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This study empirically examines the pattern of regional inequality on the level of development in the comparative perspectives of the United States and Korea. To do this, it tests Williamson’s inverted-U hypothesis, and Amos’ augmented inverted-U hypothesis, focusing on polarization, polarization reversal, and spatial restructuring. Results indicate that Korea supports the Williamson’s inverted-U hypothesis and the United States supports Amos’ augmented inverted-U hypothesis. These findings indicate that Korea still exists on the polarization reversal phase and the United States is moving into the spatial restructuring phase. This study will contribute to grasping the trends and patterns of regional inequality in developing and developed countries. Therefore, it will be useful in helping to set up a policy for alleviation of regional disparity.
This study is to evaluate how much the land use planning and management of new town, meet the purpose of the construction and sustainable principles. To do this. the study sets basic principles of new town land use. determines evaluation factors. develops evaluation index on the factors. and evaluates sustainability of land use in Pundang, Ilsan, Pyungchon, Sanbon, and Jungdong among new towns Seoul Metropolitan suburban areas. In the index setting is presented the principles of sustainable land use based on the image of a sustainable new town, guideline of sustainable land use. and principles of urban development. Basic system to set the index is done by choosing and classifying by using the subject of index related to land use among sustainable index indicated inside and outside of the nation, using DSR (Driving force. State. Response) structure. In the evaluation is sustainable land use evaluated by setting the weight. The results showed Ilsan recorded the highest value of sustainability of 0.0541. Next. Pundang showed 0.0378, Jungdong -0.01777, Sanbon -0.0327. Pyungchon -0.0415 in order. These results can be used as a guideline to set basic direction of land use policy. or as data for guideline for town development and management.
This paper aims to examine Hwang(l987)’s forecasting of land use transition by using a logistic growth curve for Insadong district and surrounding areas in Seoul. The findings show that the number of ecological unit-1(retail uses) has decreased rather than the forecasted result, the number of ecological unit-2(restaurants) has greatly increased from the predicted value, and the total number of urban central uses (ecological unit-1, 2 and central business uses like offices and cultural centers) concur with the forecasted values. The growth patterns of each ecological unit coincided with the logistic growth curve. Namely in the early stage the growth of each ecological unit has been slowed and in the middle stage it has been increased at a rapid pace. In the latter stage the speed of growth has been gradually decreased. Therefore, this study confirmed that land use transition of the urban center maintains a dynamic balance through the adaptation from competition and through the balance of adjustment. This study contributed to the forecast of the land use transition for this urban center.
The purpose of this study is to improve the efficiency, equity, and transparency of the projects which support residents by setting up the proper indicators. The research methodology is as follows. First, the evaluation model is set up, which is the basis of 5 principles for evaluation. Second, 5 evaluation sectors are set up, which is the planning sector, process sector, implement sector, management sector, and outcome sector. Each evaluation sector includes evaluation scope and indicators. Here, the evaluation sectors and indicators are weighed upon the expert survey. The results of survey represent that the planning sector and management sector show the high weight value. Viewing the weight of individual indicators, the degree of satisfaction, the rate of facility utilization. the degree of reasonable composition of committee showed the very high value. Based on these weight value. this study assigned the proper points at each indicator. The total value of the highest satisfaction level is 1000 points. These points of each indicator will be useful for program evaluation.
본 연구는 국공유지 관리의 문제점을 살펴보고 현황 관리시스템을 정확하게 구축하여 효율적인 관리방안을 제시하고자 하는 데 목적이 있다. 먼저 기관별 관리 토지에서 필지 수 대비 한정된 관리 조직과 인력에 따른 문제점을 분석하고 도출하였다. 또한 지적재조사사업 및 공간정보시스템을 기반으로 국공유지 의 필지별 토지 현황에 대한 정확한 데이터를 구축하고, 개선방안을 모색해 보고자 하였다. 그에 따라 국공유지 필지별 데이터와 관리 조직을 중심으로 현황 관리가 정확하게 운영되고 있는지를 중심으로 진행하였다. 연구 방법으로는 문헌조사법과 인터넷 조사법을 통하여 국공유지 필지별 관리 현황을 비교 분석하고, 이를 바탕으로 도출된 문제점의 개선방안을 강구해 보았다. This study is aimed to suggest effective ways to precisely manage the public land after searching current problems. Through the utilization of the cadastral organization and the resurvey projects, this study researches the methods to build the accurate land data based on the spatial information system as well as the on-going land survey results of the public land. This study focuses on researching whether the public land status and the management systems are operated efficiently with the cadastral organization using a variety of the spatial systems. This study finds the current problems of the land management systems by not only the Internet questionnaires but several dissertations, and suggests the methods to connect the land management systems with the cadastral resurvey projects each other.
국토교통부는 재생사업선정을 통해 전국에, 착공 후 20년 경과된 산업단지 공모사업을 실시하여 1차 시범 산업단지재생사업지구(2009년9월) 4개 지구, 2차 산업단지재생사업지구 4개 지구(2014년12월), 3차 산업단지재생사업지구 10개 지구(2016년4월), 4차 산업단지재생사업지구 5개 지구(2017년3월)를 선정하였다. 현재 우리나라의 노후산업단지 경쟁력 강화방안 공모사업으로 선정된 곳은 착공 후 20년이 경과된 산업단지 기준으로 23개 지구가 선정되었다. 하지만 재생사업지구의 지속적인 선정에도 불구하고 재생사업은 큰 성과를 발휘하지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 이에 재생사업의 원활한 사업추진을 위해 2015년 5월 개정된 산업입지 및 개발에 관한 법률 제39조12.13에서 정한 활성화 구역 지정 특례제도를 도입하였다. 활성화 구역은 재생사업 추진을 활성화하고 가시화를 통한 재생사업 전파 확산을 도모할 수 있는 방식이다. 또한, 지역 산업단지별 특수성을 고려하여 사업추진을 해야 하므로 무리한 활성화 구역 설정은 재생사업의 지체와 많은 문제점이 대두될 수 있으므로 노후산업단지의 개별특성에 맞는 계획 수립 및 객관적 추진 방법에 대한 기준과 분류가 제시되어야 한다. 이에 2014년 기준으로 착공 후 20년 된 83개 산업단지를 중심으로 자료포락분석(DEA: Data Envelopment Analysis)과 노후산업단지 DB를 구축 활용하여 재생사업 추진유형으로 구분하였다. 이에 본 연구는 83개 재생사업지구 사업추진단계에서의 개별산업단지의 사업추진 유형 등의 객관적 기준을 제시함으로써 향후 우리나라 노후산업단지 사업추진 단계에 있어 실질적으로 적용할 수 있는 객관적 기준을 마련하였다. With significant influences of old industrial complex in September 2009, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport chose the 4 districts for the first pilot project. In December 2014, the second pilot project districts were established. In addition, there were 10 districts in April 2016 and 5 districts in April 2016 as the third pilot project and 5 districts in March 2017 as the fourth pilot project. In order to promote smooth business operation of the recycling business, we introduced the effective area designation and special system as stipulated in Article 39.12-13 of the Industrial Location and Development Act revised in May 2015. The effective area, It is a method that can promote propagation and diffusion of the rehabilitation business through visualization by making effective the promotion of the rehabilitation business and by promoting the business in consideration of the geographical feature of the region and industry group, The setting of the unreasonable effective area is based on the criteria and classification of the plan and the objective promotion method according to the individual characteristics of the aged industrial park because the delay of the rehabilitation business and the possibility of the increase of many problems are presented Be sure to Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and the old industrial complex database were constructed and utilized to classify the types of recycling projects. Therefore, in this study, it is necessary to strengthen the competitiveness of aged industrial complex by examining the correlation between the diagnosis of 83 aged industrial complex sites and the rehabilitation projects supported by the Ministry of Land, and the types of business promotion for aged industrial parks. It can be used as a guideline for the feasibility of the project.
It has been constantly discussed about the concept of “Compact city” as a urban structure to correspond to the climate change. Compact city changes human’s passage pattern and affects both energy consumption and GHGs emissions after all. This research has been done to explain the relation of cause and effect between the characteristics of Compact city, the passage pattern and the amount of road GHGs emissions. For the above objective, First, the relation between the characteristics of compact city, the passage pattern and the amount of Road GHGs emission was closely examined using correlation analysis. Second, the effect of the characteristic of compact city on the amount of road GHGs emissions was found out, and mediated effect of the passage pattern was proved. Third, path analysis was carried out to show the whole cause and effect of independent variables, mediated variables and dependent variables. As a result, mediated effect of ‘vehicle modal share’ appeared in the effect of the characteristics of compact city on the amount of road GHGs emissions. This fact implies that the characteristics of compact city affect the transfer using vehicle, for this reason, GHGs emissions change, rather than the characteristics affects road GHGs emissions directly. Therefore, it is recommended to let these characteristics reduce the demands of moving with vehicle and create an environment which can encourage the use of public transportation, bicycle and walking, meanwhile the use of land should remain compressive and complex.