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      • 醫藥分業制度의 實施에 關한 基礎調査 : 一部 서울市內 開局藥師 및 一般人을 對象으로

        朴珉洙 서울大學校保建大學院 1970 公衆保健雜誌 Vol.7 No.2

        During the period of August 20 to October 20, 1970 opinion polls were conducted regarding the implementation of functional division between physicians and pharmacists, prepared questionnaire sheets were distributed to the 648 pharmacists practising in Youndungp'o-gu, Seoul (as of August 20, 1970), and to 200 ordinary citizens living in the same area Questionnaire sheets were collected from 247 pharmacists and 135 ordinary citizens. As the results of studies and analysis of the questionnairs collected form the total of 382 respondent pollees, the following conclustion was reached: 1. Out of the total of 247 pharmacists who responded to the questionnaires, 61.5 per cent conditionally supported the division of labor between hpysicians and pharmacists, 25.9 per cent opposed it, and 12.6 per cent gave miscellaneous answers. 2. The groups of pharmacists who supported or opposed the division of labor were broken down by sex as follows: 61.3 per cent of male pharmacists and 62.0 per cent of female pharmacists conditionally supported it while 26.8 per cent of male pharmacists and 24.1 per cent of female pharmacists opposed it. 3. As for ordinary citizens, 41.5 per cent conditionally supported the division of labor between physicians and pharmacists, 34.8 per cent gave miscellaneous asnwers, and 23.7 per cent opposed it. 4. Mass-communications media were regarded as the most importance source of information for the pollees concering the division of laborbetween physicians and pharmacists in as much as 44.5 per cent of respondent practising pharmacists and 43.0 per cent of respondent ordinary citizens termed masscommunications media as their main sourees of information on this matter. 5. The greatest respective proportions, or 45.7 per cent of respondent practising pharmacists and 33.3 per cent of ordinary citizens, supported the step-by-step implementation of functional division between physicians and pharmacists by extending the system from selected model areas to other areas. 6. The idea of deisgnating one specific ward of the city as amodel area was supported by 43.7 per cent of respondent pollees, and the idea of implementing division of labor between physicians and pharmacists in a model area on a trial basis for one year by 41.2 per cent. These groups consituted the greatest porportions respectively. 7. As for the enforcement system of functional division 37.2 per cent of repondent physicians preferred a voluntary implementation, and 30.4 per cent preferred a mandatory implementation, while 31.1 per cent of respondent ordinary citizens gave miscellaneous answers('I don't kow") and 27.4 per cent preferred a voluntary system. 8. As for the number of pharmaceuticals to be subject to functional division between physicians and pharmacists, 38.5 per cent of respondent practising pharmacists preferred the simultaneous control of two or more kinds of pharmaceuticals (including narecotics and antibiotics), 32.8 per cent preferred the control of only narcotics, 17.0 per cent preferred the control of only antibiotics, and 11.7 preferred the control of only habitual durgs. Meanwhile, 38.5 per cent of respondent ordinary citizens wanted the control of only narcotics in the initial stage, and 28.1 per cent wanted the contro, of antitiotios first. 9. The greatest proportion or 42.9 per cent of respordent practising pharmacists said that they filled 20 cases of prescription on the daily average. As for the ratio of profit form the preparation of pharmaceuticals on the basis of prescriptions, 37.2 per cent or the greatest proportion said that such profit constituted 31 to 40 per cent of gross sales, and 14.2 per cent or the smallest proportion said that is constituted 10 to 20 per cent. 10. 46.0 per cent of respondent practising pharmacists predicted that gross income of pharmacies would decrease if functional division between physicians and pharmacists was enforced while 32.0 pear cent believed that there would be no remarkable change in their gross income. 11. 40.0 per cent of respondent practising pharmacists said that pharmaceutical companies would concentrate their development of pharmaceuticals on therapeutical preparations if functional division between physicians and pharmacists was realized, while 36.3 per cent of respondent ordinary citizens predicted that its implementation would restrain excessive advertisements on pharmaceuticals. 12. 55.9 per cent of respondent practising pharmacists opposed the designation of Yongdungp'o-gu, Seoul as a model area for the trial-basis implementation of functional division between physicians and pharmcists, while 32.0 per cent supported it and 12.1 per cent gave miscellaneous answers. On the basis of the above results of survey, the following matters are considered prerequisite tofunctional division between physicians and pharmacists in Korea 1. Functional division between physicians and pharmacists Should be implemented after these social conditions are achieved the elimination of doctor-less areas and pharmacists-less areas, and the implementation of the medical insurance system. 2. In should be implemented after occupational functions are systematically classfied between physicians and pharmacists regarding their in come and professional skills. 3. Adequate legal protection and a definite government policy are necessary for fair distribution of income between physicians and pharmacists. Parmaceutical items to be subject to its enforcement should be designated step by step. The System should then be implemented gradually through trial implementation in model districts.

      • 다변량 분석을 통한 대한민국 지역별 기후 유형 파악

        박민수 성균관대학교 응용통계연구소 2018 통계연구 Vol.20 No.-

        본 논문에서는 약 6년 동안 전국에 설치된 지역별 기상 관측소에서 측정한 평균기온, 강수량, 일조시간, 습도, 황사일수 등 여러 가지 기후 요소들을 조사한 자료를 바탕으로 주성분분석과 군집분석을 통하여 비슷한 유형의 기후를 갖는 지역을 나누고 각 군집들의 특성을 파악하고자 한다.

      • 양친성 고분자막의 금속 산화물 전구체 처리 및 그 영향

        박민수,김진규,박병주,김종학 한국막학회 2017 한국막학회 총회 및 학술발표회 Vol.2017 No.11

        PVC-g-POEM graft copolymer was synthesized for ultrafiltration (UF) membrane area and the effect of TTIP on the membranes was also explored via phase separation. Characterization was explored by FT-IR, 1H-NMR and FE-SEM and measured by cross-flow system. The interaction between copolymer and TTIP enhanced the water permeance because of increased surface pore size and porosity. Phase inversion process in 80 oC water bath resulted in decreased water permeance owing to the increased top selective layer, but increased BSA rejection. However, TTIP-treated membrane with 80 oC inversion showed decreased BSA rejection owing to TTIP dissolution in hot water. TTIP treatment and 80 oC inversion resulted in highly enhanced antifouling property. The best performance exhibited 338 LMH water permeance, 89.4% BSA rejection, and 91.9% flux ratio recovery.

      • CO2/N2 분리를 위한 전도성 공중합체/양친성 공중합체 혼합막

        박민수,정정표,김진규,김종학 한국막학회 2016 한국막학회 총회 및 학술발표회 Vol.2016 No.05

        In the electronic device area, several conductive polymers have been used such as Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT-PSS). In the connection of this concept, PEDOT-PSS was applied to CO2/N2 separation, which is the first attempt to this area. To be specific, the polymer was blended to poly(2-[3-(2H- benzotriazol-2- yl)-4-hydroxyphenyl] ethyl methacrylate)-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PBEM-POEM or PBE). The conductive polymer formed the interconnected network by interacting with PBE owing to the specific interaction. This structure give the facile pathway to CO2 and N2, which result in the increased permeability of the gases. Especially, improved CO2 solubility caused the permeability (59.6 Barrer) to be increased, which brought about the enhanced CO2/N2 selectivity (77.4) of PEDOT-PSS 5 wt% membrane.

      • KCI등재

        개혁개방 이후 중국영화에서 나타나는 하위계층의 재현 양상 연구 ― 저항과 순응을 중심으로

        박민수 대한중국학회 2017 중국학 Vol.61 No.-

        1990년대 중국의 개혁개방과 더불어 국영기업의 민영화가 가져온 下崗, 사회 배급시스템의 중지, 도농간의 빈부격차 등의 부작용은 수많은 하위계층을 양산해내면서, 그들을 사회의 주변으로 내몰고 압박하였다. 그리고 지배이데올로기의 부작용에 노출된 하위계층의 삶과 일상을 재현하는 영화들이 등장하면서 중국 사회의 구조가 안고 있는 모순과 문제점을 포착하였다. 그리고 지배이데올로기의 순기능을 확산하는 영화도 나타나기 시작하였다. 본 연구는 이러한 구도를 저항과 순응의 측면에서 파악하고 있다. <안양의 고아>, <인재경도>, <삼협호 인> 등의 영화를 중심으로 저항과 순응의 관점을 제시하고자 한다. The purpose of this study is to suggest the perspective of the resistance and adaptation to the dominant ideology through considering a movie of containing subaltern in modern China over the past decade, and to examine the representational aspect in a movie of subaltern through this ambivalent analysis. Subaltern began to appear along with China's reform and openness in the 1990s. A change into a capitalist system from a socialist system made a compressed growth in China. But the side effects such as the early voluntary retirement caused by privatization in a state enterprise, as the suspension in a community distribution system, and as a gap between the rich and poor in urban and rural areas led to the mass production of numerous subalterns, thereby having suppressed with kicking them out in the surroundings of society. And as the movies appear that revive life and everyday life in subalterns of having been exposed to side effects of this ruling ideology, even a movie began to appear that spreads the good function of dominant ideology as well as seizing contradictions and problems that the structure in Chinese society has. This study is grasping this structure in the aspect of resistance and adaptation. This study selected The Orphan of Anyang, Lost on Journey and Still Life as a text among the movies that reproduced diverse subalterns, thereby having aimed to look at the representation of subaltern in the aspect of resistance and adaptation. Jia Zhangke ever showed a contradiction and a conflict of China's modern society with subalterns' eyes. However, WaiMan Yip is being indicated to have concentrated on spreading Chinese-style fantasy through the developed China and the successful migrant laborer.

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