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        폴 푸아레(Paul Poiret)작품에 나타난 아르데코(Art Deco)의 특성 연구

        양미진,노윤선 한국일러스아트학회 2013 조형미디어학 Vol.16 No.4

        현대 패션은 각 시대의 사회 문화적 배경과 더불어 소재, 컬러, 실루엣 등의 변화로 새로운 스타일이 창출되어가고 있다. 복식사적으로 패션계에 큰 영향을 준 시기는 근대기에서 현대기로 변해가는 시점인 1900년도 초기였다. 이후 제 1차 세계대전과 산업 혁명의 영향으로 현대기로 넘어오면서 기능성을 중심으로 하는 아르데코(Art Deco) 예술양식의 발생으로 화려하고 인공적이던 여성복식은 간소화되고 활동적인 의복으로 변화되었다. 그 변화의 중심에는 코르셋으로부터 여성을 해방시키면서 아르데코 디자인의 선구자 역할을 했던 폴 푸아레(Paul Poiret)가 있었다. 그는 여성들을 보정 물로부터 해방시키고 불필요한 장식을 배재한 새로운 디자인을 발표함으로써 현재까지 많은 디자이너들의 본보기가 되고 있으며 그의 작품에서 얻은 영감을 가지고 디자인을 발표할 만큼 패션계에 큰 영향을 미치고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 폴 푸아레 작품에 나타난 아르데코의 특성을 분석하여 현대 패션 디자인에 응용함에 있어서 더욱 창의적이고 다양한 디자인 개발 가능성을 모색하는데 목적이 있다. 폴 푸아레 작품에 나타난 아르데코의 특성을 연구한 결과는 첫째, 헬레닉 드레스(Hellenic Dress)는 폴 푸아레의 대표적인 작품으로, 스트레이트 실루엣이 기능성과 실용성을 보여주면서 단순성을 표현하였다. 둘째, 폴 푸아레는 오리엔탈리즘을 도입하면서 하렘 팬츠(Harem Pants), 미나레 튜닉(Minaret Tunic), 기모노 스타일(Kimono Style)로 이국성을 표현하였다. 셋째, 기존의 전통적인 소재와 새로운 소재의 매칭으로 탄생된 하렘 팬츠와 기모노 스타일을 통하여 절충성을 찾아볼 수 있었다. 이러한 연구를 통하여 폴 푸아레 작품이 여성의 현대 패션에 크게 자리하고 있음을 알 수 있었고, 앞으로의 패션 동향에서도 그의 작품에서 보여주는 아르데코 요소들이 많은 분야에서 연구되고 활용될 수 있는 자료가 될 수 있기를 기대한다. In the comtemporary fashion, new styles have been created due to the social and cultural background of each era and the changes in material, color, silhouette, etc. The period that had a big influence in the fashion world for the history of dressing was the early 1900s that was the changing time from the modern period to the post-modern period. Since then, at the post-modern period that arrived due to the influence of the First World War and the Industrial Revolution, the splendid and artificial female clothing has been changed to a simple and active clothing by the birth of art deco art form that was based on the functionality. At the heart of that change, there was Paul Poiret who played the role of a pioneer for art deco design by liberating women from corsets. He has become a role model for a lot of designers even until now by liberating women from corrective clothing and unveiling new designs that excluded unnecessary decorations and he has had a huge influence on the fashion world so that many designers have continued to publish their designs that were inspired by the works of Paul Poiret. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the possibility of developing more creative and diverse design in analyzing and applying the characteristics of art deco appeared in the works of Paul Poiret to the fashion design. As a result of studying the characteristics of art deco appeared in the works of Paul Poiret, the first was that Hellenic Dress was the most famous work of Paul Poiret; thus, it represented the simplicity as the straight silhouette and functionality showed the practicality. The second was that Paul Poiret represented the exotismus by harem pants, minaret tunic and kimono style as implementing orientalism. The third was that the compromise could be found through harem pants and kimono style created by the matching of the existing conventional materials and the new materials. Through this study, it was possible to find out that the works of Paul Poiret were nestled in the modern fashion of women, and it is expected that the art deco elements shown in his works will become the important data to be researched and utilized in many areas for the fashion trend going forward.

      • KCI등재

        부모의 외도를 경험한 청소년 특성에 대한 질적 연구

        양미진,송수민 한국청소년상담복지개발원 2011 청소년상담연구 Vol.19 No.1

        The current study was conducted in order to concretely examine what effects parents' extramarital affairs have on the areas of adolescents' cognition, emotions, behaviors and interpersonal relations and to provide data helpful to their education and counseling by qualitatively analyzing juvenile cases of complaining of parents' extramarital affair problems in particular among cases of complaining of parental conflicts on the cyber counseling bulletin board. For this we analyzed with CQR 24 juvenile cases of complaining of difficult situations after experiencing parents' extramarital affair problems out of the cases of the cyber counseling bulletin board. The results of the study indicate that first, the reasons of the extramarital affairs adolescents perceive include family becoming estranged, mothers' emotional loneliness, fathers' untrustworthy attitudes, financial hardships etc. Namely, adolescents who had parents with extramarital affairs recognized mentioned that family was patriarchal or became alienated. Second, it found that the effects of parents' extramarital affairs on adolescents involve cognitive confusion, emotionally strong gloominess, fury, fear and a sense of shame. Finally, what the adolescents expected from cyber counseling was to explore concrete solutions to the problems they were experiencing in relation to parents' extramarital affair problems, and the main reason that they visit cyber counseling was that privacy protection was assured. Limitations and implications of the present study were discussed based on these findings. 본 연구는 사이버 상담 게시판에 부모의 갈등을 호소한 사례 중 특히 부모의 외도 문제를 호소한 청소년의 사례를 질적으로 분석함으로써 부모의 외도가 청소년의 인지, 정서, 행동 및 대인관계 영역에서 어떠한 영향 을 미치는지 구체적으로 살펴보고 청소년의 교육 및 상담에 도움이 되는 자료를 제공하고자 하는 목적으로 수행되었다. 이를 위하여 사이버 상담 게시판 사례 중 부모의 외도 문제를 경험하고 어려움을 호소하는 청소 년 24사례를 CQR로 분석하였다. 연구결과로는 첫째, 청소년이 지각하는 외도의 원인은 가족이 소원해 지거 나, 엄마의 정서적 외로움, 불성실한 아버지의 태도, 경제적인 어려움 등이 보고되었다. 즉 부모의 외도경험 이 있는 청소년들은 가정을 가부장적이거나 소원하다고 지각하였다. 둘째, 부모의 외도가 청소년에게 미치는 영향은 인지적 혼란과 정서적으로 강한 우울과 분노, 두려움과 수치심이 나타났다. 마지막으로 청소년들이 부모의 외도문제와 관련하여 사이버 상담에 기대하는 바는 자신이 경험하고 있는 문제에 대한 구체적인 해결 방안에 대한 탐색이었으며, 사이버상담을 찾는 이유로는 비밀보장이 중요한 요인이었다. 이러한 연구결과를 바탕으로 본 연구의 제한점과 시사점이 논의 되었다.

      • 서울시 각 구 보건소간호사의 방문간호 업무수행과 직무만족에 관한 연구

        양미진,Yang, Mi-Jin 한국가정간호학회 1997 가정간호학회지 Vol.4 No.-

        The change in health care environment increases the importance of Visiting Nursing Services Program. It has been performed by nurses of district health centers in Seoul since 1991. The Achievement of Visiting Nursing Services Program will be dependent upon their activities. The purpose of this study was to identify the Performance of Visiting Nurses and Job satisfaction of district health centers in Seoul. Therefore, it was to provide the fundamental data development of Visiting Nursing Services Program. The subjects were 214 Visiting Nurses of district health centers in Seoul. The data was collected by self reporting questionnaire from April 15 to April 30, 1997. Their performances and various supportive factors were measured with the instruments developed by the researcher. Job satisfaction were also measured by the instrument developed by Slavitt et al. (1978) was used. The data were, analyzed by Cronbach Alpha, mean, standard deviation, percentage, t -test, ANOVA Duncan test, Correlation Coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression with SAS program. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The average of budget of Visiting Nursing Services Program of district health centers was 0.9% and the average of visiting nursing services personnel of district health centers was 10.1%. 2. With regard to the job satisfaction of Visiting Nurses the mean score was 2.92 out of 5. While the level of Job prestige / status presented as a mean score of 3.48 which was the largest among the 7 components of job satisfaction, the level of administration was the lowest showing 2.57 scores respectively. There were significant differences in the job satisfaction by age, working career of health centers(p<0.01, 0.001). 3. The average of the performance level of Visiting Nurses variables was 2.29; The variable with highest degree of performance was the teaching & consultation, establishment of performance plan, whereas the on with the lowest degree was the directive nursing services. The significant difference was found in performance level according to age, structure type of visiting nursing services, working career of health centers and working career of visiting nursing services(p<0.05). 4. With regard to the perception of the performance expertise by the Visiting Nurses the mean score was 2.37 : The variable with highest degree of performance expertise was the teaching & consultation, establishment of performance plan, whereas the on with the lowest degree was management of home-environment. The significant difference was found in performance expertise according to working career outside of health centers(p<0.05). 5. With regard to the perception of the performance necessity by the Visiting Nurses the mean was 2. 40 : the variable with highest degree of performance necessity was the teaching & consultation, establishment of performance plan, whereas the on with the lowest degree was directive nursing services. The significant difference was found in performance necessity according to working career of visiting nursing services(p<0.05). 6. A positive correlation was found between job satisfaction and performance level(r=.3731, P<0.001). Also, a weak positive correlation was found between the components of job satisfaction and performance level. 7. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor was the variance of job satisfaction(R=.3557, $R^2$=.1265). Structure type of visiting nursing services and working career of visiting nursing services accounted for 19.0% of the variance in performance level in nurses. In conclusion, Job satisfaction, Structure type of visiting nursing services and Working career of visiting nursing services variables had influenced on performance level in health centers. Further research is required to confirm these findings.

      • KCI등재

        기러기 가족의 성공적 적응요인 연구

        양미진,손재환,김인규 교육종합연구원 2014 교육종합연구 Vol.12 No.4

        This study is aimed to investigate some successful adaptation factors of goose families which are increasing nowadays. We interviewed some goose families who have lived abroad over 3 years and investigate what were the difficulties of adaptation and how they managed those difficulties. 52 items were abstracted from interview data and were classified by concept mapping method. As a result, adataion factors of goose families have 2 dimensions-Dimension 1 is divided as system versus relation and Dimension 2 is divided as inner traits versus outer features. 3 type of adaption factors were identified as family climate which provides freedom and acceptance to children, relationship with neighborhood which provides supports to goose families, positive attitudes which help goose families overcome conflicts. These results shows that macro and micro systems of the community where goose families residence and psychological characteristics of those family members are important factors in successful adaptation of goose families. These results could be used as fundamental materials in counseling, education, and policy making for goose families. 본 연구는 지속적으로 증가하고 있는 기러기 가족의 성공적인 적응요인을 탐색하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이를 위하여 해외에 거주하는 기러기 가족을 심층 면접하여 외국생활의 어려움과 대처방법을 탐색하고 이를 개념도 분석 방법으로 분류하였다. 연구 결과 기러기 가족의 적응 요인은 2개 차원으로 구분되는데 차원 1은 학교 문화, 지역 문화 등 체계적 내용과 주변사람과의 지지 등 관계적 내용으로 구분되고, 차원 2는 심리 정서, 태도 등 개인의 내적 특성과, 학교 환경, 이웃 환경 등 외적 특성으로 구분된다. 적응요인의 유형으로는 자녀에게 자유롭고 수용적인 분위기, 주변 사람과의 관계 및 지지, 갈등의 극복 및 긍정적인 태도가 도출되었다. 이를 통해 볼 때 해외거주 기러기 가족의 적응에서는 거주하고자 하는 지역의 거시체계, 미시체계와 더불어 개인의 심리성격 특성이 중요한 요인으로 작용하는 것을 알 수 있다. 본 연구의 의의와 활용방안에 대해 논의하였다.

      • KCI등재

        질적 분석을 통한비자발적 청소년 내담자의 상담지속요인 연구

        양미진,이영희 한국상담심리학회 2006 한국심리학회지 상담 및 심리치료 Vol.18 No.1

        This study investigated the factors that could help involuntary clients continue their participation in counseling. A total of 18 involuntary adolescent clients (8 males and 10 females), who participated in more than five sessions of counseling, were selected for this study. Results from the Consensual Qualitative Research analyses were as follows: First, the majority of the participants were introduced to counseling by their parents, who also took active roles in the counseling process. Second, counselors' role was vital towardkeeping the participants in therapy. Third, the participants' own internal expectations and their care-givers' involvement in counseling helped the participantsovercome their initial resistance. Fourth, as helpful factors in their counseling, the majority of the participants listed counselors' advice, suggestions, careful listening, and empathy. Finally, the participants reported their positive experiences in counseling to include increased awareness of the sources of their problems, better understanding of their parents, and positive behavioral changes. Results provide practical implications for counselors toward improving involuntary adolescent clients' participation in counseling. 감수모든 사례의 영역과 요약반응을 구성한 후, 감수자의 감수를 받았다. 감수에서 지적된 내용은 분석팀이 토의하여 감수자의 의견에 따라 영역이나 요약반응을 수정하거나 분석팀의 결정을 유지하였다.

      • KCI등재
      • KCI등재

        잠재계층분석을 통한 청소년의 위기 유형 분류

        양미진(楊美珍),이자영(李玆煐),손재환(孫在煥) 서울대학교 교육연구소 2010 아시아교육연구 Vol.11 No.3

        본 연구에서는 청소년의 위기 유형을 잠재계층분석 방법으로 분류하고자 하였다. 피험자는 12세에서 19세까지의 청소년 3,526명이었으며, 조사도구는 위기상황실태조사 척도와 정신건강척도였다. 요인분석을 통해 확인된 요인은 5가지로 심각한 수준의 "비행", 집단따돌림 등의 "대인관계", 가벼운 수준의 "일탈", "부모갈등", "학업부적응"이었다. 또한 위기 요인 취약성 범주에 대한 잠재계층분석을 실시한 결과 5개의 계층이 확인되었으며 각 계층의 조건 확률을 살펴본 결과 계층1은 대인관계 위기가 두드러졌고, 계층2는 모든 위기요인에 취약해 고 위험 계층으로 간주되었다. 계층3은 비교적 가벼운 수준의 일탈 중심 위기가 두드러졌으며, 계층4는 부모갈등 위기가 두드러졌고, 마지막 계층5는 취약한 위기요인이 거의 없는 저 위험 계층으로 간주되었다. 또한 각 계층에 따라 정신건강적 특성과 인구학적 특성을 살펴본 결과 계층2에서 4가지 하위 정신건강 모두에서 취약하게 나타났으며 학교밖청소년과 경제적 수준이 낮은 청소년들이 다른 계층에 비해 계층 2에서 더 많은 것으로 나타났다. The purpose of this study is to examine classes of adolescents at-risk through latent class analysis (LCA). For this, this study surveyed 3,526 Korean adolescents aged between 12 and 19. They were selected according to proportion of 16 metropolitan administrative units of Korea. As a result, the factor analysis identified five factors of adolescents" risk: delinquency, peer relationship including group bullying, harmless deviation, conflict with parents, and poor academic achievement. In addition, adolescents" risk was found to five class through LCA. The main problems of each class are "peer relationships" in the class 1, "all problems" in the class 2, " harmless deviation" in the class 3 and "conflict with parents" in the class 4. And there are little problems in the class 5. These results may help counselors and teachers to understand the characteristics of risk adolescent and to prevent adolescent" risk behaviors.

      • KCI등재

        사이버상담 성과에 대한 개념도 연구

        양미진,유혜란,서선아,박성륜,김경화,유준호 한국청소년상담복지개발원 2015 청소년상담연구 Vol.23 No.1

        본 연구는 사이버상담을 경험한 내담자들이 사이버상담 성과를 어떻게 인식하고 있는지를 분석함으로써 사이버상담의 성과를 유형화하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이를 위해 개념도(concept mapping)분석 방법을 사용하여 사이버상담을 경험한 내담자들이 사이버상담 성과에 대해서 어떻게 인식하고 개념화하고 있는지 살펴보았다. 우선 실제 내담자 6명과의 심층면접과 2011년도부터 2014년도까지 작성된 사이버상담 후기를 통해 얻어진 자료에서 내담자들이 인식한 사이버상담의 성과문장을 추출하였다. 그리고 추출된 성과문장을 내담자가 직접 유사성에 따라 분류하게 하고, 다차원 분석과 군집분석을 거쳐 최종적인 상과항목을 도출하였다. 사이버상담의 성과는 크게 ‘인지-정서’차원과 ‘관계-개인’차원으로 분류되었으며, 세부 5개의 군집은 ‘정서변화’, ‘사고변화’, ‘문제 해결’, ‘내적자원강화’, ‘자기이해를 통한 효능감향상’으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 연구의 의의 및 후속연구를 위한 제언점을 제시하였다. The objective of this study is to classify the outcome of cyber counseling by analyzing how clients, who experienced cyber counselling, perceive the outcome of the counselling. We looked at how the clients, who experienced cyber counselling, perceive and perceptualize the outcome of cyber counseling by using concept mapping analyzing method. firstly, we extracted outcome sentences of cyber counselling which clients perceived, from in-depth interviews of 6 actual clients and the reference obtained through reviews of cyber counselling by clients from year 2011 to 2014. Then we let the clients to classify the extracted outcome sentences according to similarities themselves and drew the final outcome clause through scaling analysis and cluster analysis. The outcome of cyber counseling classified into 'perception-emotion' dimension and 'relationship-individual' dimension, and in detail shown in 5 groups as 'emotion change' 'cogitation change' 'problem solving' 'inner resource reinforcement' and 'efficacy increase through self-understanding'. lastly we proposed the significance and Suggested points for further research on such results

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