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      • KCI등재

        여백의 역설적 발언 -김종삼 시의 근저

        김영미 ( Kim Young-mee ) 국제어문학회 ( 구 국제어문학연구회 ) 2013 국제어문 Vol.57 No.-

        전쟁의 상흔과 기억 속에 김종삼의 시는 놓여 있다. 하지만 그는 이를 정확히 그리고 제대로 말할 수 없었다. 전쟁과의 밀착된 거리에서 벗어날 수 없었기 때문이다. 김종삼의 시쓰기는 전쟁의 광포한 폭력 앞에서 말더듬과 실어, 혹은 다른 말로 드러내기이다. 이런 이유로 그를 절제와 고전주의자, 혹은 유미주의자로 일컫는 학계 또는 문단의 지배적 논의에 대한 의문에서 본고는 시작한다. 김종삼의 시는 말하고 싶지만 말할 수 없는 것으로 가득 차 있다. 그 내적 동인은 전쟁으로 비롯된 세계에 대한 공포다. 그는 과작의 시인이었다. 작품의 길이도 대체로 짧으며, 작품의 양도 많지 않다. 침묵의 세계를 거느리고 있다. 이 침묵은 그의 시에서 여백으로 구체화되어 되어 드러난다. 김종삼 시는 최소한의 언어만 남겨둔 채 여백으로 차 있다. 밀집된 언어로 의미를 구축해 나가는 시가 아니다. 그리고 그 여백은 적막하다. 노장(老莊)이나 선(禪)의 고답적인 것과는 다르다. 그가 현실을 드러내는 데에는 공포와 무력의 정신적 실어증이 작용했던 것으로 보인다. 그러므로 김종삼은 말하지 않음(또는 못함)의 말함, 곧 `불언(不言)의 언(言)`의 세계에 갇혀 있었던 시인이다. 그러나 그의 시가 주는 감동은 불행한 시대와 대면해야 했던 그의 고통이 그의 배면으로부터 언어를 뚫고 스며나오고 있다. 말하지 못한 바들이 그의 시 이면에서 되살아나는 것이다. 대상 또는 세계에 대한 그의 거부는 공포를 낳았고, 그것의 조심스러운 세상과의 말걸기가 그의 시라는 점에서 그 아픔을 공유할 수 있다는 사실은 역사의 한 위안이라 할 수 있다. 이러한 측면에서 김종삼 시와 역사의 상관성 문제는 보다 면밀한 검토를 요한다. 하지만 그의 닫힌 언어는 그런 점에서 하나의 한계다. 그로 말미암아 왜소한 형식과 난해의 관문이 소통을 막고 있기 때문이다. Kim, Jong-sam`s poems are placed within the scars and memories of war. Kim, however, could not directly express this because he could not escape the war laden streets. Kim, in the context of outrages of war, expresses poetry as if to stutter or to experience language loss, or express his feelings with incongruent words. For such reasons, the academic and literary circles` predominant consensus is that Kim is a moderate, a classicist, or an aestheticist. I would like to begin my paper by raising skepticism towards such overwhelming consensus. Kim`s poems overflow with the desire to express what is unexpressable. Such inner chaos is rooted in the fear of the world which is generated by war. He was an un-prolific poet in that he did not produce many works and of the few most were short. He wandered in the land of silence. In his poetry, the silence is expressed as empty space. The poet was overly frugal with words. Words were replaced with empty spaces. They filled the places where words did not. The emptiness manifests as a desolate space. His is unlike that of Lao-tzu and Zhuangzi or Dhyana. He is not concerned with the transcendent. It seems that a psychological mutism towards fear and violence played a major part in Kim`s manifesting reality in his work. The poet was imprisoned in a world of not-speaking(or rather unable to speak), in other words in a world of speaking in silence. Nevertheless, the afflictions of an unfortunate era pours out from the depths of his soul in the language of poetry. The things he could not express directly comes alive from the hidden side of his work. The rejection of objects or the world created fear. His poems are apprehensive attempts at starting a conversation with the world he rejected. In this regard, readers are able to share the historic scars with the poet, providing solace for the broken past. On the other hand, however, his confined language is a barrier to his work. The short length and convoluted content of his poetry causes obstruction to communication.

      • KCI등재

        안서의 시학과 일본 체험

        김영미(Kim Young-mee) 한국시학회 2010 한국시학연구 Vol.- No.29

        Anseo (Kim-uk) showed adventures and collapses in beginning modem Korean poems. The adventures was deeply related to experiences in Japan. To him, Japan was the space that he was able to meet three languages. This experience was cubic and dynamic. He experienced meeting with Korean, Japanese, and other languages(English, French, Esperanto etc.) in Japan. Japan was the space that many languages were mixed, and therefore diverse chemical reactions were able to happen with other languages. To Anseo, Japan was the space that eastern languages and western languages were crash with, and come into being. Anseo's poetic wandering was begin with the ross of established linguistic system. This was strengthened the external space, Japan. From experiences in Japan, Anseo was able to produce his poetics. But he was shown to accept poetic experiences in japan, and at the same time to get out of them. This was the very difficult process. This process means groping for poetic possibility of Korean. The pursuit of beauty in poetic language, female voice for it, and the attainment of music by rhythm were strengthened in Japan. Anseo's poetics got accomplished at the point of contact that was the reception and refusal though the external space. Thus he was able to leave many poems and poetic theories. They are meaningful up today. To Anseo, Japan was the space of despair and suffering for finding poetic language. In there eastern and western poems met with each other, a poet experienced the agony or delight together.

      • KCI등재
      • 유기인계 및 카바메이트계 농약의 고감수성 아세틸콜린에스테라이즈의 대량생산

        김영미,김소미,조문제,Kim, Young-Mee,K., Cho,Cho, Moon-Jae 한국응용생명화학회 2003 한국농화학회지 Vol.46 No.4

        본 실험에서는 acetylcholinesterase(AChE, EC 3.1.1.7)를 이용한 간이 잔류농약 검사법에 필요한, 유기인계 및 카바메이트계 살충제에 대한 감수성이 증가된 AChE(MAChE)를 baculovirus를 이용하여 대량으로 생산하는 시스템을 구축하고 생산된 효소의 특성을 관찰하였다. 한라산에서 채취한 초파리에서 AChE의 cDNA를 합성한 후 PCR을 이용하여 AChE의 lipid anchor부분을 제거하고 site directed mutagenesis에 의해 E107Y, F368L, L408E의 염기서열을 변화시켜 재조합된 MAChE cDNA를 합성하였고 baculovirus vector에 삽입하여 대량생산을 시도하였다. 대량 증식에 필요한 조건으로 감염횟수가 네 번일 때, 그리고 세포수가 $2{\times}10^6$ cell/ml일 때 세포의 증식과 효소의 활성이 극대화됨을 알 수 있었다. His tag을 붙여 Ni-NTA affinity column을 이용하여 MAChE를 정제하였으며, 정제된 효소는 실험조건하에서는 pH(3-10)와 온도$(20-50^{\circ}C)$의 변화에 영향을 받지 않았다. 농약 추출액으로 methanol을 사용했을 때가 ethanol을 사용할 때 보다 효과적임을 알 수 있었다. 대표적인 유기인계와 카바메이트계 농약에 대한 저해율을 조사한 결과 재조합된 MAChE는 대만의 집파리 및 변형되지 않은 AChE에 비하여 전반적으로 농약에 대한 감수성이 높은 것으로 나타났다. For the simple rapid bioassay of organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide residues, a mass-production system of acetycholinesterase (AChE, EC 3.1.1.7, MAChE) using baculovirus and insect cell culture was constructed. The cDNA for AChE was synthesized from Drosophila melanogaster in Halla Mountain, the lipid anchor tail was removed by PCR and was used for the site-directed mutagenesis of three amino acid residues (E107Y, F368L, L408F). The mutated cDNA was inserted into the baculovirus vector and expressed in insect cells. Maximum cell growth and enzyme activity were reached when the cells $(2{\times}10^6\;cell/ml)$ were infected four times at four-day-intervals. His-tag containing MAChE was purified using Ni-NTA column and used for characterization. The activity was maintained under various pHs (3-10) and temperatures $(20-50^{\circ}C)$ under experimental conditions. As an extraction solution for pesticides, methanol is more effective than ethanol. Against major organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, the MAChE showed better sensitivity than AChE and AChE from housefly (Taiwan).

      • KCI등재

        무용전공 대학생의 무용몰입 경험이 자기효능감과 무용활동만족에 미치는 영향

        김영미(Young Mee Kim),한혜원(Hae Won Han) 한국무용과학회 2009 한국무용과학회지 Vol.19 No.-

        이 연구에서는 무용전공 대학생의 무용몰입 경험이 자기효능감과 무용활동만족에 미치는 영향을 규명하기 위하여 서울시와 경기도, 대전시, 충청도에 소재한 8개 대학에서 무용전공 여자 대학생 330명을 표집하였다. 조사도구는 오덕자, 박진희, 김지영(2007)이 사용한 무용몰입 설문문항과 고대선, 강익원(2009)과 김영미(1999)가 사용한 자기효능감 설문문항, 그리고 김장우, 정우영(2007)가 사용한 무용활동만족 설문문항을 수정·보완하여 총 45문항으로 구성된 설문지를 사용하였다. 수집된 자료는 일원변량분석, 중다회귀분석, 상관분석, 공변량구조분석을 사용하여 분석하였다. 그 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 도출하였다. 첫째, 한국무용 전공자가 발레 전공자 보다 무용수행 시 시간감각변형에 대한 몰입이 높다. 한편 무용참가 유형에 따라 무용활동만족은 유의한 차이가 없다. 무용참가 빈도가 많을수록 무용활동 중 시간감각변형과 무아경 몰입이 높아진다. 또한 무용참가 시간이 많을수록 환경만족이 높으며, 무용참가 빈도가 많을수록 심리만족이, 참가 기간이 길수록 신체만족도가 높다. 둘째, 무용몰입 경험 중 자목적 경험과 명확한 목표는 유능성에 유의한 영향을 미치며, 무용몰입이 높을수록 자아만족도는 높아진다. 셋째, 무용몰입 경험 중 시간감각변형은 환경만족에 유의한 영향을 미치며, 자목적 경험과 무아경은 심리만족과 사회만족에, 자목적 경험과 시간감각변형은 신체만족에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 즉 무용몰입이 높을수록 무용활동만족도 높아진다. 넷째, 무용활동만족에 영향을 미치는 요인의 상대적 영향력은 무용몰입경험, 자기효능감 순이다. 또한 무용몰입은 자기효능감을 통해 무용활동만족에 간접적인 영향을 미친다. The purpose of the this study was to find out the influence of flow experience on self efficacy and satisfaction with dance activity of university students majoring in dance. 330 female students were selected from 8 department of dance in university as subjects using purposive sampling method. Data were collected through the self-administrated 45 questionnaires which were measured by the index from Oh, Park & Kim(2007)'s flow experience questionnaires, Ko & Kang(2009) and Kim(1999)'s self efficacy ones, and Kim & Jeong(2007)'s dance activity satisfaction questionnaires. One-way ANOVA, multiple regression analysis, correlation analysis, structural equation model analysis methods were used to solve problems of the study. On the basis of the results analyzed, the conclusions were drawn as follows. First, students majoring in Korean dance were the higher loss of time concept than majoring in ballet. There is no significant difference between kinds of dance participation and satisfaction with dance activity. The more frequency of dance participation, the higher flow experience and satisfaction with dance activity. Second, there is significant influence of flow experience on self efficacy of students majoring in dance. Third, the higher dance flow experience, the higher extent of satisfaction with dance activity. Forth, the primary factor affecting satisfaction with dance activity is dance flow experience, follow by self efficacy. Also, dance flow has indirectly significant influence on satisfaction with dance activity through self efficacy.

      • KCI등재

        『손도끼』를 통한 아동, 청소년 생태문학교육

        김영미(Kim, Young-mee) 문학과환경학회 2015 문학과 환경 Vol.14 No.3

        This study aims to explore the potential development of ecological literacy for young adult readers through Hatchet by Gary Paulsen. Within the framework of cognitive psychology, vicarious experience of reading literary texts helps readers update and reconstruct their own experience, which leads to their personal growth. This educational use of literature is the basis of literary ecology, roughly defined as the study of ecological themes in literature. According to the praxis of literary ecology, the empathic experience of literary texts is much more effective on stirring up readers" ecological awareness and developing ecological literacy than the intentional guidance of knowledge-based environmental education. Hatchet, a survival story of 13-year-old boy, Brian Robson, has been gaining great popularity among teenagers, largely due to their empathic engagement with the fiction. Brian has very similar life experience with most of teen readers. He is a typical city boy who has learned and experienced nature indirectly through books, movies, or TV, which consequently made him conceive the abstract and romantic illusion on nature. Brian"s sufferings and hardships in the woods wouldn"t be very different from those of teen readers if they were in his shoes. That explains well their investment and immersion into the fictional world. The empathic reading experience of Hatchet will promote ecological literacy of teen readers because Hatchet shows various aspects of the relationship between human and nature. In particular, Brian"s physical and psychological maturity, the main theme of the text, is closely related to his attainment of ecological vision. The diverse connections with living things in the woods for 54 days enabled him to reflect himself in the ecocentric perspective, much bigger picture than anthropocentrism, and then only could he stand on his own feet as a real man, not a boy. Young adult readers will be able to share Brian"s ecological awareness while being engaged in the story world in Hatchet. To sum up, Hatchet gives ecological message to teen readers at the level of their expectations, which makes Hatchet an appropriate text for teaching ecological literacy to young adults.

      • KCI등재

        무의미시의 독자반응론적 연구 - 김춘수, 「처용단장 제일부」를 중심으로

        김영미 ( Kim Young-mee ) 국제어문학회 2004 국제어문 Vol.32 No.-

        According to W. Iser, the text by author is turned into a piece of work only by the reader`s involvement. Text itself has the structure of inducing the readers and helps the readers get the big picture. In the case of Cheoyoung Danjang Part Ⅰ, the structure of poem renders the readers get frustrated. By this frustration, the structure of the poem is parallel to the dual description in the poetic narration. The images in the poem by the dual description exist spatially losing its the meaning of united time. By the parallel, these images remain equally important without any relation to the contiguous meaning. Readers make a constant effort of grasping the meaning through repetitive reading. If the speaker of this poem is recognized Cheoyoung, readers take the content of this poem as that of a tale Cheoyoung, not as the one of reality. Thus, all the images in the poem cohere as the images of a clear deprivation of Cheoyoung. These images also show the flowing mythical world with flexibility and can be experienced through reading. The liberation of consciousness can be unique beauty what Kim, Chun-sue`s poem has to offer. After all, ironically, the poem devoid of sense and meaning by Kim, Chun-sue can be powerful to the readers. The pleasure of creating the meaning, and the possibility of creation is a great joy of reading his poem.

      • KCI등재

        사회과학분야 : 중학생의 방과후 무용수업 재미요인이 무용활동만족과 무용소비행동에 미치는 영향

        김영미 ( Young Mee Kim ),조진영 ( Jin Young Cho ) 한국무용과학회 2012 한국무용과학회지 Vol.28 No.-

        이 연구에서는 중학생의 방과후 무용수업 재미요인이 무용활동만족과 무용소비행동에 미치는 영향을 규명 하기 위해 유의표집 방법을 이용하여 서울시, 경기도, 강원도, 충청도 등 4개 지역에 소재한 중학교 중 현재 방과후 무용수업을 하고 있는 중학교를 지역별로 각 2개교씩 총 8개교를 선정하여 각 학교에서 주 1회 이상 방과후 무용수업에 참가하고 있는 학생 총 273명을 표집 하였다. 조사도구는 김영미, 한혜원(2005)의 재미요인 과 김주희(2001)의 무용활동만족, 최윤영(2007)의 무용소비행동 설문지를 연구 대상에 맞도록 수정, 보완하여 사용하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 빈도분석, 상관분석, t-test, ANOVA, 중다회귀분석을 실시하여 연구 문제를 해결하였다. 그 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 도출하였다. 첫째, 여학생이 남학생에 비해 무용활동만족과 무용소비행동이 높다. 또한 3학년 학생들이 1,2학년 학생들에 비해 무용활동만족이 높으며, 무용관람 및 참가소비행동과 무용용품소비행동이 높다. 둘째, 한국무용에 참여하는 학생 보다는 현대무용, 재즈 댄스나 스포츠댄스 같은 생활무용에 참여하는 학생들의 무용활동만족과 무용소비행동이 높다. 무용수업 횟수 와 시간, 기간에 따라 무용활동만족과 무용소비행동은 유의한 차이가 있다. 무용수업 횟수는 2회가, 무용수업 시간은 1시간~1시간 30분 사이가, 무용참가 기간은 6개월 미만일 경우 무용활동만족과 무용소비행동이 높다. 셋째, 무용수업 재미요인 중 기술향상과 건강 그리고 성취감 요인은 무용활동만족에 긍정적 영향을 미친다. 넷째, 무용수업 재미요인 중 건강과 과시 요인은 무용소비행동에 긍정적 영향을 미친다. The purpose of this study was to find out the influence of fun factors of afterschool dance classes on dance activity satisfaction and dance consumption behavior of middle school students. Using a purposive sampling method, 273 students selected from randomly selected 8 middle schools located in Seoul, Gyeounggi, Chungcheong, and Gangwon province. Data were collected through the self-administrated 76 questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed to solve problems of the study with statistical methods such as t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis method. On the basis of the results analyzed, the conclusion were drawn as follows. First, female students are the higher dance activity satisfaction and dance consumption behavior than males. Third grade students are the higher dance activity satisfaction and dance consumption behavior than other grade ones. Second, student participate in jazz and dancesports are the higher dance activity satisfaction and dance consumption behavior than participate in Korean dance. There is significant difference dance activity satisfaction and dance consumption behavior according to dance class frequency, time, and duration. Third, there is significantly positive influence of all fun factors of dance participation on dance activity satisfaction. Forth, there is significantly positive influence of health and self-display fun factors of dance participation on consumption behavior.

      • KCI등재

        초국가적 입양소설에 나타난 동화와 민족 정체성 문제 : 마리 명옥 리의 『누군가의 딸』과 제인 정 트렌카의 『피의 언어』를 중심으로

        김영미 ( Young Mee Kim ) 미국소설학회 2008 미국소설 Vol.15 No.2

        This study examines the experiences of Korean transnational adoptees who have recently appeared on the literary scene. Somebody`s daughter (2005) and The Language of Blood (2003) deal with the transnational adoptees` search for identity in the context of A

      • KCI등재

        현대 소비 사회와 시기하는 주체: 패트리셔 하이스미스의『유능한 리플리씨』

        김영미 ( Young Mee Kim ) 미국소설학회(구 한국호손학회) 2011 미국소설 Vol.18 No.2

        This paper tries to analyse the relationship between two main characters, Tom Ripley and Dickie Greenleaf in the framework of Melanie Klein`s theory of envy. Tom`s envy shows the same process which Klein mentioned, the idealization of the envied character and the transformation of it into violence on him. Given that Tom`s envy is fundamentally based on the class difference, it is likely to think the author tries to emphasize the harmful consequences of an unequal society. But Tom doesn`t show any concern about the social structure which creates and ensures unequality. Instead he aspires to belong to the world of wealth and privilege. In that sense in his envy we cannot find any impulse to criticize and change his society. But when we see that he succeeded in passing for Dickie through killing and perfectly imitating his identity, and enjoyed the pleasure of consumption of luxurious things such as clothes, bags, shoes and fountain pens which are believed to shape his identity and give the meaning of his existence, we come to glimpse a dark world where subject`s authenticity, meaningful relationship with others and the value of the spiritual are lost.

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