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        • KCI등재SCOPUS

          PARTNERSHIP, PARTICIPATION AND PARTITION IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT POLITICS IN KITAKYUSHU, JAPAN

          Yeum,,Mi-Gyeung 경남대학교 극동문제연구소 2002 ASIAN PERSPECTIVE Vol.26 No.2

          This article examines the characteristics of the governing structure over two time periods in the Japanese industrial city of Kitakyushu through the use of urban regime theory. Kitakyushu is known as a corporate city or castle town for industries related to steel. Kitakyushu's growth management politics started to form with environmental issues in the early part of the 1960s. Public private partnerships for environmental management were constructed, and environmental management was done by an alliance of the city government and business. In the late 1980's, in period of urban decline and restructuring, the existing form of exclusive partnership between local government and large companies began to extend to a new form that included various community levels and interest groups. But the incorporation of community interests into the urban decision-making process in Kitakyushu has limitations. It is more concerned about the realization of company profits than community interests. Decision-making power thus is still concentrated in local government and large corporations within partnership structures.

        • SCOPUSKCI등재

          Carotenoids: Functions and Recent Research Progress

          Yeum,,Kyung-Jin The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition 1996 Preventive Nutrition and Food Science Vol.1 No.2

          Carotenoids are abundant int he Korean food supply. The intake of foods rich in carotenoids appears to be associated with optimal health, and a reduction in the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, macular degeneration and cataract formation. Specific dietary carotenoids may be responsible for these specific protective effects. Hydrocarbon carotenoids such as $\alpha$-,$\beta$-carotenes and lycopene may reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease, whereas oxygenated carotenoids, such as lutein and zeaxanthin, may be important in protection of the eye. Dietary carotenoids, such as lutein, cryptoxanthin, $\alpha$-carotene, $\beta$-carotene and lycopene can be readily obtained from the diet, Green leafy vegetables, such as spinach and broccoli, contain both oxygenated and hydrocarbon carotenoids ; yellow or orange vegetables, such as carrots, have high levels of $\alpha$-carotene and $\beta$-carotene ; and tomatoes contain high amounts of lycopene. Besides being important vitamin A sources, provitamin A carotenoids such as $\alpha$-carotene, $\beta$-carotene and cryptoxanthin, participate in the cell defense systems that are associated with radical quenching. Non-provitamin A carotenoids, such as lutein and lycopene, major carotenoids in human plasma, have also been reported to possess strong antioxidant capability. The alteration of dietary sources of carotenoids can modify their levels in the circulation and target tissues, and thus prevent or delay the onset of these chronic diseases.

        • KCI등재

          Reichtumsverzicht als Voraussetzung der Erlösung bei Jesus, Paulus und den Apostolischen Vätern

          Yeum,,Chang-Seon 한국서양고전학회 2010 西洋古典學硏究 Vol.40 No.-

          본 논문에서는 부(富)의 포기와 부의 분배에 대한 이해의 문제, 곧 예수, 바울, 디다케와 바나바의 편지 및 헤르마스의 목자 등에서 재산의 포기를 구원의 전제로 이해했는지의 여부와 그 정도가 주된 관심사항이다. 복음서들 및 바울 서신들을 포함하여 초기 기독교의 주요 저술들은 일반적으로 사회-경제적 약자들과 궁핍한 자들, 다시 말하자면 빈곤한 자들, 굶주린 자들, 우는 자들을 위한 재산의 포기와 분배에 대한 주제를 다루고 있다. 그런데 이 주제와 관련하여 디다케와 바나바의 편지는 키프리아누스에게서처럼 부에 대한 포기가 구원의 전제라는 예수 전통을 잘 반영하고 있는 반면에(집단 1), 바울전통을 계승한 헤르마스 목자는 자선을 위한 부의 포기를 사랑의 실천, 곧 덕목으로 이해하고 있다(집단 2). 바울은 자선과 부의 포기를 도덕적 의미에서 자선으로 이해하며, 집단 1 에서 보는 것 같은 종교적 의미에서 구원의 전제로 간주하지는 않는다. 필자에게는 이런 차이점이 지리적 근접성과 그리고 전승사적 유사성에서 기인하고 있다는 생각이 든다. 이런 지리적 인접성은 소위 “사회적 부조(扶助)”와 관련하여 서로 정신적으로 동화하는데 상호영향을 미쳤을 것이다. 그리고 그것으로부터 왜 예수께서 가난한 자들을 포함하여 소외된 자들에게 특별한 애정을 가지고 있었는지가 분명해지지만, 다른 한편으로는 부자들과 밀접한 교류를 하고 있었다. 예수에게서 나타나는 이런 “외관상”의 모순적인 상호관계는 오로지 다음과 같은 가설을 통해서만 설명될 수 있다. 곧 예수께서는 이미 종교적 의미에서 그리고 도덕적 의미에서 부의 포기라는 두 가지 차원을 알고 있었다는 가설이다. 그러나 여기서 예수는 부자들에게 단지 도덕적 실천을 강조하셨을 뿐만 아니라, 그들을 하나님의 구원 계획의 대상으로 받아들이고자 했다. In dieser Arbeit handelt es sich um die Frage nach dem Verstandnis uber den Reichtumsverzicht und -verteilung bei Jesus selbst, Paulus und den Apostolischen Vatern: Ob und wie sie den Besitzverzicht als eine Voraussetzung der Erlosung verstehen. Die Hauptschriften der fruhen Christentum beinhalten das Thema uber Reichtumsverzicht oder -verteilung fur die sozio-wirtschaftlichen Schwachen und Bedurftigen, namlich Armen, Hungernden, Weinenden. In bezug auf das Thema spiegelt sich in Didache und Barnabasbrief gut die Jesu Uberlieferung wider, die auch bei Cyprianus vorhanden ist(Gruppe 1). Im Gegenteil dazu kennt der Hirt des Hermas keine solche Idee, wie bei Paulus(Gruppe 2). Unter Almosen und Besitzverzicht versteht Paulus die Wohltatigkeit im moralischen Sinne, nicht das Erlosungsmotiv im religiosen Sinne, wie in Gruppe 1. Diese Unterschiedlichkiet, denke ich mir, erklart sich aus der geographischen und traditionsgeschichtlichen Nahe: Die geographische Nahe wirkt sich ja auf die geistige Angleichung in bezug auf die sozusagen “soziale Hilfe”. Und auch daraus wird ersichtlich, warum Jesus zwar an die Aussenseiter ? einschliesslich Armen - eine erhebliche Zuwendung hat, aber in einer engen Beziehung mit den Reichen steht. Diese “scheinbar” widerspruche Veraltnisse Jesu ist nur mit einer Hypothese erklarbar: Er kennt schon zwei Dimensionen des Eigentumsverzichts im religiosen und moralischen Sinne. Dabei wollte er die Reichen nicht nur zu moralische Aktion fuhren, sondern auch als Gegenstand der Erlosungsplanung Gottes annehmen.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Low Temperature Suspension Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate for the Preparation of High Molecular Weight Poly(methyl methacrylate)/Silver Nanocomposite Microspheres

          Yeum,,Jeong-Hyun,Ghim,,Han-Do,Deng,,Yulin The Korean Fiber Society 2005 Fibers and polymers Vol.6 No.4

          In order to prepare high molecular weight poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/silver nanocomposite microspheres, methyl methacrylate was suspension-polymerized in the presence of silver nanoparticles at low temperature with 2,2'-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) as an initiator. The rate of conversion was increased by increasing the initiator concentration. When silver nanoparticles were added, the rate of polymerization decreased slightly. High monomer conversion (about $85\%$) was obtained in spite of low polymerization temperature of $30^{\circ}C$. Under controlled conditions, PMMA/silver microspheres with various number-average degrees of polymerization (6,000-37,000) were prepared. Morphology studies revealed that except for normal suspension microspheres with a smooth surface, a golf ball-like appearance of the microspheres was observed, due to the migration and aggregation of the hydrophilic silver nanoparticles at the sublayer beneath the microsphere's surface.

        • On the Efficiency for Ridge Estimator

          Yeum,Joon,Keun 동국대학교 자연과학연구소 1982 자연과학연구 논문집 Vol.2 No.-

          偏?推定量인 Ridge Estimator를 一般化 分散이라는 基準에서 最小自乘推定量과 비교함. Much attention has been paid to the bias of coefficients resulting from ridge regression. Looking at bias alone implies that ridge estimators are inferior. However, using the criterion of the generalized variance, ridge estimators are better than ordinary least square estimators.

        • On the Efficiency for Ridge Estimator

          Yeum,,Joon,Keun 동국대학교 재료과학연구소 1982 材料科學硏究所 論文集 Vol.2 No.-

          偏倚推定量인 Ridge Estimator를 一般化 分散이라는 基準에서 最小自乘推定量과 비교함. Much attention has been paid to the bias of coefficients resulting from ridge regression. Looking at bias alone implies that ridge estimators are inferior. However, using the criterion of the generalized variance, ridge estimators are better than ordinary least square estimators.

        • 고환종양의 태반생성물질 분포에 관한 면역조직화학적 연구

          염석호,염범우,최종상 고려대학교 의과대학 1988 고려대 의대 잡지 Vol.25 No.1

          There were many efforts to find out specific tumor markers of variable tumors for the purpose of early cancer diagnosis, evaluation of cancer treatment and early detection of cancer recurrence. Now many placental hormones and proteins are believed to be produced by tumors of various origins. Among these, PAP, SPI, PAPP-A, HCS and β-HCG are included. Testicular tumors, especially in nonseminomatous germ cell tumors, are known to produce several placental products such as AFP and HCG. But there is no report specific for tumor marker of seminoma. Therefore, the author tried to evaluate presence of above 5 kinds of placental products in the tissue of testicular seminoma, teratoma, choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and malignant lymphomaby ABC method, of immunoperoxidase stain, The results are followings: 1. All 5 cases of seminoma revealed strong positive reaction along the cell membrane to anti-PAP antisera. 2. Syncytiotrophoblast of choriocarcinoma and glandular epithelial cell in teratoma showed positive reaction to anti-SPI antisera. 3. Both seminoma and choriocarcinoma, and even embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and malignant lymphoma disclosed positive reaction to anti-PAPP-A antisera.

        • On the Best Linear Estimator of Mean Life

          Yeum,,Joon,Keun 동국대학교 재료과학연구소 1982 材料科學硏究所 論文集 Vol.2 No.-

          Failure Censored 표본으로부터 平均壽命에 대한 最良線型 推定量에 대하여 살펴봄. Let X_1≤X_2≤…≤X_r denote the r smallest ordered observations from a set of n independent observations on the exponential distribution. Then we can obtain the U.M.V.U.E of θ. However it is not the best linear estimator of θ.

        • SCIESCOPUSKCI등재

          Effect of Naringin Pretreatment on Bioavailability of Verapamil in Rabbits

          Yeum,,Cheul-Ho,Choi,,Jun-Shik The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea 2006 Archives of Pharmacal Research Vol.29 No.1

          The aim of present study is to investigate the effect of naringin on the pharmacokinetics of verapamil and its major metabolite, norverapamil in rabbits. The pharmacokinetic parameters of verapamil and norverapamil were determined after administering verapamil (9 mg/kg) orally to rabbits in the pretreated with naringin (1.5, 7.5, and 15 mg/kg). Naringin pretreatment significantly altered the pharmacokinetic parameters of verapamil. Compared with the control group (given verapamil alone), the $K_a,\;C_{max}$ and AUC of verapamil were significantly (p<0.05 or p<0.01) increased in the pretreatment of naringin, However there were no significant change in $T_{max}\;and\;t_{1/2}$ of verapamil. Consequently, pretreatment of naringin significantly (p<0.05, p<0.01) increased the AB% of verapamil significantly in a dose dependent manner (p<0.05 or p<0.01 ), and elevated the RB% of verapamil by 1.26- to 1.69-fold. the MR of verapamil were significantly (p<0.05) increased in the pretreatment of naringin, implying that pretreatment of naringin may effectively inhibit the CYP3A4-mediated metabolism of verapamil. In conclusion, pretreatment of naringin enhanced the oral bioavailability of verapamil. Based on these results, the verapamil dosage should be adjusted when given with naringin or a naringin-containing dietary supplement.

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