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      • KCI등재

        임부 부부의 성태도와 부부친밀도가 성만족도에 미치는 영향: 자기효과와 상대방효과

        김희은,여정희,Kim, Hee Eun,Yeo, Jung Hee 한국여성건강간호학회 2017 여성건강간호학회지 Vol.23 No.3

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate actor and partner effects of sexual attitude and marital intimacy on sexual satisfaction in pregnant couples. Methods: Data were collected from 176 pairs of the pregnant couples visiting for prenatal care at hospitals from June 18 to September 24, 2016. The collected data were analyzed by paired t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficients using SPSS 18.0 and interdependent effect (Actor-Partner Interdependence Model analysis) through AMOS 18.0. Results: The sexual attitude and marital intimacy of the pregnant woman did not have a partner effect on the sexual satisfaction of her husband, respectively (${\beta}=.12$, p=.141), (${\beta}=.01$, p=.938). The sexual attitude of the husband had a partner effect on the sexual satisfaction of the pregnant woman (${\beta}=.13$, p=.021), but the marital intimacy of the husband did not show a partner effect (${\beta}=.07$, p=.202). Conclusion: Study suggests that the sexual attitude and marital intimacy of pregnant couples should be considered as factors when developing an intervention to improve sexual satisfaction in couples. Moreover, pregnant couples should participate in intervention together because the sexual satisfaction has conceptual view of interdependence in two-person relationships.

      • 외부컨설턴트의 학교컨설팅 사례연구: A초등학교 방과후학교 협동조합 컨설팅 사례를 중심으로

        김희은,엄기란 한국교육컨설팅학회 2017 교육컨설팅연구 Vol.5 No.1

        본 연구는 외부 컨설턴트가 수행한 학교컨설팅의 사례연구이다. 컨설턴트의 유형에 초점을 맞추어 외부 컨설턴트의 학교컨설팅 수행 시, 그 시사점과 효과적인 수행을 위한 전략을 도출하고자 하였다. 연구 결과, 외부 컨설턴트 수행의 시사점은 컨설팅의 전문성과 독립성이 확보되고, 과제에 대한 새로 운 시각을 제공하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 효과적인 컨설팅 수행을 위한 전략으로 의뢰인이 원하는 요건을 갖춘 컨설팅단의 구성, 컨설팅 관련자들과의 공청회 실시, 내부 컨설턴트와의 협업컨설팅 실시 등을 도출하였다. 이러한 논의를 바탕으로 컨설팅 진행절차별 내·외부 컨설턴트의 역할을 정립하였다. 본 연구는 학교컨설팅을 진행함에 있어 외부 컨설턴트 개입 및 역할에 대한 실천적 제언을 하고, 컨 설턴트의 유형에 초점을 맞추어 내·외부 컨설턴트가 협업을 통해 효과적 학교컨설팅 방안을 제공하였 다는데 의의가 있다. This research is a case study on school consulting conducted by outside-consultant. It is focused on the types of consultants. This study aims to analyze effectiveness of outside-consultant’s conducting school consulting and to draw implications for effective performance. To achieve the purpose of this study, we conducted a school consulting with a topic of after-school cooperatives following Dougherty’s consulting model and based on survey of requirements of outside consultant’s involvement in school consulting. As a result, we discovered that the effectiveness of school consulting when conducted by outside consultant, the expertise and independence was procured and a new point of view on the topic as well. Implications drawn for effective performances were; organizing a consulting team that meets the client’s requirements, setting up open hearings with related persons, co-operative consulting with internal consultants, etc. Based on these arguments, we were able to set the roles of internal and outside consultants per consulting process, We were also able to provide practical proposals on the level of involvement and the role of outside consultant in conducting school consulting.

      • KCI등재

        The Problem of Dwelling on the Earth: An Ecocritical Analysis of Mary Shelley’s The Last Man

        김희은 19세기영어권문학회 2016 19세기 영어권 문학 Vol.20 No.2

        This article claims that Mary Shelley presents ecological concern through the apocalyptic narrative of The Last Man. While many critics have emphasized the political, gender, and psychoanalytic dimensions of the novel, I argue that the previous studies have not paid due attention to Lionel Verney’s close association with nature throughout his narrative. This thesis takes ecocritical approach to interpret Lionel’s ability to survive the global plague epidemic. Estranged from nature by Adrian’s tutelage, Lionel begins to see nature as an outlet to project the mind. Interpreting the plague as an ecological crisis caused by the Enlightenment ideals, I suggest Lionel’s eventual realization of the materiality of nature can be understood as Shelley’s own response to the Enlightenment thinkers’ reduction of nature as a sphere to aggrandize human subjectivity. In the rising crisis of the plague, the last man contemplates upon the meaning of dwelling upon the earth, which can be related to Martin Heidegger’s philosophy of dwelling. The last man imagines an alternative mode to reconcile the damaged relationship between humanity and nature.

      • KCI등재후보

        Digital Shade Analysis System을 이용한 전치부의 색조 특성에 관한 연구

        김희은,조인호,임주환,임헌송,Kim Hee-Eun,Cho In-Ho,Lim Ju-Hwan,Lim Hun-Song 대한치과보철학회 2003 대한치과보철학회지 Vol.41 No.5

        Statement of problem : A scientific examination and understanding of overall aspects of the natural dentition is the first step involved in making a satisfactory selection in the shade of an aesthetic prosthesis. Proper natural shade selection of the prosthetic restoration that is in harmony with the remaining dentition is as important aesthetically, as harmony of form and function in the anterior dentition. Clinically, the most commonly applied method of shade selection has been visual, but because of the subjective nature inherent to this method, shade selection results are variable and can be influenced by such factors as the technician, the type of shade guide used, and the type and intensity of the lighting. Purpose : The purpose of this study was to develop a more objective and scientific approach to examining and understanding the shade of teeth, which has in turn lead to the development of a number of shade analysis devices that present a more objective method of shade analysis. Material and Method : In this study, the shades of healthy anterior teeth were examined and analyzed using the recently developed digital shade analysis of the $ShadeScan^{TM}$ System. The study examined 80 individuals in their twenties, 40 males and 40 females, presenting 6 healthy, unrestored maxillary anterior teeth. Tooth brushing and oral prophylaxis were performed prior to evaluation. The ShadeScan handpiece was used to acquire images of the 6 maxillary anterior teeth. These images were analyzed using the Vita/Classical mode of the $ShadeScan^{TM}$ Software, and shade maps of each tooth were acquired and divided into cervical, middle, and incisal thirds. The shade distribution of each third, left and right symmetry, and gender differences were investigated and analyzed. Results : The results of the study are as follows : 1. An overwhelming majority of the examined teeth were found to possess shades belong to Group A, with the greatest variations occurring at the middle and cervical thirds of the maxillary central and lateral incisors, in both male and female subjects. 2. Canines of both male and female subjects showed left and right symmetry with uniform shade distribution of A4 and C4, while the lateral and central incisors showed left-right symmetry of the incisal 1/3 with a uniform shade distribution of A2 and A3 shades 3. No significant differences in shade distribution were seen between genders in maxillary canines, whereas maxillary central and lateral incisors showed differences at the middle and cervical thirds between male and female subjects The results of this study show that with the exception of maxillary canines, maxillary anterior teeth display a diverse shade distribution as well as gender differences. Conclusion : Clinically, when making a shade selection using the existing shade guide, one must consider the fact that even a single tooth consists of a variety of shades. The results of this study show that when selecting a shade from a number of groups is difficult, shades from A group are the most consistent with the natural shade or maxillary anterior teeth.

      • KCI등재

        Comparison of Plantar Pressure and Contact Time on Gait between the Korean Young and the Elderly Women

        김희은 한국의류산업학회 2017 한국의류산업학회지 Vol.19 No.5

        This study was undertaken to compare the gait characteristics between the Korean elderly and young adults, we measured the plantar pressure and contact time of gait with barefoot along a walkway at their preferred walking speed. The results indicate that older people exhibited significantly less plantar pressure than young adult in all 3 regions (FF, MF and RF) and significantly less time % on the initial contact phase (ICP), forefoot push-off phase (FFPOP) and significantly more % forefoot contact phase (FFCP) and foot flat phase (FFP). The converted plantar pressure value to percentage, it showed more pressure in forefoot (FF) in the elderly person than the young adults. It could be explained that the forward shifting in plantar pressure are associated with a more flexed posture of elderly such as actual stabilizing fearrelated adaptations. Longer total foot contact time in the elderly means that the old people show the decreased gait velocity. In other words, lower velocity was found to be associated with pre-existing fear of falling. With longer contact time and slower stepping movement, the elderly become more unstable. With these findings, it could be confirmed that there were significant changes in foot characteristics which contribute to alter the plantar pressure and contact time during gait with advancing age. Further research is required to establish possible links to risk of falling and development of footwear in the elderly adults.

      • KCI등재

        장애학생 협동학습 중재연구 고찰 및 효과에 관한 분석

        김희은,고혜정,조은정,김동일 한국특수아동학회 2019 특수아동교육연구 Vol.21 No.3

        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the cooperative learning studies including students with disabilities and analyze the effects of the interventions used for improving students’ academic achievements, social skills, and attitude. Method: According to the research purpose, the study searched the researches related to cooperative learning and students with disabilities, specifically published from 2010 to 2018. Results: Total 19 of studies were searched. (semi)Group research design was used in 12 studies out of 19. Single subject research was used in 7 of 19. Among them, nine were cooperative studies for students with disabilities to improve their academic skills, while nine were for students with disabilities to improve their social skills and learning attitude. A single-subject studies on the cooperative learning of students with disabilities to improve their academic and social skills and learning attitudes showed large effect size. It was found that (semi)group design studies were categorized by the type of intervention, group size, and each size was different. Conclusion: According to the results, the cooperative learning was effective for not only students with disabilities but also for learners’ academic achievement. Therefore, it can be suggested that educators should provide lots of opportunities of cooperative learning with smallgroup setting. As well, considerations for providing cooperative learning including students with disabilities and directions for future study are discussed. 연구목적: 본 연구의 목적은 국내에서 실시된 장애학생 협동학습 연구의 효과를 분석하여 협동학습 중재가 학생들의 학업성취, 사회적 기술, 태도에 미치는 효과를 나타내고, 이러한 중재의 특성을 확인하고자 하였다. 연구방법: 연구목적에 따라 협동학습, 장애학생에 관련 된 단어를 바탕으로 논문을 검색하고, 본 논문의 분석대상에 맞게 선정하고 추가 수정하였다. 특히, 통합교육의 필요성이 강조되는 가운데 효과적인 방식이라고 알려져 있는 협동학습에 대해 최근 10년간의 비중을 확인하기 위하여 2010년에서 2018년의 논문을 분석해보고자 하였다. 연구결과: 총 19편의 연구를 바탕으로 연구들의 효과크기를 살펴보았으며, 12편은 (준)집단설계를 활용하였고, 7편의 연구는 단일대상연구를 활용하였다. 그 중 학업향상을 위한 장애학생 협동학습은 9편이었으며, 사회성 및 학습태도 향상을 위한 장애학생 협동학습은 9편이었다. 학업과 사회성 및 학습태도 향상을 위한 장애학생 협동학습을 활용한 단일대상 연구는 높은 PND 값을 나타내며 효과적임을 확인할 수 있었다. (준)집단설계연구의 경우 중재유형과 집단크기에 따라 분류할 수 있었으며, 이에 대한 각각의 크기가 다르게 나타남을 알 수 있었다. 결론: 연구결과 협동학습이 장애학생뿐만 아니라 학습자들의 학업 성취에 효과적임이 드러났으며 교사가 협동학습을 자주 제공하고 소그룹으로 제공하는 것이 필요함을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 이러한 결과를 바탕으로 교사가 협동학습을 제공할 때 고려해야 할 점과 추후의 연구들에 대한 제언을 논의하였다.

      • KCI등재

        소방 기동복의 디자인과 소재 변화가 착용자의 온열생리 반응 및 주관적 감각에 미치는 영향

        김희은,김성숙,손수영 한국의류학회 2020 한국의류학회지 Vol.44 No.4

        This study investigated physiological and subjective responses to different types of firefighter station uniforms made with various designs and materials. Six healthy males participated in this study that consisted of 20 min of rest, 30 min of treadmill exercise, and 30 min of recovery in a hot and humid environment (34°C and 65%RH). The experimental clothing conditions were as follows. 1) a fitted T-shirt and trouser made of 100% polyester (FC-Uniform), and 2) flame retardant T-shirts made of acrylic and cotton as well as trousers with aramid and polyester, designed for overfitting (Control). There were no significant differences in the body temperature, and sweat rate between the two conditions; however, the heart rate with the FC-Uniform was significantly lower than Control (p=.025). The clothing microclimate temperature at the chest of the FC-Uniform was significantly lower than the Control (p=.037), and a difference of 1°C was maintained until the recovery was complete. There were no significant differences in the subjective responses; however, participants experienced a humidity sensation faster with FC-Uniform in the recovery phase. The results indicate that changes in the design and material of firefighter station uniforms may have a positive influence on reducing the thermal stress of firefighters.

      • KCI등재

        학점인정 MOOC의 학습성과에 영향을 미치는 콘텐츠 구성요인, 상호작용, 자기조절학습능력, 학습몰입 간의 관계

        김희은,서일보 한국교육정보미디어학회 2020 교육정보미디어연구 Vol.26 No.3

        This study aims to identify the relationships among content components(content factor, technical factor, operating factor), interaction, self-regulated learning ability, learning flow, and learning performance and the mediating effect of learning flow between content components(content factor, technical factor, operating factor), interaction, self-regulated learning ability and learning performance in MOOC for credits. The survey was conducted twice to the students who were taking an MOOC credit based course offered by K University in Seoul, Korea, 2019 and 250 cases were analyzed for this study. SPSS 22.0 & AMOS 24.0 was utilized for analyzing data and the mediating effect was verified by bootstrapping method. The results of this study were as follows : First, the fit of model has a good level(χ2=129.19, df = 57, RMSEA = .08, TLI = .93, GFI = .96, CFI = .97), meaning that the research model is appropriate. Second, Self-Regulated Learning ability and content components of content factor statistically significantly affect learning flow. Third, learning flow also statistically significantly influence on learning performance. Fourth, learning flow mediate between Self-Regulated Learning ability and content components of content factor and learning performance. This study provides implications for establishing an effective operation strategy of MOOC for credits and next research necessary to keep verifying learner behavior based objective variables to get reliability of model. 본 연구는 학점인정 MOOC 환경에서 콘텐츠 구성요인(콘텐츠 요인, 기술요인, 운영요인), 상호작용, 자기조절학습능력, 학습몰입이 학습성과에 미치는 영향과 콘텐츠 구성요인(콘텐츠 요인, 기술요인, 운영요인), 상호작용, 자기조절학습능력과 학습성과와의 관계에서 학습몰입의 매개효과를 규명하고자 하였다. 서울 소재 K 대학교의 2019년 2학기 학점인정 MOOC 수강생을 대상으로 2회에 걸쳐 설문을 실시하였으며 250명의 응답을 분석에 사용하였다. 자료는 SPSS 22.0과 AMOS 24.0을 활용하여 분석하였으며, 부트스트래핑(bias-corrected bootstrapping)을 통해 매개효과를 검증하였다. 분석을 진행한 결과 다음과 같다. 첫째, 연구모형의 적합도를 검증한 결과, χ2=129.19, df = 57, RMSEA = .08, TLI = .93, GFI = .96, CFI = .97로 양호한 모형인 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 콘텐츠의 구성요인인 콘텐츠 요인과 자기조절학습능력이 학습몰입에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 학습몰입은 학습 성과에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 학습몰입은 콘텐츠의 구성요인인 콘텐츠 요인, 자기조절학습능력과 학습성과 간을 매개하는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과는 학습성과를 증진하기 위한 학점인정 MOOC의 운영 전략 수립에 있어 콘텐츠 구성요인, 자기조절학습능력, 학습몰입의 중요성과 콘텐츠 교수설계 전략뿐만 아니라 MOOC 학습환경을 고려한 학습법 교육이 함께 수반되어 학습몰입을 극대화하는 방안을 고려해야 함을 시사한다. 또한, 학습자 행동의 객관적인 데이터를 기반으로 하는 후속연구의 필요성을 제언한다.

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