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One of the characteristics being identified from the academical trends of Nammyeong/남명 and Hwadam/화담 is that both of them were open to various academic approaches and perspectives different from their own, and not only the Neo-Confucianism. This kind of characteristic shared by those two men was what led their disciples and students to group under the name of the Buk-in/北人 party. Thie Buk-in party was literally obliterated in political terms from history after the Coup led by King Injo/仁祖 in 1623, but the academical approach pursued by Nammyeong and Hwadam remained as one of the undercurrents of academical and philosophical reasoning and activities for the durarion of the Chosun dynasty. After the 16th centuty, a group of scholars hailing from the Nammyeong and Hwadam schools chose to accept and embrace various academical fields, ideas and philosophies which even included the Taoist thoughts, military tactics and commercial information. This trend significantly int1uenced the scholars in the following years such as the Nam-in/南人 scholars Heo Mok/허목 or Yun Hyu/윤휴 of the latter half period of the 17th century, or the renowned Shil-hak/實學 scholar Lee Ik/이익 of the 18th century, or even Park Jae Ga/박제가 who was one of the masters in the Buk-hak/北學 field. The activities and studies of all these men, breathed some fresh air into the Chosun dynasty's rather conservative atmosphere, an atmosphere which was actually conservative in philosophical and ideological terms. The academical trends of Nammyeong and Hwadam did not reach the status of a main philosophical current of the academic seciety, but maintained its value as an undercurrent trend. The scholars who were associated with this trend were simply after a wide variety of knowledges and information, and did not dogmatically pursue the teachings of Neo-Confucianism. As a result, they provide us with some very interesting aspects in the field of philosophical history. Their activities are what enable us to view the philosophical history of the Chosun dynasty's latter half period from many different perspectives. They also let us know the academical origin, and also the process of maturation of the Shil-hak and Bukhak studies. Proper understanding of the academical characteristics of the Nammyeong and Hwadam schools would let us understand the era and the society in a much more dynamic way.