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본 연구는 어머니의 우울 및 양육스트레스, 아버지의 자녀양육참여, 그리고 영아의 기질과 성별 이 영아의 정상발달과 의심발달에 미치는 영향을 규명하기 위하여 실행되었다. 분석 자료는 2010년 한국아동패널조사 3차년도 자료 1,802사례였으며, 대상 영아의 평균월령은 25.75개월이었다. 한국 형 Denver II 검사에 의한 정상발달과 의심발달의 비율은 전체 사례의 89.5%, 10.5%로 나타났으며, 영아의 정상발달과 의심발달에 대한 이항 로지스틱 회귀분석 결과에서는 아버지의 자녀양육참여 가 낮고, 영아의 사회성 기질이 부족하며, 남아일 때 의심발달의 가능성이 높아지는 것으로 분석되 었다. 본 연구의 결과는 영아의 발달을 지원하기 위한 기초 자료로 활용될 것으로 기대된다.
Proliferation and maintain of dermal papilla during progression of hair-cycle are crucial to the duration of anagen and regulated by diverse signaling pathway such as PI3K/Akt/Wnt/β-catenin pathway. In this study, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of Viola verecunda on dermal papilla cells. Treatment of dermal papilla cells with whole plant extract of V. verecunda resulted in cell proliferation, which was accompanied by up-regulation of cyclin D1, phospho (ser780)-pRB and cdc2 p34, and down-regulation of p27kip1. V. verecunda extract also promoted the levels of phospho (ser473)-Akt and phospho (ser780)-pRB in a time-dependent manner. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt by Wortmannin suppressed progression of cell-cycle, thereby attenuated the increases in proliferation of dermal papilla cells by V. verecunda extract. We further investigated Wnt/β-catenin pathway with respect to the effects of V. verecunda extract on the proliferation of dermal papilla cells. Treatment with V. verecunda extract results in up-regulation of Wnt/β-catenin proteins such as phospho (ser9)-GSKβ, phospho (ser552)-β-catenin and phospho (ser675)-β-catenin. In addition, Wortmannin abrogated V. verecunda extract mediated up-regulation of cdc2 p34 and down-regulation of p27kip1. These finding reveal that the proliferative effect of V. verecunda mediated by alteration of cell-cycle via activating PI3K/Akt/Wnt pathway in dermal papilla cells.
This paper has arisen from a recognition that storytelling in Old Times is used to foreground the process of reality construction. By telling a story, the shared past is changed and reproduced according to the three characters’ wishes. With narrative there is a radical change of the character’s fate as can be seen in the death of Anna and Deeley in Kate’s story. In this way, the self-reflexive space of the narrative performance is theatricalized in Old Times. It is Kate who dramatizes her desire to be the self by fictionalizing Anna as to represent her repressed desire to be a writer, and by positioning Deeley as the stage audience. While the narrative continues, the competitive relationships between the teller and the hearer are concentrated into those between the lovers. Like the sexual relationship, the narrative relationship between Anna and Deeley is built in the way in which a teller seduces audience to control audience reaction by creating erotic narrative. Maclean’s erotic narrative model helps in giving account of the essentially dynamic and sexual nature of narrative performance. Kate’s self-theatricalization allows Anna and Deeley to project their own desires for the narrative subjects by seducing the other. As being characteristic in performance, Kate is simultaneously producer and observer. Kate is the producer, who dramatizes the narrative of desire through which the narrator tries to communicate his or her own text of creation. She is audience who watches the narrative performance in which her own desire for the authorship is reflected. Kate’s self-dramatization shows that the performance of desire is actually itself a narrative of lack, revealing a deep unconscious lack which underlies desire. The three characters’ ongoing efforts to reconstruct the past can be seen as the traces of the unconscious drives which are the source of desire.
Background:The present study was conducted to investigate the fatty acid content and habitat conditions of Glehnia littoralis in the Korean midwest region.Methods and Results:The emergence area of G. littoralis was 36.1 m from the coastline at an elevation of 4.2 m and slope of 4.3%. The soil of the habitat was sandy, the pH was 8.4, organic matter content was 0.4%, P2O5 content was 9.1 ㎎/㎏ and the content of K, Ca, Mg and Na were 0.09, 9.31, 0.43 and 0.23 cmol+/㎏, respectively. Other plants growing in this area with G. littoralis included 16 taxa. Plant with high coverage and frequency were Carex kobomugi, Elymus mollis, Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii, Lathyrus japonicus, Calystegia soldanella and Carex pumila. In the seeds of G. littoralis, the maximum fatty acid content was 65.5% oleic acid, 28.7% linoleic acid, 4.3% palmitic acid, 1.5% stearic acid, and 0.2% linolenic acid.Conclusions:In G. littoralis of Korean midwest, the scope of collection and cultivation for medicinal purposes was broad, because differences in associated vegetation, soil composition, and fatty acid content owing to habitat conditions was low.
This study was conducted to evaluate the growth conditions and vegetation of Peucedanum japonicum habitat in uninhabited islands of Incheon Korea. The emergence area of Peucedanum japonicum was 4.9 m distance in coastline, and altitude and slope was 7.4m and 47.5%. Soil pH, organic matter and P2O5 of habitat were 7.1, 8.3% and 29.0 ㎎/㎏, and contents of K, Ca, Mg and Na were 0.66, 4.9, 3.4 and 1.13 cmol+/kg, respectively. Growth plants with Peucedanum japonicum were total 55 taxa, and Gakeuldo in uninhabited islands was the most as 25 taxa. In growth plants with Peucedanum japonicum, plants of over 25% frequence per plot were Miscanthus sinensis, Dendranthema boreale, Lilium lancifolium, Hemerocallis middendorffii, Elymus dahuricus, Cirsium japonicum var. maackii, Asparagus schoberioides, Gypsophila oldhamiana, Cocculus trilobus, Silene aprica var. oldhamiana, Artemisia capillaris, Crepidiastrum denticulatum and Sedum oryzifolium. The vegetation of Peucedanum japonicum habitat was classified into Aster spathulifolius community, Miscanthus sinensis community, Dendranthema boreale community, Setaria viridis var. pachystachys community, Cirsium japonicum var. maackii community and Hemerocallis middendorffii community. According to general condition of habitat, suitable growing areas was determined to slightly acidic from mild alkaline soils.
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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify health-related factors, especially for the elderly who are subject to visiting health care at vulnerable populations. Methods: Tools were Guide to Community Integrated Health Promotion Project 2016, Visit Health Care Health Interview Survey, measures of physical function, motor skills, composite mobility, BMI, and subjective fitness levels. Depression was measured with the Short Results: Older elders living alone were more vulnerable than those with living others. Elders with less education showed greater weakness but the difference was not significant. Average scores for frailty were 2.21 (healthy group), 7.66 (high-risk group) and 15.69 (frail group). Scores based on weakness level differed significantly with the exception of nutrition. Nine out of 10 elders in disadvantaged areas were in the frail group or at high risk. Conclusion: Results support the goal to maintain/improve physical/mental functions through individual management of high-risk/frail older adults at risk of becoming infirm. It is imperative to implement a public health care delivery system to ensure programs are operated effectively and personalized.
본 연구의 목적은 동화를 통한 이야기나누기가 유아의 배려적 사고 수행능력에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 알아보는데 목적이 있다. 연구대상은 경기도 G시에 소재한 유치원의 2개 반으로 실험집단(18명)과 통제집단(18명)으로 배정하였다. 실험집단은 동화를 통한 이야기나누기 활동을 10주 동안 주 1회씩 총 10회의 교육활동을 적용하였으며, 통제집단은 같은 기간 동안 유치원 교육과정에 따른 교육활동을 실시하였다. 두 집단 간의 배려적 사고 수행능력 변화를 비교하기 위해 배려적 사고 관찰척도를 사용하여 평정하였다. 배려적 사고 수행능력에 집단 간 차이를 알아보기 위해 t-검증을 실시한 한 결과 실험집단은 배려적 사고의 하위요소인 가치부여적 사고, 규범적 사고, 정서적 사고, 감정이입적 사고, 행동적 사고의 수행능력이 통제집단에 비해 통계적으로 유의하게 높은 증가를 나타냈다. 본 연구를 통해 동화를 통한 이야기나누기가 유아의 배려적 사고 수행능력에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다는 것을 알 수 있다. The purpose of this study was to find out the effects of discussion activities through fairy tales on a Young children’ ability to carry out caring thinking.For the purpose of the study, the detailed items were set up like these.1. How does discussion activities through fairy tales affect a young children’s ability to carry out caring thinking?1-1. How does discussion activities through fairy tales affect a young children’s ability to carry out appreciative thinking?1-2. How does discussion activities through fairy tales affect a young children’s ability to carry out normative thinking?1-3. How does discussion activities through fairy tales affect a young children’s ability to carry out affective thinking?1-4. How does discussion activities through fairy tales affect a young children’s ability to carry out empathic thinking?1-5. How does discussion activities through fairy tales affect a young children’s ability to carry out active thinking? The subjects for this study were 36 children at the age of five from two classes of a D public kindergarten located at G city in Geonggi-do. Out of these children, the experiment group consisted of 18 children from A class and the controlled one was made up of 18 children from B class. And the material titled The Standard for Observation on caring Thinking was adopted as the tool for the study, which was developed by Lee Choon-hee(2007) based on the type characteristics of the caring thinking by Lipman(2003) to find out the young children’s ability to carry out caring thinking. For the experiment for the study, the activity of discussion activities through fairy tales was carried out for ten weeks from October 16(Tue), 2012 through December 21(Fri), 2012, during which ten educational activities were conducted for about 18-25 minutes of their free choice activities by group. As for the handling of the data, the average and standard deviation of a preliminary inspection and post one between the experimental group and controlled one were calculated to investigate the effect of the activity of discussion activities through fairy tales on the considerate thinking and then t verification was conducted on the remaining score in which the score of post experiment was subtracted by that of preliminary score to check the difference between the two groups.The result of this study was as follows: Discussion activities through fairy tales has shown statistically significant difference (p<.001), which means it has positive effect on a young children’s ability to carry out caring thinking. First, discussion activities through fairy tales was revealed to have statistically significant distinction(p<.001) in activity to carry out appreciative thinking, a sub factor of a young children’s caring thinking, and this represented that the activity had positive effect on a young children’s activity to carry out appreciative thinking. Second, discussion activities through fairy tales showed that it had statistically meaningful disparity(p<.01) in the activity to carry out normative thinking, a sub factor of young children’s caring thinking, indicating that the activity has positive effect on their activity to carry out normative thinking. Third, discussion activities through fairy tales showed that it had statistically meaningful disparity(p<.001) in the activity to carry out affective thinking, a sub factor of young children’s caring thinking, indicating that the activity has positive effect on their activity to carry out affective thinking. Fourth, discussion activities through fairy tales showed that it had statistically meaningful disparity(p<.01) in the activity to carry out empathic thinking, a sub factor of young children’s caring thinking, indicating that the activity has positive effect on their activity to carry out empathic thinking. Fifth and the last, discussion activities through fairy tales showed that it had statistically meaningful disparity(p<.01) in the activity to carry out empathic thinking, a sub factor of young children’s caring thinking, indicating that the activity has positive effect on their activity to carry out empathic thinking.
In the family life cycle, the most important task the families with school children should perform is ‘child education’ and ‘socialization’ However, economic stress on poor families with school children presents multiple problems through the shortage of resources necessary for child education and socialization, inappropriateness of family appraisal, and the insufficiency of the control channels for the efficient management of these confined resources and appropriate appraisal. The objectives of this article are : First, to report research on the actual conditions of the poor families in one area of Cheju and on the relevant health welfare policy, and to examine the appropriateness of the direction and the substance of this policy in terms of the intervention in economic stress on the poor families under the categories of resource management and control of appraisal. Second, to analyze qualitative data extracted from the memoirs of single-parent families living in several areas of Korea under the conceptual framework constructed by literature review in order to get a better understanding of the stress which poor families with school children have experienced. And third, to confirm the factors that can be risk factor but, at the same time, strength to these poor families from presented data and to use them as the basic data from which an intervention model can be developed, based on resource management and control of appraisal. The findings of this article are : First, while the number of absolute poor families in one area of Cheju is increasing and, as a result, the danger of the possibility that multiple problems will occur is also growing, the supporting level of the current policy is no more than a direct resource offer and there is no evidence that resource management is being professionally carried out. When it comes to control of appraisal, due to absence of the professional human resources in this matter, policy performances such as technical education training can have a negative impact. Second, a conceptual framework introduced in this article, ; Economic Pressure → Helplessness → Poor self-esteem → Marital Conflict → Parent-Child financial conflict → Inappropriate socialization → Poor child social competence : is partly verified. And third, judging from the results of the qualitative data, it is confirmed that the healing families, having overcome poverty, show several positive characteristics including : hope, strength, and social support. These findings are identified with the factors of resiliency considered above. According to these results, this article suggests the following. The anti -poverty policy in the future should focus not only on a direct resource offer but also on resource management and the control of appraisal that can magnify its effects. In particular, close attention should be paid to school children since they are in the most crucial period for socialization. Moreover, an emotional labor is such an essential resource for intervention that skilled nurses should play pivotal roles.