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With the advent of the information age and globalization, various and continuous efforts for utilizing computers on the school education are required. In addition, realization of the open educational system which offers lifelong education overcoming the time and place limitation is highly demanded. Well-developed Coursewares on the Internet can satisfy these requirements, and many useful programs are appearing on the web everyday. However, there is no doubt that this kind of education has to be initiated by the public school system. In this study, we developed a multimedia oriented Courseware on the Internet to help junior high students improve their understandings on Biology, especially on the subject of "Style of Insects" and "Classification of Animals." Contents of the Courseware are organized in such a way that students can not only choose the level of their own study, but also can control the pace of the study. Evaluation of the Courseware is performed by comparing the test results produced by two different student groups. One group studied the subject only with the text, and the other group studied it with the Courseware. Comparison results show that the multimedia Courseware developed on the web helped students improve their knowledge on the subject noticeably.
This study was performed to compare manual liquid-based preparation with conventional Papanicolaou tests in view of the cytologic diagnoses and specimen adequacy. The specimens of 5,979 women from 33 local clinics and 1 general hospital were prepared by both manual liquid-based preparation and conventional Papanicolaou test. The cytologic diagnoses and specimen adequacy were evaluated in Department of Fathology in Kyoungpook National University School of Medicine. A conventional Papanicolaou test was always prepared first, after that residual material on the sampling device was rinsed into a liquid preservative, and then thin-layer slides were prepared using manual method of liquid-based cervicovaginal cytology. Conventional and liquid-based slides were read independently, and cytologic diagnoses and specimen adequacy were classified using the Bethesda System. Of the cases, 5,763 (96.3%,) had the same interpretation, and there was no significant diagnostic difference in 5,853 (97.8%) cases. When evaluating cases with more than one diagnostic class difference, the manual liquid-based preparation demonstrated a statistically significant overall improvement (2.1%) in the detection of squamous intraepithelial lesion and invasive cancer. Using manual method of liquid-based preparation, there was 14.1%, reduction in unsatisfactory slides through excellent cellular presentation. In conclusion, the manual liquid-based preparation produces standardized quality, superior sensitivity and improved adequacy as compared to the conventional method.