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RNA degrading bacteria were isolated from soil of Korea. One strain (no. JSC-114), having strong 5'-phosphodiesterase activity, was identified as belonging to the genus Streptomyces on the basis of taxonomic characteristics. The optimum conditions of 5'-phophosdiesterase production were found at 30℃ for 4 day in a medium containing 4.5% of soluble starch, 0.15% of peptone, 0.6% of yeast extract, 0.1% of MgSO₄·7H₂O, 0.01% of CaCl₂·2H₂O, 0.25% of KNO₃, and 0.5% of KH₂PO₄(pH 7.0). The maximum production rate of 5'-nucleotides from yeast RVA was 95% at 40-45℃ for 4hrs, and the products were identified as 5'-IMP, 5'-GMP, 5'-CMP and 5'-UMP(5.5 : 5.0 : 4.9 : 5.0).
Steady-state structure and acoustic-pressure responses of $H_2$/Air counterflow diffusion flames are studied numerically with a detailed chemistry in view of acoustic instability. The Rayleigh criterion is adopted to judge acoustic amplification or attenuation from flame responses. Steady-state flame structures are first investigated and flame responses to various acoustic-pressure oscillations are numerically calculated in near-equilibrium and near-extinction regimes. The acoustic responses of $H_2$/Air flame show that the responses in near-extinction regime always contribute to acoustic amplification regardless of acoustic-oscillation frequency Flames near extinction condition are sensitive to pressure perturbation and thereby peculiar nonlinear responses occur, which could be a possible mechanism in generating the threshold phenomena observed in combustion chamber of propulsion systems.
벼의 약 및 현미 배양효율과 관련된 DNA marker를 이용하여 인디카형 벼 품종인 'IR 36'의 조직배양 효율을 개선하기 위하여 실험한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 벼품종 간에 약 및 현미배양 효율을 비교한 결과 자포니카 > 통일형 > 인디카 형의 순으로 나타났다. 그러나 MGRI집단의 약배양에서 식물체분화율이 높은 계통으로 선발된 'MGRI 079'와 'MGRI 036'의 약배양 효율은 각각 19.8%, 19.9%로 가장 높게 나타났다. 'MGRI 079'에 'IR 36'이 여교배되어 양성된 90 계통에 대한 marker검정을 실시하여 positive band를 나타내는 34계통을 선발할 수 있었다. 선발된 34계통 중 10 계통의 약배양에서 캘러스 형성률은 'IR 36' 보다 현저히 높았다. 선발된 10 계통의 현미배양에서도 캘러스형성 능력과 식물체재분화율이 'IR 36' 보다 높게 나타났다. 계통 중에서 식물체분화능력이 높은 계통으로 선발된 -28은 간장이 'IR 36'보다 큰 편이었으나 출수기와 미립특성은 'IR 36'과 비슷하였다. The purpose of this study was to improve the culturability of 'IR 36', a indica type rice cultivar using DNA marker associated with the ability of plant regeneration in anther and seed culture. The culturability of 6 rice cultivars and 2 indica/japonica lines ('MGRI 036', 'MGRI 079') were investigated in anther and seed culture. The culturability of 3 japonica rice cultivars were much higher than tongil and indica rice cultivars, and 'MGRI 036' and 'MGRI 079' has high culturability with 20% regenerability, also. 34 4 lines were selected by marker screening using RZ400 among 90 lines derived from a cross between 'MGRI 079' and 'IR 36'. The frequency of callus formation of 10 lines were higher than 'IR 36' in anther culture among selected 34 lines. The ability of plant regeneration of 10 lines were higher than 'IR 36' in the seed culture among selected 34 lines. A promising line, -28, was selected to have better culturability in the anther and seed culture among selected 34 lines. The heading date and grain shape of the -28 was similar to 'IR 36'. Using the RZ400 DNA marker associated with the culturability will be useful method for improving of indica rice culticvar's culturability in rice breeding program.
Atrophic rhinitis (AR) is the one of important respiratory diseases and causes severe economic losses in pig industry. Severe attempts have been made to reduce the economic losses by preventing the disease. One of the methods is the spraying of antibiotics into nasal cavity of piglets. Recently, the efficacy of the spraying with kanamycin and gentamicin was reduced in the Korean swine industry. Therefore, the preventive methods have been required to be changed based on the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of causative agents of swine AR. Based on the current situations of this disease, Bordetella (B.) bronchiseptica and Pasteurella (P.) multocida 4D were isolated from pigs with clinical signs of AR. The isolation rates of B. bronchiseptica and P. multocida 4D were 58.5% and 32.9%, respectively. In the antimicrobial susceptibility test, the bacteria were resistant to kanamycin and gentamicin which have been used as the spraying agents, but they were susceptible to amikacin. A new spraying agent was developed using amikacin using β-glucan and yakbaltag as supplementary agents. Field efficacy of the agent was carried out with different schedule. The results from this study suggested that the newly developed spraying agents might be helpful to prevent AR in swine.
Streptomyces (S.) fradiae is a microbe with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, isolated from soil. In the present study, antibacterial effects of S. fradiaea against Salmonella (S.) gallinarum was determined. S. fradiae inhibited growing of S. gallinarum in Luria-Bertani media agar. Moreover, ingestion of S. fradiae markedly inhibited mortality of chickens experimentally infected with S. gallinarum. There is no side effect by S. fradiaeon, in safety of chickens and antibiotic material residues in chicken meat. Taken together, S. fradiae have the antibacterial effects against S. gallinarum. Therefore, we concluded that S. fradiae might be a good microbial candidate for treatment or control of fowl typhoid in chickens.