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          • 製造業 生産職 人力難의 要因分析과 人力政策의 課題

            차철호 중앙대학교 산업경영연구소 1998 산업경영연구 Vol.7 No.1

            본 연구의 범위는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 제조업부문 生産職人力의 부족문제는 산업구조의 고도화에 따른 勞動力需給구조상의 不均衡을 최소화 해야한다는 문제의식에서 출발한다. 따라서 990년대 초반에 나타난 인력난 문제에 대한 해답은 ㄴ[제조업부문의 생산직 就業減少와 서비스업종사자의 과다현상]이라는 산업간 (제조업--서비스업), 직종간 (생산직--서비스직) 노동移動構造의 특성에서 찾아야 한다는 관점에서 노동력수급구조와 노동력 不足의 實態를 살펴보고 그 不足要因을 규명하기 위해 산업간, 직종간 노동이동구조의 변화추이를 검토하고자 한다. 둘째, 90년대에 들어서 우리 산업구조가 단순 노동집약산업에서 자본, 기술집약 산업으로 이행하는 과정에서 산업구조의 고도화는 ??吸收力(고용탄성치)의 감소를 수반하게 될 것인바 이러한 산업구조의 고도화과정에서 발생하는 人力需給構造의 不均衡이 우리 경제의 成長潛在力을 약화시키는 장애요인으로 작용하지 않게 하기 위한 인력정책의 기본과제는 무엇인가 하는 문제를 검토하고자 한다. 셋째, 이러한 노동시장의 구조적 변화에 대응하여 필요한 기술인력을 안정적으로 확보함으로써 중고령층의 단순노동력을 활용하는 低부가가치업종에서 탈피하여 高부가가치업종의 생산기반을 구축하고 우리제품의 국제경쟁력을 강화시킬수 있는 제조업 人力政策方向의 과제를 제시하고자 한다. The purpose of this paper is to analyze factors affecting the shortage in the production workers in manufacturing sector. With the foregoing awareness this study has attempted to indentify desirable approaches to the manpower policy measures. Form the results of the empirical evidence presented in this study, we have recognized the following three problems enumerated below: First, the problem concerning the basic viewpoint of the manpower bottleneck of Korea economy. This problem being with especially the understanding of the shortage of the production workers in the manufacturing sector and awareness of the necessity to minimize the unbalance in the manpower supply structure brought forth by the sophistication of the industrial structure. The answer to the manpower stortage problem o the Korean economy is “the phenomenon of the decrease in the manufacturing employment sector.”: In the viewpoint of finding the answer from the characteristics underlying the manpower mobility structure between the industries (manufacturing and service) and between occupations (manufacturing and service), this study intends to review the manpower supply structure and shortage actuality of manpower and survey the changing trend in the manpower mobility structure between industries and between occupation. Second, the problem of what is the basic task of manpower policy. In the process of transformation of the Korea industrial structure from the unskilled-labor intensive industry to the capital-technology intensive industry when the sophistication of the industrial structure is bound to espouse the decrease in the employment absorbability (employment creation value): preventing the unbalance in the manpower supply structure arising from such sophistication process of the industrial structure acts not as a negative factor to weaken the growth potentiality of Korean economy. This condenses into the problem of creating new employment opportunities to accommodate manpower who are entering the labor market every year under the condition of the increase in the highly educated unemployment and the shortage of technological manpower. Third. The problem of supplying adequately the skilled-labor an technological manpower who could concentrate in the sophistication and quality improvement of product made by the small and medium industries under the global technology hegemonism trend to underwite and ore research and development manpower who can spearhead the development of high technology and multi-kind and small quantity production system. In the midst of the liberalization and globalization of the world economy, the technological protective barriers imposed by the advanced industrial nations are heightening. And with the acceleration of the technological competition among the nations, the post-cold war era international order is being formulated centering around the technological strength there should be established the technological manpower supply scheme to systematically train and deliver the high level technological manpower that could spearhead the technological renovantion.

          • 日韓エネルギ-市場統合 : その可能性と效果 It's Possibility and Effects

            橋本道雄 중앙대학교 산업경영연구소 2003 산업경영연구 Vol.12 No.2

            EUが進めているエネルギ-市場の統合を日本と韓國間に適用した場合に, 兩國が抱えるエネルギ-政策上の課題の解決に如何に貢獻し得るか考察を行なった. エネルギ-市場の統合は, バ-ゲニンク"·バワ-の强化により市場における兩國のポジションを强化し, エネルギ-供給の安定化に貢獻し得る. 電力·ガスのネツトワ-クの相互接續は, 獨占構造の解消に貢獻し, 市場における競爭を促進する. エネルギ-市場統合を實現するためには, 日·韓兩國の政治的なリ-ダ-シッブの下, 官民雙方のレべルにおいて協力を進める必要がある.

          • 사이버 증권거래가 국내 증권시장의 변동성과 효율성에 미친 영향에 관한 연구

            김규형,장경천,배정훈 중앙대학교 산업경영연구소 2001 산업경영연구 Vol.10 No.1

            The introduction of cyber trading increase the quantity of information and consolidate the rational probability of prediction of stock price on stock market. But, effect of increasing the information efficiency make trading so frequently and increase the volatility of market. The aim of this paper is present empirical evidence of these effect. To analyzing these effect, GARCH model is employed to estimate volatility and market efficiency during the period 1980. 1. 4 to 2001.4.30. Additionally, EGARCH and TGARCH model is adopted to show the asymmetric effect on stock market. According to this analysis, the introduction of cyber trading has a significant effect on stock market, that is, volatility increased and market efficiency decreased. But, increasing market share of cyber trading, volatility is decreased and efficiency is increased. Asymmetric effect, using TGARCH and EGARCH model, has also significant. but, that effect may not caused by cyber trading.

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