmaeng』 and 『The Four Pillars and Eight Characters of Go, Ju-mong as the founder of Goguryeo Dongmyeongsungwang』by Seo, Jeong-ju, 『Lady Yoohwa』by Song Su-kwon and 『The sky of Jumong』 by Yoon Keum-cho. Only Seo‘s characters are expressed a destiny and a right but Song and Yoon's are represented the Hero itself in the narrative process through agony of realities. The secondly, it seems that Lee, Kwang-su showed aspects of Jumong as a so n?a husband?a father through the life of the Hero in his work 『Dongmyeongwang of love』. And Song Ha-chun showed aspects of Yoohwa in 〈Jumong Myth〉 through a woman as a unusual birth of process and preservation of life in his work 『Daughters of Haback』. In conclusion, it seems that their works either poems or novels are represented and recreated various images of Jumong and Yoohwa in 〈Jumong Myth〉.
An aqueous extract of oriental herbal composition named Onchengyeum and curcumin, an antioxidant isolated from turmeric (Curcuma longa Linné) reduced hepatotoxicity induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl_(4)). Improved liver function was observed by measuring the activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CRE), total cholesterol (TCHO), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-CHO), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-CHO), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB) and total bilirubin (BIL) in serum. Hepatic parameters monitored were levels of cholesterol (CHO), triglyceride (TG), malondialdehyde (MDA) and content of cytochrome P450 (CYP), level of glutathione (GSH), activities of NADPH-CYP reductase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GPx). The histopathological examination showed that the treatment of Onchengyeum and curcumin relieved the ballooning degeneration of hepatocytes which had been generated by CCl_(4). The results suggested that hepatoprotective effects of Onchengyeum and curcumin possibly are due to their promising antioxidative activity.
Iridology, developed more than 100 years ago, is the diagnosis of medical conditions through noting irregularities of the pigmentation in the iris The purpose of this study is to compare interrelation between CVA, hypertension family history and cardio-renal connective tissue in Iris Constitution through iris constitution examination. The subjects consist of 114 patients who were examined in Iris Constitution at Chonju Oriental Medicine Hospital attached to Wonkwang Univ. from September. 1St. 2000 to August. 31th. 2002. 1. In the distribution of Iris Constitution, among of 79cases, There are neurogenic type 13cases, abdominal connective tissue weakness constitution 31 cases, cardio-renal connective tissue weakness constitution 6 cases, cholesterol 7 cases and others 22 case in control group. 2. There are familial history of CVA and hypertention 32 cases, no familial history of CVA and hypertention1 3 cases, in 35cases of experimental group. These results imply that there is meaningfulness of interrelation between cardio-renal connective tissue weakness constitution and. CVA, hypertention.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the possibilities of conservation of auto- and homo-transplanted, oral carcinoma experimentally induced by a chemical carcinogen through gross and histopathologic observation. 70 male ; Syrian hamsters were employed in this study, divided into 1 control and 3 experimental groups. .16 animals in control received no treatment. ,34 animals in experimental group 1 had the left pouch mucosa painted 3 times weekly with 0.5% 9,10-dimethyl1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA) in mineral oil. Each 2 animals in control were sacrificed in 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 20 weeks after experiments, and each 4 animals in experimental group I were sacrificed in 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 weeks after experiments. The pouch mucosae of animals in control and experimental group were removed and routinely processed via hematoxylin-eosin. (H-E) staining for histopathologic observation. Also the left tumorous pouch mucosae of 10 animals among experimental group 1 survived till 16 weeks during experiments were removed and divided into 4 pieces. Among above specimens 1 piece was routinely processed via H-E staining for histopathologic confirmation of carcinoma, and another 1 piece was autotransplanted into pouch mucosa of opposite side in same animal. Also another 1 piece was homotransplanted into pouch mucosa of another 10 Syrian hamsters of experimental group 2, and the other piece was homotransplanted into pouch mucosa of another 10 Syrian hamsters of experimetal group 3 which were injected intramuscularly into femoral muscle 3 times weekly with 5 mg/kg hydrocortisone sodium succinate (HSS) for 16 weeks. After auto- and homo-transplantation the changes of transplanted site were grossly observed, and each 'S animals in each experimental group were injected with HSS for 4 weeks under above conditions. Also the specimens from all transplanted sites in all experimental groups were routinely processed via H-E staining for histopathologic observation. The obtained results were as follows: 1. In general hamster. pouch;, mucosae showed.'.lustopathologic :features of epithelial dysplasia in 10 weeks and carcinoma in 12 weeks under application of 0.5% DMBA in mineral oil 3 times weekly. 2. In general the possibility of conservation of transplanted experimental hamster pouch carcinoma induced by DMBA was lower in homotransplantation than in autotransplantation into hamster pouch mucosa. 3. In general the possibility of conservation of homotransplanted experimental hamster pouch carcinoma induced by DMBA was higher in experimental group 3 ( pre-transplantation-injected with HSS for 16 weeks) than in experimental group 2(: not pre-transplantation-injected with HSS): 4. In general the possibility of conservation of transplanted experimental hamster pouch carcinoma induced by DMBA was not influenced by post-transplantation-injected with HSS for 4 weeks.
The purposes of this study were to review literature on hardiness, to examine the effect of hardiness, and to recommend future hardiness research. Hardiness is a construct with wide appeal to nurse researcher. Derived from existential personality theory, the hardiness characteristic has been identified as a personality resource that buffers the negative effect of stress. Hardiness has emerged as a positive mediating variables in an otherwise negative field of stress and illness research. And hardiness has a moderating effect on the relationships between stress and psyhological strain, stress and burnout, and effect on adaptation to actual health problem. Despite similarities in phsiological status, some higher hardy patients with chronic illness consistently function better than others. Higher hardy people displayed higher frustration tolerance, appraised the task as less threatening, and responded to the task with more positive and less negative affect than did low hardy people. Nursing aims to satisfy the client's needs. So nurses have to understand the clients' subjective and perspective view and their behaviors. Theorical and empirical studies of hardiness have made a significant contribution to nursing care. According to this review, it is necessary to do further research to classify the clients by the type and level of hadiness, and to develop the nursing intervention for those classified clients.
인터넷 상에 존재하는 검증되지 않은 정보자원들을 선별하여 도서관 장서로 개발하는데 있어서 객관적인 인터넷 자원 선정 평가 요소를 설정하였다. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate Internet resources and select a useful its resources in library collection. This study suggests the fellowing evaluation factors for the selection of such a Internet resources. 1) Content Quality evaluation factors: Although the construction methods of Internet resources interconnect text resources and audio-visual resources, and although it is more fresh than conventional printed materials, the content of resources is still the most important factor in determining the value of resources. 2) Service quality evaluation factors: Library services, regardless of the quality of content, will be rejected if users are uncomfortable in using the services. Therefore, the improvement of user environment is important to enhance the value of resource utilization. 3) Policy evaluation factors: There can be many factors to achieve the goals of a library. Such factors will be the policy evaluation factors and they should be considered in library development plan. Therefore, policy evaluation based on user needs is essential.
This study attempts to understand how consumers' risk perception, internet shopping interest and clothing involvement have an effect on information search, and to examine how these variables affect the perceived clothing product performance and internet clothing shopping satisfaction. An on-line survey was made to collect data, and the replies from 758 people, who had an experience of apparel shopping on line, were used in the analyses. The research results are as follows: 1. The consumers' risk perception had been divided into three factors: product-related risk, internet-related risk, and finance-related risk. 2. Consumers had visited internet shopping malls about 3.4 places to shop clothing. They spent about 15-30 minutes at the malls. 3. Internet shopping interest only influenced the information search. 4. The risk perception and the clothing involvement influenced the perceived clothing product performance directly. 5. The internet shopping interest, the perceived clothing product performance, and clothing satisfaction had an effect on the internet clothing shopping satisfaction.