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In transmission system, reclosing scheme is very useful method to improve continuity of power supply and reliability of system. Especially, high speed reclosing which is used generally in transmission systems has a benefit improving transient stability. However, the reclosing can jeopardize the stability under the condition having high difference of voltage phase angle between both ends. Thus, this paper proposes optimal sequential reclosing scheme to improve transient stability due to reclosing operation. The optimal sequential reclosing is that each phase is closed sequentially considering transient energy. In this paper, 345kV and 154kV transmission system is modeled using EMTP (ElectroMagnetic Transient Program) to verify the performance and effectiveness of optimal sequential reclosing on transient stability. Also, Integral Square Error(ISE) method is used to assess the transient stability.
In this study, effect of temperature and time on melt-out of 25wt% Al-alloyed ductile iron has been investigated. The oxidation tests were carried out in a tube furnace at $800^\circC$, $930^\circC$, and $1000^\circC$ for lh, 5h, 10h, 50h. The microstructure, microhardness, and $Al_2O_3$ layer of oxidation-treated 25wt% Al-alloyed ductile iron samples (10 x 10 x 10 mm) were investigated. Phase identification was performed by X-ray diffraction(XRD) and EDS. The oxidation-treated 25wt% Al-alloyed ductile iron samples at $930^\circC$ for lh, 5h, 10h and KS GCD 500 were used for melt-out test in an Al alloy melt. The melt-out test results showed that oxidation tested sample at $930^\circC$ for 5h which on the whole forms $2-3\mum$ $Al_2O_3$ layer showed lowest melt-out depth. It was observed showed that appropriate Al203 layer can affect melt-out behaviors.
At the end of the 19th century, a battle known as the War of the Currents was fought over how electricity would be generated, delivered, and utilized. In this day and age, there has been a growing interest in Green Growth policies as countermeasures against global warming. As a result of these policies, the use of new and renewable energy needed a power converter to replace fossil fuels has expanded. To reduce power consumption through high efficiency of conversion, Low Voltage DC (LVDC) distribution systems are suggested as an alternative. In a DC distribution system, DC loads are very efficient due to decrease the stages of power conversion. If the LVDC distribution system is adopted, not only DC load but also existing AC loads should be connected with LVDC system. Thus, the modeling of two loads is needed to analyze the DC distribution system. This paper, especially, is focused on the modeling of resistive load and electronic load including power electronic converters using ElectroMagnetic Transient Program (EMTP) software.
Since the multiple PVs will be connected with bipolar Low-Voltage DC (LVDC) distribution system in the future, several problems caused by PV should be analyzed. In order to speed up to introduction of LVDC distribution system, the effect of PV on the voltage unbalance, which is one of the several issues, should be surely studied because it can lead to the power loss and debase the power quality of LVDC distribution system. This paper has analyzed the voltage unbalance by classifying upstream and downstream of PV. As a result, PV contributes the voltage unbalance to upstream area of Point of Common Coupling (PCC). For downstream area of PCC, however, the voltage unbalance caused by PV is absent theoretically and the voltage unbalance occurred by upstream is just sustained in downstream. Finally, this paper has modeled a test system using ElectroMagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) and the proposed results are verified by the simulation for several cases.