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The slopes, cultivate ratio and conditions of soil are settled and then agricultural region classified by the altitude in Chungbuk area. Because of the ranges of the Mountains of Soback to the east the altitude is high and the plains is developed to the west. The Interior of the Centural Area of the West (Ginchon, Womsong, Chungju, Jungwon) and the West Interior of Soback Mountains(Chungju, Chungwon) are high cultivate ratio and proper for the good conditions of production. On the other hand, the Taeback area (Gaesan, Tanyang) with low temperature is mountainous area, and so the altitude is high and cultivate ratio is low. The climate of this area have the feature of low temperature in the high mountains, that is why the conditions of production is disadvantage. The Soback Mountainous area(Kwesan, Bowuen, Okchon, Youngdong) is semi-mountainous area, and so cultivate ratio is low, the condition of agricultural production is a little disadvantage. The zone of life and the social-economic conditions is reflected by the agricultural areas mentioned above. Namely, the cities are developed in the advantageous area of agriculture and social-economic conditions is better. And also in the management-indicate-analysis the differences of the natural condition is reflected by the section of the region. In analysis of the specialized items and the development stage each farm in its scale has come the resemble concussion. Although the specialized items are same the meaning is different on the distribution of farm scale. We may say that the specialized regions living many farms with more scale which can suffice the farm household cost and can remove the differences of income between city and country. Owing to the limitation of material data I cannot reflect the tendency of the latest, but I can conclude that agricultural system of Chungbuk must be done to the following directions. First : When we deal with agricultural management as a matter of region, We should not disregard production policy of each items and then improve the structure of agriculture and product system in this region. Second : Laying stress on the items which are glowing the farm management scale, We should organized the system of agricultural production. Third : As the investment of industry to magnify the management scale in the IGP region is the modernization of facilities, the introduction of machine and strategic investment of economic project is valuable. The investment should be put in advance in the FGP and IGP in order to improve the infrastructure of agriculture for the agricultural foundation and social overhead capital.
In the Process of Multilateral Trade Negotiations(The Uruguay Round), national consensus have been made up from the viewpoint of as below, 1) the import liberalization of Korean agriculture is an unavoidable trend, whether willing or not, and 2) the degree of import liberalization will be expanded, whether U.R. negotiation being compromised or not, 3) the difficulties of Korean agriculture will be made severer than current situations. The reasons of difficulties in the fields of agriculture and rural areas should be found basically in the side of choosing the developmental ideology, pursueing the rapid industrialization prior to agricultural sector and urbanization to rural areas. Though Industrialization and Urbanization have been accomplished sucessfully in the three decades from 1960 to 1990, the potentialities of self-sustain abilities in the sector of agriculture and rural areas have been weekened to the worst condition. Social costs by overpopulation in urban area such as heavy traffic, housing, educational and medical problems having been increased while depopulation in rural areas, the idle acrage of cultivated land having been increased and the rate of improvement of productivity been stagnated. The unbalanced developmental stratege should be reconsidered and readjusted between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors and between rural and urban regions. The developmental ideology based upon pursueing 「Efficiency」in the past years of developmental decades should be changed to the strategy of balance development based upon realizing 「Equity」 on the inter-industrial sectors and inter-regions.
This study investigates students’ use conditions in- and out-of- school coffee shops, and analyzes the importance and the performance for students’ consumption behaviors for those coffee shops. For this study, we apply Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) by carrying out a survey targeting students at the Chungbuk National University. IPA results categorize various factors with respect to levels of the importance and the performance, respectively.
The purpose of specialty agricultural education is to prime with agriculture and jobs. In other words, specialty agricultural education includes all jobs influenced farming. Agricultural education has been mainly conducted by educational institutes. Education place of schooling is the national and public universities, agricultural colleges, and agricultural high school. However, these schooling has not been interconnected each other. Thus, the scheme that can be connected to agricultural education and each agency should be established. In this study, we determined the status of agricultural education and analyzed the changing to identify the problems of the agricultural education of finding employment, point view of academic goals, and the domestic and international agricultural conditions. This study will set the educational goals, contents, initiatives and orientation from identified problems.