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Objectuves : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Cheunghyeoltang(CHT) and Gami-Cheunghyeoltang(GCHT) on the obesity in rats. Methods : After we divided rats into four different groups, we Provided to normal group general diet and distilled water, to control group high fat diet and distilled water, to CHT group high fat diet and CHT and to GCHT group with high fat diet and GCHT for 9 weeks. Afterward we check the change of body weight, the concentration of AST, ALT, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, the Atherogenic index and the gene expression of leptin in rats. Results : The increase of body weight were suppressed significantly in the CHT group and GCHT group in comparision with control group, the serum ALT showed significant decrease in the GCHT group in comparison with control group, the serum total cholesterol showed significant decrease in the CHT and GCHT group in comparison with control group, the atherogenic index(AI) showed significant decrease in the GCHT group in comparison with control group and the serum leptin showed increase of gone expression in the GCHT group in comparison with control group. Conclusions : According to the experimental results, it is suggested that CHT is effective to the suppression of body weight's increase, the improvement of hyperlipidemia and the activation of leptin's gene expression, GCHT is effective to the suppression of body weight's increase, the improvement of hyperlipidemia, the decrease of arteriosclerosis and the activation of leptin's gene expression. Therefore CHT and GCHT seem to be applicable to obesity, arteriosclerosis and hyperlipidemia in clinical practice.
Kim Su-yeon (1405-1455), who is from Naju, South Jeolla Province, made a contribution of Northern settlement during the reign of King Sejong. Kim Tak, a great-grandfather of Kim Su-yeon, retired to the countryside, in Naju due to the establishment of the new Joseon dynasty. There he began the Sijungtakpa branch of the Gimhae Kim clan. While Kim Su-yeon worked as a military officer in the early part of the reign of King Sejong, he took the alseongsi examination in military science in September 1434 (16th year of the Sejong era). He excelled in military arts and in the classics, finishing in first place, showing his dual capacity in literature and war. The scarlet certification, or hongpae (issued by royal edict to such qualifiers at the time), is still maintained by his descendants today. This material is extremely rare and carries immense significance. It also works as an aid in understanding the Gyeongguk Daejeon (Great Book of State Service), the tasks of old bureaucrats and royal seals and so forth. Immediately after passing, Kim was selected to be Choi Yun-deok’s official of the army. In January of 1435 (17th year of Sejong’s reign), 2,700 Jurchen cavalry soldiers invaded Yeoyeon fortress. Kim successfully defended the castle, subsequently led a squad of crack troops and successfully pursuing enemy forces without being caught in any ambushes. In 1438, while working under Kim Jong-seo in the 6 jin (outposts) area, Kim Su-yeon ruled over the Gyeong-heung area. In 1443, High General Kim Su-yeon won acclaim for meritorious deeds in the Battle of Bocheong Riverbanks (Bocheong-po) at Jongseong. In August 1455 (first year of Sejo), while in charge of frontier areas as a commanding general, Kim met his fate. As an adept student and capable officer, Kim Su-yeon readily passed the national examinations, going on to work in the North and Northeast, at the Sagun-Yukjin area(literally, “four counties, six outposts”). Kim, working with Choi Yun-deok and Kim Jong-seo, was instrumental in implementing King Sejong’s plan for the settlement of the North. Further studies of their work and that of other officers and generals bureaucrats are hoped to yield yet more concrete details on the implementation of the Northern Settlement Campaign.
Recent technological advances made a vehicle more intelligent to increase safety and comfort. Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) provide drivers with safety warning information through audible sounds, visual displays, and tactile devices. However, elderly drivers have been known to decrease the physical and cognitive ability such as muscular strength, hearing, eyesight, short term memory, and space perception. Therefore, possible age-related deficits should be considered to design an effective warning system. This paper aims to evaluate the impact of advancing age on response performance on vehicle safety warning alarms which are widely used for altering driving hazards. The frequency, period and intensity of warning sounds are considered to characterize the warning sounds. In order to analysis the response performance among age groups: younger (20-29), middle (40-49) and older (60-69), 38 drivers were asked to drive a simulated rural road in driving simulator. The results of the present study suggest that age-related deficits in the hearing could play a role in the response performance on vehicle safety warning.
As many systems such as x-by-wire system, concern for fault tolerance is growing rapidly. In order to make system fault tolerant, redundancy structure has been introduced to vehicle industrial mainly from aerospace field. But, voter of redundancy structure is unable to detect fault completely because of fixed threshold. Therefore, this paper presents the structure of predictive fuzzy voter that can detect most erroneous values and fault signal. In addition, several numerical simulation results are given where the predictive fuzzy voter outperforms well-known average and median voters.