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최근 주택시장의 환경변화와 주거공간의 질에 대한 관심 증대로 주택의 대표유형인 아파트를 하나의 상품으로 인식하는 경향이 뚜렷해짐에 따라 보다 저렴한 가격에 질 좋은 아파트상품을 구매하기 위해 가격과 질이라는 상품정보에 대한 필요성이 꾸준히 제기되고 있다. 이러한 점에 착안하여 본 연구에서는 상품의 가격과 질이라는 정보를 가지고 일반재화의 객관적 품질을 평가하는 방법인 완전정보선(PIF)을 주거용 부동산시장이라는 특수한 시장에 적용해 보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 먼저 주거용 부동산시장에서의 완전정보선 적용가능성을 검토하였으며, 일반재화와 다른 특성을 가지고 있는 주거용 부동산에 완전정보선을 적용하기 위한 4가지 필요조건을 제시하였다. 그리고 제시된 완전정보선 적용의 필요조건을 만족하는 국내의 주거용 부동산시장을 검토하였다. 또한 실제로 주거용 부동산시장에서 완전정보선을 이용하여 주거용 부동산의 객관적 질을 평가하기 위한 방법으로 주거용 부동산의 질 측정방법과 4 가지 주택가격의 이용방법을 제시하였다. Nowadays the quality of residential real estate is drawing people"s attention owing to the recent changes in housing market environment and the increase of interest in life quality, apartments are recognized as a competitive good rather than as a living place in the market. Consequently the necessity regarding the perfect product information (price and quality) which enables to purchase a relatively low priced apartment with good quality is steadily proposed. The purpose of this study is to apply to the particular residential real estate market a method called PIF(Perfect Information Frontier) which evaluates the objective quality of general goods by both price and quality. In order to use PIF method, application possibility of PIF in the residential real estate market is firstly studied. Secondly, 4 necessary conditions are presented for applying to housing which innately has a very different characteristics when comparing with general goods. Thirdly, domestic residential real estate market is investigated for checking whether the already presented necessary conditions are satisfied or not by using PIF. The paper finally suggests a quality measurement method and various methods using housing price for evaluating the objective quality of residential real estate.
The promoting effect of soybean (Glicine maxim) methanol extract (GMME) on the melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity was investigated in melan-a cells, and 3-isobuty-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) was used as positive control (PC). In antioxidative ability analysis, GMME was found to contain 53.7 mg/g of polyphenol and 62.7 mg/g of flavonoid in total. Electron-donating abilities of BHT and GMME at 1,000 μg/mL were 68.4% and 14.4%, respectively. In morphological observation of melan-a cells, as the treatment concentration increased, more dendritic development and melanin accumulation observed. Melanin contents of GMME and IBMX treatment groups were significantly (p/0.001) higher by 51.2% and 31.6% at the concentration of 12.5 μg/mL, respectively, compared to the control group. Intra-cellular tyrosinase activities of GMME and PC treatment groups were significantly (p/0.001) higher by 90.0% and 54.1% at the concentration of 12.5 μg/mL, respectively, compared to the control group. Cell-extracted tyrosinase activities of GMME and PC treatment groups were higher by 12.5% (p/0.01) and 27.2% (p/0.001) at the concentration of 12.5 μg/mL, respectively, compared to the control group. GMME showed a promoting effect on melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity. From these results, it can be speculated that GMME could be applied to improve hair graying.
지난해 「주택법」 개정과 최근 정부의 수직증축 리모델링 허용으로 일반분양을 통한 사업성 개선이 예상됨에 따라 리모델링 활성화에 대한 기대가 커지고 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 세대수 증가 리모델링 사업추진과정에서 예상되는 분담금 배분 문제를 검토하고, 이를 해결하기 위한 합리적 분담금 산정방안을 제시하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 연구결과 세대수 증가 리모델링 사업에서는 리모델링 전후 주택의 위치적 특성 변화와 대지권 가치변동 등이 발생하므로 자산가치의 변화를 고려하지 않고 세대별 분담금을 산정하는 경우 경제적 이해관계 상충에 따른 갈등이 예상된다. 이러한 분담금 갈등문제를 해결하기 위해 본 연구에서는 단위면적당 사업비를 적용하는 현행 분담금 산정방법과 비례율, 투자수익률법을 이용한 세대수 증가 리모델링의 분담금 배분 시뮬레이션을 실시하였다. 3가지 방식의 시뮬레이션 분석결과 현행 분담금 산정방식을 적용한 경우에 비용과 수익배분에 있어 세대별 불균형이 가장 크게 나타났다. 반면 리모델링 전과 후의 자산가치 변화를 고려한 투자수익률을 이용한 분담금 산정방법을 적용한 경우에 세대별 불균형이 가장 작은 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 투자수익률을 이용한 분담금 산정방법을 세대수 증가 리모델링 추진과정에서 발생할 수 있는 개발이익과 비용배분의 갈등을 해결할 수 있는 가장 합리적인 대안으로 제안하였다. The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, this study examines the expected problems of distribution on share of the expenses in remodeling projects entailing with an increase of the number of household. Secondly, this study seeks to come up with rational estimation methodthat can solve the problems of share of the expenses in remodeling projects. In the remodeling projects entailing with an increase of the number of household, it is assumed that the changes of locational characteristics and value of land area right before and after remodeling are to be occurred. Therefore, it is happened to conflicts on the economical interest if estimating share of expenses per household without specifically considering change of the asset values. To solve this problem, this study has implemented simulations of distributing share of the expenses in remodeling projects entailing with an increase of the number of household by utilizing current method applied with remodeling cost per unit area, the proportion to disposal of property, and return on investment. According to the result of simulations, the biggest imbalance in development gains and cost sharing per household has shown if applying current method of calculating the share of expenses. On the other hand, it has turned out to be the smallest imbalance among the households if applying the estimation method of share of the expenses using return on investment in consideration of changes in the asset value before and after remodeling. Therefore, this study intends to suggest the estimation method of share of the expenses using return on investment as the most reasonable alternative in order to solve the conflicts related to distribution of development gains and sharing expenses incurred in the remodeling projects with an increase of the number of household.
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Angelica gigas Nakai and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischet oriental medicine complex extracts on hair growth in a shaving animal model of C57BL/6 mice. Five weeks old male mice were acclimated for one week under 22±1˚C room temperature, 50±5% relative humidity and 12 hours of a light/dark cycle before beginning the experiment. The animals were divided into 4 groups including normal group(saline, N), vehicle control group (jojoba oil+100% ethanol+saline, VC), positive control group (3% minoxidil, PC), and experimental group (oriental medicine complex extracts, E) and they were topically applied with an amount of 0.2 mL once a day, 6 days a week, for 3 weeks. E and PC groups showed a prominently promoted hair regrowth compared to the N or VC groups in gross observation. E and PC groups also promoted the development and elongation of hair follicles compared to the N or VC group. IGF-1 expression in the skin was significantly (p<0.001) increased in the PC and E groups compared to the N or VC group. Immunolocalization of SCF antigens was heavily stained in sebaceous gland, bulge and epidermis of the PC group, mildly stained in sebaceous gland and bulge of the E group, weakly stained in sebaceous gland of the VC group and little stained in the N group. These results indicate that Angelica gigas Nakai and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischet oriental medicine complex extracts effectively stimulated hair growth in an animal model and it can be used practically for hair growth or prevention of hair loss in human beings.
The purpose of the paper is to present merchandising strategy for U-Eco City, which is the city of world's first concept newly developed through merging a world class high level of IT with the technology of ecological urban development. In order to accomplish this study's purpose at first, this paper analyzes product characteristics of U-Eco City. In addition, according to the result of analyzing the product characteristics of U-Eco City, merchandising strategies and U-Eco City's brand logo & symbol are proposed. Secondly, for consistently creating value-added by exporting U-Eco City to the world, the paper suggests another merchandising Strategies such as 1) value added strategy through platform construction and 2) brand building strategy of UEco City for achieving customer's trust.
U-Eco City is the city of world's first concept newly developed through merging a world class high level of IT with the technology of ecological urban development in Korea. This study aims at analyzing marketability for U-Eco City as an export product and then classifying the global markets for exporting. At first, this paper studies a market attractiveness in consideration of technology level in overseas construction market, a growth scale of potential market, regional characteristics, and political supports from the government. Furthermore via investigating opportunities for exporting Korean style newtown and testing a reliability on Korean technologies, the marketability is tested at regional level in global market for exporting U-Eco City merchandise. Secondly, with the result of marketability testing, market segmentation for U-Eco City merchandise export is appropriately proposed and both regional characteristics and the guideline for export strategies are suggested.
This study was to offer the basis of the information on the housing price of the traditional housing village by analyzing the determinants in housing price of the village. This study used hedonic Price model (double-log transformation) and the data used for analysis was the price data of individual house in Jeonju Hanok Village from 2005 to 2011. 4,475 cases of total 4,700 data were used except the particular cases. As a result, this study showed the phenomenon that the value of the Korean style house in the village had been rising not only in capital area but also in Jeonju Hanok Village in non-capital area as the interests on the village had increased. Also it revealed that developing the unique characteristics of Korean style house could have a more positive effect on improving the value of the house through the analysis of the determinants in housing price of Jeonju Hanok Village. It suggests that these respects need to be applied and developed well when a new Korean housing village is constructed or building extension such as alteration is performed. Through this study, we also found out that the government policy could affect the price of land and traditional style house. The government should take a significant interest on the selection of district and support for extension or alteration of building, and establish the reasonable policy to preserve and develop the traditional housing village.