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1970년 이후 우리나라는 산업화로 인하여 사회구조와 가정구조가 크게 변화 되었다. 도시집중화로 인한 각종 공해 발생, 교통난, 인구이동의 문제를 비롯하여 그리고 핵가족화로 인한 가부장적 권위상실 및 가정교육부재, 청소년 비행등 수 많은 문제가 야기되었다. 특히 핵가족화로 발생된 심각한 사회문제는 전통윤리의 붕괴와 가정교육의 부재현상을 발생 시켰다. 이와같은 문제발생에 관한 선행연구를 종합해보면 첫째, 핵가족화로 인해 발생한 가족규모의 축소현상으로 자녀들의 다면적 인격형성에 결손을 초래하여 성장후 독립심과 의지가 약하고 고집이 세며 이기적이고 자기중심적인 성향이 되어 사회생활에 부적응 현상을 초래하게 되었다고 한다. 그 이유는 다면적 인간관계의 결여로 상호 협조하고 사랑을 교환한 경험 부족과 외동자녀에 대한 부모의 관심이 자녀의 욕구에만 집중되어 자녀종속적인 태도가 크게 적용하였기 때문이다. 둘째는 산업화 사회에서의 부부동시 사회참여가 자녀양육에 어머니와의 애착형성이 결여되어 모성실조를 겪게 된 문제를 들 수 있다. 어머니와 자녀간의 애착형성이 결여 됨으로 발생되는 문제는 지적 정체현상과 정서발달의 장애가 주 원인이 되어 감정 통제력이 약해서 공격적 행동이나 반 사회적 행동으로 확대되어 청소년문제 발생의 원이 되고 있음을 시사하고있다. 세째로 산업화사회와 경쟁력 조장을 들 수 있다. 산업사회를 개방사회, 경재력사회 혹은 능력사회라하여 고학력위주의 선발형태가 입시경쟁을 부추기고 있으며 그에 따라 많은 청소년들과 학부모들이 상위 지향적인 심리가 작용하여 자녀들의 입시경쟁에만 집중하게 되었다. 이러한 원인으로 인하여 인간교육 즉 가정교육을 외면하여 반도덕적, 반사회적 문제를 야기하게 하였다. 특히 전통적 가정윤리가 붕괴되어 부모에 대한 효관의 약화, 부부간의 애정약화 및 물질지향적인 사고가 이혼률을 증가시켜 가정붕괴를 가져왔다. 이상에서 논의된 자녀교육의 부재가 자녀들의 지적 정서적 문제로 확대되어 산업화사회의 모순점을 노출시키고 있음을 알 수 있다. 이와같은 문제를 해결하기 위한 대안으로 연구자가 제시하는 방안은 훌륭한 가정교육을 위해서 우선되어야 하는것은 부모자신의 인격적 개인완성을 제안하였다. 인격의 완성은 양심과 행동이 일체하는 사람을 지칭한다. 다음은 서로 위하여 사는 삶을 영위하는 인격체가 되어 양심의 법에 따르는 삶, 타인을 위하여 사는 삶을 자녀들에게 보여줌으로서 반두라의 모델링 교육을 제안하였다. 마지막으로 오늘날과 같은 암기위주의 경쟁교육이 아니라 타고난 잠재성 개발에 주력하는 교육으로, 적성과 소질을 개발하는 창조적 산 교육장을 마련하여 주고 또한 그것을 뒷바침하는 가정윤리교육의 회복이 무엇보다도 이 시대가 절실히 요구하는 바람직한 교육이라 하겠다.
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유럽 일반개인정보보호법(GDPR)은 자국민 데이터가 외국기업으로 아무런 제한 없이 이전되는 개인정보 역외이전 을 원칙적으로 금지한다. 데이터 주권 상실 우려를 반영한 것이다. 다만 해당 기업이 GDPR이 요구하는 적절한 안전조치를 준수하거나 국가 차원에서 ‘적정성 결정'을 받을 경우 해당 국가의 기업들은 추가적인 조치 없이 개인정보를 이전할수 있다. 따라서 우리나라의 기업이 EU 시민 개인정보를 처리함에 있어 가장 효율적인 방법은 국가 차원에서 ‘적정성 결정'을 득하는 것이다. 본 연구에서는 최근 적정성 결정을 득한 일본의 사례를 검토하여 적정성 결정을 득하기 위해 반드시 필요한 사항을 도출하였다. 그 방안으로 현재 우리나라 개인정보 보호법상 ‘개인정보 감독기구의 독립성', ‘개인정보 역외이전 제한', ‘개인정보 보호법제의 통일성' 확보를 위한 법 개정이 필요하며, 개정방안을 제안하였다. 현재 국회에 제출어있는 「개인정보 보호법 일부개정법률안」(인재근의원 대표발의)에 비추어 볼 때 개인정보 감독기구의 독립성 요건은 대체로 충족하고 있으나, 금융위원회 등영역별 개인정보 감독기구와의 연계방안이 필요하다. 개인정보 역외이전제한 부분은 법적 보완도 중요하시만 외국기업에 대한 실효성 있는 법집행이 더욱 중요하다. 특히 개인정보 보호에 관하여 개별법에 특별한 규정을 많이 두면 둘수록 「개인정보 보호법」의 존재의의는 그만큼 감소하게 될 것이고, 결과적으로 명목적인 지위만 지키게 되는 결과가 초래 될 수도 있다. 따라서 명백히 예외적 사항을 반영하는 것이 아닌 한 신규 혹은 별도 개인정보 관련 입법은 지양되어야 하며, 「개인정보 보호법」을 중심으로 통합하여 규정하는 것이 타당하다. GDPR prohibits transfer of personal information offshore , in which the national data are transferred without any restrictions to foreign companies. Ho wever, if the company complies with the appropriate safeguards required by the GDPR, or if it receives a Adequacy Decisionn at the national level, co mpanies in that country may transfer personal information without further acti on So, the most efficient way for domestic companies to process EU citizen s personal information is to obtain a adequacy decision at the country level. In this paper, as examining the case of Japan which has obtained adequacy decision recently, the necessary point in order to obtain the adequacy decision is drawn. As a measure, it is necessary to amend the law for securing the independence of personal information supervisory agencies, restriction of transfer of personal data tothird countries, and uniformity of personal information protection related laws. And this paper suggests a revision direction. Considering ;the amendment bill of the Personal Information Protection Act; that is submitted to the National Assembly (presented by Representative Min Jae-keun) the independence requirement of the Personal Information supervisory agencies is usually satisfied. However, there is a need for linking with individual personal information supervisory agencies such as the Financial Services Commission. Although legal supplementation is important for the restriction of data transfer to third countries, effective enforcement of global companies is more important. Especially, the more specific provisions are placed on individual laws in relation to the protection of personal information, the less the existence of the Personal Information Protection Act their will be. As a result, it may result in only keeping a nominal position. Therefore, if there is no need for a clearly exceptional case, separate legislation related to personal information should be avoided.
1. Purpose of the study. The purpose of this survey research is to investigate Fisheries Students attitude on schooling and future prospects, to provide informations for enriching educational content of Fisheries High School, and eventually to contribute to the development of national economy. 2. Results. The major finding of this study can be briefly summarized as follows; (a). 6,895 out of 10,227 alumni(67.4%) have job, whereas 1,404 out of 10,227(13.7%) attend to colleges or universities. (b) Parents' occupational status and academic background are as follows; ============================================================================ Parents' Occupation | Parents' Academic background ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- agriculture 234(28.6%) no formal education 62 (5.5%) industry 195(16.7%) elementary school 463(41.4%) commerce 143(12.2%) middle school 325(29.1%) fishery & marine industry 186(15.9%) high school 237(21.7%) having no occupation 119(10.2%) college or university 31 (2.8%) the others 191(16.4%) total 1,168(100%) total 1,118(100%) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- (c). Major reasons for the students to apply for admission to the Fisheries High School were as follows; For 296 out of 890 students(33.3%), the low academic performance during the middle school was major reason to apply to the Fisheries High School which does not require higher academic study. That was the highest in frequency. (d). 540 out of 1,073 students (50.4%) showed satisfaction, whereas 225 students (20.9%) showed dissatisfaction to the curriculum of Fisheries High School. (e). 752 out of 1,067 students (70.5%) hoped to get job, whereas 315 students(29.5%) hoped to go on college or university after graduation. (f). 424 out of 1,049 students (40.4%) showed satisfaction, whereas 364 out of 1,049 students (35.7%) showed dissatisfaction to school facilities. (g). 698 out of 1,046 students(66.7%) responded that major subjects & related field practice would be helpful to future job-performance, whereas 146 out of 1,046(13.9%) responded that those would be little help. (h). To the question of the impact of fishery marine industry on the national economic development, 878 out of 1,053 students (83,3%) showed positive, whereas 55 out of 1,053(5.2%) showed negative attitude. (i) To the question that fishery is more promising in terms of the prospects of food-supply than agriculture, 752 out of 1,053 students(79.5%) showed positive, whereas 44 out of 1,053(4.2%) showed negative attitude.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the family-related values of college students in National Fisheries University of Pusan. This study led to the following conclusions: 1) Choosing a match, about more than 80% of respondents turned out to consider only the person concerned in a marriage. However, according to the independent variable, there was significant difference(p<.001) between male and female respondents in choosing a match ; female students tended to be indifferent to one's family, while male students didn't. 2) As for divination to decide if proposed marriage is recommendable (horscope matching), 74.4% of respondents were negative response : There were significant differences between male and female (p<.001) ; religion-Buddhism, Christianity, Roman Catholicism, Atheism (p<.05); birth-place-students from rural and urban area were so (p<.05). About 80% of Catholic and christian respondents were negative. 3) 75.8% of respondents had positive opinion to ancestor worship : there was significant difference (p<.01) among religions : But protestants were negative response compared with other religious student. There was also significant difference (p<.05) on the educational level of respondent's father. 4) As for re-marriage of the widow, there was no significant difference between positive and negative opinion. However, according to the birth-place, significant differences ; (p<.01)-in case of widow with childrens ; (p<.05) no children were. 5) The more educated the respondent's mother was, the more positively she had responsed about the nuclear family. And the similar tendency on the income level ; the higher income level, the more positive response. 6) In general, there was significant difference between female and male respondents, while not at all grade level.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between social education and secondary education of seaside and sea village schools for supporting the successors to fishery. Objects of the study were five groups; 321 fishermen, 107 staff members of a Fishery Guidance Center, 1,001 students, 306 teachers of sea villages, 193 staff members of a Fishery Cooperative Association. The total number of people being object of this study was 1,876 persons. The questionaire used for this study was made after preliminary counseling with fishermen in sea villages and teachers in seaside schools. The results of this stvdy are as follows; 1) ABOUT THE VALUE OF FISHERY AND SUCCESSORS TO FISHERY There have been more positive responses than negative ones to the question on the value of fishery. The main reason for positive responses lies in the potentiality for development of fishery, but the negative responses are because of the heavy work. 56.8% of the respondents expected an increasing number of successor to fishery, but 43.2% of the respondents had a negative foresight on that problem. The negative respondents stated that the fisherman that moved from the sea villages to the urban areas are responsible for the none increasing numbers of successors to fishery. Most of the respondents answered that government support is needed in order to increase the number of successors to fishery. 2) SOCIAL EDUCATION FOR FISHERMEN Only 40% of fishermen know the Fishing Village Guidance Center as the main institute for social education. 94.17% of the respondents prefer plural institutes to single ones. 5.9% of the respondents answered with opposit opinions. 40.4% of the respondents answered that technical teachings has not often been practised. The reason why technical teaching does not often come into effect are as follows ; lack of technical expertise, insufficient concern of staff members of the Guidance Center or the Cooperation Association. Also fishermen answered that the Fisherman Guidance Center does not often practise technical education. The Fishery Cooperation Association with its social education for fisherman takes the role of education for the economical way and carries out financial assistance. The relationship between the Fishery Cooperative Association and fishermen is presented satisfactory. However, the frequency of education is not satisfactory. Indifferences between staff members of the Fishery Cooperative Association does not carry out fishery education very often. Also loaned money matters were not satisfactory. 3) SECONDARY EDUCATION FOR FISHERY This study showed that it is desirable that the practical course of middle schools in islets and seaside villages take education on fishery ; however, a few schools only take the practical course fishery. Most of the fishery high schools want computer education as a new recommendable course. The students of fishery high schools have problems with scientific terms in the text books for the practical courses. Over 80% of the respondents agreed that the principals of schools in islets and sea side villages should be men having majored in fishery. 4) THE CONNECTION BETWEEN SOCIAL EDUCATION AND SECONDARY EDUCATI0N FOR FISHERY a. It is desirable that the principal and vice principal of secondary schools in islets and sea side villages are men majored in fishery. b. It is recommendable that fishery courses are taken as practical courses in fishery village schools for it is helpful to relate between the vocation and the district's special character, as well as to built up a relation between the middle school education and the fishery high school education. c. The teachers of fishery high schools and the officials of government offices which are related to fishery should work together to realize a program on theaching various kinds of techniques and give other useful informations to fishermen. d. During the vacations the fishery high school could be used for the social education of fishermen. Seminars on fishery technique and cultural aspects could be held. Especially a spiritual education which is needed for the improvement of the society of fishermen could be achieved by a cultural education. e. On the state level a financial support to raise the number of successors to fishery, a national policy for the betterment of the life of fishermen, as well as active publicity activities are necessary. f. A financial support of the government for raising the number of the successors to fishery is needed. For this purpose a fishery education performed on a state level would be desirable.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the family-related values of college students in National Fisheries University of Pusan. This study led to the following conclusions: 1) Choosing a match, about more than 80% of respondents turned out to consider only the person concerned in a marriage. However, according to the independent variable, there was significant difference (p<.001) between male and female respondents in choosing a match; female students tended to be indifferent to one's family, while male students didn't. 2) As for divination to decide if proposed marriage is recommendable (horoscope matching), 74.4% of respondents were negative response: There were significant differences between male and female(p<.001); religion- -Buddhism, Christianity, Roman Catholicism, Atheism(p<.05); birth-place- -students from rural and urban area were so(p<.05). About 80% of Catholic and christian respondents were negative. 3) 75.8% of respondents had positive opinion to ancestor worship; there was significant difference (p<.01) among religions : But protestants were negative response compared with other religious student. There was also significant difference (p<.05) on the educational level of respondent's father. 4) As for re-marriage of the widow, there was no signigicant difference between positive and negative opinion. However, according to the birth-place, significant differences;(p<.01)- -in case of widow with children;(p<.05) no children were. 5) The more educated the respondent's mother was, the more positively she had responsed about the nuclear family. And the similar tendency on the income level: The higher income level, the more positive response. 6) In general, there was significant difference between female and male respondents, while not at all grade legel.