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Purpose:The purpose of this study was to propose clinical criteria to differentiate patients who are able to perform the step-through-step gait pattern in chronic stroke patients. Methods:Sixty patients with chronic stroke patients participated this study. To differentiate patients who could perform the step-through-step gait pattern, age, gender, and causes of stroke were noted, a Chedoke-McMaster (CM) damage list, Fugl-Meyer (FM) assessment scales and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were determined. A 10 meter gait test and Timed Up and Go (TUG) test were conducted to determine the differences in gait speed and dynamic balance between patients walking with or without canes in the step-through-step gait pattern group. Results: There was no significant statistical difference in age, gender, and stroke type between all subjects. There were significant differences in the CM scale for postural and lower extremities, and FM scale for lower extremities and BBS. The dynamic balance ability and gait speed showed significant differences between the subjects in the step-through-step gait pattern with or without a cane during gait. Conclusion: CM and FM scales for the lower extremities and postural control, as well as BBS scales, can be used as criteria to differentiate patients who are able to perform the step-through-step gait pattern. These results can also be used to provide beneficial information to patients that are walking with canes.
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부산시의 범죄발생 중 5대 범죄(살인, 강도, 강간, 절도, 폭력)에 대하여 사회경제적 측면, 인구학적 측면, 토지이용측면, 산업체 측면에서 어떠한 요인들이 영향을 미치는지에 대하여 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 2007년과 2011년의 회귀분석결과 유의미한 값을 가지는 지표는 15-65세 남성인구, 15세미만 여성인구, 도소매업, 숙박음식업으로 나타났다. 이 때, 15-65세 남성인구는 음(-)의 관계에서, 15세미만 여성인구, 도소매업, 숙박음식업은 양(+)의 관계에서 영향력을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 또한, 3개 지표에 근거한 구군별 상대적 위험도를 2007년과 2011년의 두 시점을 대상으로 파악하였다. 그 결과 부산시의 범죄발생 변화유형을 4개로 구분할 수 있었다. 따라서 향후 범죄예방을 위한 방범계획 수립시 총 범죄율에 영향을 미치는 정과 부의 관계를 고려한 계획이 수립되어야 할 것이며, 부산시 구군별 유형에 따라 지역상황에 적합한 개선방안이 마련되어야 할 것이다. This study is to contemplate on the relationship between crime rate and social indexes (socioeconomic, demographic, land use, industrial variable), which are prerequisites for preventing crime of the city of Busan. Thus a regression analysis was carried out to know which socioeconomic, land usage, industrial, defense mechanism factors affect five major crimes (homicide, burglary, rape, robbery, and violence). As the result of regression analysis between 2007 and 2011, male population between 65 years and 15 years, female population under 15 years, accommodation/food service and activities/wholesale/retail trade generally showed significant values. Here, male population between 65 years and 15 years was negative relationship. Female population under 15 years, accommodation/food service and activities/wholesale/retail trade was positive relationship. Also, we investigated relative risk of city and town based on the three indexes at 2007 and 2011. As the result, the crime occurrence of Busan had four change patterns. Thus when planning crime prevention in the future, a positive and negative correlation that affects total crime rate should be taken into consideration, and a customized improvement plan for town and city should be addressed.
Purpose:The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of functional training using a sliding rehabilitation machine (SRM) on the mobility of the ankle joint and balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods:The subjects consisted of 11 children who were diagnosed with spastic CP. They carried out the functional training using the SRM for 30 minutes, three times a week, for 8 weeks. Before and after all of the training sessions, the subjects were tested using the Pediatric Balance Scale (PBS) and Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM), range of motion (ROM) in the ankle joint, the pennation angle of the gastrocnemius muscle and the fascicle length of gastrocnemius muscle were measured to determine the mobility of the ankle joint and balance ability. Results:There were significant differences between the pre-test and post-test in the PBS and GMFM. The ROM of the ankle joint was significantly increased after the functional training using the SRM. Moreover, the fascicle length was increased and the pennation angle was decreased after the functional training using the SRM, but the difference was not significant. Conclusion:These results suggest that functional training using the SRM may have some effect on the mobility of ankle joint and balance in children with CP. According to the results, this study could present an approach to the rehabilitation or treatment of children with CP.
PURPOSE : This study intended to verify whether there was actual correlation between weight-bearing asymmetry and a limitation in hip joint rotation range in patients with low back pain. METHODS : Thirty five low back pain patients voluntarily participated this study. For each participant, hip joint medial rotation symmetry rate and the weight-bearing symmetry rate were calculated. The correlation between the two variables was investigated. RESULTS : A decrease in the left hip joint medial rotation range of motion (ROM) was observed more often than a reduction in the right hip joint medial rotation ROM. However, similar number between right and left side was observed in ground reaction force more weighted. The coefficient between the passive hip joint medial rotation symmetry rate and the weight loading symmetry ratio was –0.19 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION : The present study demonstrated a weak correlation between the hip joint medial rotation ROM and the weight distribution of both feet. Such result suggests that careful evaluation by separating each element is needed in treating patients with low back pain. Future research should take into account asymmetric alignment and abnormal movement in different joints of the body as well as asymmetry in the bilateral hip joint rotation and the unilateral weight supporting posture.