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This survey was conducted for the purpose of analyzing the emotional and. psychological problems and to know the satisfaction of the nursing activities and. the skills of the children's parent through the hospitalization. The following results are obtained from a survey on hospital life of children's parent in Kyung Hee University Hospital who have stayed during the period of. 30 days between Aug.1, and Aug. 31, 1973. The sample consist of 50 parents. Conclusions of this study are as follow; 1. The parent's concepts of the causes on anxiety formation. Hypotheses 1) "The causes of formation of anxiety in children's parents will have more high level in the environmental factors than in the disease itself." It was rejected. Most of the parent had high levels of concepts toward the;, children's disease itself. 2. The parents concept's of the care in children. Hypotheses 2) "Most of parents will have serious anxiety even though the doctor and nurse are take care of their children." It was accepted." Most of the parents had high levels of concepts toward the disapproval. 3. The parent's concepts of the satisfaction about the nursing activities and skills. Hypotheses 3) "In generally, most of parents will not be satisfy toward the nursing activities and skills." It was rejected. Most of the parents had high levels of concepts toward the satisfaction. 4. Most of the mothers are kept in hospital. (86%) 5. The children in home are cared by their grandmother and grandfather. 6. About the opinion of the diagnostic treatment, each half of parents was either approved or disapproved. 7. It is most idealized that the children's parents are medicated. 8. The ideal pediatric nurse is the woman who have the enough clinical experience and the experience of child care.
The present study was carried out for the purpose of measuring the efficiency of maternal classroom offered for the women delivered of children and Gynecologic patients in the Medical College Hospital of Kyung Hee University. Investigation was conducted for 122 women who received lectures on the family-planning through the maternal classroom for six months from April 1 through september 30, 1974 and the results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) The average of the women investigated was 29.3 years. Of the 122 women 41.0% were graduates of college, and 30.3% of high school background. 2) The whole of the respondents admitted the efficiency of the maternal classroom. 3) 96% of the respondents expressed their desire to convey what they acquired from the maternal classroom to their neighbors. 4) 92.6% of the respondents already understood the meaning of the family planning before they began to receive the maternal classroom lectures while 7. 4% of the respondent who knew nothing about it admitted the efficiency of the maternal classroom through Which 80% of them could understand the word of family planning. 5) 44. 2% of the respondents acquired the knowledge about the family planning through T. V., radio, newspapers and magazines, etc. and (41. 6%) through classroom lectures during their school days. The percentage of knowledge acquired through classroom lectures during school days showed an increasing tendency in proportion to the level of education. This may be considered attributable to the fact that the education of family planning is included in the regular course of study in recent several years. 6) Reviewing the change in the attitude of women toward the family planning, the respondents supported it unanimously and even those who had no knowledge about the family planning also supported it. 7) 82.8% of the respondents revealed that they exchanged opinion with husbands, 30.3% Of whom suggested that they talked simply about the family planning but not contemplated any specific program. 8) regard to the contraceptive method, 94.3% foof the respondents already knew about it before they received the maternal classroom lectures and the average number of the kinds of contracepive method they knew was 3. 5. 9) Of the methods of contraception adopted by the respondents condoms comprised 30% and oral pills 28% The loops occupied 12% and rhythm methods 22% 10) The rate of failure in contraception was 23.3% and oral pill and condom were used as contraceptive methods. 11) 26.3% of the total respondents had experienced the induced abortions. The highest proportion was in the 2024 age group. 12) The mean number of living children was 1.99 (Male; 1.07 Female; 0.92) 13) The respondents wished to have more child by 1.04 mean number (Male; 0.57 Female; 0.47) 14) The "ideal" number of children was 2.42 (Male; 1.92, Female 1.26) 15.5% of the respondents expressed their desire to have only two children irrespective of sex. 15) After lectures, 94.3% of the respondents expressed their intention to pre-vent conception and conception and 5.7% desired to give birth to a child when-ever they conceive. 16) 33.0% of those who had a contraception plan desired to use loop, 26.2% for oral, 14.8% for condom and 11.3°% for vasectomy.
본 연구에서는 터널내 탄성파 탐사로부티 터널막장 전방 파쇄대를 예측하기 위한 두 가지의 3차원 구조보정 기법을 제안하였다. 첫 번째 해석기법은 타원체의 원리에 기초한 것으로 터널 양쪽 벽면에서 각각 독립적으로 탄성파 탐사를 수행하여 얻은 2차원 해석 결과를 이용하여 3차원 구조보정을 수행할 수 있다. 두 번째 해석기법은 파전파 평면의 개념을 도입한 것으로 터널내 탄성파탐사를 터널 한쪽 벽면에서만 송신을 수행한 반면, 수진기는 양쪽 벽면에 설치한 경우에 적용할 수 있는 기법이다. 새로운 구조보정 기법을 현장 터널내 탄성파 탐사 자료에 적용해 보았다. TSP 시험자료를 이용하여 3차원 구조보정을 수행한 후, 그 결과를 터널 굴착과정 중 조사된 지질정보와 비교해 보았다. 그 결과 제안된 구조보정 기법을 통하여 불연속면의 형상을 비교적 정확히 예측할 수 있음을 확인하였다. Two 3-dimensional data processing techniques to predict the fractured zone ahead of a tunnel face by the tunnel seismic survey were proposed so that the geometric formation of the fractured zone could be estimated. The first 3-dimensional data processing technique was developed based on the principle of ellipsoid, The input data needed for the 3D migration can be obtained from the 2-dimensional tunnel seismic prediction (TSP) test where the TSP test should be performed in each sidewall of a tunnel. The second 3-dimensional migration technique that was developed based on the concept of wave travel plane was proposed. This technique can be applied when the TSP is operated with sources in one sidewall of a tunnel while the receivers are installed in both sidewalls. New migration technique was applied to an in-situ tunnelling site. The 3-dimensional migration was performed using measured TSP data and its results were compared with the geological investigation results that were monitored during tunnel construction. This comparison revealed that the proposed migration technique could reconstruct the discontinuity planes reasonably well.
The present study was carried out by investigating 140 mothers of premature infant in 10 hospitals in Seoul for the period from September 1 through November 30,1974 and analyzing the problems arisen from the delivery of premature infant and their understanding of the children. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. With regard to the definition of premature infant, 54.3% of the respondents answered that the child whose weight is less than 2, 500gm at the time of birth is premature infant while 30.0% responded that they do not know the cause of the birth of premature infant. This suggests that most of the respondents have correct knowledge, in general, about the premature infant. 2. 34.4% of the respondents in the group of high educational level came to know the meaning of premature infant through cultural magazines or speciality books while 24.2% in the group of low educational level happened to know it through hospital or public health center. 3. In the emotional reaction of mothers due to the delivery of premature infant, 50. 0% of the responts showed"slightly fear" and 34.3% "very uncertain" 4. 65.7% respondents believed in respect of the growth and development of premature infant that even thuogh the baby is smaller than the normal baby he will become normal after several years while 15.7% in the group of educational level lower than middle school graduates showed negative. 5. With regard to the family reaction due to the delivery of an premature infant, 57. 1% of the respondents revealed that they were consoled by the family members and there was observed generally no mothers who were pressed hard for the responsibility of giving birth to an premature infant, except for a heavy extra economic burden. 6. 25.2% of the respondents expressed that it is upsetting to have the baby nursed in the hospital incubator which involves a heavy extra economic burden and makes them unable to take the baby to home with them at the time of leving the hospital while 15.3% showed thier frustration in that they are unable to visit the hospital whenever they desire to see their babies in hospital. 7. 52.9% of the respondents revealed that the nurses taking care of the premature infant in hospital take a mild attitude toward the guardian of the babies in explaining their condition, 21.4% were not explained at all, 12.9% were voluntarily explained, and 8.5% were explained unavoidably at request. It may be seen from this that only 65.8% are explained kindly by the nurses when questioned about the babies and therefore it is felt absolutely necessary on the part of the nurses to take more mild attitude toward the conversation with the guardian of premature infant 8. 64. 3% of the respondents revealed their satisfaction with the nursing care performed in the rearing room of premature infant while 1.4% dissatisfied. 9. Matters desired to be known about the care and feeding of premature infant are:22.8% for growth and development: 17.3% for feeding method:15.4% for disease: 10.5% for vacccination: 9.3% for bathing methed: and 8.6% for mental retardation.
A survey was conducted by the author on family planning knowledge, attitude, and practice among hospital nurses in an urban area from 8 to 20 August 1972. The survey respondents were 620 nurses in the university hospitals of Seoul. As result of this survey, the following conclusions were found; A. General characteristics of respondents 1. The average age of the hospital nurses investigated was 22.3 years. By age group, htose 20-24 constituted 66 percent of the total or the most numerous of all age strata. The percentages decreased with increasing age. 2. Of the 620 nurses, 50 percent were graduates of nursing schools, and 43 percent of nursing college background. Also there were respondents with nursing high school(3%) and nursing training institute(4%) backgrounds. 3. Those who reported having no religion constituted 31 percent of the respondents, while Protestants, Catholics, and Buddhists were 39,22, and 6 percent respectively. 4. Married respondents made up 20percent of the total while 80 percent were not married. B. Knowledge about family planning 1. Those women who reported that they had learned about family planning while at school constituted 76 percent of the total. Newspapers, radio, magazines, seminars, and training courses were mentioned as important sources of information also. 2. As the "ideal contraceptive method" the largest proportion(38 percent) selected vasectomy, followed by the rhythm method(23 percent), the loop(10 percent), and oral pills(9 percent). C. Self-judged teaching ability in family planning 1. About 62 percent of all respondents thought that they could explain reproductive physiology and birth control to others, but 33 percent thought they could not. 2. About 71 percent of all respondents can explain the use of the loop method and the function of contraception, but 29 percent cannot. 3. About 66 percent of all respondents can explain the way to use oral pills and their possible sideeffects. D. Attitudes toward family planning 1. About 97 percent of all respondents were found to approve of current family planning services as part of the national policy; about 2 percent were against it. 2. On the question of launching family planning services as part of hospital programs, 91 percent approved. These results indicate not only the success of the national policy in shaping attitudes, but also implies the possibility of a hospital program's being successful. E. Family planning training 1. Nearly 82 percent of all respondents expressed a desire for more training and education in family planning, but nearly 14 percent did not want it. 2. About 55 percent of the respondents said they werre interested in broad and general family planning training, while 23 percent indicated specific interest in educational methods for teaching others about family planning and another 13 percent indicated an interest in education dealing with the necessity of family planning. F. Family planning practice 1. Of the 122 married nurses, 47 percent responded that they were currently using a contraceptive method. The remanining 53 percent reported having never had any contraceptive experience. 2. Thirty-nine percent of the married respondents were currently using the rhythm method, followed by condom users, those with tubal ligations, IUD wearers, and those with vasectomized husbands.
Aging is characterized by an age-dependent reduction in bone density. Pronounced bone loss by postmenopausal estrogen deficiency induces a bad effect on dynamic balance of bone metabolism. When the bone density is reduced to the level below the fracture threshold, the risk for fracture is greatly increased. The purpose of this study is to examine what are the effects of the Yuklinzu(YLZ : 毓麟珠) on the ovariectomized rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The results of the experiment are as follows: Body weight in control group showed significant increase in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated showed no change in comparison with control. The level of serum albumin in control group showed significant decrease in comparison with sham. That in YLZ-treated was slightly decreased in comparison with control. The level of serum ALP activity in control group showed significant increase in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated was significantly decreased in comparison with control. The level of serum phosphorous in control group showed significant increase in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated showed no change in comparison with control. The level of serum calcium in control group showed no change in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated was significantly decreased in comparison with control. The level of serum GOT in control group showed no change in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated was significantly decreased in comparison with control. The level of serum GPT did not significant change among the three groups. The level of serum estrogen in control group showed slightly increased in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated showed no change in comparison with control. The level of serum T3 in control group showed no change in comparison with sham, and that in YLZ-treated showed no change in comparison with control. The level of serum T4 in control group showed significant increase in comparison with sham, but that in YLZ-treated was significantly decreased in comparison with control. Mechanical strength of the femur neck in control group showed significant decrease in comparison with sham. That in YLZ-treated showed slightly increased in comparison with control. Trabecular bone area as well as trabecular thickness in control group showed significant decrease in comparison with sham. Those in YLZ-treated showed significant increase in comparison with control. Trabecular number and did not significant change among the three groups. Trabecular separation only in YLZ-treated showed significant decrease in comparison with control. Osteoclast number and oseoblast surface in control group showed significant increase in comparison with sham. Those in YLZ-treated showed slightly decreased in comparison with control. According to the above these results, YLZ has shown to be capable of preventing and curing osteoporosis caused by old-aged and postmenopause.